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en:tipitaka:sltp:an_ii_utf8 [2019/10/07 09:52]
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en:tipitaka:sltp:an_ii_utf8 [2020/02/26 08:30] (current)
Johann [Kilesaparinibbānasuttaṃ]
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 +<div navi>​[[en:​index|{{en:​img:​home_en.png|Index page}}]] >> [[en:​tipitaka:​sltp:​index|SLTP Tipiṭaka]] >> [[en:​tipitaka:​sltp:​sut.an|Index Aṅguttaranikāyo]] >> AN II (AN 04) [[en:​tipitaka:​sltp:​index#​an_ii_utf8|{{en:​img:​question_16.gif|Info in Index}}]]</​div>​
  
 +====== AN II_utf8 (AN 04; Sri Lanka Tipitaka project) ======
 +
 +<div #h_meta>
 +
 +<div #​h_tipitakalinks>​AN 04</​div>​
 +
 +
 +<div #​h_doctitle>​AN II_utf8 (AN 04; SLTP)</​div>​
 +
 +<div #​h_docauthortransinfo>​edited by</​div>​
 +
 +<div #​h_docauthortrans></​div>​
 +
 +<div #​h_docauthortransalt></​div>​
 +
 +<div #​h_copyright>​[[#​f_termsofuse|{{en:​img:​d2.png?​16x18}}]][[#​f_termsofuse| 2010-2020]]</​div>​
 +
 +<div #​h_altformat></​div>​
 +
 +</​div>​
 +
 +<div #​h_homage>​
 +
 +<div #​homagetext>​[[:​en:​homage|- ​ Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammā-sambuddhassa ​ -]]</​div>​
 +
 +<div navigation>​[[en:​tipitaka:​sltp:​an_i_utf8|{{:​img:​left.png |back to AN I (AN 01-03)}}]] [[en:​tipitaka:​sltp:​an_iii_utf8|{{ :​img:​right.png|go to AN III (AN 05-06)}}]]</​div>​
 +
 +</​div>​
 +
 +<span #​h_content></​span>​
 +
 +======== Suttantapiṭake ========
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​index|sut]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​index|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +[BJT Vol A - 2] [\z A /] [\w II /]
 +
 +<span bjt_page #​bjt.002>​[BJT page 002]</​span>​
 +
 +[PTS Vol A - 2] [\z A /] [\f II /]
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.001>​[PTS page 001]</​span>​
 +
 +======= Aṅguttaranikāyo =======
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​index|sut.an]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​index|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +====== Dutiyo bhāgo ======
 +
 +====== 4. Catukkanipāto ======
 +<span para #​para_4>​[4]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​index|sut.an.04]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​index|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +====== 1. Paṭhamo paṇṇāsako ======
 +
 +===== 1. Bhaṇḍagāmavaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.1.1>​[4.1.1]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v01>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v01]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v01_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammāsambuddhassa</​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Anubuddhasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.1.1>​[4.1.1.1]</​span>​ 1. Evaṃ me sutaṃ: ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā vajjīsu viharati bhaṇḍagāme. Tatra kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi bhikkhavoti. Bhadanteti te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ bhagavā etadavoca:
 +
 +Catunnaṃ bhikkhave dhammānaṃ ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evamidaṃ dīghamaddhānaṃ sandhāvitaṃ saṃsaritaṃ mamañceva tumhākañca. Katamesaṃ catunnaṃ?
