Pāḷi; √ avijjā
alt. sp.: IPA: əʋɪd͡ʒd͡ʒɑː, Velthuis: avijjaa, readable: avijjaa, simple: avijja
translation ~: …
avijjā: Description welcome. Info can be removed after imput.
by late Ven. Nyanalokita Thera:
➥ avijjā: 'ignorance,' nescience, unknowing; synonymous with delusion (moha, see mūla), is the primary root of all evil and suffering in the world, veiling man's mental eyes and preventing him from seeing the true nature of things. It is the delusion tricking beings by making life appear to them as permanent, happy, substantial and beautiful and preventing them from seeing that everything in reality is impermanent, liable to suffering, void of 'I' and 'mine', and basically impure (see vipallāsa). Ignorance is defined as 'not knowing the four truths, namely, suffering, its origin, its cessation, and the way to its cessation' (SN 12.4).
As ignorance is the foundation of all life-affirming actions, of all evil and suffering, therefore it stands first in the formula of Dependent Origination (see paṭiccasamuppāda). But for that reason, says Visuddhi Magga (XVII, 36f) ignorance should not be regarded as “the causeless root-cause of the world … It is not causeless. For a cause of it is stated thus 'With the arising of cankers (see āsava) there is the arising of ignorance' (MN 9). But there is a figurative way in which it can be treated as a root-cause; namely, when it is made to serve as a starting point in an exposition of the Round of Existence … As it is said: 'No first beginning of ignorance can be perceived, Bhikkhus, before which ignorance was not, and after which it came to be. But it can be perceived that ignorance has its specific condition (idappaccaya)” (AN 10.61). The same statement is made (AN 10.62) about the craving for existence (bhava-taṇhā; see taṇhā). The latter and ignorance are called “the outstanding causes of kamma that lead to unhappy and happy destinies” (Visuddhi Magga XVII, 38).
As ignorance still exists - though in a very refined way until the attainment of Arahatship or Holiness, it is counted as the last of the 10 fetters (see saṅyojana) which bind beings to the cycle of rebirths. As the first two roots of evil, greed and hate (see mūla), are on their part rooted in ignorance, consequently all unwholesome states of mind are inseparably bound up with it.
Ignorance (or delusion) is the most obstinate of the three roots of evil.
Ignorance is one of the cankers (see āsava) and proclivities (see anusaya). It is often called a hindrance (nīvaraṇa; e.g. in SN 15; AN 10.61) but does not appear together with the usual list of five hindrances.
by the Pali Text Society:
by Ven. Thanissaro Maha Thera:
by Ven. Varado Maha Thera: