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General Index

<docinfo_head>

Title: General Index

Summary:

General Index

See also the other indexes: <!– robots content='none' –> <!– the following list is brought to you in living color by GetHList() –> <ul class='hlist'>

<li class='first'>[[index-author|Author]]</li>
<li>[[index-names|Names]]</li>
<li>[[index-number|Number]]</li>
<li>[[index-similes|Similes]]</li>
<li>[[index-sutta|Suttas]]</li>
<li>[[index-title|Title]]</li>

</ul>

<docinfo_head_end>

<p>This index can help you locate sutta translations, articles, transcribed talks, books, and other things on this website. This is not an exhaustive index: not every text is indexed here, nor have I included references to each and every occurrence of a given topic in the texts. Nevertheless, I hope you find it helpful in steering you in the right direction.

The tilde (~) stands for the head-word in a given entry. Short essays and individual chapters from books are shown in quotation marks. Books and longer works are shown in <i>italics.</i> Links to terms listed elsewhere in this index are shown in <b>bold face</b>.</p>

<!– robots content='none' –> <!– the following list is brought to you in living color by GetHList() –> <ul class='hlist'>

<li class='first'>[[#a|A]]</li>
<li>[[#b|B]]</li>
<li>[[#c|C]]</li>
<li>[[#d|D]]</li>
<li>[[#e|E]]</li>
<li>[[#f|F]]</li>
<li>[[#g|G]]</li>
<li>[[#h|H]]</li>
<li>[[#i|I]]</li>
<li>[[#j|J]]</li>
<li>[[#k|K]]</li>
<li>[[#l|L]]</li>
<li>[[#m|M]]</li>
<li>[[#n|N]]</li>
<li>[[#o|O]]</li>
<li>[[#p|P]]</li>
<li>[[#q|Q]]</li>
<li>[[#r|R]]</li>
<li>[[#s|S]]</li>
<li>[[#t|T]]</li>
<li>[[#u|U]]</li>
<li>[[#v|V]]</li>
<li>[[#w|W]]</li>
<li>[[#xyz|XYZ]]</li>

</ul>

<h1>A &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='a' id=“a”>&nbsp;</a></h1>

<dl class='gindex'>

Abhidhamma. See also Psychology and Buddhism.

<a href=“lib/authors/bodhi/abhiman_en.html”><i>A Comprehensive Manual of Abhidhamma (Introduction)</i></a> (Bodhi)

<a href=“lib/authors/mendis/wheel322_en.html”><i>The Abhidhamma in Practice</i></a> (Mendis)

Adhitthana (determination, resolution). See also Paramis.

Four determinations: MN 140

Adinava (drawbacks, dangers). See also Gradual instruction.

Drawbacks” in the Path to Freedom pages

~ of feeling: MN 13

~ of form: MN 13

~ of sensuality:

MN 13,

	[[en:tipitaka:sut:mn:mn.014.than#sensuality|MN 14]],
	[[en:tipitaka:sut:mn:mn.054x.than|MN 54]], [[en:tipitaka:sut:sn:sn01:sn01.020.than#drawbacks|SN 1.20]], [[en:tipitaka:sut:kn:iti:iti.3.050-099.than#iti-095|Iti 95]]
:: ~ of clingable phenomena: [[en:tipitaka:sut:sn:sn12:sn12.052.than|SN 12.52]]
:: ~ of aging, illness, and death:
[[en:tipitaka:sut:an:an03:an03.062.than|AN 3.62]],
[[en:tipitaka:sut:an:an04:an04.252.than|AN 4.252]]
:: ~ of supranormal powers: [[en:tipitaka:sut:dn:dn.11.0.than#drawbacks|DN 11]]
:: ~ of unskillful thoughts: [[en:tipitaka:sut:mn:mn.020.than|MN 20]]
:: ~ of unskillful conduct: [[en:tipitaka:sut:an:an02:an02.018.than|AN 2.18]]
:: As one of ten perceptions: [[en:tipitaka:sut:an:an10:an10.060.than#drawbacks|AN 10.60]]
Admonishment. See also Speech.

Right Speech” in the Path to Freedom pages

Making oneself easy to admonish: MN 21

The Buddha's strong words to his son Rahula: MN 61

What to do if someone just won't listen to reason: AN 4.111

Aging. See also Death; Divine messengers; Illness.

The Buddha spits on ~: SN 48.41

Description of ~: MN 9

Understanding of ~ as a basis for Right View: MN 9

Aging” (Dhammapada XI)

Effects of ~ on the body: Thig 13.1

How to train yourself when your body is old and decrepit: SN 22

You're never too old to realize the Dhamma: Thig 5.8

Age is no measure of wisdom: SN 3.1

Advice to two aging brahmans: AN 3.51, AN 3.52

AIDS. See also Illness.
Anapanasati (mindfulness of breathing).

The Buddha's principal teaching on ~: MN 118

How ~ leads to Awakening: SN 54.13

~ should be developed no matter how far along you are in your meditation practice: SN 54.8

As one of the ten Recollections: See Recollections, ten.

As one of the ten Perceptions: AN 10.60

As a method of subduing lust: SN 8.4

As a method of subduing annoying thoughts: Iti 85

Five qualities a practitioner of ~ should develop: AN 5.96, AN 5.97, AN 5.98

<a href=“lib/authors/ariyadhamma/bl115_en.html”><i>Anapana Sati: Meditation on Breathing</i></a> (Ariyadhamma)

Dhamma talks by Thanissaro Bhikkhu:

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations_en.html”><i>Meditations: Forty Dhamma Talks</i></a>;

	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations2_en.html"><i>Meditations 2</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations3_en.html"><i>Meditations 3</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations4_en.html"><i>Meditations 4</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations5_en.html"><i>Meditations 5</i></a>
:: "[[en:lib:authors:thanissaro:guided|A Guided Meditation]]" (Thanissaro)
:: "[[en:lib:authors:thanissaro:agendas|The Agendas of Mindfulness]]" (Thanissaro)
:: "[[en:lib:authors:thanissaro:deperception|De-perception]]" (Thanissaro)
:: <a href="lib/thai/kee/condensed_en.html"><i>Breath Meditation Condensed</i></a> (Kee)
:: <a href="lib/thai/lee/inmind_en.html"><i>Keeping the Breath in Mind</i></a> (Lee)
:: See also many other books by [[en:lib:thai:index#lee|Ajaan Lee]] and [[en:lib:thai:index#fuang|Ajaan Fuang]].
Anatta (not-self). See also <a href=“#tilakkhana”><b>Tilakkhana (three characteristics of existence</b>)</a>.

Reflection on ~ as a basis for insight: SN 22.59

Why the Buddha did not take a position on the question of whether or not there is a self: SN 44.10

The views “I have a self” and “I have no self” are equally wrong: MN 22

Identifying the five <b>khandhas</b> as “self” is the cause of affliction: SN 22.1

As one of seven perceptions: AN 7.46

As one of ten perceptions: AN 10.60

Relation of ~ to dependent co-arising: DN 15

Contemplation of the six senses in terms of ~: MN 148

Not understanding ~ is like being a dog tied to a post: SN 22.99

Consciousnesses” (Lee)

<a href=“lib/authors/mendis/wheel268_en.html”><i>The No-self Characteristic</i></a> (Mendis)

No-self or Not-self?” (Thanissaro)

The Not-self Strategy” (Thanissaro)

Selves & Not-self” (Thanissaro)

<a href=“lib/authors/khema/bl095_en.html”><i>Meditating on No-self</i></a> (Khema)

Anger. See also Conflict; <a href=“#ill”><b>Ill-will (vyapada</b>)</a>; <a href=“#kilesa”><b>Kilesa (defilements</b>)</a>; <a href=“#khanti”><b>Khanti (patience</b>)</a>; <a href=“#metta”><b>Metta (goodwill</b>)</a>; <a href=“#nivarana”><b>Nivarana (hindrances</b>)</a>; War.

As the only thing that's good to kill: SN 1.71

What to do if someone is angry with you: SN 7.2, SN 11.4

What to do when ~ arises: Thag 6.12

The best response to ~ (a debate between two deities): SN 11.5

~ can carve into you like an inscription in stone: AN 3.130

~ can never be conquered with more ~: SN 11.4, Dhp 3

Anger” (Dhammapada XVII)

The dangers of giving in to ~: AN 7.60

<a href=“lib/authors/piyatissa/bl068_en.html”><i>The Elimination of Anger</i></a> (Piyatissa)

Anicca (impermanence, inconstancy). See also <a href=“#tilakkhana”><b>Tilakkhana (three characteristics of existence</b>)</a>.

As one of seven perceptions: AN 7.46

As one of ten perceptions: AN 10.60

Ponder ~ constantly: Thag 1.111

Contemplate ~ to overcome ignorance: Iti 85

Everything in the world is subject to disintegration: SN 35.82

<a href=“lib/authors/various/wheel186_en.html”><i>The Three Basic Facts of Existence: Volume 1, Impermanence</i></a> (Nyanaponika, ed)

All About Change” (Thanissaro)

Anusaya (obsession; underlying tendency).

Seven ~: AN 7.11; AN 7.12

Three ~ in relationship to pleasant, painful, and neutral feeling: MN 44; MN 148; SN 36.6

With the end of the categories of objectification, the ~ come to an end: MN 18</dd>

<dt>Anussati — see **[[#recollections|Recollections, ten]]**.</dt>
Apaya-mukha (path to deprivation).

Advice to householders on how to avoid the ~: AN 8.54, DN 31

Appamada (heedfulness, zeal).

Defined: SN 35.97, SN 48.56

Difference between ~ and its opposite: SN 35.97

~ is the foremost skillful quality (ten similes): AN 10.15

As the one quality that can provide security: SN 3.17

What constitutes living with ~: SN 55.40

The Buddha's last words: DN 16, SN 6.15

Heedfulness” (Dhammapada II)

Benefits of ~: Iti 23

Wake up!: Sn 2.10

A Note on Openness” (Bodhi)</dd>

<dt>Appropriate attention — see **[[#yoniso|Yoniso-manasikara]]**.</dt>
Arahant (fully-awakened being). See also Buddha; Nibbana.

Stock passage describing attainment of arahantship: AN 6.55

Stock passage describing the qualities of an ~: AN 6.55

Who can find fault in an ~?: Ud 7.6

Why an ~ continues meditating: SN 16.5

Does an ~ feel pain?: SN 1.38, SN 4.13

Does an ~ grieve?: SN 21.2

An ~'s actions bear no kammic fruit, good or evil: AN 3.33, Dhp 39, Dhp 267, Dhp 412

What is the difference between an ~ and a Buddha?: SN 22.58

What is the difference between an ~ and a “learner” (<i>sekha</i>)?: SN 48.53

How to recognize if you're an ~: SN 35.152

Arahants” (Dhammapada VII)

Brahmans” (Dhammapada XXVI)

Fate of ~ after death: MN 72, SN 22.85, SN 22.86

Nine unskillful acts an ~ is incapable of doing: AN 9.7

“The Conventional Mind, the Mind Released,” in <a href=“lib/thai/boowa/straight_en.html”><i>Straight From the Heart</i></a> (Boowa)</dd>

<dt>Ariya-atthangika magga — see **[[#eightfold|Noble Eightfold Path]]**.</dt>
<dt>Ariya sacca — see **[[#fourtruths|Four Noble Truths]]**.</dt>
Asava (fermentations, effluents, outflows, taints). See also Kilesa.

The Buddha's principal teaching on ~: MN 2

Understanding of ~ as a basis for Right View: MN 9

Three ~: Iti 56, Iti 57

~ and right view: MN 117

Six important aspects of ~ to be understood: AN 6.63

Ascetic practices.

Thirteen ~: Thag 16.7

The Buddha describes the ~ he practiced as a bodhisatta: MN 12

Which ascetic practices should be observed?: AN 10.94

Asoka (Indian King, r. 273-232 B.C.E.).

<a href=“lib/authors/dhammika/wheel386_en.html”><i>The Edicts of King Asoka</i></a> (Dhammika)

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/asoka_en.html”><i>That the True Dhamma Might Last a Long Time: Readings Selected by King Asoka</i></a> (Thanissaro)

Asubha (unattractiveness, loathsomeness). See also Body; Nibbida; Sensuality.

Contemplation of ~ to maintain one's resolve towards celibacy: SN 35.127

As one of seven beneficial reflections: AN 7.46

Mastery of ~ is a quality to be developed: MN 152

Unattractiveness of the body as one of ten perceptions: AN 10.60

The body as an unlanced boil: AN 9.15

Using contemplation of ~ to subdue lust: Iti 85; also “The Work of a Contemplative,” in <a href=“lib/thai/boowa/thingsas_en.html”><i>Things as They Are</i></a> (Boowa)

Ven. Ananda's advice to Ven. Vangisa on overcoming lust: SN 8.4

Ajaan Maha Boowa's story of conquering lust by contemplating ~: “An Heir to the Dhamma,” in <a href=“lib/thai/boowa/straight_en.html”><i>Straight From the Heart</i></a> (Boowa)

Ven. Sister Subha plucks out an eye: Thig 14.1

<a href=“lib/authors/khantipalo/wheel271_en.html”><i>Bag of Bones: A Miscellany on the Body</i></a> (Khantipalo)

Attachment. See also Sensuality; <a href=“#tanha”><b>Tanha (craving</b>)</a>.

Does ~ to possessions really bring happiness?: SN 4.8

~ to loved ones as a cause of sorrow: SN 42.11, AN 5.30, Ud 8.8

~ to the body as a cause of further pain: Sn 4.2</dd>

<dt><span anchor #attha-sila>Attha-sila</span> (the eight precepts) — see **[[#precepts|Precepts]]**.</dt>
<dt><span anchor #aversion>Aversion</span> — see <a href="#ill"><b>Ill-will (vyapada</b>)</a>.</dt>
Avijja (ignorance). See also <a href=“#kilesa”><b>Kilesa (defilements</b>)</a>; <a href=“#ps”><b>Paticca-samuppada (dependent co-arising</b>)</a>.

As a flood: SN 45.171

As a yoke: AN 4.10

As one of the fetters (<b>Sanyojana</b>): AN 10.13

As one of the obsessions (<b>Anusaya</b>): AN 7.11, AN 7.12

As the cause of wrong view, wrong resolve, etc.: SN 45.1

What one thing must one abandon in order to overcome ~?: SN 35.80

Ignorance” in the Path to Freedom pages

Understanding of ~ as a basis for Right View: MN 9

As an obstruction: Iti 14

“Unawareness Converges…,” in <a href=“lib/thai/boowa/straight_en.html”><i>Straight From the Heart</i></a> (Boowa)

Ignorance” (Thanissaro)

Awakening. See also Nibbana; <a href=“#vimutti”><b>Vimutti (release</b>)</a>.

Factors for ~: see Bojjhanga.

Is ~ “gradual” or “sudden”?: Ud 5.5

“The Meaning of the Buddha's Awakening” — in Part III of <a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/refuge_en.html”><i>Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, and Sangha</i></a> (Thanissaro)

A Refuge in Awakening” (Lee)</dd>

<dt><span anchor #awareness>Awareness</span> — see **[[#sati|Sati]]**.</dt>
Ayoniso manasikara (inappropriate attention). See also <b>Yoniso manasikara (appropriate attention).</b>

What to do when the mind is being consumed by unskillful thoughts: SN 9.11

</dl>

<h1>B &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='b' id=“b”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

Bala (the five strengths). See also Bodhipakkhiya-dhamma.

Definition of the ~: AN 5.2

The Five Strengths” in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)

Food for the Mind” in <i>Food for Thought</i> (Lee)

“The Path of Strength,” in <a href=“lib/thai/boowa/thingsas_en.html”><i>Things as They Are</i></a> (Boowa)

Beauty.

As a meditative attainment: SN 14.11</dd>

<dt>Beginning meditation — see Introduction to meditation practice.</dt>

Bhava (becoming). See also <a href=“#ps”><b>Paticca-samuppada (dependent co-arising</b>)</a>.

As a flood: SN 45.171

As a yoke: AN 4.10

Three levels on which ~ operates: AN 3.76, AN 3.77

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/index_en.html#paradoxofbecoming”><i>Paradox of Becoming, The</i></a> (Thanissaro)</dd>

<dt>Bhikkhu — see Monastic Life.</dt>

<dt>Bhikkhuni — see **[[#monastic|Monastic Life]]**.</dt>
Biographies.

Account of the Buddha's life in Chapter 2 of <a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/refuge_en.html”><i>Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, and Sangha</i></a> (Thanissaro)

Ananda: <a href=“lib/authors/hecker/wheel273_en.html”><i>Ananda: The Guardian of the Dhamma</i></a> (Hecker)

Anathapindika: <a href=“lib/authors/hecker/wheel334_en.html”><i>Anathapindika: The Great Benefactor</i></a> (Hecker)

Angulimala: <a href=“lib/authors/hecker/wheel312_en.html”><i>Angulimala: A Murderer's Road to Sainthood</i></a> (Hecker)

Buddhist Women: <a href=“lib/authors/hecker/wheel292_en.html”><i>Buddhist Women at the Time of the Buddha</i></a> (Hecker)

Maha Kaccana: <a href=“lib/authors/bodhi/wheel405_en.html”><i>Maha Kaccana: Master of Doctrinal Exposition</i></a> (Bodhi)

Maha Kassapa: <a href=“lib/authors/hecker/wheel345_en.html”><i>Maha Kassapa: Father of the Sangha</i></a> (Hecker)

Maha-Moggallana: <a href=“lib/authors/hecker/wheel263_en.html”><i>Life of Maha-Moggallana</i></a> (Hecker)

Sariputta: <a href=“lib/authors/nyanaponika/wheel090_en.html”><i>The Life of Sariputta</i></a> (Nyanaponika)

Ajaan Lee: <a href=“lib/thai/lee/leeauto_en.html”><i>The Autobiography of Phra Ajaan Lee</i></a> (Lee)

Ajaan Thate<a href=“lib/thai/thate/thateauto_en.html”><i>The Autobiography of a Forest Monk</i></a> (Thate)</dd>

<dt>Birth — see **[[#jati|Jati]]**.</dt>
<dt>Bisexuality — see **[[#sexid|Sexual identity]]**.</dt>
Bodhipakkhiya-dhamma (37 Wings to Awakening).

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/wings/index_en.html”><i>The Wings to Awakening: an Anthology from the Pali Canon</i></a> (Thanissaro)

~ and their relation to the six senses: MN 149

Prerequisites for the development of the ~: AN 9.1

As related to breath meditation: “Wings to Awakening” in <i>The Skill of Release</i> (Lee)

Also look under each of its constituent seven sets:

<a href=“#satipatthana”><b>Satipatthana (4 Frames of Reference</b>)</a>;

<a href=“#sammappadhana”><b>Sammappadhana (4 Right Exertions</b>)</a>;

<a href=“#iddhipada”><b>Iddhipada (4 Bases of Power</b>)</a>;

<a href=“#indriya”><b>Indriya (5 Mental Faculties</b>)</a>;

<a href=“#bala”><b>Bala (5 Strengths</b>)</a>;

<a href=“#bojjhanga”><b>Bojjhanga (7 Factors for Awakening</b>)</a>;

Body. See also Asubha; Attachment; Sensuality.

Mindfulness of the ~: see Satipatthana.

Thirty-two parts of the ~: Khp 3, <i>A Chanting Guide</i>, "Disenchantment" (Suwat)

Foulness of ~: AN 9.15, Sn 1.11, Thag 10.5

Bodily Debts” in <i>Food for Thought</i> (Lee)

<a href=“lib/authors/khantipalo/wheel271_en.html”><i>Bag of Bones: A Miscellany on the Body</i></a> (Khantipalo)

This Body of Mine” in <i>Fistful of Sand</i> (Suwat)

Bojjhanga (factors for Awakening). See also Bodhipakkhiya-dhamma.

The right and wrong times to cultivate the ~: SN 46.53

See the suttas in the Bojjhanga-samyutta of the Samyutta Nikaya

<a href=“lib/authors/piyadassi/wheel001_en.html”><i>The Seven Factors of Enlightenment</i></a> (Piyadassi)

The Seven Factors for Awakening” in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)

Brahmavihara (Divine abodes; sublime states). See also Metta; Karuna; Mudita; Upekkha.

Systematic cultivation of ~:

SN 42.8,

	[[en:tipitaka:sut:sn:sn46:sn46.054.than|SN 46.54]],
	[[en:tipitaka:sut:an:an10:an10.208.than|AN 10.208]]
:: Practice of ~ as a door to the Deathless: [[en:tipitaka:sut:mn:mn.052.than#brahma|MN 52]], [[en:tipitaka:sut:an:an11:an11.017.than#brahma|AN 11.17]]
:: Offering comfort and protection from the cold: [[en:tipitaka:sut:kn:thag:thag.06.02.than|Thag 6.2]]
:: Five realizations that arise from concentration based on the ~: [[en:tipitaka:sut:an:an05:an05.027.than|AN 5.27]]
:: Practicing any one of the ~ can take one all the way to fourth jhana: [[en:tipitaka:sut:an:an08:an08.063.than|AN 8.63]]
:: "[[en:lib:authors:thanissaro:headandheart|Head & Heart Together: Bringing Wisdom to the Brahma-viharas]]" (Thanissaro)
:: <a href="lib/authors/nyanaponika/wheel006_en.html"><i>The Four Sublime States</i></a> (Nyanaponika)</dd>
<dt>Breath meditation — see **[[#anapanasati|Anapanasati]]**.</dt>
Buddha. See also Arahant.

As one of the ten Recollections: see Recollections, ten.

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/refuge_en.html”><i>Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, and Sangha</i></a> (Thanissaro)

Buddha's Awakening: See <a href=“#tevijja”><b>Tevijja (Threefold Knowledge</b>)</a></dd>

<dt>Buddhism — see **[[#intro-budd|Introduction to ~]]**.</dt>
<dt>Burma — see **[[#myanmar|Myanmar]]**.</dt>

</dl>

<h1>C &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='c' id=“c”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

Caste system.

Caste (i.e., race, social class, national identity, etc.) does not determine one's virtue or spiritual potential:

MN 90,

	[[en:tipitaka:sut:mn:mn.093.than|MN 93]]
:: Even outcastes can become arahants: [[en:tipitaka:sut:kn:thag:thag.12.02.than|Thag 12.2]]
:: A bhikkhu has no caste: [[en:tipitaka:sut:an:an10:an10.048.than|AN 10.48]]
Celibacy. See also <a href=“#nekkhamma”><b>Nekkhamma (renunciation</b>)</a>; Restraint; Sensuality.

Tools to support one's resolve towards ~: SN 35.127

Don't pretend to be celibate if you're not: Iti 48

A Single Mind” (Fuang)</dd>

<dt>Ceremonies — see **[[#rituals|Rituals]]**.</dt>
Chanting (Pali). See also Devotion; Rituals and Ceremonies.

<a href=“lib/authors/piyadassi/protection_en.html”><i>The Book of Protection (<b>Paritta</b>)</i></a> (Piyadassi)

<a href=“lib/authors/dhammayut/chanting_en.html”><i>A Chanting Guide: Pali Passages with English Translations</i></a> (Dhammayut Order)

The Divine Mantra (Lee)</dd>

<dt>Characteristics of existence — see **[[#tilakkhana|Tilakkhana]]**.</dt>
Children. See also Parents; Family; Young people (readings for).

Three types of sons and daughters: Iti 74

At one time or another, we have all been each other's ~: SN 15.14

Grieving the death of ~: SN 42.11, Ud 2.7, Ud 8.8

The anguish an aging parent feels when his ~ show no gratitude: SN 7.14

Childish innocence should not be confused with wisdom: MN 78

Showing the proper respect to one's parents: Iti 106

Childrens' duties to their parents: DN 31

Parents' duties to their ~: DN 31</dd>

<dt>Clinging — see <b>[[#upadana|Upadana]].</b></dt>
Commentaries.
Communal harmony. See also <a href=“#sangha”><b>Monastic community (Sangha</b>)</a>.

Six kinds of behavior that lead to amiability and communal harmony: AN 6.12

Comparative Religions. See also <b>God</b>.

Do all religions point towards the same goal?: DN 21, Thag 1.86

Are all religious paths fruitful?: AN 3.78

Dhamma and Non-duality” (Bodhi)

Tolerance and Diversity” (Bodhi)

<a href=“lib/authors/harris/bl134_en.html”><i>A Journey into Buddhism</i></a> (Harris)

<a href=“lib/authors/vonglasenapp/wheel002_en.html”><i>Vedanta and Buddhism: A Comparative Study</i></a> (von Glasenapp)</dd>

<dt>Compassion — see **[[#karuna|Karuna]]**.</dt>
<dt>Conceit — see <b>[[#mana|Mana]]</b>.</dt>
<dt>Concentration — see **[[#samadhi|Samadhi]]**.</dt>
Conflict. See also Anger; <a href=“#ill”><b>Ill-will (vyapada</b>)</a>; Papañca; War.

Causes of: Sn 4.8, Sn 4.11, Sn 4.15

<dt>Conscience — see **[[#hiri|Hiri]]**.</dt>
<dt>Consciousness — see **[[#vinnana|Viññana]]**.</dt>
<dt>Contact — see **[[#phassa|Phassa]]**.</dt>
Contentment with little. See also Restraint.

As a vital support for practice: AN 4.28

As a quality of a great person: AN 8.30

Live like a flying bird, whose wings are its only burden: DN 2, DN 11

One thing you should <i>not</i> be content with: AN 2.5

Conviction — see Saddha.

Copyright.</dd>

<dt>Craving — see Tanha.</dt>

<dt>Creation (of universe) — see <b>[[#questions|Questions not worth asking]]</b>.</dt>

</dl>

<h1>D &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='d' id=“d”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

Dana (giving; charity). See also Gradual instruction; Paramis.

Generosity” in the Path to Freedom pages

As one of the greatest protections/blessings: Sn 2.4

As a fundamental <i>requirement</i> for success on the Path: AN 5.254

As a treasure: AN 7.6

As one of the ten Recollections: see Recollections, ten.

To whom should one give so as to reap the greatest fruit?: SN 3.24, AN 3.57

Eight persons worthy of gifts: AN 8.59

Giving to one who has abandoned the hindrances brings good results: SN 3.24

Never regret a generous gift you gave in the past: SN 3.20

Give while you're able, before your house burns to the ground!: SN 1.41

Giving is best done at the proper time: AN 5.36

The blessings inherent in the gift of food: AN 5.37

Giving even one's last meal: Iti 26

The fruits of giving that arises from various motives: AN 7.49

The fruits of giving that can be reaped in this life: AN 5.34

Two kinds of gifts: Iti 98, Iti 100

Gifts of Dhamma: Dhp 354, Iti 98, Iti 100

Citta the householder's final teaching on generosity: SN 41.10

Give to many; don't be like a rainless cloud: Iti 75

Giving is good, but there is still more to be done: AN 5.176

The dangers faced by unvirtuous monks who enjoy pleasures, homage and gifts of the laity: AN 7.68

The scale of good deeds: AN 9.20

See the suttas in the Devata-samyutta of the Samyutta Nikaya

The Economy of Gifts” (Thanissaro)

The Food of Kindness” (Medhanandi)

<a href=“lib/authors/various/wheel367_en.html”><i>Dana: The Practice of Giving</i></a> (Bodhi)

Dasa-sila (the ten precepts). See also <a href=“#sila”><b>Sila (virtue</b>)</a>.

The Ten Precepts” in the Path to Freedom pages

Death. See also Aging; Deathless; Divine messengers; Grief; Illness; <a href=“#maranassati”><b>Maranassati (mindfulness of death</b>)</a>; Murder; <a href=“#samvega”><b>Samvega (spiritual urgency</b>)</a>.

Five subjects for frequent recollection: AN 5.57

Understanding of ~ as a basis for Right View: MN 9

Why do we grieve when a loved one dies?: SN 42.11

As one of seven beneficial reflections: AN 7.46

As a call to abandon grief and lamentation: Sn 3.8

The greatest protection for the layperson: Sn 2.4

Overcoming ~ by regarding the world as empty: Sn 5.15

Overcoming fear of ~: AN 4.184, Thag 16.1

Heedlessness leads one to ~: Dhp 21

No need for worry as ~ nears: SN 55.21, SN 55.22, AN 6.16

Citta's deathbed conversation with some devas: SN 41.10

Sariputta's teachings to a dying Anathapindika: MN 143

Ven. Ananda's grief over Ven. Sariputta's ~: SN 47.13

The Buddha's reaction to Ven. Sariputta's ~: SN 47.14

Kisa Gotami's grief cured by searching for a mustard seed: ThigA X.1

~ by a runaway cow: MN 140, Ud 1.10, Ud 5.3

~ by murder (see also Murder): Ud 4.3

~ of daughter: Thig 3.5

~ of grandson: Ud 8.8

~ of spouse: AN 5.49

Honor your ancestors and deceased loved ones with gifts: Pv 1.5

Reflections on the brevity of life:

<ul>

		<li>Death comes rolling towards you, crushing everything in its path. Are you ready?: [[en:tipitaka:sut:sn:sn03:sn03.025.than|SN 3.25]]</li>
		<li>Life flies by, faster than any arrow. What are we to do?: [[en:tipitaka:sut:sn:sn20:sn20.006.than|SN 20.6]]</li>
		<li>No shelter from aging and death: [[en:tipitaka:sut:sn:sn02:sn02.019.than|SN 2.19]]</li>
		<li>Your last day approaches — this is no time to be heedless! [[en:tipitaka:sut:kn:thag:thag.06.13.than|Thag 6.13]]</li>
		<li>Life is brief — practice ardently! [[en:tipitaka:sut:kn:ud:ud.5.02.than|Ud 5.2]]</li>
	</ul>
:: [[en:lib:study:beyondcoping:index|"Beyond Coping: The Buddha's Teachings on Aging, Illness, Death, and Separation" (Study Guide)]]
:: <a href="lib/authors/walshe/wheel261_en.html"><i>Buddhism and Death</i></a> (M. O'C. Walshe)
:: "[[en:lib:authors:thanissaro:compassion|Educating Compassion]]" (Thanissaro)
:: "[[en:lib:authors:desilva:wheel337#death|Facing Death Without Fear]]" (De Silva)
:: "[[en:ptf:dhamma:sacca:sacca1:index|The 1st Noble Truth]]" in the [[en:ptf:index|Path to Freedom]] pages
:: "[[en:lib:thai:chah:our_real_home|Our Real Home]]" (Chah)
:: "[[en:lib:thai:lee:strength#last|The Last Sermon]]" in <i>Inner Strength</i> (Lee)
:: <a href="lib/thai/boowa/straight_en.html"><i>Straight From the Heart</i></a> (Boowa)
:: <a href="lib/thai/boowa/tolastbr_en.html"><i>To The Last Breath — Dhamma Talks on Living and Dying</i></a> (Boowa)
Deathless (amata-dhamma; a synonym for Nibbana) See also Nibbana.

Eleven modes of practice that lead to the deathless: MN 52, AN 11.17</dd>

<dt>Defilements — see **[[#kilesa|Kilesa]]**.</dt>
<dt>Dependent Co-arising — see **[[#ps|Paticca-samuppada]]**.</dt>
Desire (as part of the Path; <i>(dhamma-chanda)).</i>

Does the ~ for Awakening get in the way of Awakening?: MN 126

Ven. Ananda's instructions to Unnabha: SN 51.15

“The Middleness of the Middle Way,” in <a href=“lib/thai/boowa/thingsas_en.html”><i>Things as They Are</i></a> (Boowa)

Desire (as defilement; <i>lobha, kamacchanda, raga).</i> See also <a href=“#nivarana”><b>Nivarana (hindrances</b>)</a>; <a href=“#kilesa”><b>Kilesa (defilements</b>)</a>; <a href=“#tanha”><b>Tanha (craving</b>)</a>.

As one of the fetters (<b>Sanyojana</b>): AN 10.13

As one of the obsessions (<b>Anusaya</b>): AN 7.11, AN 7.12

As the cause of suffering and stress: SN 42.11

~ ties down the world: SN 1.69

Why ~ and passion connected with the senses is worth abandoning: SN 27.1-8

Why ~ and passion connected with the <a href=“#khandha”><b>khandha (aggregates</b>)</a> is worth abandoning: SN 27.10

Why ~ and passion connected with the <a href=“#dhatu”><b>dhatu (elements</b>)</a> is worth abandoning: SN 27.9

Devas (celestial beings). See also Kamma; Planes of Existence, Thirty-one; <a href=“#sagga”><b>Sagga (heaven</b>)</a>.

Citta's deathbed conversation with some ~: SN 41.10

Some ~ gather to see the Buddha on his deathbed: DN 16

A huge gathering of ~ visits the Buddha: DN 20

Conversations with the ~ as a basis for faith: DN 11

Occasions when the ~ raise a cheer for a meditator: Iti 82

Omens that a ~ is about to die: Iti 83

As one of the ten Recollections: see Recollections, ten

<a href=“lib/authors/jootla/wheel414_en.html”><i>Teacher of the Devas</i></a> (Jootla)

Devotion. See also Relics; Rituals and Ceremonies.

The four Buddhist pilgrimage sites: DN 16

<a href=“lib/authors/piyadassi/protection_en.html”><i>The Book of Protection (Paritta)</i></a> (Piyadassi)

<a href=“lib/authors/dhammayut/chanting_en.html”><i>A Chanting Guide: Pali Passages with English Translations</i></a> (Dhammayut Order)

<a href=“lib/authors/dhammika/wheel360_en.html”><i>Matrceta's Hymn to the Buddha: An English Rendering of the Satapancasatka</i></a> (Ven. S. Dhammika)

Dhamma. See also Teaching the Dhamma.

Basic principles: AN 8.53

Five rewards of listening to ~: AN 5.202

How to listen to the ~: AN 6.88

As one of the ten Recollections: see Recollections, ten.

Dhamma” in the Path to Freedom pages

Dhammapada.

<a href=“lib/authors/bodhi/bl129_en.html”><i>The Living Message of the Dhammapada</i></a> (Bodhi)

Dhana (treasures) See also Wealth.

Buddha, Dhamma, and Sangha: Khp 6

Seven ~: AN 7.7

Trading Outer Wealth for Inner Wealth” in <i>Food for Thought</i> (Lee)

Dhatu (properties, elements).

The Buddha's explanation of the ~: MN 140

Why desire and passion connected with the ~ is worth abandoning: SN 27.9</dd>

<dt>Discernment — see **[[#panna|Pañña]]**.</dt>
<dt>Disenchantment — see **[[#nibbida|Nibbida]]**.</dt>
Ditthi (views). See also Questions.

As a yoke: AN 4.10

As a flood: SN 45.171

Wisdom has nothing to do with holding to this or that viewpoint: AN 10.96

What is wrong ~?: MN 117

Distinguishing right ~ from wrong ~: AN 10.103, AN 10.104

The many kinds of ~: DN 1, MN 63, SN 41.3, AN 10.93, AN 10.95

Speculative ~: DN 1

Even the view “I have no self” is wrong: MN 22

The thicket of wrong ~: MN 72

Attachment to ~ is the cause of disputes: Sn 4.8

Right View” in the Path to Freedom pages

As a tool: “Beyond Right and Wrong” in <i>Inner Strength</i> (Lee)

From Views to Vision” (Bodhi)

Divine Messengers. See also Aging; Illness; Death.
Doubt (<b>vicikiccha).</b> See also <a href=“#nivarana”><b>Nivarana (hindrances</b>)</a>; <a href=“#saddha”><b>Saddha (conviction</b>)</a>.

As one of the fetters (<b>Sanyojana</b>): AN 10.13

As one of the obsessions (<b>Anusaya</b>): AN 7.11, AN 7.12

How can one be freed of all ~?: Sn 5.5

Development of jhana as a means of overcoming ~: Ud 5.7

Downfall.

Causes of ~: Sn 1.6

Downloading.
<dt>Drawbacks — see **[[#adinava|Adinava]]**.</dt>
<dt>Dread (moral) — see **[[#ottappa|Ottappa]]**.</dt>
Dreams.

Five ~ that appeared to the Buddha: AN 5.196

How to ensure good ~: AN 11.16

Interpretation of ~ as a form of wrong livelihood for monks: DN 2, DN 11</dd>

<dt>Drowsiness — see **[[#laziness|Laziness]]**.</dt>
Dukkha (unsatisfactoriness; stress; suffering). See also <a href=“#ps”><b>Paticca-samuppada (dependent co-arising</b>)</a>; <a href=“#tilakkhana”><b>Tilakkhana (three characteristics of existence</b>)</a>.

The Buddha teaches only ~ and its cessation: MN 22

Six important aspects of ~ to be understood: AN 6.63

~ is inherent in everything the body and mind depend upon for nourishment: SN 12.63

As one of seven perceptions: AN 7.46

<a href=“lib/authors/ashby/bl026_en.html”><i>Our Reactions to Dukkha</i></a> (Ashby)

The Weight of Mountains” (Thanissaro)

Dukkha” in the Path to Freedom pages

</dl>

<h1>E &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='e' id=“e”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

<dt>Ecology — see **[[#nature|Nature]]**.</dt>
<dt>Effluents — see **[[#asava|Asava]]**.</dt>
<dt>Effort — see **[[#viriya|Viriya]]**.</dt>
<dt>Eightfold Path — see **[[#eightfold|Noble Eightfold Path]]**.</dt>
Emotion. See also Pasada; Psychology; Samvega; Vedana.

The source of ~: MN 137

<a href=“lib/authors/desilva-p/wheel237_en.html”><i>The Psychology of Emotions in Buddhist Perspective</i></a> (Padmasiri de Silva)

Emptiness (Suññata).

In what way is world empty?: SN 35.85

Meditation practice that leads to the “entry into ~,” the doorway to liberation: MN 121

Practical aspects of developing a meditative dwelling in ~: MN 122

Conquering death by seeing the world as empty: Sn 5.15

Voidness of the five <b>khandha:</b> SN 22.95

Emptiness” (Thanissaro)

The Integrity of Emptiness” (Thanissaro)

“From Ignorance to Emptiness,” in <a href=“lib/thai/boowa/thingsas_en.html”><i>Things as They Are</i></a> (Boowa)</dd>

<dt><span anchor #engaged>Engaged Buddhism</span> — see **[[#social|Social action]]**.</dt>
<dt>Equanimity — see **[[#upekkha|Upekkha]]**.</dt>
<dt>Ethics — see **[[#sila|Sila]]**.</dt>

</dl>

<h1>F &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='f' id=“f”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

<dt>Faculties, five mental — see **[[#indriya|Indriya]]**.</dt>
<dt>Faith — see **[[#saddha|Saddha]]**.</dt>
Family. See also Children; Lay Buddhist practice; Parents.

How a ~ can preserve its wealth: AN 4.255

Qualities that hold a ~ together: AN 4.32

Causes of a ~'s downfall: SN 42.9

<a href=“lib/authors/dhammananda/marriage_en.html”><i>A Happy Married Life: A Buddhist Perspective</i></a> (Dhammananda)

Fear. See also Death.

In the wilderness, the Buddha comes face-to-face with his ~: MN 4

Ven. Adhimutta reveals his secret for overcoming ~: Thag 16

Four ways of overcoming ~ of death: AN 4.184

Overcoming ~ by recollecting the Buddha, Dhamma, and Sangha: SN 11.3

Your ~ of birth, aging, and death should be greater than your ~ of a dangerous cliff: SN 56.42

Freedom from Fear” (Thanissaro)

Subrahma's Problem” (Bodhi)</dd>

<dt>Feeling — see **[[#vedana|Vedana]]**.</dt>
<dt>Fermentations — see **[[#asava|Asava]]**.</dt>
Fire imagery. See also “Fire” in the Index of Similes.

Used to describe the nature of clinging: SN 12.52

The Fire Sermon: SN 35.28

Fires of passion, aversion, and delusion: Iti 93

Fire as an illustration of the destiny of a fully Awakened being: MN 72

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/likefire/index_en.html”><i>The Mind Like Fire Unbound: An Image in the Early Buddhist Discourses</i></a> (Thanissaro)</dd>

<dt><span anchor #fool>Fool</span> — see **[[#wiseperson|Wise person]]**.</dt>
Food (physical and otherwise). See also Nutriment (ahara).

Mindfulness as a preventative against overeating: SN 3.13

The Food of Kindness” (Medhanandi)

Forest traditions. See also Wilderness.

The Customs of the Noble Ones” (Thanissaro)

Forgiveness — see Reconciliation.

The Four Noble Truths (cattari ariya saccani). See also Gradual instruction.

The Buddha's first teaching on ~: SN 56.11

Understanding of ~ as a basis for Right View: MN 9

Direct knowledge of ~ is a hallmark of a true contemplative: Iti 103

As a prequisite for awakening: SN 56.44

Relationship to the <b>Khandha:</b> MN 28

The Four Noble Truths” in the Path to Freedom pages: <a href=“ptf/dhamma/sacca/sacca1/index_en.html”>1st</a>, <a href=“ptf/dhamma/sacca/sacca2/index_en.html”>2nd</a>, <a href=“ptf/dhamma/sacca/sacca3/index_en.html”>3rd</a>, <a href=“ptf/dhamma/sacca/sacca4/index_en.html”>4th</a>

The Four Noble Truths” in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)

The Truth and its Shadows” in <i>Inner Strength</i> (Lee)

The Nobility of the Truths” (Bodhi)</dd>

<dt>Friendship (admirable) — see **[[#k|Kalyanamittata]]**.</dt>

</dl>

<h1>G &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='g' id=“g”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

<dt>Gender identity — see **[[#sexid|Sexual identity]]**.</dt>
<dt>Generosity — see **[[#dana|Dana]]**.</dt>
<dt>Giving — see **[[#dana|Dana]]**.</dt>
<dt>Goal of Buddhist practice — see **[[#nibbana|Nibbana]]**.</dt>
God (supreme being, Creator, etc.). See also <b>Comparative Religions</b>.

Belief in ~ (instead of in the law of <b>Kamma</b>) is a form of wrong view: AN 3.61

Great Brahma, the deva who mistakenly believes himself to be the supreme being: DN 11</dd>

<dt>Goodwill — see **[[#metta|Metta]]**.</dt>
<dt>Goodness — see <a href="#punna"><b>Puñña (merit</b>)</a>.</dt>
Gradual instruction (anupubbi-katha).

Mentioned in: Ud 5.3

The Path to Freedom pages

See each of its constituent topics:

<a href=“#dana”><b>Dana (generosity</b>)</a>,

	<a href="#sila"><b>Sila (virtue</b>)</a>,
	<a href="#sagga"><b>Sagga (heaven</b>)</a>,
	<a href="#adinava"><b>Adinava (drawbacks</b>)</a>,
	<a href="#nekkhamma"><b>Nekkhamma (renunciation</b>)</a>,
	**[[#fourtruths|Four Noble Truths]]**.
:: See the chapter "Dhamma" in <a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/refuge_en.html"><i>Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, and Sangha</i></a> (Thanissaro)
Gradual training (anupubba-sikkha).

DN 2,

MN 107.

Gratitude. See also Integrity; Respect.

As one of the greatest protections/blessings: Sn 2.4

As a requisite for meaningful progress on the Path: AN 5.254

A grateful person is rare: AN 2.119

The dangers of enjoying a gift without showing the proper ~: AN 7.68

How to repay the debt we owe to our parents: AN 2.32

The anguish an aging parent feels when his children show no ~: SN 7.14

The Lessons of Gratitude” (Thanissaro)

Grief. See also Death.

How to move beyond obsessive grieving: AN 5.49

Do arahants grieve?: SN 21.2

Death and loss are inevitable, but is ~?: Sn 3.8</dd>

<dt>Guilt — see <a href="#hiri"><b>Hiri (moral shame</b>)</a>.</dt>

</dl>

<h1>H &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='h' id=“h”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

<dt>Habitual patterns of thought: [[en:tipitaka:sut:mn:mn.019.than#habit|MN 19]]</dt>
Happiness. See also <a href=“#vedana”><b>Vedana (feeling</b>)</a>.

True ~ lies beyond the realm of sensual pleasure: MN 75

How Nibbana is understood as happy and pleasant: AN 9.34

Sometimes confused with suffering: Sn 3.12

Seeing even pleasurable feelings as stressful: SN 36.5, Iti 53

There are many kinds and degrees of ~; which one do you want?: DN 2, MN 59, SN 36.19, SN 36.31, Iti 73

Harmlessness — see Non-harming.

Hatred. See <a href=“#ill”>Ill-will (<b>vyapada</b>)</a>.

Headache, Ven. Sariputta's “slight”: Ud 4.4</dd>

<dt>Heaven realms — see Sagga.</dt>

<dt>Heedfulness — see **[[#appamada|Appamada]]**.</dt>
Hell (realm). See also Planes of Existence, Thirty-one; <a href=“#sagga”><b>Sagga (heaven</b>)</a>; Kamma.

As the destination for one with no discernment: Dhp 137

Hell” (Dhammapada XXII)

Five grave deeds that lead to rebirth in ~: AN 5.129

Causes of rebirth in ~: Iti 70

<dt>Heterosexuality — see **[[#sexid|Sexual identity]]**.</dt>
<dt>Hindrances — see **[[#nivarana|Nivarana]]**.</dt>
Hiri (conscience, moral shame). See also <a href=“#ottappa”><b>Ottappa (moral dread</b>)</a>.

Although your past bad deeds cannot be undone, you can overcome your guilt: SN 42.8

As a quality that distinguishes the true contemplative: MN 39

As a basis for acquiring discernment: AN 8.2

As a quality that safeguards the world: Iti 42

As a rare and fine quality: SN 1.18

As a treasure: AN 7.6

As a guardian: AN 2.9

Associated with skillful qualities: Iti 40

History of Theravada Buddhism.

<a href=“lib/authors/bischoff/wheel399_en.html”><i>Buddhism in Myanmar: A Short History</i></a> (Bischoff)

<a href=“lib/authors/perera/wheel100_en.html”><i>Buddhism in Sri Lanka: A Short History</i></a> (Perera)

<a href=“lib/authors/kusalasaya/wheel085_en.html”><i>Buddhism in Thailand</i></a> (Kusalasaya)

<a href=“lib/authors/dhammika/wheel386_en.html”><i>The Edicts of King Asoka</i></a> (Ven. S. Dhammika)

The Customs of the Noble Ones” (Thanissaro)

<dt>Holidays — see **[[#uposatha|Uposatha days]]**.</dt>
<dt>Homosexuality — see **[[#sexid|Sexual identity]]**.</dt>
Householders. See also Family; Lay Buddhist practice; Marriage; Money; Precepts; Sensuality.

Showing the proper respect to one's parents: Iti 106

~ are dependent on the monastic community (Sangha): Iti 107

~ should put aside all worries as death nears: AN 6.16

Four kinds of bliss available to ~: AN 4.62

Citta the householder's final teaching on generosity: SN 41.10

Household life is crowded and dusty: Sn 3.1, Ud 5.6

<a href=“lib/authors/walshe/wheel225_en.html”><i>Buddhism and Sex</i></a> (M. O'C. Walshe)

Humility. See also Integrity;

As one of the greatest protections/blessings: Sn 2.4

</dl>

<h1>I &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='i' id=“i”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

Iddhipada (the four bases of power). See also Bodhipakkhiya-dhamma.

Benefits derived from: SN 51.20

The Buddha declines Mara's invitation to use the ~ for worldly aims: SN 4.20

The Four Bases of Power” in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)</dd>

<dt>Ignorance — see **[[#avijja|Avijja]]**.</dt>
<a name=“ill” id=“ill”>Ill-will <i>(vyapada)</i></a>. See also Anger; Conflict; <a href=“#kilesa”><b>Kilesa (defilements</b>)</a>; <a href=“#metta”><b>Metta (goodwill</b>)</a>; <a href=“#nivarana”><b>Nivarana (hindrances</b>)</a>.

Ten reflections to help overcome hatred: AN 10.80

~ can never be conquered with more ~: Dhp 3

The sources of conflict and hostility: DN 21, MN 18

Illness. See also Aging; Death; Divine messengers.

The Buddha attends to a monk with dysentery: Mv 8.26.1-8

The Buddha's advice to Maha Kassapa during a painful illness: SN 46.14

One need not be sick in mind just because one is sick in body: SN 22.1

How even a sick person can realize Awakening: AN 5.121

Ten perceptions that can heal body and mind: AN 10.60

Even the best medicines for the body don't always work; here's one for the mind that does: AN 10.108

Five qualities that make a sick person easy (or hard) to tend to: Mv 8.26.1-8

Five qualities that make a good (or bad) nurse: Mv 8.26.1-8

<a href=“lib/thai/lee/handbook_en.html”><i>A Handbook for the Relief of Suffering</i></a> (Lee)

<a href=“lib/authors/desilva/bl132_en.html”><i>Ministering to the Sick and Terminally Ill</i></a> (De Silva)

Our Real Home” (Chah)

<a href=“lib/thai/boowa/straight_en.html”><i>Straight from the Heart</i></a> (Boowa)

<a href=“lib/thai/boowa/tolastbr_en.html”><i>To the Last Breath: Dhamma Talks on Living and Dying</i></a> (Boowa)

The Last Sermon” in <i>Inner Strength</i> (Lee)

The Truth and its Shadows” in <i>Inner Strength</i> (Lee)

<dt>Impermanence — see **[[#anicca|Anicca]]**.</dt>
<dt><span anchor #indriya>Indriya</span> (five mental faculties). See also **[[#bodhipakkhiya-dhamma|Bodhipakkhiya-dhamma]]**.</dt>
Look under each of its constituent members:

<a href=“#saddha”><b>Saddha (conviction, faith</b>)</a>

<a href=“#viriya”><b>Viriya (persistence, effort</b>)</a>

<a href=“#sati”><b>Sati (mindfulness</b>)</a>

<a href=“#samadhi”><b>Samadhi (concentration</b>)</a>

<a href=“#panna”><b>Pañña (discernment, wisdom</b>)</a>

A summary of the five faculties: SN 48.10

See the suttas in the Indriya-samyutta of the Samyutta Nikaya

The Five Faculties” in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)

“The Path of Strength,” in <a href=“lib/thai/boowa/thingsas_en.html”><i>Things as They Are</i></a> (Ajaan Maha Boowa);

<a href=“lib/authors/conze/wheel065_en.html”><i>The Way of Wisdom: The Five Spiritual Faculties</i></a> (Conze)</dd>

<dt><span anchor #insight>Insight</span> — see **[[#vipassana|Vipassana]]**.</dt>
Integrity. See also Gratitude; Humility; Respect; Stream-entry (sotapatti); <b>Wise person.</b>

What is a person of ~:

MN 110,

	[[en:tipitaka:sut:mn:mn.113.than|MN 113]],
	[[en:tipitaka:sut:an:an02:an02.031.than|AN 2.31]],
	[[en:tipitaka:sut:an:an04:an04.073.than|AN 4.73]]
:: How a person of ~ gives gifts: [[en:tipitaka:sut:an:an05:an05.148.than|AN 5.148]]</dd>
<dt>Intention, intentional action — see **[[#kamma|Kamma]]**.</dt>
Introduction to Buddhism. See also Introduction to meditation practice.

<a href=“lib/authors/bullen/bl042_en.html”><i>Buddhism: A Method of Mind Training</i></a> (Bullen)

<a href=“lib/authors/narada/nutshell_en.html”><i>Buddhism in a Nutshell</i></a> (Narada)

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/refuge_en.html”><i>Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, and Sangha</i></a> (Thanissaro)

BPS "Bodhi Leaves" on various topics

BPS Newsletter essays on various topics (Bodhi)

Introduction to meditation practice. See also Introduction to Buddhism; Lay Buddhist Practice; Meditation.

A Guided Meditation” (Thanissaro)

Right Attitude” (Suwat)

<a href=“lib/thai/kee/condensed_en.html”><i>Breath Meditation Condensed</i></a> (Kee)

<a href=“lib/thai/thate/buddho_en.html”><i>Buddho</i></a> (Thate)

Quiet Breathing” in <i>Food for Thought</i> (Lee)

<a href=“lib/thai/lee/startsmall_en.html”><i>Starting Out Small: A Collection of Talks for Beginning Meditators</i></a> (Lee)

<a href=“lib/thai/lee/startsmall2_en.html”><i>Starting Out Small: A Collection of Talks for Beginning Meditators (Portfolio 2)</i></a> (Lee)

<a href=“lib/thai/lee/startsmall3_en.html”><i>Starting Out Small: A Collection of Talks for Beginning Meditators (Portfolio 3)</i></a> (Lee)

<a href=“lib/thai/suwat/light_en.html”><i>Light of Discernment: Meditation Instructions</i></a> (Suwat)

<a href=“lib/authors/khantipalo/wheel116_en.html”><i>Practical Advice for Meditators</i></a> (Khantipalo)

Dhamma talks by Thanissaro Bhikkhu:

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations_en.html”><i>Meditations: Forty Dhamma Talks</i></a>;

	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations2_en.html"><i>Meditations 2</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations3_en.html"><i>Meditations 3</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations4_en.html"><i>Meditations 4</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations5_en.html"><i>Meditations 5</i></a>
:: <a href="lib/authors/ariyadhamma/bl115_en.html"><i>Anapana Sati: Meditation on Breathing</i></a> (Ariyadhamma)
:: <a href="lib/authors/figen/bl085_en.html"><i>Beginning Insight Meditation</i></a> (Figen)
:: <a href="lib/authors/story/bl015_en.html"><i>Buddhist Meditation</i></a> (Story)
:: "[[en:lib:authors:nyanatiloka:wheel394#ch4|Mental Culture]]" (Nyanatiloka)
:: [[en:tipitaka:sut:kn:iti:iti.intro.than|Itivuttaka]].

</dl>

<h1>J &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='j' id=“j”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

Jataka tales (stories from the Buddha's previous lives).

The chariot-maker: AN 3.15

The story of prince Dighavu: Mv 10.2.3-20

See the collection of Jataka stories retold by Ken & Visakha Kawasaki

Jati (birth). See also Aging; Death; Illness; Rebirth.

Understanding of ~ as a basis for Right View: MN 9

Fear of ~ should be even greater than fear of a dangerous cliff: SN 56.42

The darkness of ~ is even greater than that of intergalactic space: SN 56.46

Jhana (meditative absorption). See also Concentration; <a href=“#nivarana”><b>Nivarana (Hindrances</b>)</a>; Noble silence; <a href=“#samatha”><b>Samatha (tranquillity, calm</b>)</a>.

And mindfulness: SN 2.7

How ~ leads the meditator out from the confines of the mind: AN 9.42

Role of ~ in the development of discernment: AN IX-44

Goes hand-in-hand with discernment (pañña): Dhp 372

Goes hand-in-hand with insight (vipassana): AN 4.170

How insight can be developed during or immediately after ~: MN 111

Paves the way to Nibbana: Dhp 372

Envied by the devas: Dhp 181

Practiced by enlightened ones: Dhp 23

A mark of heedfulness: Dhp 27, Dhp 371

Frees one from Mara's grasp: Dhp 276

A hallmark of a true brahman: Dhp 386, Dhp 395, Dhp 414

One day with ~ is better than a hundred years without: Dhp 110

How does the Buddha practice ~ in the forest?: SN 7.18<br />

Formless attainments leading to Nibbana: MN 52, MN 106, AN 11.17

Possible courses of rebirth from practicing ~: AN 4.123, AN 4.124

Jhana” in the Path to Freedom pages

Dhamma talks by Thanissaro Bhikkhu:

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations_en.html”><i>Meditations: Forty Dhamma Talks</i></a>;

	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations2_en.html"><i>Meditations 2</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations3_en.html"><i>Meditations 3</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations4_en.html"><i>Meditations 4</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations5_en.html"><i>Meditations 5</i></a>
:: "[[en:lib:thai:suwat:concentration|Right Concentration]]" (Suwat)
:: <a href="lib/thai/lee/craft_en.html"><i>The Craft of the Heart</i></a> (Lee)
:: <a href="lib/authors/gunaratana/wheel351_en.html"><i>The Jhanas in Theravada Buddhist Meditation</i></a> (Gunaratana)
:: <a href="lib/thai/lee/inmind_en.html"><i>Keeping the Breath in Mind</i></a> (Lee)
:: "[[en:lib:authors:thanissaro:concmind|The Path of Concentration and Mindfulness]]" (Thanissaro)
:: "[[en:lib:authors:thanissaro:jhananumbers|Jhana Not by the Numbers]]" (Thanissaro)
Joy. See also Piti (rapture;bliss).

The Joy of Effort” (Thanissaro)</dd>

<dt>Joy, appreciative/sympathetic — see Mudita.</dt>

</dl>

<h1>K &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='k' id=“k”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

Kalyanamittata (admirable friendship). See also Teaching the Dhamma.

As a prerequisite for the development of the wings to Awakening: AN 9.1

What is a true friend?: AN 7.35, Sn 2.3

Benefits of ~: AN 9.1

Having ~ is conducive to the ending of dukkha: Dhp 376

As a crucial support for Dhamma practice: Iti 17

As a way of uplifting your own inner potential: “Potential” (Mun)

~ is the whole of the holy life: SN 45.2

Avoiding lazy people: Iti 78

Choose your friends carefully, for you become like them: Iti 76

What is good friendship for householders?: AN 8.54

Kamma (karma; intentional action). See also Devas; Hell; Planes of Existence, Thirty-one; Rebirth; <a href=“#sagga”><b>Sagga (heaven</b>)</a>.

Intentional Action” in the Path to Freedom pages

Right Action” in the Path to Freedom pages

The laws of ~ and rebirth are as inviolable as the law of gravity: SN 42.6

As one of the five subjects for frequent recollection: AN 5.57

Reflect on your actions before, during, and after: MN 61

Six important aspects of ~ to be understood: AN 6.63

Actions of body, speech, and mind determine one's future course: MN 41

How to ease the inevitable bad results of one's past bad deeds: SN 42.8

The rewards of skillful ~: AN 2.18, AN 8.40

The results of unskillful ~: AN 2.18, AN 8.40

The ten courses of skillful ~: AN 10.176

The ten courses of unskillful ~: AN 10.176

The difference between “old” and “new” ~: SN 35.145

Present happiness depends on both past and present ~: MN 101

Past ~ alone cannot account for present experience: SN 36.21

Past unskillful ~ can't be “burned away” through ascetic practice: MN 101

The ~ that leads to the ending of ~: AN 4.235

When I perform an action, am I the same person when I experience its results, or am I different?: SN 12.46

Why do the results of bad deeds vary from one person to another?: AN 3.99

The influence of present and past ~ on the development of skillful qualities: AN 6.86

Five bad actions that you should never do: AN 5.129 (also AN 5.87)

Trying to figure out the results of ~ is sure to drive you crazy: AN 4.77

Inner goodness is measured by the goodness of one's actions: AN 4.85

Act like a dog, and that's what you'll become: MN 57

How ~ accounts for the fortune and misfortune of beings: MN 135

A more detailed explanation of ~: MN 136

<a href=“lib/authors/nanamoli/wheel248_en.html”><i>The Buddha's Words on Kamma</i></a> (Ñanamoli Thera)

Kamma & Rebirth” (Nyanatiloka)

Karma” (Thanissaro)

Kamma and the Ending of Kamma” in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)

A Remedy for Despair” (Bodhi)

“A Refuge in Skillful Action,” in <a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/refuge_en.html”><i>Refuge: an Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, and Sangha</i></a> (Thanissaro)

Samsara Divided by Zero” (Thanissaro)

Skillfulness” in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)

Karuna (compassion). See also Brahmavihara.

As a factor leading to liberation: AN 6.13

Systematic practice of ~: SN 42.8

Practicing ~ as a way to deal with annoying people: AN 5.161

<a href=“lib/authors/harris/bl141_en.html”><i>Detachment and Compassion in Early Buddhism</i></a> (Harris)

Educating Compassion” (Thanissaro)

Kayagatasati (mindfulness of the body). See also <a href=“#satipatthana”><b>Satipatthana (frames of reference</b>)</a>.

The Buddha's principal teaching on ~: MN 119

Khandha (the five clinging-aggregates). See also <a href=“#body”><b>Body</b>)</a>; <a href=“#upadana”><b>Upadana (clinging</b>)</a>; <a href=“#vipassana”><b>Vipassana (insight</b>)</a>.

See the suttas in the Khandhavagga of the Samyutta Nikaya.

How we define ourselves in terms of the ~: SN 22.36

A summary of the ~: SN 22.48

Identification with the ~ as the cause of self-view: SN 22.1

Identifying the five ~ as “self” is the cause of affliction: SN 22.1

Voidness of the ~: SN 22.95

Why desire and passion connected with the ~ is worth abandoning: SN 27.10

<a href=“lib/authors/desilva/bl120_en.html”><i>The Self-made Private Prison</i></a> (De Silva)

See each of its constituents:

Rupa (form)

<a href=“#vedana”><b>Vedana (feeling</b>)</a>

<a href=“#sanna”><b>Sañña (perception</b>)</a>

<a href=“#sankhara”><b>Sankhara (mental fashionings</b>)</a>

<a href=“#vinnana”><b>Viññana (consciousness</b>)</a>

Khanti (patience, forbearance). See also Anger; Paramis.

As one of the greatest protections/blessings: Sn 2.4

Heals the angry person: SN 11.4

How to develop ~: MN 21

Cultivating ~ while being beaten and stabbed (Ven. Punna's view): SN 35.88

A heated debate between two deities on the merits of ~: SN 11.5

The best response to the insults of others (a story): AN 6.54

<a name=“kilesa” id=“kilesa”>Kilesa (defilements — passion (<b>lobha),</b> aversion (<b>dosa),</b> and delusion (<b>moha</b>) — in their various forms)</a>. See also Anger; Asava; <a href=“#avijja”><b>Avijja (ignorance</b>)</a>; <a href=“#nivarana”><b>Nivarana (hindrances</b>)</a>.

As a source of harm and suffering in the world: SN 3.23

As putrefaction: AN 3.126

As stains/enemies/murderers/etc.: Iti 88

Abandonment of ~ as a guarantee of non-return: Iti 1-8

~ form the root of unskillful action: Iti 50

~ burn like fire: Iti 93

~ are like dirty stains on an otherwise clean cloth: MN 7

Killing. See also Conflict, Precepts, War.

The one and only thing whose ~ the Buddha approved: SN 1.71

"Getting the Message" (Thanissaro)

Kusala (skillfulness, wholesomeness). See also Manners; <a href=“#sila”><b>Sila (virtue</b>)</a>.

Understanding ~ and its opposite as the basis for Right View: MN 9

The Lessons of Unawareness” in <i>Inner Strength</i> (Lee)

Skillfulness” in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)

</dl>

<h1>L &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='l' id=“l”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

Lay Buddhist practice. See also Family; Householders; Marriage; Parents; Precepts.

The definition of various kinds of lay followers: AN VIII 25

Five subjects for frequent recollection: AN 5.57

Four qualities leading to a householder's happiness: AN 8.54

The duties of the layperson: Sn 2.14

The layperson's code of conduct: DN 31

What it takes for a layperson to become a stream-winner: AN 10.92

How a layperson can best work for the welfare of others: AN 8.26, AN 4.99

Five qualities of a sincere lay follower: AN 5.175

Five rewards a layperson can expect for having conviction: AN 5.38

Actions that only lead to one's downfall: Sn 1.6

How skillful actions and choices can protect you: Sn 2.4, Khp 5

Development of the first six recollections can be done no matter how busy you are: AN 11.13

How to recognize a lay stream-winner: AN 5.179

Examples of lay stream-winners in the suttas (see Stream-entry):

Anathapindika: <a href=“lib/authors/hecker/wheel334_en.html”><i>Anathapindika: The Great Benefactor</i></a> (Hellmuth Hecker); and see his entry in the Index of Names;

		Nakula's mother: [[en:tipitaka:sut:an:an06:an06.016.than|AN 6.16]];
		Suppabuddha (the leper): [[en:tipitaka:sut:kn:ud:ud.5.03.than|Ud 5.3]];
		Visakha (a.k.a. "Migara's Mother"): see her entry in the [[index-names#visakha1|Index of Names]];
		500 women who perish in a fire: [[en:tipitaka:sut:kn:ud:ud.7.10.than|Ud 7.10]].
:: <a href="lib/authors/walshe/wheel225_en.html"><i>Buddhism and Sex</i></a> (M. O'C. Walshe)
:: <a href="lib/authors/bogoda/bl139_en.html"><i>Buddhist Culture, The Cultured Buddhist</i></a> (Bogoda)
:: <a href="lib/authors/various/wheel294_en.html"><i>The Buddhist Layman</i></a> (Bogoda/Jootla/Walshe)
:: "[[en:lib:thai:lee:everyone|Dhamma for Everyone]]" (Lee)
:: <a href="lib/authors/dhammananda/marriage_en.html"><i>A Happy Married Life: A Buddhist Perspective</i></a> (Dhammananda)
:: <a href="lib/authors/soni/wheel254_en.html"><i>Life's Highest Blessings</i></a> (Soni)
:: "[[en:lib:authors:bodhi:bps-essay_39|Lifestyles and Spiritual Progress]]" (Bodhi)
:: <a href="lib/authors/price/bl124_en.html"><i>Nothing Higher to Live For</i></a> (Nyanasobhano)
:: <a href="lib/authors/narada/wheel014_en.html"><i>Everyman's Ethics: Four Discourses by the Buddha</i></a>, (Narada)
:: <a href="lib/authors/khantipalo/wheel206_en.html"><i>Lay Buddhist Practice</i></a> (Khantipalo)
:: <a href="lib/authors/bogoda/wheel397_en.html"><i>A Simple Guide to Life</i></a> (Bogoda)
:: <a href="lib/authors/dhammayut/chanting_en.html"><i>A Chanting Guide: Pali Passages with English Translations</i></a> (Dhammayut Order)
:: <a href="lib/authors/khantipalo/wheel130_en.html"><i>Buddhist Monk's Discipline, The: Some Points Explained for Laypeople</i></a> (Khantipalo)</dd>

<dt><span anchor #laziness>Laziness</span> — see <a href="#sloth"><b>Sloth and Drowsiness (thina-middha</b>)</a>.</dt>
Listening. See also Speech.

How to listen to the Dhamma: AN 6.88

Five rewards in ~ to Dhamma: AN 5.202

Importance of ~ critically to Dhamma: AN 2.46

“A Taste for the Dhamma,” in <a href=“lib/thai/boowa/straight_en.html”><i>Straight From the Heart</i></a> (Boowa)

Livelihood, Right.

Actors and comedians — take note of Talaputa's lesson from the Buddha: SN 42.2

Soldiers — take note of Yodhajiva's lesson from the Buddha: SN 42.3

Right Livelihood” in the Path to Freedom pages

Lokadhamma (worldly conditions).

The failings of the world: AN 8.6

Five kinds of loss, five kinds of gain: AN 5.130

The perils of fame:

SN 17.3,

	[[en:tipitaka:sut:sn:sn17:sn17.005.than|SN 17.5]],
	[[en:tipitaka:sut:sn:sn17:sn17.008.than|SN 17.8]]
:: "[[en:lib:thai:lee:foodthought#first|First Things First]]" in <i>Food for Thought</i> (Lee)
:: "[[en:lib:thai:lee:foodthought#nightsoil|Nightsoil for the Heart]]" in <i>Food for Thought</i> (Lee)</dd>
<dt>Loving-kindness — see **[[#metta|Metta]]**.</dt>
<dt>Lust — see **[[#sensuality|Sensuality]]**.</dt>

</dl>

<h1>M &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='m' id=“m”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

Mana (conceit).

As a motivation for practice: AN 4.159

As a cause of grief: SN 21.2

Ven. Vangisa admonishes himself to abandon ~: Thag 21

As one of the obsessions (<b>Anusaya</b>): AN 7.11, AN 7.12

As one of the fetters (<b>Sanyojana</b>): AN 10.13

<i>Pride and Conceit</i> (Ashby and Fawcett)

Manners. See also <a href=“#kusala”><b>Kusala (skillfulness</b>)</a>; <a href=“#sila”><b>Sila (virtue</b>)</a>.

Respectable people have good ~: AN 7.64

Etiquette and duties for monks: Cv 8

Serving a Purpose” in <i>Food for Thought</i> (Lee)

Mara. See also “Mara” in the Index of Proper Names.

Ten armies of: Sn 3.2

Turning the forces of Mara to our advantage: “The Demons of Defilement” (Lee)

<a href=“lib/authors/guruge/wheel419_en.html”><i>The Buddha's Encounters With Mara</i></a> (Guruge)

Maranassati (mindfulness of death). See also Death; Illness; <a href=“#satipatthana”><b>Satipatthana (frames of reference</b>)</a>.

Death can come at any time; are you ready?: AN 6.20

Mindfulness of death should be developed continuously: AN 6.19

As one of the ten Recollections: see Recollections, ten.

<a href=“lib/authors/gunaratna/wheel102_en.html”><i>Buddhist Reflections on Death</i></a> (V.F.Gunaratna)

<a href=“lib/authors/price/bl096_en.html”><i>To the Cemetery and Back</i></a> (Price)

<a href=“lib/authors/soma/bl079_en.html”><i>Words Leading to Disenchantment: Two Essays</i></a> (Soma)

Marriage. See also Lay Buddhist Practice.

How to ensure that you'll be with your spouse in future lives: AN 4.55

Spouses' duties to each other: DN 31

A Single Mind” (Fuang)

<a href=“lib/authors/dhammananda/marriage_en.html”><i>A Happy Married Life: A Buddhist Perspective</i></a> (Dhammananda)

<a href=“lib/authors/price/bl124_en.html”><i>Nothing Higher to Live For</i></a> (Nyanasobhano)

<a href=“lib/authors/walshe/wheel225_en.html”><i>Buddhism and Sex</i></a> (Walshe)

Meditation. See also <a href=“#anapanasati”><b>Anapanasati (mindfulness of breathing</b>)</a>; Introduction to Meditation; <a href=“#maranassati”><b>Maranassati (mindfulness of death</b>)</a>; <a href=“#metta”><b>Metta (goodwill</b>)</a>; Recollections, ten; <a href=“#satipatthana”><b>Satipatthana (foundations of mindfulness</b>)</a>.

~ is practiced for both one's own and others' benefit: SN 16.5, SN 47.19, AN 5.20, AN 7.64

Why bother meditating in the hopes of some future reward when sensual pleasures are available right now?: SN 1.20

Isn't ~ simply a useless and unproductive activity?: SN 7.17

~ is a skill to be developed: AN 9.35, AN 9.36

The danger of overestimating one's progress in ~: MN 105

Formless attainments leading to Nibbana: MN 106

Dhamma talks by Thanissaro Bhikkhu:

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations_en.html”><i>Meditations: Forty Dhamma Talks</i></a>;

	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations2_en.html"><i>Meditations 2</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations3_en.html"><i>Meditations 3</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations4_en.html"><i>Meditations 4</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations5_en.html"><i>Meditations 5</i></a>
:: <a href="lib/authors/khantipalo/wheel116_en.html"><i>Practical Advice for Meditators</i></a> (Khantipalo)
:: <a href="ptf/dhamma/sila/uposatha_en.html"><i>Uposatha</i> observance days</a></dd>
<dt><span anchor #merit>Merit</span> — see **[[#punna|Puñña]]**.</dt>
Metta (goodwill, loving-kindness). See also Brahmavihara; Paramis.