 +
 +Ariyassa bhikkhave sīlassa ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evamidaṃ dīghamaddhānaṃ sandhāvitaṃ saṃsaritaṃ mamañceva tumhākañca. ​
 +
 +Ariyassa bhikkhave samādhissa ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evamidaṃ dīghamaddhānaṃ sandhāvitaṃ saṃsaritaṃ mamañceva tumhākañca. ​
 +
 +Ariyāya bhikkhave paññāya ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evamidaṃ dīghamaddhānaṃ sandhāvitaṃ saṃsaritaṃ mamañceva tumhākañca. ​
 +
 +Ariyāya bhikkhave vimuttiyā ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evamidaṃ dīghamaddhānaṃ sandhāvitaṃ saṃsaritaṃ mamañceva tumhākañca. ​
 +
 +<span bjt_page #​bjt.004>​[BJT page 004]</​span>​
 +
 +Tayidaṃ bhikkhave ariyaṃ sīlaṃ anubuddhaṃ paṭividdhaṃ. Ariyo samādhi anubuddho paṭividdho. Ariyā paññā anubuddhā paṭividdhā. Ariyā vimutti anubuddhā paṭividdhā. Ucchinnā bhavataṇhā khīṇā bhavanetti. Natthi'​dāni punabbhavoti. ​
 +
 +Idamavoca bhagavā. Idaṃ vatvā sugato athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā: <span pts_page #​pts.002>​[PTS page 002]</​span> ​
 +
 +1. Sīlaṃ samādhi paññā ca vimutti ca anuttarā,
 +
 +Anubuddhā ime dhammā gotamena yasassinā. ​
 +
 +2. Iti buddho abhiññāya dhammamakkhāsi bhikkhūnaṃ,​
 +
 +Dukkhassantakaro satthā cakkhumā parinibbuto'​ti. ​
 +
 +==== (2. Papatitasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.1.2>​[4.1.1.2]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ:​) 2. Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi asamannāgato imasmā dhammavinayā papatito'​ti vuccati. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Ariyena bhikkhave sīlena asamannāgato imasmā dhammavinayā papatito'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Ariyena bhikkhave samādhinā asamannāgato imasmā dhammavinayā papatito'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Ariyāya bhikkhave paññāya asamannāgato imasmā dhammavinayā papatito'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Ariyāya bhikkhave vimuttiyā asamannāgato imasmā dhammavinayā papatito'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi asamannāgato imasmā dhammavinayā papatito'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato imasmā dhammavinayā appapatito'​ti((Apapatito ​ syā.)) vuccati. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Ariyena bhikkhave sīlena samannāgato imasmā dhammavinayā appapatito'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Ariyena bhikkhave samādhinā samannāgato imasmā dhammavinayā appapatito'​ti vuccati.
 +
 +Ariyāya bhikkhave paññāya samannāgato imasmā dhammavinayā appapatito'​ti vuccati. <span pts_page #​pts.003>​[PTS page 003]</​span>​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.006>​[BJT page 006]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Ariyāya bhikkhave vimuttiyā samannāgato imasmā dhammavinayā appapatito'​ti vuccati.
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato imasmā dhammavinayā appapatito'​ti vuccatīti. ​
 +
 +3. Cutā patanti patitā giddhā ca punarāgatā,​
 +
 +Kataṃ kiccaṃ((So sugatesu na manaṃ pasādaye sīmu.)) rataṃ rammaṃ sukhenānvāgataṃ sukhaṃ'​ti. ​
 +
 +==== (3. Paṭhamakhatasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.1.3>​[4.1.1.3]</​span>​ 3. Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato bālo avyatto asappuriso khataṃ upahataṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Sāvajjo <span pts_page #​pts.003>​[PTS page 003]</​span>​ ca hoti sānuvajjo viññūnaṃ. Bahuṃ ca apuññaṃ pasavati. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Ananuvicca apariyogāhetvā avaṇṇārahassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsati.
 +
 +Ananuvicca apariyogāhetvā vaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsati.
 +
 +Ananuvicca apariyogāhetvā appasādanīye ṭhāne pasādaṃ upadaṃseti.
 +
 +Ananuvicca apariyogāhetvā pasādanīye ṭhāne appasādaṃ upadaṃseti. ​
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato bālo avyatto asappuriso khataṃ upahataṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Sāvajjo ca hoti sānuvajjo viññūnaṃ. Bahuṃ ca apuññaṃ pasavatīti. ​
 +
 +Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato paṇḍito viyatto sappuriso akkhataṃ anupahataṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Anavajjo ca hoti ananuvajjo viññūnaṃ. Bahuṃ ca puññaṃ pasavati. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Anuvicca pariyogāhetvā avaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsati. ​
 +
 +Anuvicca pariyogāhetvā vaṇṇārahassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsati. ​
 +
 +Anuvicca pariyogāhetvā appasādanīye ṭhāne appasādaṃ upadaṃseti. ​
 +
 +Anuvicca pariyogāhetvā pasādanīye ṭhāne pasādaṃ upadaṃseti.
