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phassa {pi}

Pāḷi; √ phassa
alt. sp.: IPA: pʰəs̪s̪ə, Velthuis: phassa, readable: phassa, simple: phassa
translation ~:
khmer: ផស្ស
thai: ผสฺส
sinhal.: ඵස්ස
burm.: ဖဿ


[dic] phassa

phassa: Description welcome. Info can be removed after imput.

ATI Glossary

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Buddhist Dictionary

by late Ven. Nyanalokita Thera:

phassa: (fr. phusati, to touch): 'sense-impression', contact. The term samphassa is used in compounds, e.g. in the following:

'“T'here are 6 classes of sense-impression: visual impression (cakkhu-samphassa), impressions of hearing, smelling, tasting, bodily (tactile) impression and mental impression” MN 9

A twofold division occurs in DN 15: paṭigha, paṭigha-samphassa, impression by sensorial reaction', and adhivacana-samphassa, verbal (or conceptual, i.e. mental) impression'.

Phassa does not signify physical impact, but is one of the 7 constant mental concomitants of consciousness (cetasika) and belongs to the group of mental formations (saṅkhāra-kkhandha).

In lists of both these categories it is generally mentioned first (e.g. Dhammasaṅgaṇi 1: MN 9), due to its fundamental position in the cognitive process In MN 18 it is thus defined: “Dependent on the eye and the forms, eye-consciousness arises; the coming-together of the three is sense-impression” (similarly stated in the case of the other 5 senses, including mind). In the dependent origination, it is conditioned by the six sense-bases and is a conditioning factor of feeling (see paṭiccasamuppāda 5, 6). Its relation to mind-and-body (nāma-rūpa) is described in DN 15, and its influence on feeling and wrong views, in DN 1 (at the end). - It is one of the 4 nutriments (see āhāra), and the first factor in the pentad of sense-impression (phassa-pañcamaka), together with feeling, perception, volition and consciousness (see Abhidhamma Studies, p. 47ff ).

Being a key function in the mind's contact with the world of objects and being a potential source of defilements, sense-impression is an important subject for reflective insight contemplation as succinctly formulated in many verses of the Snp: 736/7, 778, 851, 870/72, 923.


PTS Dictionary

by the Pali Text Society:


Glossary Thanissaro

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Illustrated Glossary of Pāli Terms

by Ven. Varado Maha Thera:

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Glossary various Teacher

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See also

Suttas and Dhammadesanā

Phassa: (contact). See also paṭicca-samuppāda (dependent co-arising).

  • As the conjunction of sense-base + sensory object + sense consciousness: MN 148
  • Understanding of Phassa as a basis for Right View: MN 9

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en/dictionary/phassa.txt · Last modified: 2019/09/21 11:41 by Johann