Karaniya Metta Sutta (Discourse on Loving-kindness): Sn 1.8 and Khp 9

As a protection against harm: Cv 5.6, SN 20.5, AN 4.67

As a factor leading to liberation: AN 6.13

Systematic practice of ~: SN 42.8

Eleven benefits of ~: AN 11.16

Even more fruitful than giving: SN 20.4

Course of rebirths to be expected from those who cultivate ~: AN 4.125

Maintain thoughts of ~ no matter how others address you: MN 21

No one is dearer to one than oneself: Ud 5.1

The radiant brightness of ~: Iti 27

As a basis for the development of jhana: AN 8.63

Practicing ~ as a way to deal with annoying people: AN 5.161

<a href=“lib/authors/buddharakkhita/wheel365_en.html”><i>Metta: The Philosophy and Practice of Universal Love</i></a> (Buddharakkhita)

The Heart Awakened (Siriwardhana)

<a href=“lib/authors/price/bl124_en.html”><i>Nothing Higher to Live For</i></a> (Nyanasobhano)

Metta Means Goodwill (Thanissaro)

<a href=“lib/authors/nanamoli/wheel007_en.html”><i>The Practice of Loving-kindness (metta)</i></a> (Ñanamoli Thera)

Middle way (Majjhima-patipada).

Avoiding extreme views: SN 12.15

Buddha's first teachings on the ~: SN 56.11

Middle way between indulgence in sensuality and adherence to fixed rituals and precepts: Ud 6.8

Dependent co-arising as a “middle way” between extremes of views: SN 12.48

“The Middleness of the Middle Way,” in <a href=“lib/thai/boowa/thingsas_en.html”><i>Things as They Are</i></a> (Boowa)</dd>

<dt><span anchor #mindfulness>Mindfulness</span> — see **[[#sati|Sati]]**.</dt>
Mind-reading.

One's own mind: AN 10.51

Another's mind: See Supranormal powers

<a href=“lib/thai/kee/readmind_en.html”><i>Reading the Mind</i></a> (Kee)

Moderation. See also Restraint.

~ with respect to the four requisites: AN 7.64

~ in eating: MN 39, MN 53

Modesty.

As a quality of a great person: AN 8.30

Rare in a person of wealth and power: AN 8.23

Monastic Life. See also Ascetic practices; Vinaya; <a href=“#monkwork”><b>Work, monastics'</b></a>.

Permission from one's parents is a prerequisite for ordination: MN 82

Why it took Ven. Sona so long to go forth: Ud 5.6

Ten things for monks to reflect on often: AN 10.48

The fruits of the homeless life: DN 2

Gradual training for monks: MN 107

How to bring harmony to the community: AN 6.12

Five exhortations for new monks: AN 5.114

What it means to live free of society: SN 22.3

A monk's duties: Cv 8

Wrong reasons for a monk to go on almsround: Ud 3.8

Do monks really do any useful work?: Sn 1.4

Meditation monks and Dhamma study monks: Do not disparage each other!: AN 6.46

What makes a monk worthy of respect?: AN 3.94

<a href=“lib/thai/thate/thateauto_en.html”><i>The Autobiography of a Forest Monk</i></a> (Thate)

<a href=“lib/thai/lee/leeauto_en.html”><i>The Autobiography of Phra Ajaan Lee</i></a> (Lee)

<a href=“lib/authors/ariyesako/layguide_en.html”><i>The Bhikkhus' Rules — A Guide for Laypeople: The Theravadin Buddhist Monk's Rules Compiled and Explained</i></a> (Ariyesako)

<a href=“lib/authors/khantipalo/wheel073_en.html”><i>The Blessings of Pindapata</i></a> (Khantipalo)

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/bmc1/index_en.html”><i>The Buddhist Monastic Code, Volume I: The Patimokkha Training Rules Translated and Explained</i></a> (Thanissaro)

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/bmc2/index_en.html”><i>The Buddhist Monastic Code, Volume II: The Khandhaka Rules Translated and Explained</i></a> (Thanissaro)

<a href=“lib/authors/khantipalo/wheel130_en.html”><i>Buddhist Monk's Discipline, The: Some Points for Laypeople</i></a> (Khantipalo)

Duties of the Sangha” (Lee)

<a href=“lib/authors/sumana/wheel027_en.html”><i>Going Forth: A Call to Buddhist Monkhood</i></a> (Sumana)

<a href=“lib/thai/boowa/thingsas_en.html”><i>Things as They Are</i></a> (Boowa)

The Economy of Gifts” (Thanissaro)

The Food of Kindness” (Medhanandi)

<a href=“lib/authors/khantipalo/wheel083_en.html”><i>With Robes and Bowl</i></a> (Khantipalo)

<a href=“lib/authors/jootla/bl133_en.html”><i>A Taste of the Holy Life: An Account of an International Ordination in Myanmar</i></a> (Jootla)

<a href=“lib/authors/kusalasaya/wheel085_en.html”><i>Buddhism in Thailand</i></a> (Kusalasaya)

Money. See also Householders; Wealth.

~ can't buy true happines: AN 10.46

How to protect and preserve one's wealth: AN 8.54

Are monks allowed to use money?: SN 42.10

The Economy of Gifts” (Thanissaro)</dd>

<dt>Monk — see **[[#monastic|Monastic Life]]**.</dt>
<dt>Moral dread — see **[[#ottappa|Ottappa]]**.</dt>
<dt>Moral shame — see **[[#hiri|Hiri]]**.</dt>
<dt>Morality — see **[[#sila|Sila]]**.</dt>
Mudita (appreciative/sympathetic joy). See also Brahmavihara.

As a factor leading to liberation: AN 6.13

Systematic cultivation of ~: SN 42.8

<a href=“lib/thai/suwat/fistful_en.html#mudita”><i>A Fistful of Sand</i></a> (Suwat)

The Heart Awakened (Siriwardhana)

Murder. See also Death.

Fate of those who commit ~: MN 135, SN 3.25

Myanmar (Burma). See also Sri Lanka; Thailand.

<a href=“lib/authors/bischoff/wheel399_en.html”><i>Buddhism in Myanmar: a Short History</i></a> (Bischoff)

</dl>

<h1>N &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='n' id=“n”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

Nama-rupa (name-and-form, mind-and-matter, mentality-materiality). See also <a href=“#ps”><b>Paticca-samuppada (dependent co-arising</b>)</a>.

Understanding of ~ as a basis for Right View: MN 9

Mutual dependence of consciousness and ~: SN 12.67

Nature See also Wilderness.
Nekkhamma (renunciation). See also Celibacy; Gradual instruction; Paramis; Restraint; Sensuality.

Renunciation” in the Path to Freedom pages

The bliss of ~: Ud 2.10

Appreciating the value of ~ is a crucial first step in practice: AN 9.41

~ goes “against the flow” (of craving): Iti 109

As the basis for shedding fear of death: AN 4.184

As the escape from sensuality: Iti 72

As a cause for sleeping at ease: AN 3.34

As a profound kind of rest: Sn 5.11, AN 3.38

<a href=“lib/authors/prince/bl036_en.html”><i>Renunciation</i></a> (T. Prince)

Relationship to compassion: “The Balanced Way” (Bodhi)

Nibbana (Unbinding, extinguishing). See also Arahant; Awakening; Deathless; Parinibbana; Stream-entry; <a href=“#vimutti”><b>Vimutti (release</b>)</a>.

Nibbana” in the Path to Freedom pages

The foremost: Dhp 184

The foremost ease: Dhp 202

Heedfulness leads one to ~: Dhp 21, Dhp 32

A hallmark of a true brahman: Dhp 414

What lies beyond ~?: AN 4.174

~ is the goal; there's nothing beyond it: MN 144

~ is beyond Mara's reach: SN 4.19

~ is not a “source” or “ground” from which phenomena <i>(dhamma)</i> arise: MN 1

~ is not itself a phenomenon, but is the final end of phenomena: AN 10.58

Pleasure of ~ exceeds all others: AN 9.34

Two forms of ~ (with fuel remaining, and without fuel remaining): Iti 44

Four qualities to develop that lead one towards ~: AN 4.37

Dhamma and Non-duality” (Bodhi)

Nibbana” (Thanissaro)

<a href=“lib/authors/desilva/wheel407_en.html”><i>Nibbana As Living Experience/The Buddha and The Arahant: Two Studies from the Pali Canon</i></a> (De Silva)

A Verb for Nirvana” (Thanissaro)

Samsara Divided by Zero” (Thanissaro)

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/likefire/index_en.html”><i>The Mind Like Fire Unbound: An Image in the Early Buddhist Discourses</i></a> (Thanissaro)

Nibbida (disenchantment, aversion, and weariness with regard to conditioned phenomena). See also Asubha.

As a mark of practicing Dhamma “in accordance with the Dhamma”: SN 22.39

<a href=“lib/authors/soma/bl079_en.html”><i>Words Leading to Disenchantment: Two Essays</i></a> (Soma)</dd>

<dt><span anchor #nirvana>Nirvana</span> — see **[[#nibbana|Nibbana]]**.</dt>
Nivarana (hindrances). See also Anger; Desire; Jhana; Kilesa.

See each of the five hindrances individually:

<ul>

	<li><a href="#lobha"><b>Sensual desire (kamacchanda</b>)</a></li>
	<li><a href="#ill"><b>Ill-will (vyapada</b>)</a></li>
	<li><a href="#sloth"><b>Sloth and Drowsiness (thina-middha</b>)</a></li>
	<li>**[[#restlessness|Restlessness and worry (uddhacca-kukkucca)]]**</li>
	<li><a href="#doubt">Doubt (<b>vicikiccha</b>)</a></li>
</ul>
:: Feeding and starving the ~: [[en:tipitaka:sut:sn:sn46:sn46.051.than|SN 46.51]]
:: Antidote: direct the mind towards an inspiring object: [[en:tipitaka:sut:sn:sn47:sn47.010.olen|SN 47.10]]
:: How to abandon the ~: [[en:tipitaka:sut:an:an09:an09.064.than|AN 9.64]]
:: Abandoning the ~ is a quality that distinguishes the true contemplative: [[en:tipitaka:sut:mn:mn.039.than#wakefulness|MN 39]]
:: Giving to one who has abandoned the ~ brings good results: [[en:tipitaka:sut:sn:sn03:sn03.024.than#lost5|SN 3.24]]
:: ~ are to be conquered in all postures: [[en:tipitaka:sut:kn:iti:iti.4.100-112.than#iti-111|Iti 111]]
:: Like canals dissipating the force of a river current: [[en:tipitaka:sut:an:an05:an05.051.than|AN 5.51]]
:: "[[en:lib:authors:thanissaro:wings:part3#part3-d|Concentration: Abandoning the Hindrances]]" in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)
:: <a href="lib/authors/piyatissa/bl068_en.html"><i>The Elimination of Anger</i></a> (Piyatissa)
:: <a href="lib/authors/nyanaponika/wheel026_en.html"><i>The Five Mental Hindrances and Their Conquest</i></a> (Nyanaponika)
:: "[[en:lib:thai:lee:foodthought#aflame|The Mind Aflame]]" in <i>Food for Thought</i> (Lee)
:: <a href="lib/authors/soma/wheel021_en.html"><i>The Removal of Distracting Thoughts</i></a> (Soma)
:: "[[en:lib:thai:suwat:concentration|Right Concentration]]" (Suwat)
Noble Eightfold Path (ariya-atthangika magga). See also Bodhipakkhiya-dhamma.

The individual factors of the Path:

<dl>

Right View <i>(Samma-ditthi).</i>

Conditions for the arising of ~: MN 43

Right View” in the Path to Freedom pages

What is Right View?: MN 9

~ is to be used to the point of overcoming attachment to all views: Sn 4.3

As a tool: “Beyond Right and Wrong” in <i>Inner Strength</i> (Lee)

From Views to Vision” (Bodhi)

Right Resolve/Intention <i>(Samma-sankappo).</i> See also <b>Non-harming.</b>

Right Resolve” in the Path to Freedom pages

~ is to be maintained in all postures: Iti 110

Right Speech <i>(Samma-vaca).</i> See also <b>Speech.</b>

Speak only words that do no harm: Thag 21

Right Speech” in the Path to Freedom pages

Right Speech” (Thanissaro)

Right Action <i>(Samma-kammanto).</i>

Right Action” in the Path to Freedom pages

Right Livelihood <i>(Samma-ajivo).</i>

Right Livelihood” in the Path to Freedom pages

Right Effort <i>(Samma-vayamo).</i>

Right Effort” in the Path to Freedom pages

Right Mindfulness <i>(Samma-sati).</i>

Right Mindfulness” in the Path to Freedom pages

Right Concentration <i>(Samma-samadhi).</i>

The central role of ~ in the Eightfold Path: MN 117

</dl>

<a href=“lib/thai/lee/craft_en.html”><i>The Craft of the Heart</i> (part II)</a> (Lee)

The Noble Eightfold Path” in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)

<a href=“lib/authors/bodhi/waytoend_en.html”><i>The Noble Eightfold Path: The Way to the End of Suffering</i></a> (Bodhi)

“The Outer Space of the Mind,” in <a href=“lib/thai/boowa/thingsas_en.html”><i>Things as They Are</i></a> (Boowa)

“The Prison World vs. the World Outside,” in <a href=“lib/thai/boowa/straight_en.html”><i>Straight From the Heart</i></a> (Boowa)

Noble silence (second jhana).

~ explained: SN 21.1

No-thinking: Thag 14.1

As a cause for the arising of wisdom: AN 8.2

Either speak Dhamma, or keep noble silence: Ud 2.2

Non-dualism.

Non-dual awareness not the goal: AN 10.29

Dhamma and Non-duality” (Bodhi)

Non-harming, Non-violence. See also “Right Resolve” in Noble Eightfold Path.

Leads to happiness after death: Dhp 132

As a supporting condition for Awakening: Dhp 270

Isn't all there is to the Buddhist path: MN 78

The story of Angulimala the bandit: MN 86

How a wise person moves in society: Dhp 49

The Rod” (Dhammapada X)

<dt>Not-self — see **[[#anatta|Anatta]]**.</dt>
Nutriment (ahara). See also <b>Food</b>.

~ for the factors of Awakening: SN 46.51

Four types of physical and mental ~: SN 12.63; SN 12.64

Its relationship to dependent co-arising: SN 12.63; SN 12.11

The need for ~ is what all beings have in common: Khp 1

Nymphs, dove-footed: Ud 3.2

</dl>

<h1>O &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='o' id=“o”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

Ottappa (moral dread; concern for the results of evil actions). See also <a href=“#hiri”><b>Hiri (conscience</b>)</a>.

As a quality that distinguishes the true contemplative: MN 39

As a treasure: AN 7.6

As a guardian: AN 2.9

As a quality that safeguards the world: Iti 42

</dl>

<h1>P &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='p' id=“p”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

Pain. See also Illness; <a href=“#vedana”><b>Vedana (feeling</b>)</a>.

Don't add mental ~ to your physical ~!: SN 36.6

Preventing physical ~ from invading the mind: SN 52.10

The Buddha shows by example how best to handle physical ~: SN 1.38, SN 4.13

Sariputta's teachings to a dying Anathapindika: MN 143

Mindfulness can protect you from falling into ~'s bottomless pit: SN 36.4

As one of the eight worldly conditions: AN 8.6

Avoiding evil deeds as a way to avoid ~: Ud 5.4

The origin of pleasure and ~: SN 12.25

~ can't be used to purify oneself of past misdeeds: MN 14

The Details of Pain” (Kee)

<a href=“lib/thai/boowa/straight_en.html”><i>Straight from the Heart</i></a> (Boowa)

Pali canon.
Pali language.

<a href=“lib/authors/dhammayut/chanting_en.html”><i>A Chanting Guide: Pali Passages with English Translations</i></a> (Dhammayut Order)

<dt><span anchor #pancasila>Pañca-sila</span> (the five precepts) — see **[[#precepts|Precepts]]**</dt>
Pañña (discernment, wisdom). See also Paramis; Wise person.

Eye of ~: MN 43

Eight requisite conditions for ~: AN 8.2

Which comes first: concentration or ~?: AN 3.73

Goes hand-in-hand with jhana: Dhp 372

As a treasure: AN 7.6

Discernment” in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)

The Lessons of Unawareness” in <i>Inner Strength</i> (Lee)

Observe and Evaluate” in <i>Inner Strength</i> (Lee)

Papañca (complication, objectification, proliferation).

As a cause of conflict in the mind: MN 18, DN 21</dd>

<dt><span anchor #parami>Paramis</span> (perfections).</dt>
Look under each of its constituent factors:

<a href=“#dana”><b>Dana (generous action</b>)</a>

<a href=“#sila”><b>Sila (virtue</b>)</a>

<a href=“#nekkhamma”><b>Nekkhamma (renunciation</b>)</a>

<a href=“#panna”><b>Pañña (wisdom, discernment</b>)</a>

<a href=“#viriya”><b>Viriya (energy, effort</b>)</a>

<a href=“#khanti”><b>Khanti (patience</b>)</a>

<a href=“#sacca”><b>Sacca (truthfulness</b>)</a>

<a href=“#adhitthana”><b>Adhitthana (determination, resolution</b>)</a>

<a href=“#metta”><b>Metta (goodwill, loving-kindness</b>)</a>

<a href=“#upekkha”><b>Upekkha (equanimity</b>)</a>

<a href=“lib/authors/bodhi/wheel409_en.html”><i>A Treatise on the Paramis</i></a> (Acariya Dhammapala (6th c.); Bodhi, trans.)

Parents. See also Children; Family.

How to repay the debt we owe to our ~: AN 2.32

The anguish an aging ~ feels when his children show no gratitude: SN 7.14

~ should at least make sure that their children grow up to respect the precepts: Iti 74

One's ~ should be respected as great teachers and devas: Iti 106

Supporting one's ~: Sn 2.4

At one time or another, we have all been each other's ~: SN 15.14

Reverence for one's ~ as a blessing: Dhp 332

Childrens' duties to their parents: DN 31

Parents' duties to their children: DN 31

Permission from one's ~ is a prerequisite for ordination: MN 82

Parinibbana (total release; complete liberation). See also Nibbana.