 +
 +Katakiccaṃ <span bjt_page #​bjt.008>​[BJT page 008]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato paṇḍito viyatto sappuriso akkhataṃ anupahataṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Anavajjo ca hoti ananuvajjo viññūnaṃ. Bahuṃ ca puññaṃ pasavatīti. ​
 +
 +4. Yo nindiyaṃ pasaṃsati taṃ vā nindati yo pasaṃsiyo,​
 +
 +Vicināti mukhena so kaliṃ kalinā tena sukhaṃ na vindati. ​
 +
 +5. Appamatto ayaṃ kali yo akkhesu dhanaparājayo,​
 +
 +Sabbassāpi sahāpi attanā ayameva mahantataro kali
 +
 +Yo sugatesu manaṃ padosaye. ​
 +
 +6. Sataṃ sahassānaṃ nirabbudānaṃ chattiṃsatiṃ((Chattiṃsati machasaṃ. Chattiṃsa ca)) pañca ca abbudāni, <span pts_page #​pts.004>​[PTS page 004]</​span>​ yamariyagarahī((Yamariyaṃ garahiya ​ syā.)) nirayaṃ upeti vācaṃ manañca paṇidhāya pāpakanti. ​
 +
 +==== (4. Dutiyakhatasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.1.4>​[4.1.1.4]</​span>​ 4. Catusu bhikkhave micchā paṭipajjamāno bālo avyatto asappuriso khataṃ upahataṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Sāvajjo ca hoti sānuvajjo viññūnaṃ. Bahuṃ ca apuññaṃ pasavati. Katamesu catusu?
 +
 +Mātari bhikkhave micchā paṭipajjamāno bālo avyatto asappuriso khataṃ upahataṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Sāvajjo ca hoti sānuvajjo viññūnaṃ. Bahuṃ ca apuññaṃ pasavati. ​
 +
 +Pitari bhikkhave micchā paṭipajjamāno bālo avyatto asappuriso khataṃ upahataṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Sāvajjo ca hoti sānuvajjo viññūnaṃ. Bahuṃ ca apuññaṃ pasavati. ​
 +
 +Tathāgate bhikkhave micchā paṭipajjamāno bālo avyatto asappuriso khataṃ upahataṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Sāvajjo ca hoti sānuvajjo viññūnaṃ. Bahuṃ ca apuññaṃ pasavati. ​
 +
 +Tathāgatasāvake bhikkhave micchā paṭipajjamāno bālo avyatto asappuriso khataṃ upahataṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Sāvajjo ca hoti sānuvajjo viññūnaṃ. Bahuṃ ca apuññaṃ pasavati. ​
 +
 +Imesu kho bhikkhave catusu micchā paṭipajjamāno bālo avyatto asappuriso khataṃ upahataṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Sāvajjo ca hoti sānuvajjo viññūnaṃ. Bahuṃ ca apuññaṃ pasavatīti. <span pts_page #​pts.005>​[PTS page 005]</​span>​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.010>​[BJT page 010]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Catusu bhikkhave sammā paṭipajjamāno paṇḍito viyatto sappuriso akkhataṃ anupahataṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Anavajjo ca hoti ananuvajjo viññūnaṃ. Bahuṃ ca puññaṃ pasavati. Katamesu catusu?
 +
 +Mātari bhikkhave sammā paṭipajjamāno paṇḍito viyatto sappuriso akkhataṃ anupahataṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Anavajjo ca hoti ananuvajjo viññūnaṃ. Bahuṃ ca puññaṃ pasavati. ​
 +
 +Pitari bhikkhave sammā paṭipajjamāno paṇḍito viyatto sappuriso akkhataṃ anupahataṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Anavajjo ca hoti ananuvajjo viññūnaṃ. Bahuṃ ca puññaṃ pasavati. ​
 +
 +Tathāgate bhikkhave sammā paṭipajjamāno paṇḍito viyatto sappuriso akkhataṃ anupahataṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Anavajjo ca hoti ananuvajjo viññūnaṃ. Bahuṃ ca puññaṃ pasavati. ​
 +
 +Tathāgatasāvake bhikkhave sammā paṭipajjamāno paṇḍito viyatto sappuriso akkhataṃ anupahataṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Anavajjo ca hoti ananuvajjo viññūnaṃ. Bahuṃ ca puññaṃ pasavati. ​
 +
 +Imesu kho bhikkhave catusu sammā paṭipajjamāno paṇḍito viyatto sappuriso akkhataṃ anupahataṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Anavajjo ca hoti ananuvajjo viññūnaṃ. Bahuṃ ca puññaṃ pasavatīti. ​
 +
 +7. Mātari pitari cāpi yo micchā paṭipajjati,​
 +
 +Tathāgate ca sambuddhe atha vā tassa sāvake,
 +
 +Bahuñca so pasavati apuññaṃ tādiso naro. 
 +
 +8. Tāya adhammacariyāya mātāpitusu paṇḍitā.
 +
 +Idheva naṃ garahanti peccāpāyañca gacchati, ​
 +
 +9. Mātari pitari cāpi yo sammā paṭipajjati.
 +
 +Tathāgate ca sambuddhe atha vā tassa sāvake,<​span pts_page #​pts.005>​[PTS page 005]</​span>​ bahuñca so pasavati puññampi tādiso naro. 
 +
 +10. Tāya dhammacariyāya mātāpitusu paṇḍitā,​
 +
 +Idha ceva naṃ pasaṃsanti pecca sagge ca modatīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.012>​[BJT page 012]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (5. Anusotasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.1.5>​[4.1.1.5]</​span>​ 5. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Anusotagāmī puggalo, paṭisotagāmī puggalo, ṭhitatto puggalo, tiṇṇo pāragato thale tiṭṭhati brāhmaṇo. ​
 +
 +Katamo ca bhikkhave anusotagāmī puggalo? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo kāme ca paṭisevati,​ pāpañca kammaṃ karoti, ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave anusotagāmī puggalo.
 +
 +Katamo ca bhikkhave paṭisotagāmī puggalo? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo kāme na paṭisevati,​ pāpañca kammaṃ na karoti, sahāpi dukkhena sahāpi domanassena assumukho'​pi rudamāno paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carati. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave paṭisotagāmī puggalo. ​
 +
 +Katamo ca bhikkhave ṭhitatto puggalo? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo pañcannaṃ orambhāgiyānaṃ saññojanānaṃ parikkhayā opapātiko hoti, tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave ṭhitatto puggalo. ​
 +
 +Katamo ca bhikkhave puggalo tiṇṇo pāragato thale tiṭṭhati brāhmaṇo?​ <span pts_page #​pts.006>​[PTS page 006]</​span>​ idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave puggalo tiṇṇo pāragato thale tiṭṭhati brāhmaṇo. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +11. Ye keci kāmesu asaññatā janā avītarāgā idha kāma bhogino,
 +
 +Punappunaṃ jātijarūpagāhino taṇhādhipannā anusotagāmino. ​
 +
 +12. Tasmā hi dhīro idhupaṭṭhitāsatī kāme ca pāpe ca asevamāno,
 +
 +Sahāpi dukkhena jaheyya kāme paṭisotagāmīti tamāhu puggalaṃ. <span bjt_page #​bjt.014>​[BJT page 014]</​span>  ​
 +
 +13. Yo ve kilesāni pahāya pañca paripuṇṇasekho apahānadhammo,​
 +
 +Cetovasippatto samāhitindriyo sa ve ṭhitatto'​ti naro pavuccati. ​
 +
 +14. Parovarā yassa samecca dhammā vidhūpitā atthagatā na santi,
 +
 +Sa vedagū vusitabrahmacariyo lokantagū pāragato'​ti vuccatīti. ​
 +
 +==== (6. Appassutasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.1.6>​[4.1.1.6]</​span>​ 6. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Appassuto sutena anupapanno, appassuto sutena upapanno, bahussuto sutena anupapanno, bahussuto sutena upapanno. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo appassuto hoti sutena anupapanno? Idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa appakaṃ sutaṃ hoti suttaṃ geyyaṃ vyokaraṇaṃ gāthā((Gāthā. Machasaṃ.)) udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. So tassa appakassa sutassa na atthamaññāya na dhammamaññāya na dhammānudhammapaṭipanno hoti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo appassuto hoti sutena anupapanno. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo appassuto hoti sutena upapanno? <span pts_page #​pts.007>​[PTS page 007]</​span>​ idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa appakaṃ sutaṃ hoti suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthā udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. So tassa appakassa sutassa atthamaññāya dhammamaññāya dhammānudhammapaṭipanno hoti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo appassuto hoti, sutena upapanno. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo bahussuto hoti sutena anupapanno? Idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa bahuṃ((Bahukaṃ machasaṃ.)) sutaṃ hoti suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthā udānaṃ
 +
 +Itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. So tassa bahukassa sutassa na atthamaññāya na dhammamaññāya na dhammānudhamma paṭipanno hoti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo bahussuto hoti, sutena anupapanno. ​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.016>​[BJT page 016]</​span> ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo bahussuto hoti sutena upapanno? Idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa bahuṃ sutaṃ hoti suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthā udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. So tassa bahukassa sutassa atthamaññāya dhammamaññāya dhammānudhammapaṭipanno hoti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo bahussuto hoti sutena upapanno. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +15. Appassuto'​pi ce hoti sīlesu asamāhito,
 +
 +Ubhayena naṃ garahanti sīlato ca sutena ca. 
 +
 +16. Appassutopi ce hoti sīlesu susamāhito,​
 +
 +Sīlato naṃ pasaṃsanti nāssa sampajjate sutaṃ. ​
 +
 +17. Bahussutopi ce hoti sīlesu asamāhito,
 +
 +Sīlato naṃ garahanti tassa sampajjate sutaṃ. ​
 +
 +18. <span pts_page #​pts.008>​[PTS page 008]</​span>​ bahussutopi ce hoti sīlesu susamāhito,​
 +
 +Ubhayena naṃ pasaṃsanti sīlato ca sutena ca. 
 +
 +19. Bahussutaṃ dhammadharaṃ sappaññaṃ buddhasāvakaṃ,​
 +
 +Nekkhaṃ jambonadasseva ko taṃ ninditumarahati,​
 +
 +Devāpi naṃ pasaṃsanti brahmunāpi pasaṃsito'​ti. ​
 +
 +==== (7. Sobhentisuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.1.7>​[4.1.1.7]</​span>​ 7. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā viyattā vinītā visāradā bahussutā dhammadharā dhammānudhammapaṭipannā saṅghaṃ sobhenti. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Bhikkhu bhikkhave viyatto vinīto visārado bahussuto dhammadharo dhammānudhammapaṭipanno saṅghaṃ sobheti. ​
 +
 +Bhikkhunī bhikkhave viyattā vinītā visāradā bahussutā dhammadharā dhammānudhammapaṭipannā saṅghaṃ sobheti. ​
 +
 +Upāsako bhikkhave viyatto vinīto visārado bahussuto dhammadharo dhammānudhammapaṭipanno saṅghaṃ sobheti. ​
 +
