User Tools

Site Tools


Translations of this page?:
en:dictionary:ānāpānasati



ānāpānasati {pi}


Pāḷi; √ ānāpāna + sati
gender:
type:
alt. sp.: IPA: ɑːn̪ɑːpɑːn̪əs̪ət̪ɪ, Velthuis: aanaapaanasati, readable: aanaapaanasati, simple: anapanasati
translation ~: mindfullness of in- and out-breathing
skr.:
khmer: អានាបានសតិ
thai: อานาปานสติ
sinhal.: ආනාපානසති
burm.: အာနာပါနသတိ
appears:



aanaapaanasati.jpg

[dic] ānāpānasati (anapanasati)

ānāpānasati: mindfullness of in- and out-breathing', 'keeping the breath in mind'.

ATI Glossary

ānāpānasati: Mindfulness of breathing. A meditation practice in which one maintains one's attention and mindfulness on the sensations of breathing. [ more ]

 

Buddhist Dictionary

by late Ven. Nyanalokita Thera:

ānāpāna-sati: 'mindfulness on in-and-out-breathing', is one of the most important exercises for reaching mental concentration and the 4 absorptions (see jhāna).

In the Satipaṭṭhāna Sutta (MN 10, DN 22) and elsewhere, 4 methods of practice are given, which may also serve as basis for insight meditation. The 'Discourse on Mindfulness of Breathing' (Ānāpānasati Sutta, MN 118) and other texts have 16 methods of practice, which divide into 4 groups of four. The first three apply to both tranquillity (see samatha) and insight-meditation, while the fourth refers to pure insight practice only. The second and the third group require the attainment of the absorptions.

“With attentive mind he breathes in, with attentive mind he breathes out.

I. (1) “When making a long inhalation he knows: 'I make a long inhalation'; when making a long exhalation he knows: 'I make a long exhalation.'

(2) “When making a short inhalation he knows: 'I make a short inhalation'; when making a short exhalation he knows: 'I make a short exhalation.'

(3) ” 'Clearly perceiving the entire (breath-) body I will breathe in,' thus he trains himself; 'clearly perceiving the entire (breath-) body I will breathe out,' thus he trains himself.

(4) ” 'Calming this bodily function I will breathe in,' thus he trains himself; 'calming this bodily function I will breathe out,' thus he trains himself.

II. (5) ” 'Feeling rapture (pīti) I will breathe in,' thus he trains himself; 'feeling rapture I will breathe out,' thus he trains himself.

(6) ” 'Feeling joy I will breathe in,' thus he trains himself; 'feeling joy I will breathe out,' thus he trains himself.

(7) ” 'Feeling the mental formation (citta-saṅkhāra) I will breathe in,' thus he trains himself, 'feeling the mental formation I will breathe out,' thus he trains himself.

(8) ” 'Calming the mental formation I will breathe in,' thus he trains himself; 'calming the mental formation I will breathe out,' thus he trains himself.

III. (9) ” 'Clearly perceiving the mind (citta) I will breathe in,' thus he trains himself; 'clearly perceiving the mind I will breathe out,' thus he trains himself.

(10) ” 'Gladdening the mind I will breathe in,' thus he trains himself; 'gladdening the mind I will breathe out,' thus he trains himself.

(11) ” 'Concentrating the mind I will breathe in, thus he trains himself; 'concentrating the mind I will breathe out', thus he trains himself.

(12) ” 'Freeing the mind I will breathe in,' thus he trains himself; 'freeing the mind I will breathe out,' thus he trains himself

IV. (13) ” 'Reflecting on impermanence (anicca) I will breathe in,' thus he trains himself; 'reflecting on impermanence I will breathe out,' thus he trains himself.

(14) ” 'Reflecting on detachment (virāga) I will breathe in,' thus he trains himself; 'reflecting on detachment I will breathe out,' thus he trains himself.

(15) ” 'Reflecting on extinction (nirodha) I will breathe in,' thus he trains himself; 'reflecting on extinction I will breathe out,' thus he trains himself.

(16) ” 'Reflecting on abandonment (paṭinissaggānupassanā) I will breathe in, thus he trains himself; 'reflecting on abandonment I will breathe out,' thus he trains himself.”

In MN 118 it is further shown how these 16 exercises bring about the 4 foundations of mindfulness (see Satipaṭṭhāna), namely: 1-4 contemplation of the body, 5-8 contemplation of feeling, 9-12 contemplation of mind (consciousness), 13-16 contemplation of mind-objects. Then it is shown how these 4 foundations of mindfulness bring about the 7 factors of enlightenment (see bojjhaṅga); then these again deliverance of mind (see ceto-vimutti) and deliverance through wisdom (see paññā-vimutti).

Literature: Ānāpānasati Saṁyuttā (SN 54). - Paṭisambhidāmagga Ānāpānakathā - Full explanation of practice in Visuddhi Magga VIII, 145ff. - For a comprehensive anthology of canonical and commentarial texts, see Mindfulness of Breathing, Ñāṇamoli Thera (Kandy: BPS, 1964).

 

PTS Dictionary

by the Pali Text Society:

 

Glossary Thanissaro

— —

 

Illustrated Glossary of Pāli Terms

by Ven. Varado Maha Thera:

— —

 

Glossary various Teacher

— —

 

See also

Suttas and Dhammadesanā

— —

Add a reference here or in the list.

 

Info & meta data

[open]

[close]

  • You can add an record of the Pali, and upload it. (The file should be without diacritics, lowcase and mp3. Change diacritics in link to 'readable' characters without diacritics.)
  • You are given to add additional sources/Dictionaries. Consider the use of page_templates if wishing to include a certain dictionary to many pages. Edits of Dictionary content can be made in the paticulary source file.

meta data

en/dictionary/ānāpānasati.txt · Last modified: 2019/09/17 10:16 (external edit)