Eye-witness accounts of the Buddha's ~: SN 6.15

Parisa (The Buddha's following).

Householders and monastics depend upon each other: Iti 107

The Economy of Gifts” (Thanissaro)

The Food of Kindness” (Medhanandi)

<a href=“lib/authors/khantipalo/wheel073_en.html”><i>The Blessings of Pindapata</i></a> (Khantipalo)

Pasada (clarity and serene confidence). See also Emotion; Samvega.
Paticca-samuppada (Dependent co-arising). See also Samsara.

If you think you understand ~, as did Ven. Ananda, think again: DN 15

How the world arises and falls according to ~: SN 12.44

A synopsis of ~: SN 12.2

Mutual dependence of consciousness and name-and-form: SN 12.67

Buddha's rediscovery of ~ on the eve of his Awakening: SN 12.65

Is there someone or something that lies behind the process of ~?: SN 12.35

As a cause for the arising of right view: SN 12.15

As a cause for the cessation of wrong views: SN 12.20

As a cause for the ending of the <a href=“#asava”><b>asava</b> (effluents)</a>: SN 12.23

As a framework for cultivating skillfulness: “Kamma and the Ending of Kamma” in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)

As a “middle way” between extremes of views: SN 12.35, SN 12.48

The Buddha reflects on ~ for seven days after his Awakening: Ud 1.1-3

The origin of pleasure and pain: SN 12.25

<a href=“lib/authors/bodhi/wheel277_en.html”><i>Transcendental Dependent Arising: A Translation and Exposition of the Upanisa Sutta</i></a> (Bodhi)

An extended treatment of ~ by the Buddha: DN 15

Its relationship to <a href=“#nutriment”><b>Nutriment</b> <i>(ahara)</i></a>: SN 12.63; SN 12.11

See each of its constituent factors:

<a href=“#avijja”><b>Avijja (ignorance</b>)</a>;

<a href="#sankhara"><b>Sankhara (mental fabrications</b>)</a>;
<a href="#vinnana"><b>Viññana (consciousness</b>)</a>;
<a href="#namarupa"><b>Nama-rupa (name-and-form</b>)</a>;
<a href="#salayatana"><b>Salayatana (six sense-media</b>)</a>;
<a href="#phassa"><b>Phassa (contact</b>)</a>;
<a href="#vedana"><b>Vedana (feeling</b>)</a>;
<a href="#tanha"><b>Tanha (craving</b>)</a>;
<a href="#upadana"><b>Upadana (clinging</b>)</a>;
<a href="#bhava"><b>Bhava (becoming</b>)</a>;
<a href="#jati"><b>Jati (birth</b>)</a>;
<a href="#dukkha"><b>Dukkha (suffering, unsatisfactoriness</b>)</a>.</dd>
<dt>Patience — see **[[#khanti|Khanti]]**.</dt>
Patimokkha (monks' and nuns' rules of conduct). See also Vinaya.
<dt>Perception — see **[[#sanna|Sañña]]**.</dt>
<dt>Perfections — see **[[#parami|Paramis]]**.</dt>
Peta loka (realm of the hungry ghosts/shades). See also Planes of Existence, Thirty-one.
Phassa (contact). See also <a href=“#ps”><b>Paticca-samuppada (dependent co-arising</b>)</a>.

As the conjunction of sense-base + sensory object + sense consciousness: MN 148

Understanding of ~ as a basis for Right View: MN 9

Piti (rapture; bliss) See also Jhana.

The pleasure and joy of ~:AN 5.176

Planes of Existence, Thirty-one. See also Devas; Hell; Kamma; <a href=“#peta”><b>Peta loka (realm of the hungry ghosts/shades</b>)</a>; <a href=“#sagga”><b>Sagga (heaven</b>)</a>; Samsara.
Pleasure. See also Happiness; Pain; Sensuality; <a href=“#vedana”><b>Vedana (feeling</b>)</a>.

The many kinds of pleasure: MN 59

The origin of ~ and pain: SN 12.25

Attending to the ~ of things instead of their <i>dukkha</i> gives rise to attachment: SN 22.60

As one of the eight worldly conditions: AN 8.6</dd>

<dt><span anchor #precepts>Precepts</span>. See also **[[#lay|Lay Buddhist practice]]**; **[[#refuge|Refuge]]**; **[[#sila|Sila]]**; **[[#uposatha|Uposatha]]**</dt>
<i>Pañcasila</i> — the Five Precepts (for lay men and women)

The precepts as a gift to oneself and others: AN 8.39

The rewards of observing the precepts: AN 8.39

The consequences of failing to observe the precepts: AN 8.40

A Discipline of Sobriety” (Bodhi)

The Five Precepts” in the Path to Freedom pages

<a href=“lib/thai/lee/craft_en.html”><i>The Craft of the Heart</i></a> (Lee)

<a href=“lib/authors/desilva/bl123_en.html”><i>Radical Therapy: Buddhist Precepts in the Modern World</i></a> (De Silva)

<i>Atthasila</i> — the Eight Precepts (for lay men and women)

How the ~ practices are to be practiced: AN 8.43

Right and wrong ways of observing ~: AN 3.70

The Eight Precepts” in the Path to Freedom pages

<a href=“lib/thai/lee/craft_en.html”><i>The Craft of the Heart</i></a> (Lee)

<i>Dasasila</i> — the Ten Precepts (for novice monks and nuns)

The Bhikkhu Patimokkha (227 rules for ordained monks); Bhikkhuni Patimokkha (311 rules for ordained nuns); see also Vinaya.

Present moment.

This present moment is the only one there is: MN 131

Pride.

<i>Pride and Conceit</i> (Ashby and Fawcett)

Protection. See also Precepts; Sila.

The greatest ~ for the layperson: Sn 2.4

Restraint — the Buddha's defense policy: SN 3.5

Metta (goodwill) as a ~ against harm: SN 20.5, AN 4.67

Ten qualities that provide ~ for the mind: AN 10.17

Watching over oneself, one protects others; watching over others, one protects oneself: SN 47.19

<a href=“lib/authors/nyanaponika/bl034_en.html”><i>Protection Through Satipatthana</i></a> (Nyanaponika)

<a href=“lib/authors/piyadassi/protection_en.html”><i>The Book of Protection (<b>Paritta</b>)</i></a> (Piyadassi)</dd>

<dt>Psychic powers — see **[[#supranormal|Supranormal powers]]**.</dt>
Psychology and Buddhism. See also Abhidhamma.

<a href=“lib/authors/burns/wheel088_en.html”><i>Buddhist Meditation and Depth Psychology</i></a> (Burns)

<a href=“lib/authors/desilva-p/wheel237_en.html”><i>The Psychology of Emotions in Buddhist Perspective</i></a> (Padmasiri de Silva)

Puñña (merit, inner wealth, inner goodness).

As a blessing: Dhp 331

~ accumulates slowly, like water dripping into a pot: Dhp 122

Benefits of ~ in this life and the next: Dhp 16, Dhp 18

Infidelity erodes one's accumulated ~: Dhp 310

How to gain immeasurable ~: Dhp 195

Do meritorious deeds to increase your store for future lives: SN 3.20

Don't be afraid of ~: Iti 22

The arahant's actions bear no kammic fruit, good or evil: Dhp 39, Dhp 267, Dhp 412

Repeated performance of meritorious deeds brings ease: Dhp 118

Three grounds for meritorious action: Iti 60

As a fund to be looked after: Khp 8

As the means of attaining true happiness: AN 5.43

Is making ~ the best one can aspire to in this short life?: SN 2.19

Merit,” (Fuang)

The Essence of Merit” (Lee)

The Power of Goodness” (Lee)

</dl>

<h1>Q &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='q' id=“q”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

<dt>Quarreling — see <b>[[#conflict|Conflict]]</b>.</dt>
<dt>Queer identity — see **[[#sexid|Sexual identity]]**.</dt>
Questions. See also <a href=“#ditthi”><b>Ditthi (views</b>)</a>; <a href=“#yoniso”><b>Yoniso manasikara (appropriate attention</b>)</a>.

Four types of ~: AN 4.42

Five motivations behind asking ~: AN 5.165

How to answer ~: AN 3.67

~ not worth asking: DN 9, MN 2, AN 4.77, AN 10.69

~ best answered by silence: SN 44.10

~s that assume an abiding “self” are invalid: SN 12.12

~ the Buddha left unanswered: Avyakata Samyutta

How the Buddha handles difficult ~: MN 72

Questions of Skill” (Thanissaro)

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/skill-in-questions_en.html”><i>Skill in Questions: How the Buddha Taught</i></a> (Thanissaro)

</dl>

<h1>R &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='r' id=“r”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

<dt>Racism — see <b>[[#caste|Caste system]]</b>.</dt>
Radiant Mind

The inherent radiance of mind: AN 1.49

“The Radiant Mind is Unawareness,” in <a href=“lib/thai/boowa/straight_en.html”><i>Straight From the Heart</i></a> (Boowa)</dd>

<dt>Rapture — see <b>[[#piti|Piti]]</b>.</dt>
<dt>Realms of Existence — see <b>[[#planes|Planes of Existence]]</b>.</dt>
Rebirth. See also Hell; <a href=“#jati”><b>Jati (birth</b>)</a>; Kamma; <a href=“#sagga”><b>Sagga (heaven</b>)</a>.

The skillfulness of one's actions in life determine one's destination after death: Dhp 17, Dhp 18, Dhp 240

Causes of favorable or unfavorable ~: MN 135, AN 3.65, Dhp 310, Dhp 316

How to gain rebirth as an elephant or a horse: AN 10.177

The laws of kamma and ~ are as inviolable as the law of gravity: SN 42.6

What's so bad about being reborn?: SN 5.6

Why not just settle for rebirth among the devas?: SN 5.7

The preciousness of our human birth: SN 20.2, SN 56.48

~ witnessed by Buddha on the night of his Awakening: See <a href=“#awakening”><b>Buddha's Awakening</b></a>.

Kamma & Rebirth” (Nyanatiloka)

Dhamma Without Rebirth?” (Bodhi)

Does Rebirth Make Sense?” (Bodhi)

<a name=“recollections” id=“recollections”>Recollections, ten <i>(anussati)</i></a>.

Recollection of the Buddha <i>(buddhanussati)</i>: SN 11.3, AN 3.70, AN 11.12, AN 11.13, Thag 6.2

Recollection of the Dhamma <i>(dhammanussati)</i>: SN 11.3, AN 3.70, AN 11.12, AN 11.13, Thag 6.2

As a governing principle: AN 3.40

Recollection of the Sangha <i>(sanghanussati)</i>: SN 11.3, AN 3.70, AN 11.12, AN 11.13, Thag 6.2

Recollection of one's own virtues <i>(silanussati)</i>: AN 3.70, AN 11.12, AN 11.13

Recollection of one's own generosity <i>(caganussati)</i>: AN 11.12, AN 11.13

Recollection of the devas <i>(devatanussati)</i>: AN 3.70, AN 11.12, AN 11.13

<a href=“#maranassati”><b>Mindfulness of death (maranassati</b>)</a> (see also Satipatthana).

<a href=“#kayagatasati”><b>Mindfulness of the body (kayagatasati</b>)</a> (see also Satipatthana).

<a href=“#anapanasati”><b>Mindfulness of breathing (anapanasati</b>)</a> (see also Satipatthana).

Recollection of peace <i>(upasamanussati)</i>: Iti 90

Reconciliation.

Reconciliation, Right & Wrong” (Thanissaro)

Refuge. See also Precepts; <a href=“#tiratana”><b>Tiratana (the Three Gems</b>)</a>.

The formula for going for ~: Khp 1

The supreme ~: Dhp 188

The Dhamma as one's island and ~: DN 16, SN 47.13, SN 47.14

A Refuge in Awakening” (Lee)

Free at Last” in <i>Food for Thought</i> (Lee)

<a href=“lib/authors/bodhi/wheel282_en.html”><i>Going for Refuge/Taking the Precepts</i></a> (Bodhi)

<a href=“lib/authors/nyanaponika/wheel076_en.html”><i>The Threefold Refuge</i></a> (Nyanaponika)

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/refuge_en.html”><i>Refuge: an Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, and Sangha</i></a> (Thanissaro)</dd>

<dt>Release — see <b>[[#vimutti|Vimutti]]</b>.</dt>
Relics. See also Devotion.

Origin of relic-worship: DN 16

A Note on the Relics of Sariputta and Maha Moggallana” in <i>The Life of Sariputta</i> (Nyanaponika)

Remorse. See also Sila.

Two causes of ~: Iti 30

Two causes of no ~: Iti 31

Freedom from ~ is the purpose of developing sila (virtue): AN 11.1, AN 11.2</dd>

<dt>Renunciation — see **[[#nekkhamma|Nekkhamma]]**.</dt>
Respect. See also Children; Gratitude; Parents.

What makes a person an elder worthy of ~?: AN 2.38

What makes a monk worthy of ~?: AN 3.94

As one of the greatest protections/blessings: Sn 2.4

As a basis for acquiring discernment: AN 8.2

As a basis for keeping the Dhamma alive for a long time: AN 7.56

Is there anyone worthy of greater respect than the Buddha?: SN 6.2

First Things First” in <i>Food for Thought</i> (Lee)

Respect for the Truth” in <i>Food for Thought</i> (Lee)

Visakha Puja” (Lee)

Restless and worry (uddhacca-kukkucca).

Antidote for ~: SN 46.53

Restraint. See also Celibacy; Moderation; Contentment with little; <a href=“#nekkhamma”><b>Nekkhamma (renunciation</b>)</a>; Sensuality.

Definition of ~: SN 35.206

Benefits of ~: Dhp 7, Dhp 9, Dhp 116, Dhp 360, Dhp 362

As the best protection against harm: SN 3.5

As a quality that distinguishes the true contemplative: MN 39, Dhp 391

~ paves the way to Nibbana: Dhp 289

As a refuge: AN 3.52

As a support to meditation: DN 2

Like dressing a wound: MN 33, AN 11.18

Like a tortoise protecting itself by withdrawing safely into its shell: SN 35.199

Contentment with little: DN 11

A deva encourages a monk to restrain his wandering mind: SN 9.1

Dhamma talks by Thanissaro Bhikkhu:

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations_en.html”><i>Meditations: Forty Dhamma Talks</i></a>;

	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations2_en.html"><i>Meditations 2</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations3_en.html"><i>Meditations 3</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations4_en.html"><i>Meditations 4</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations5_en.html"><i>Meditations 5</i></a>
:: "[[en:lib:thai:kee:stoplook|Stop, Look, and Let Go]]" (Kee)
Revenge.

The story of Prince Dighavu: Mv 10.2.3-20</dd>

<dt>Right Action — see **[[#eightfold|Noble Eightfold Path]]**.</dt>
<dt>Right Concentration — see **[[#eightfold|Noble Eightfold Path]]**.</dt>
<dt>Right Effort — see **[[#eightfold|Noble Eightfold Path]]**.</dt>
<dt>Right Intention — see **[[#eightfold|Noble Eightfold Path]]**.</dt>
<dt>Right Livelihood — see **[[#eightfold|Noble Eightfold Path]]**.</dt>
<dt>Right Mindfulness — see **[[#eightfold|Noble Eightfold Path]]**.</dt>
<dt>Right Resolve — see **[[#eightfold|Noble Eightfold Path]]**.</dt>
<dt>Right Speech — see **[[#eightfold|Noble Eightfold Path]]**.</dt>
<dt>Right View — see **[[#eightfold|Noble Eightfold Path]]**.</dt>
Rituals and ceremonies. See also Devotion; Lay Buddhist practice.

Rites don't purify the heart; skillful actions do: AN 10.176

Rituals alone can't take one beyond aging and death: Sn 5.3

Rites and protective charms should be avoided by lay followers: AN 5.175

The best protection comes not from rituals but from generous, moral, and wise actions: Khp 5

Water ablutions cannot wash away one's past bad kamma: Thig 12.1

<a href=“lib/authors/piyadassi/protection_en.html”><i>The Book of Protection (Paritta)</i></a> (Piyadassi)

<a href=“lib/authors/kariyawasam/wheel402_en.html”><i>Buddhist Ceremonies and Rituals of Sri Lanka</i></a> (A.G.S. Kariyawasam)

<a href=“lib/authors/dhammayut/chanting_en.html”><i>A Chanting Guide: Pali Passages with English Translations</i></a> (Dhammayut Order)

</dl>

<h1>S &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='s' id=“s”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

Sacca (truthfulness). See also Paramis.

The Honest Truth” in <i>Food for Thought</i> (Lee)

Saddha (faith; conviction). See also Doubt; “Conviction” in the Subject Index of <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro).

As a factor of stream-entry: SN 55.1

~ underlies the practice all the way to the Deathless: MN 70

Five rewards a layperson can expect for having ~: AN 5.38

As a treasure: AN 7.6

Conviction” in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)

Relationship between faith and critical inquiry: “Two Faces of the Dhamma” (Bodhi)

Courageous Faith” (Nyanaponika)

Devotion in Buddhism” (Nyanaponika)

Faith in Awakening” (Thanissaro)

Sagga (heaven realms). See also Devas; Gradual instruction; Hell; Kamma; Planes of Existence, Thirty-one.

A rare destination: Dhp 174

Causes of rebirth in ~: Iti 71

Proper use of wealth leads to rebirth in ~: SN 3.19

Heaven” in the Path to Freedom pages

Sakkaya-ditthi (self-identity view, personality-belief). See also <a href=“#ditthi”><b>Ditthi (views</b>)</a>.

As one of the fetters (<b>Sanyojana</b>): AN 10.13

As one of the obsessions (<b>Anusaya</b>): AN 7.11, AN 7.12

Like grabbing hold of a branch with a sticky hand: AN 4.178

How ~ comes about: MN 109

How to develop ~: MN 148

How to relinquish ~: MN 148

What is the origin of self-view?: SN 41.3

Identifying the five <b>khandhas</b> as “self” is the cause of affliction: SN 22.1

Salayatana (the six sense-media). See also <a href=“#ps”><b>Paticca-samuppada (dependent co-arising</b>)</a>; Sensuality.