 +Upāsikā bhikkhave viyattā vinītā visāradā bahussutā dhammadharā dhammānudhammapaṭipannā saṅghaṃ sobheti. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro viyattā vinītā visāradā bahussutā dhammadharā dhammānudhammapaṭipannā saṅghaṃ sobhentīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.018>​[BJT page 018]</​span>  ​
 +
 +20. Yo hoti viyatto ca visārado ca
 +
 +Bahussuto dhammadharo ca hoti,
 +
 +Dhammassa hoti anudhammacārī
 +
 +Sa tādiso vuccati saṅghasobhano. ​
 +
 +21. Bhikkhu ca sīlasampanno bhikkhunī ca bahussutā,
 +
 +Upāsako ca yo saddho yā ca saddhā upāsikā,
 +
 +Ete kho saṅghaṃ sobhenti ete hi saṅghasobhanā'​ti. ​
 +
 +==== (8. Vesārajjasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.1.8>​[4.1.1.8]</​span>​ 8. Cattārimāni bhikkhave tathāgatassa vesārajjāni yehi vesārajjehi samannāgato tathāgato āsabhaṃ ṭhānaṃ paṭijānāti,​ <span pts_page #​pts.009>​[PTS page 009]</​span>​ parisāsu sīhanādaṃ nadati, brahmacakkaṃ pavatteti. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +"​Sammāsambuddhassa te paṭijānato ime dhammā anabhisambuddhāti"​ tatra vata maṃ samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā devo vā māro vā brahmā vā koci vā lokasmiṃ sahadhammena paṭicodessatīti nimittametaṃ bhikkhave na samanupassāmi. Etampahaṃ bhikkhave nimittaṃ asamanupassanto khemappatto abhayappatto vesārajjappatto viharāmi. ​
 +
 +"​Khīṇāsavassa te paṭijānato ime āsavā aparikkhīṇāti"​ tatra vata maṃ samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā devo vā māro vā brahmā vā koci vā lokasmiṃ sahadhammena paṭicodessatīti nimittametaṃ bhikkhave na samanupassāmi. Etampahaṃ bhikkhave nimittaṃ asamanupassanto khemappatto abhayappatto vesārajjappatto viharāmi. ​
 +
 +"Ye kho pana te antarāyikā dhammā vuttā. Te paṭisevato nālaṃ antarāyāyāti"​ tatra vata maṃ samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā devo vā māro vā brahmā vā koci vā lokasmiṃ sahadhammena paṭicodessatīti nimittametaṃ bhikkhave na samanupassāmi. Etampahaṃ bhikkhave nimittaṃ asamanupassanto khemappatto abhayappatto vesārajjappatto viharāmi. ​
 +
 +"Yassa kho pana te atthāya dhammo desito so na niyyāti takkarassa sammā dukkhakkhayāyāti"​ tatra vata maṃ samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā devo vā māro vā brahmā vā koci vā lokasmiṃ sahadhammena paṭicodessatīti nimittametaṃ bhikkhave na samanupassāmi. Etampahaṃ bhikkhave nimittaṃ asamanupassanto khemappatto abhayappatto vesārajjappatto viharāmi. <span bjt_page #​bjt.020>​[BJT page 020]</​span>​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri tathāgatassa vesārajjāni yehi vesārajjehi samannāgato tathāgato āsabhaṃ ṭhānaṃ paṭijānāti,​ parisāsu sīhanādaṃ nadati, brahmacakkaṃ pavattetīti. ​
 +
 +22. Ye keci'​me vādapathā puthussitā yannissitā samaṇabrāhmaṇā ca tathāgataṃ patvā na te bhavanti visāradaṃ vādapathātivattinaṃ.((Vādapathātivattaṃ ​ machasaṃ.))
 +
 +23. Yo dhammacakkaṃ abhibhuyya kevalī((Kevalo ​ machasaṃ. Kevalaṃ ​ syā)) pavattayī sabbabhūtānukampī,​
 +
 +Taṃ tādisaṃ devamanussaseṭṭhaṃ sattā namassanti bhavassa pāragunti. ​
 +
 +==== (9. Taṇhāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.1.9>​[4.1.1.9]</​span>​ 9. <span pts_page #​pts.010>​[PTS page 010]</​span>​ cattāro'​me bhikkhave taṇhuppādā yattha bhikkhuno taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Cīvarahetu vā bhikkhave bhikkhuno taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati. Piṇḍapātahetu vā bhikkhave bhikkhuno taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati. Senāsanahetu vā bhikkhave bhikkhuno taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati. Itibhavābhavahetu vā bhikkhave bhikkhuno taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati.