Relation between the ~ and the emotions: MN 137

Understanding of ~ as a basis for Right View: MN 9

Contemplation of ~ in terms of not-self: MN 148

Why desire and passion connected with the ~ is worth abandoning: SN 27.1

How becoming consummate in the ~ leads to Awakening: SN 35.153

See the suttas in the Salayatana-samyutta of the Samyutta Nikaya.

Samadhi (concentration). See also Jhana; <a href=“#samatha”><b>Samatha (tranquillity, calm</b>)</a>.

Jhana” in the Path to Freedom pages

~ is to be developed in all postures: Iti 111

~ is a progressive practice: MN 66

Five-factored noble ~: AN 5.28

Not every state of ~ is wholesome: MN 108

Five realizations that arise from ~ based on the Brahmavihara (sublime states): AN 5.27

How ~ leads to discernment: SN 22.5

Which comes first: ~ or wisdom?: AN 3.73

Four developments of ~: AN 4.41

Wrong concentration (miccha-samadhi): “Loyalty to Your Meditation” (Lee)

<a href=“lib/thai/lee/themes_en.html”><i>Basic Themes</i></a> (Lee)

Lessons in Samadhi” in <i>Keeping the Breath in Mind</i> (Lee)

Dhamma talks by Thanissaro Bhikkhu:

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations_en.html”><i>Meditations: Forty Dhamma Talks</i></a>;

	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations2_en.html"><i>Meditations 2</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations3_en.html"><i>Meditations 3</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations4_en.html"><i>Meditations 4</i></a>;
	<a href="lib/authors/thanissaro/meditations5_en.html"><i>Meditations 5</i></a>
:: "[[en:lib:authors:thanissaro:concmind|The Path of Concentration and Mindfulness]]" (Thanissaro)
Samatha (tranquillity, calm). See also <a href=“#samadhi”><b>Samadhi (concentration</b>)</a>; <a href=“#vipassana”><b>Vipassana (insight</b>)</a>.

~ is developed in tandem with <i>vipassana</i> (insight): SN 35.205, AN 2.30, AN 4.170, AN 10.71

Relation to <i>vipassana</i> (insight): “One Tool Among Many: The Place of Vipassana in Buddhist Practice” (Thanissaro)

Sammappadhana (the four right exertions). See also Bodhipakkhiya-dhamma; <a href=“#viriya”><b>Viriya (persistence, effort</b>)</a>.

The Four Right Exertions” in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)

Sampajañña (alertness).

As a component of mindfulness: SN 48.10

<a href=“lib/thai/lee/frames_en.html”><i>Frames of Reference</i></a> (Lee)

Samsara (the round of rebirth). See also <a href=“#kamma”><b>Kamma (intentional action</b>)</a>; <a href=“#ps”><b>Paticca-samuppada (dependent co-arising</b>)</a>; Planes of Existence, Thirty-one.

Lasts long for fools: Dhp 60

Four causes of our long journey in ~: AN 4.1

All the blood we have shed in ~: SN 15.13

All the tears we have shed in ~: SN 15.3

We have suffered hardship in past times: SN 15.11

We have enjoyed happiness in past times: SN 15.12

We wander from birth to birth, as a falling stick sometimes lands on its side, sometimes on its end: SN 15.9

Is a difficult path: Dhp 414

The preciousness of our human birth: SN 20.2, SN 56.48

“Birth and Death,” in <a href=“lib/thai/boowa/straight_en.html”><i>Straight From the Heart</i></a> (Boowa)

<a href=“lib/authors/khantipalo/wheel147_en.html”><i>The Wheel of Birth and Death</i></a> (Khantipalo)

<a href=“lib/authors/soma/bl079_en.html”><i>Words Leading to Disenchantment: Two Essays</i></a> (Soma)

Samsara” (Thanissaro)

Samsara Divided by Zero” (Thanissaro)

Samvega (spiritual urgency; chastened dispassion). See also Death; Pasada.

Danger #1 — death threatens from all sides: AN 5.77

Danger #2 — the conditions for practice may never again be so good: AN 5.78

Danger #3 — there may not always be good teachers around: AN 5.79

Danger #4 — the Sangha may someday decline: AN 5.80

Who knows? — tomorrow, death may come: MN 131

A call to wake up: Sn 2.10

Death is crashing in on you, like a huge mountain: SN 3.25

Three urgent duties for meditators: AN 3.91

A Single Mind” (Fuang)

Sangha (1. Monastic community; 2. Community of Noble (Awakened) Ones). See also Monastic life; <a href=“#tiratana”><b>Tiratana (Triple Gem</b>)</a>.

Sangha” in the Path to Freedom pages

Seven conditions for no decline of the Sangha: AN 7.21

Concord in the Sangha: Iti 19

Sangha members are dependent on the lay community: Iti 107

As one of the ten Recollections: See Recollections, ten.

Sankhara (mental fashionings, fabrications, or formations). See also <a href=“#khandha”><b>Khandha (clinging-aggregates</b>)</a>; <a href=“#ps”><b>Paticca-samuppada (dependent co-arising</b>)</a>.

Understanding of ~ as a basis for Right View: MN 9

Fashionings,” in <i>Inner Strength</i> (Lee)

Anicca Vata Sankhara” (Bodhi)

Sanyojana (samyojana) (fetter)

Listed: AN 10.13

Sañña (perception, naming, labeling). See also <a href=“#khandha”><b>Khandha (clinging-aggregates</b>)</a>.

Four erroneous perceptions that keep you trapped in samsara: AN 4.49

Six important aspects of ~ to be understood: AN 6.63

Why desire and passion connected with ~ is worth abandoning: SN 27.6

Sati (mindfulness). See also Meditation; Satipatthana.

Right Mindfulness” in the Path to Freedom pages

The Buddha praises Ven. Cula Panthaka's mindfulness: Ud 5.10

Definition of ~: SN 48.10

As a quality of a great person: AN 8.30

Mindfulness Defined” (Thanissaro)

The Agendas of Mindfulness” (Thanissaro)

<a href=“lib/authors/nyanaponika/wheel121_en.html”><i>The Power of Mindfulness</i></a> (Nyanaponika)

Satipatthana (frames of reference/foundations of mindfulness). See also <a href=“#anapanasati”><b>Anapanasati (mindfulness of breathing</b>)</a>; Bodhipakkhiya-dhamma; <a href=“#kayagatasati”><b>Kayagatasati (mindfulness of the body</b>)</a>; <a href=“#maranassati”><b>Maranassati (mindfulness of death</b>)</a>; <a href=“#sati”><b>Sati (mindfulness</b>)</a>.

Right Mindfulness” in the Path to Freedom pages

See the suttas in the Satipatthana-samyutta of the Samyutta Nikaya

As a basis for the development of jhana: AN 8.63

<a href=“lib/authors/nyanasatta/wheel019_en.html”><i>The Foundations of Mindfulness</i></a> (Nyanasatta)

“The Four Frames of Reference,” in <a href=“lib/thai/boowa/thingsas_en.html”><i>Things as They Are</i></a> (Boowa)

<a href=“lib/thai/lee/frames_en.html”><i>Frames of Reference</i></a> (Lee)

<a href=“lib/authors/nyanaponika/bl034_en.html”><i>Protection Through Satipatthana</i></a> (Nyanaponika)

<a href=“lib/authors/mahasi/wheel370_en.html”><i>Satipatthana Vipassana: Insight Through Mindfulness</i></a> (Mahasi)

<a href=“lib/authors/mahasi/wheel298_en.html”><i>Thoughts on the Dhamma</i></a> (Mahasi)

<a href=“lib/authors/soma/wayof_en.html”><i>The Way of Mindfulness: The Satipatthana Sutta and Its Commentary</i></a> (Soma)

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/wings/index_en.html”><i>The Wings to Awakening: an Anthology from the Pali Canon</i></a> (Thanissaro)</dd>

<dt>Seclusion — see <b>[[#viveka|Viveka]].</b></dt>
<dt>Self-view — see **[[#sakkaya|Sakkaya-ditthi]]**.</dt>
Sensuality. See also <a href=“#asubha”><b>Asubha (unattractiveness, loathsomeness</b>)</a>; Body; <a href=“#nekkhamma”><b>Nekkhamma (renunciation</b>)</a>; Pleasure; Restraint; <a href=“#salayatana”><b>Salayatana (six sense-media</b>)</a>; Sexual identity; <a href=“#upadana”><b>Upadana (clinging</b>)</a>.

As a yoke: AN 4.10

As a flood: SN 45.171

The allures and drawbacks of ~: MN 13

Dangers of: MN 45

What's wrong with sensual pleasures?: SN 5.6

Like falling into debt: AN 6.45

Be careful with ~ as you would a venomous snake: Sn 4.1

Clinging to sense-pleasures is a fetter: Ud 7.3

Like a fish caught in a trap: Ud 7.4

Like a suckling calf dependent on its mother: Ud 7.4

Renouncing ~ brings an even higher happiness: Ud 3.2

Six important aspects of ~ to be understood: AN 6.63

Ananda's advice to Vangisa on overcoming lust: Thag 21

The source of ~ lies in the mind's passionate response to sense-objects, not in the objects themselves: AN 6.63

Sensuality,” in <i>The Mind Like Fire Unbound</i> (Thanissaro)

<a href=“lib/authors/walshe/wheel225_en.html”><i>Buddhism and Sex</i></a> (M. O'C. Walshe)

Separation from what is dear and appealing. See also Dukkha.
Sexual identity.

Dwelling on one's ~ is counterproductive to meditation: SN 5.2

Obsessing over one's ~ causes only suffering: AN 7.48

Sexual intercourse. See also Sensuality; Sexual identity.

~ is to be abandoned: AN 4.159

<a href=“lib/authors/walshe/wheel225_en.html”><i>Buddhism and Sex</i></a> (M. O'C. Walshe)

Sexual misconduct. See also Precepts; Sila.

As a cause of one's downfall: Dhp 309

Causes of promiscuity: AN 2.9</dd>

<dt>Shame (moral) — see **[[#hiri|Hiri]]**.</dt>
<dt><span anchor #sickness>Sickness</span> — see **[[#illness|Illness]]**.</dt>
Sila (virtue; morality). See also Gradual instruction; Manners; Paramis; Precepts; Uposatha.

If you truly care about your welfare, then develop your inner goodness: SN 3.4

As the foundation upon which the entire path is built: AN 11.1, AN 11.2

As a quality that distinguishes the true contemplative: MN 39

As one of the ten Recollections: see Recollections, ten.

As a treasure: AN 7.6

Guard your ~ well: Iti 76

The Buddha's instructions to his young son: MN 61

Sariputta's teachings to a dying Anathapindika: MN 143

Admirable ~: Iti 97

How to recognize a virtuous person: AN 4.192, Ud 6.2

How to recognize a wise person: AN 3.2

The layperson's code of conduct: DN 31

Development of ~ as a way to ease the inevitable bad results of one's past bad deeds: SN 42.8

Results of transgressing the precepts: AN 8.40

Rewards of observing the precepts: AN 8.39

Rewards of skillful conduct; drawbacks of unskillful conduct: AN 2.18

Standards of ~ for contemplatives: DN 2

Claiming to be enlightened does not justify unrestrained behavior: MN 105

Heightened ~ <i>(adhisila)</i>: AN 3.88

Right Speech” in the Path to Freedom pages

Right Action” in the Path to Freedom pages

Right Livelihood” in the Path to Freedom pages

<a href=“lib/authors/walshe/wheel225_en.html”><i>Buddhism and Sex</i></a> (M. O'C. Walshe)

<a href=“lib/thai/lee/craft_en.html”><i>The Craft of the Heart</i></a> (Lee)

<a href=“lib/authors/bodhi/wheel259_en.html”><i>Nourishing the Roots: Essays on Buddhist Ethics</i></a> (Bodhi)

<a href=“lib/authors/harris/wheel392_en.html”><i>Violence and Disruption in Society</i></a> (Harris)

Virtue” (Mun)

Simplicity.

As a quality of a great person: AN 8.30

Sleep. See also <a href=“#sloth”><b>Sloth and Drowsiness (thina-middha</b>)</a>.

How to get a good night's ~: SN 10.8, AN 3.34, AN 11.16, Dhp 79, Dhp 168</dd>

<dt><span anchor #sleepiness>Sleepiness</span> — see <a href="#sloth"><b>Sloth and Drowsiness (thina-middha</b>)</a>.</dt>
Sloth and Drowsiness (thina-middha). See also <a href=“#nivarana”><b>Nivarana (hindrances</b>)</a>; Sleep; <a href=“#viriya”><b>Viriya (effort</b>)</a>.

Antidote for ~ in meditation: SN 46.53, AN 7.58

The eight grounds for laziness: AN 8.80

Excuses: “It's too cold to meditate. It's too hot… It's too…”: Thag 3.5

As an obstruction to Awakening: Iti 34</dd>

<dt><span anchor #smile>Smile</span>, what makes the Buddha ~: [[en:tipitaka:sut:an:an05:an05.180.than#smile|AN 5.180]], [[en:tipitaka:sut:kn:thag:thag.12.02.than#smile|Thag 12.2]]</dt>
Social Action.

The Buddha attends to a monk with dysentery: Mv 8.26.1-8

How a layperson can best work for the welfare of others: AN 8.26, AN 4.99

<a href=“lib/authors/jones/wheel285_en.html”><i>Buddhism and Social Action</i></a> (Jones)

<a href=“lib/authors/desilva/bl123_en.html”><i>Radical Therapy: Buddhist Precepts in the Modern World</i></a> (De Silva)

<a href=“lib/authors/harris/wheel392_en.html”><i>Violence and Disruption in Society</i></a> (Harris)</dd>

<dt>Solitude — see <b>[[#viveka|Viveka]].</b></dt>
Speech. See also Listening; Noble silence; “Right Speech” in Noble Eightfold Path.

Right Speech” in the Path to Freedom pages

The criteria for determining whether something should be said: MN 58

Five aspects of suitable ~: MN 21

Five keys to blameless ~: AN 5.198

Ten kinds of praiseworthy ~: AN 10.70

Four ways to answer a question: AN 4.42

Lying is to be avoided: Iti 25

Sensual desire is usually the motive behind telling lies: SN 3.7

The nature of well-spoken ~: Sn 3.3

The results of various kinds of wrong ~: AN 8.40

Right ~ does not mean total frankness or openness: AN 4.183

Ten topics of proper conversation: AN 10.69

Either speak Dhamma, or keep noble silence: Ud 2.2

Right Speech” (Thanissaro)

Sri Lanka. See also Myanmar (Burma); Thailand.

<a href=“lib/authors/perera/wheel100_en.html”><i>Buddhism in Sri Lanka: A Short History</i></a> (Perera)

<a href=“lib/authors/kariyawasam/wheel402_en.html”><i>Buddhist Ceremonies and Rituals of Sri Lanka</i></a> (Kariyawasam)

Stream-entry, stream-winning <i>(Sotapatti).</i> See also Nibbana; Lay Buddhist Practice (for examples of lay stream-winners); Wise person.

Better than ruling the world or going to heaven: SN 55.1, Dhp 178

Six rewards of ~: AN 6.97

Upon ~, one does away with a vast amount of suffering: SN 13.1, SN 13.2, SN 13.8

Like a thirsty traveler looking into a well: SN 12.68

How to recognize a lay stream-winner: AN 5.179

The kind of conviction and discernment required to attain ~: SN 35.1-10

What it takes for a layperson to become a stream-winner: AN 10.92

How appropriate attention (<i>yoniso manasikara</i>) leads to ~: SN 22.122

The four factors of ~ (and their variations): SN 55.30, SN 55.31, SN 55.32, SN 55.33, AN 10.92

How to recognize — and become — a person of integrity: MN 110

Why doubt does not arise in a stream-winner: AN 7.51

The teaching that led Ven. Ananda to ~: SN 22.83

Suicide. See also Death.

Sappadasa chooses life: Thag 6.6

Supranormal powers.

Is the development of ~ a prerequisite for enlightenment?: SN 12.70

Clairaudience: DN 2, DN 11

Ending of the taints/effluents (<b>asava</b>): DN 2,DN 11

Mind-reading: DN 2, DN 11, AN 3.60

Passing away and reappearance of beings: DN 2, DN 11

Recollection of past lives: DN 2, DN 11

As a miracle: AN 3.60

As the fruit of five-factored noble concentration: AN 5.28

How to reduce a pile of wood to its constituent elements: AN 6.41

Drawbacks of ~: DN 11

A monk displays his ~: SN 41.4

Beware: you can't hide from those with ~: AN 3.40

The Four Bases of Power” in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)

Knowledge” (Lee)

Sutta Pitaka.

How to read a sutta: “Befriending the Suttas

</dl>

<h1>T &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='t' id=“t”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

<dt>Taints — see **[[#asava|Asava]]**.</dt>
Tanha (craving). See also <a href=“#kilesa”><b>Kilesa (defilements</b>)</a>; <a href=“#ps”><b>Paticca-samuppada (dependent co-arising</b>)</a>; Sensuality.

As a motivation for practice: AN 4.159

Craving” in the Path to Freedom pages

Understanding of ~ as a basis for Right View: MN 9

As a fetter: Iti 15

Abandoning ~ for what one holds dear: Sn 5.8

The many kinds of thoughts motivated by ~: AN 4.199

~ causes your thoughts to be influenced by the opinions of others: AN 4.200

Why desire and passion connected with ~ is worth abandoning: SN 27.8

Teaching the Dhamma. See also Kalyanamittata.