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro taṇhuppādā yatra bhikkhuno taṇhā uppajjamānā ​
 +
 +Uppajjatīti. ​
 +
 +24. Taṇhādutiyo puriso dīghamaddhāna saṃsaraṃ,​
 +
 +Itthabhāvaññathābhāvaṃ saṃsāraṃ nātivattati. ​
 +
 +25. Etamādīnavaṃ ñatvā taṇhaṃ dukkhassa sambhavaṃ,​
 +
 +Vītataṇho anādāno sato bhikkhu paribbaje'​ti. ​
 +
 +==== (10. Yogasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.1.10>​[4.1.1.10]</​span>​ 10. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave yogā. Katame cattāro? Kāmayogo bhavayogo diṭṭhiyogo avijjāyogo.
 +
 +Katamo ca bhikkhave kāmayogo? Idha bhikkhave ekacco kāmānaṃ samudayañca atthagamañca assādañca ādīnavañca nissaraṇañca yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Tassa kāmānaṃ samudayañca atthagamañca assādañca ādīnavañca nissaraṇañca yathābhūtaṃ appajānato yo kāmesu kāmarāgo kāmanandi kāmasineho kāmamucchā kāmapipāsā kāmapariḷāho kāmajjhosānaṃ kāmataṇhā sānuseti. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave kāmayogo. (Iti kāmayogo) <span bjt_page #​bjt.022>​[BJT page 022]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Bhavayogo ca kathaṃ hoti? Idha bhikkhave ekacco bhavānaṃ samudayañca atthagamañca assādañca ādīnavañca nissaraṇañca yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Tassa bhavānaṃ samudayañca atthagamañca assādañca ādīnavañca nissaraṇañca yathābhūtaṃ appajānato yo bhavesu bhavarāgo bhavanandi bhavasineho bhavamucchā bhavapipāsā bhavapariḷāho bhavajjhosānaṃ bhavataṇhā sānuseti. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave bhavayogo. (Iti kāmayogo bhavayogo)
 +
 +Diṭṭhiyogo ca kathaṃ hoti? Idha bhikkhave ekacco diṭṭhīnaṃ samudayañca atthagamañca assādañca ādīnavañca nissaraṇañca yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Tassa diṭṭhīnaṃ samudayañca atthagamañca assādañca ādīnavañca nissaraṇañca yathābhūtaṃ appajānato <span pts_page #​pts.011>​[PTS page 011]</​span>​ yo diṭṭhisu diṭṭhirāgo diṭṭhinandi diṭṭhisineho diṭṭhimucchā diṭṭhipipāsā diṭṭhipariḷāho diṭṭhiajjhosānaṃ diṭṭhitaṇhā sānuseti. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave diṭṭhiyogo. (Iti kāmayogo bhavayogo diṭṭhiyogo)
 +
 +Avijjāyogo ca kathaṃ hoti? Idha bhikkhave ekacco channaṃ phassāyatanānaṃ samudayañca atthagamañca assādañca ādīnavañca nissaraṇañca yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Tassa channaṃ phassāyatanānaṃ samudayañca atthagamañca assādañca ādīnavañca nissaraṇañca yathābhūtaṃ appajānato yā chasu phassāyatanesu avijjā aññāṇaṃ sānuseti, ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave avijjāyogo. (Iti kāmayogo bhavayogo diṭṭhiyogo avijjāyogo. )
 +
 +Saṃyutto pāpakehi akusalehi dhammehi saṃkilesikehi ponobhavikehi sadarehi dukkhavipākehi āyatiṃ jātijarāmaraṇikehi,​ tasmā ayogakkhemīti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro yogā. ​
 +
 +Cattāro'​me bhikkhave visaṃyogā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Kāmayogavisaṃyogo bhavayogavisaṃyogo diṭṭhiyogavisaṃyogo avijjāyogavisaṃyogo. ​
 +