The Buddha teaches only <i>dukkha</i> and its cessation: MN 22

The Buddha's simile on ~: SN 22.84

Three frames of reference for becoming a fit teacher: MN 137

Ven. Isidatta wisely declines a teaching invitation from his elders: SN 41.3

How to teach Dhamma: AN 4.111

Meditators and Dhamma scholars: Do not disparage each other!: AN 6.46

Don't teach what you don't know: AN 10.24

The Buddha doesn't hold back any esoteric teachings: DN 16

A skilled teacher is like a ferry-man: Sn 2.8

Dhamma should not be taught for the purpose of material reward: AN 5.159

Five prerequisites to teaching the Dhamma to others: AN 5.159

Teaching alone doesn't mean you're truly committed to the Dhamma: AN 5.73

How to recognize authentic teachings: AN 3.72, AN 7.79, AN 8.53, "Recognizing the Dhamma" (Study Guide)

Examples of lay Dhamma teachers: Anathapindika (AN 10.93); Citta (SN 41.7)

How to choose — and learn from — a teacher: MN 95

How to recognize a teacher: AN 4.192

Three kinds of Dhamma teachers: DN 12

Dhamma teaching compared to medical treatment: AN 3.22

The Buddha asks who is his teacher: Dhp 353

<a href=“lib/authors/jootla/wheel414_en.html”><i>Teacher of the Devas</i></a> (Jootla)</dd>

<dt>[[en:tech:index|Technical Notes]] (Bullitt)</dt>
Tevijja (Threefold knowledge realized by the Buddha during his Awakening). See also Buddha.

Descriptions of ~: MN 19, MN 125

What makes one a <i>true</i> brahman: Iti 99

The Buddha's Awakening” in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)

Thailand & Thai Buddhism. See also Myanmar (Burma); Sri Lanka.

<a href=“lib/authors/kusalasaya/wheel085_en.html”><i>Buddhism in Thailand</i></a> (Kusalasaya)

The Customs of the Noble Ones” (Thanissaro)

<a href=“lib/authors/dhammayut/chanting_en.html”><i>A Chanting Guide: Pali Passages with English Translations</i></a> (Dhammayut Order)

Theravada Buddhism.
Therigatha.

<a href=“lib/authors/jootla/wheel349_en.html”><i>Inspiration from Enlightened Nuns</i></a> (Jootla)</dd>

<dt>Thinking — see **[[#thought|Thought]]**.</dt>
Thought.

Habitual ways of thinking: MN 19

Three kinds of unskillful ~: Iti 87

Three kinds of skillful ~: Iti 87

Distracting thoughts.

How to overcome speculative thinking: SN 5.10

The Relaxation of Thoughts (Vitakkasanthana Sutta, MN 20)

<a href=“lib/authors/soma/wheel021_en.html”><i>The Removal of Distracting Thoughts</i></a> (Soma)</dd>

<dt><span anchor #tilakkhana>Tilakkhana</span> (the three characteristics of existence). See also <a href="#vipassana"><b>Vipassana (insight</b>)</a>.</dt>
See each one individually:

<a href=”#anicca“><b>Anicca (impermanence</b>)</a>

<a href=”#dukkha“><b>Dukkha (unsatisfactoriness</b>)</a>

<a href=”#anatta“><b>Anatta (not-self</b>)</a>

As marking the path to Awakening: Dhp 277-9

As true regardless of the existence of a Buddha: AN 3.134</dd>

<dt>Time — see **[[#present|Present moment]]**.</dt>
<dt>[[en:tipitaka:index|Tipitaka]].</dt>
Tiratana (the Triple Gem). See also Refuge.

Verified confidence in ~ as a factor of stream-entry: SN 55.1

The Triple Gem“ in the Path to Freedom pages

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/refuge_en.html”><i>Refuge: an Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, and Sangha</i></a> (Thanissaro)

Tisarana (the Threefold Refuge).

<a href=“lib/authors/nyanaponika/wheel076_en.html”><i>The Threefold Refuge</i></a> (Nyanaponika)

The Threefold Refuge“ in the Path to Freedom pages</dd>

<dt>Transgender — see **[[#sexid|Sexual identity]]**.</dt>

<dt>[[en:tipitaka:translators|Translators represented on ATI]]</dt>

<dt>Truthfulness — see **[[#sacca|Sacca]]**.</dt>

</dl>

<h1>U &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=”#top“ name='u' id=“u”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

<dt>Unattractiveness — see **[[#asubha|Asubha]]**.</dt>
<dt>Unbinding — see **[[#nibbana|Nibbana]]**.</dt>
<dt>Universe, origin and fate of — see <b>[[#questions|Questions not worth asking]]</b>.</dt>
Upadana (clinging). See also Khandha; <a href=”#ps“><b>Paticca-samuppada (dependent co-arising</b>)</a>.

Understanding of ~ as a basis for Right View: MN 9

The Weight of Mountains“ (Thanissaro)

Chapter III of <i>The Mind Like Fire Unbound</i> (Thanissaro)

Upekkha (equanimity). See also Brahmavihara; Paramis;

As a factor leading to liberation: AN 6.13

Systematic practice of ~: SN 42.8

~ with respect to the sense faculties: MN 152

Three kinds of ~: SN 36.31

Practicing ~ as a way to deal with annoying people: AN 5.161

Equanimity in Concentration and Discernment“ in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)

Uposatha (observance day). See also Sila.

The Eight Precepts“ in the Path to Freedom pages

<a href=“ptf/dhamma/sila/uposatha-calendar_en.html”>Calendar of <b>uposatha</b> observance days</a>

How the eight ~ practices are to be practiced: AN 8.43

Right and wrong ways of observing the ~: AN 3.70

If you choose to observe the ~, do so consistently: AN 10.46

Uposatha Sila“ (Ñanavara Thera)

<a href=“lib/thai/lee/craft_en.html”><i>The Craft of the Heart</i></a> (Lee)

</dl>

<h1>V &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=”#top“ name='v' id=“v”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

Vedana (feeling). See also <a href=”#khandha“><b>Khandha (clinging-aggregates</b>)</a>; Pain; <a href=”#ps“><b>Paticca-samuppada (dependent co-arising</b>)</a>.

Understanding of ~ as a basis for Right View: MN 9

Whatever is felt is a form of dukkha: SN 36.11

Seeing even pleasurable ~ as stressful: SN 36.5, Iti 53

Seeing ~ as not-self: DN 15

Three kinds of ~: Iti 52, Iti 53

Six important aspects of ~ to be understood: AN 6.63

Why desire and passion connected with ~ is worth abandoning: SN 27.5

See the suttas in the Vedana-samyutta of the Samyutta Nikaya

<a href=“lib/authors/nyanaponika/wheel303_en.html”><i>Contemplation of Feeling: The Discourse Grouping on the Feelings</i></a> (Nyanaponika)</dd>

<dt>Vedanta — see **[[#comparative|Comparative religions]]**.</dt>
<dt><span anchor #veggie>Vegetarianism</span>.</dt>
<dt><span anchor #views>Views</span> — see **[[#ditthi|Ditthi]]**.</dt>
Vimutti (release, deliverance). See also Awakening.

From what is one released?: AN 10.81

Released through awareness: AN 6.13

Four kinds of awareness-release: SN 41.7

Released through discernment: AN 9.44

Released “both ways”: AN 9.45

The Buddha's question-and-answer session concerning release: Snp ch. 5

“Convention and Liberation,” in <a href=“lib/thai/chah/atasteof_en.html”><i>A Taste of Freedom</i></a> (Chah)

Free at Last“ in <i>Food for Thought</i> (Lee)

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/likefire/index_en.html”><i>The Mind Like Fire Unbound</i></a> (Thanissaro)

Vinaya. See also Monastic Life.

Basic principles of: AN 8.53

A monk's duties: Cv 8

How to know if a particular action is allowable: Mv 6.40.1

The standards of sila for contemplatives: DN 2

Are monks allowed to use money?: SN 42.10

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/bmc1/index_en.html”><i>The Buddhist Monastic Code, Volume I: The Patimokkha Training Rules Translated and Explained</i></a> (Thanissaro)

<a href=“lib/authors/thanissaro/bmc2/index_en.html”><i>The Buddhist Monastic Code, Volume II: The Khandhaka Rules Translated and Explained</i></a> (Thanissaro)

Viññana (consciousness). See also <a href=”#khandha“><b>Khandha (clinging-aggregates</b>)</a>; <a href=”#ps“><b>Paticca-samuppada (dependent co-arising</b>)</a>.

Understanding of ~ as a basis for Right View: MN 9

Why desire and passion connected with ~ is worth abandoning: SN 27.3

Mutual dependence of ~ and name-and-form: SN 12.67

Consciousnesses“ (Lee)</dd>

<dt>Violence — see **[[#ahimsa|Non-violence]]**.</dt>
Vipassana (insight). See also <a href=”#samatha“><b>Samatha (tranquillity</b>)</a>; <a href=”#tilakkhana“><b>Tilakkhana (three characteristics of existence</b>)</a>.

~ is developed in tandem with <a href=”#samatha“><b>samatha (tranquillity</b>)</a>: SN 35.205, AN 2.30, AN 4.170, AN 10.71

How ~ can be developed during or immediately after <i>jhana</i>: MN 111

As direct knowledge of the five aggregates (<b>khandha</b>):

Analyzing the five aggregates until their appeal is shattered: SN 23.2

Developing skill in applying the four noble truths to the five aggregates: SN 22.56

Developing skill in seeing seven qualities in each of the five aggregates: SN 22.57

A contemplation for every meditator, from beginner to arahant: SN 22.122

Like taking apart a lute in search of its sound: SN 35.205

As direct knowledge of the six sense bases (<b>salayatana</b>): MN 149

Reflection on not-self as a basis for insight: SN 22.59

<a href=“lib/thai/lee/themes_en.html”><i>Basic Themes</i></a> (Lee)

Stop and Think“ in <i>Food for Thought</i> (Lee)

<a href=“lib/thai/boowa/straight_en.html”><i>Straight From the Heart</i></a> (Boowa)

<a href=“lib/thai/boowa/thingsas_en.html”><i>Things as They Are</i></a> (Boowa)

<a href=“lib/authors/mahasi/wheel370_en.html”><i>Satipatthana Vipassana: Insight Through Mindfulness</i></a> (Mahasi)

Viraga (dispassion).

Highest of all Dhammas: Iti 90, Dhp 273

The arahant as having gone beyond both passion and ~: Sn 4.4, Sn 4.6, Sn 4.10

“In the seen there is only the seen…”: SN 35.95, Ud 1.10

At the Tip of Your Nose“ in <i>Keeping the Breath in Mind</i> (Lee)

Consciousnesses“ (Lee)

<i>Frames of Reference</i> (Lee)

Viriya (effort, energy). See also Paramis; Samvega; <a href=”#sloth“><b>Sloth and Drowsiness (thina-middha</b>)</a>.

Right Effort“ in the Path to Freedom pages

Needed for final attainment of truth: MN 95

Wake up!: Sn 2.10

As a quality of a great person: AN 8.30

Five factors that sustain ~: AN 5.53</dd>

<dt>Virtue — see **[[#sila|Sila]]**.</dt>
Visakha puja. See also Uposatha.

Visakha Puja“ (Lee)

Viveka (seclusion, solitude). See also Wilderness.

Thoughts of ~ are the mark of a great person: AN 8.30

The pleasure of ~: AN 5.30, AN 6.42

True seclusion is found within: SN 9.1, SN 21.10

It's better to be alone than in the company of fools: Dhp 61, Dhp 328-330

Delighting in the wilds — the mark of a wise person: Dhp 305, Dhp 395, Thag 3.8

“Wander alone, a rhinoceros”: Sn 1.3

The monks' way of life in the wilds: Sn 3.11, Sn 4.9, Sn 4.16

</dl>

<h1>W &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=”#top“ name='w' id=“w”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

Wakefulness. See also Appamada (heedfulness).

As a quality that distinguishes the true contemplative: MN 39

Walking meditation. See also Meditation.

Benefits of ~: AN 5.29

<a href=“lib/authors/silananda/bl137_en.html”><i>Der Nutzen von Gehmeditation</i></a> (Silananda)

War. See also Anger; Conflict.

In ~, there is no winning side: SN 3.14, SN 3.15

Only forbearance, never revenge, can bring an end to ~: Mv 10.2.3-20

Hostility can never be conquered with hostility: Dhp 3

What kind of rebirth can a soldier expect?: SN 42.3

Is there such a thing as a “just” ~?: See "Getting the Message" (Thanissaro)

Wealth. See also Money; <a href=”#dhana“><b>Dhana (treasures</b>)</a>; Puñña (merit, inner wealth); references to Anathapindika in the Index of Proper Names.

The ~ of a householder <b>vs.</b> the ~ of one who has lived the renunciate life to its culmination: Sn 1.2

Downfall caused by stinginess: Sn 1.6

How ~ should be both shared and enjoyed: SN 3.19

Actions that lead to the loss of one's material ~: DN 31

~ can't buy true happines: AN 10.46

Focusing on material gain leads one away from Nibbana: Dhp 75

Five skillful ways of using one's ~: AN 5.41

How a family can preserve its ~: AN 4.255

How to safeguard one's material ~: AN 8.54

Relative value of material and spiritual ~: Ud 2.2

The bliss that arises from using ~ wisely: AN 4.62

Few are those who don't get intoxicated by ~: SN 3.6

Contentment is the greatest ~: Dhp 204

Trading Outer Wealth for Inner Wealth“ in <i>Food for Thought</i> (Lee)

Wedding — see Marriage.

Well, parable of the: Ud 7.9

Wilderness. See also Forest traditions; Nature; Viveka (seclusion, solitude).

Where ardent meditators prefer to dwell: Dhp 99, Dhp 305, Dhp 395

Mountains, forests, and grasslands: Dhp 188, Thag 1.41, Thag 1.113, Thag 3.5, Thag 19, Thig 3.4

Qualities required for living in the ~: AN 4.259

As a suitable place for meditation: DN 12, DN 22, MN 118, MN 119, SN 11.3, AN 5.76, AN 8.86, etc.

As a place to sleep at ease: AN 3.34

What can one possibly accomplish by living in the forest, just meditating?: SN 7.17

In the ~, the Buddha comes face-to-face with his fear: MN 4

In the ~, the Buddha shows by example how best to handle physical pain: SN 1.38, SN 4.13

Wandering like a wild deer: Snp I.3

~ is for those not seeking sensual delight: Dhp 99

The Buddha exhorts others to seek out ~: AN 5.114

The hazards of the ~ as an incentive to meditate: AN 5.77

Proper attitude for living with hardship in the ~: Thag 3.8, Thag 5.8

Why do those who live in the forest look so happy?: SN 1.10

Craving follows you, even into the ~: SN 35.63

A lonely monk briefly considers leaving the forest: SN 9.9

An early example of “wilderness poetry”: Thag 18

Ven. Maha Kassapa's life in the forest: Thag 18

Why Ven. Maha Kassapa chose to live in the forest: SN 16.5</dd>

<!– <dd>Why Ajaan Lee chose to live in the forest: in <a href=“lib/thai/lee/leeauto_en.html#whyforest”><i>The Autobiography of Phra Ajaan Lee</i></a></dd> –>

<dd>"[[en:lib:authors:thanissaro:customs|The Customs of the Noble Ones]]" (Thanissaro)
:: See the teachings from the [[en:lib:thai:index|Thai forest traditions]]</dd>
<dt>Wings to Awakening — see **[[#bodhipakkhiya-dhamma|Bodhipakkhiya-dhamma]]**.</dt>
<dt>Wisdom — see **[[#panna|Pañña]]**.</dt>
Wise person. See also <a href=”#panna“><b>Pañña (discernment, wisdom</b>)</a>.

How to recognize a ~: AN 3.2, AN 4.35, AN 4.192, Ud 6.2

What distinguishes the ~ from the fool: SN 12.19, AN 2.21, AN 2.98, AN 4.115

It's better to be alone than in the company of fools: Dhp 61, Dhp 328-330

What the ~ and the fool have in common: MN 33, AN 11.18</dd>

<dt>Wise reflection — see **[[#yoniso|Yoniso manasikara]]**.</dt>
Women and Buddhism. See also the names of individual nuns (“So-and-so, Ven. Sister”) in the Index of Proper Names.

The thought, “Women can't attain Awakening” is not to be believed: SN 5.2

<a href=“lib/authors/jootla/wheel349_en.html”><i>Inspiration from Enlightened Nuns</i></a> (Jootla)

<a href=“lib/authors/dewaraja/wheel280_en.html”><i>The Position of Women in Buddhism</i></a> (Dewaraja)

<a href=“lib/authors/hecker/wheel292_en.html”><i>Buddhist Women at the Time of the Buddha</i></a> (Hecker)

<a href=“lib/authors/horner/wheel030_en.html”><i>Women in Early Buddhist Literature</i></a> (Horner)

Question & Answers (3): The Bhikkhuni Sangha in <i>A Fistful of Sand</i> (Suwat)

Work, monastics'. See also Monastic life.

Do contemplatives do any useful work? (various answers): SN 7.17; Thig 13.2; Sn 1.4.</dd>

<dt>World, origin of — see <b>[[#questions|Questions not worth asking]]</b>.</dt>
<dt>Worship — see **[[#devotion|Devotion]]**.</dt>

</dl>

<h1>XYZ &nbsp;<a title=“Go to top of page” class='back' href=“#top” name='xyz' id=“xyz”>&nbsp;</a></h1> <dl class='gindex'>

Yoniso manasikara (appropriate attention; wise reflection). See also the first six of the Ten Recollections; Questions.

What things should one attend to with ~?: SN 22.122

A remedy for a mind consumed by unskillful thoughts: SN 9.11

As a condition for right view: AN 2.125-126

As the key to abandoning greed, hatred, delusion: AN 3.68

As an important quality to develop: Iti 16

As a means to ending the asava: MN 2

The Seven Factors for Awakening” in <i>The Wings to Awakening</i> (Thanissaro)

Young people (readings for). See also Children.

<a href=“lib/authors/karunaratna/bl140_en.html”><i>The Healing of the Bull: A Story</i></a> (Karunaratna)

<a href=“lib/authors/karunaratna/bl125_en.html”><i>Prisoners of Karma: A Story</i></a> (Karunaratna)

<a href=“lib/authors/silacara/youngpeoples_en.html”><i>A Young People's Life of the Buddha</i></a> (Silacara)

</dl>

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