 +Katamo ca bhikkhave kāmayogavisaṃyogo?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco kāmānaṃ samudayañca atthagamañca assādañca ādīnavañca nissaraṇañca yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Tassa kāmānaṃ samudayañca atthagamañca assādañca ādīnavañca nissaraṇañca yathābhūtaṃ pajānato yo kāmesu kāmarāgo kāmanandi kāmasineho kāmamucchā kāmapipāsā kāmapariḷāho kāmajjhosānaṃ kāmataṇhā sā nānuseti. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave kāmayogavisaṃyogo. (Iti kāmayogavisaṃyogo. ) <span bjt_page #​bjt.024>​[BJT page 024]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Bhavayogavisaṃyogo ca kathaṃ hoti? Idha bhikkhave ekacco bhavānaṃ samudayañca atthagamañca assādañca ādīnavañca nissaraṇañca yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Tassa bhavānaṃ samudayañca atthagamañca assādañca ādīnavañca nissaraṇañca yathābhūtaṃ pajānato yo bhavesu bhavarāgo bhavanandi bhavasineho bhavamucchā bhavapipāsā bhavapariḷāho bhavajjhosānaṃ bhavataṇhā sā nānuseti. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave bhavayogavisaṃyogo. (Iti kāmayogavisaṃyogo bhavayogavisaṃyogo. )
 +
 +Diṭṭhiyogavisaṃyogo ca kathaṃ hoti? Idha bhikkhave ekacco diṭṭhīnaṃ samudayañca atthagamañca assādañca ādīnavañca <span pts_page #​pts.012>​[PTS page 012]</​span>​ nissaraṇañca yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Tassa diṭṭhīnaṃ samudayañca atthagamañca assādañca ādīnavañca nissaraṇañca yathābhūtaṃ pajānato yo diṭṭhīsu diṭṭhirāgo diṭṭhinandi diṭṭhimucchā diṭṭhipipāsā diṭṭhipariḷāho diṭṭhiajjhosānaṃ diṭṭhitaṇhā sā nānuseti. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave diṭṭhiyogavisaṃyogo. (Iti kāmayogavisaṃyogo bhavayogavisaṃyogo diṭṭhiyogavisaṃyogo.)
 +
 +Avijjāyogavisaṃyogo ca kathaṃ hoti? Idha bhikkhave ekacco channaṃ phassāyatanānaṃ samudayañca atthagamañca assādañca ādīnavañca nissaraṇañca yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Tassa channaṃ phassāyatanānaṃ samudayañca atthagamañca assādañca ādīnavañca nissaraṇañca yathābhūtaṃ pajānato yā chasu phassāyatanesu avijjā aññāṇaṃ sā nānuseti. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave avijjāyogavisaṃyogo. (Iti kāmayogavisaṃyogo bhavayogavisaṃyogo diṭṭhiyogavisaṃyogo avijjāyogavisaṃyogo.)
 +
 +Visaṃyutto pāpakehi akusalehi dhammehi saṃkilesikehi ponobhavikehi sadarehi dukkhavipākehi āyatiṃ jātijarāmaraṇikehi. Tasmā yogakkhemīti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro visaṃyogāti. ​
 +
 +26. Kāmayogena saṃyuttā bhavayogena cūbhayaṃ,​
 +
 +Diṭṭhiyogena saṃyuttā avijjāya purakkhatā,​
 +
 +Sattā gacchanti saṃsāraṃ jātimaraṇagāmino. ​
 +
 +27. Ye ca kāme pariññāya bhavayogañca sabbaso,
 +
 +Diṭṭhiyogaṃ samūhacca avijjañca virājayaṃ,​
 +
 +Sabbayogavisaṃyuttā te ve yogātigā munīti. ​
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Bhaṇḍagāmavaggo paṭhamo. ​
 +
 +**Tassuddānaṃ:​**
 +
 +Anubuddhaṃ papatitaṃ dve khataṃ anusotapañcamaṃ,<​span pts_page #​pts.013>​[PTS page 013]</​span>​ appassuto ca sobhenti vesārajjaṃ taṇhāyogena te dasā'​ti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.026>​[BJT page 026]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +===== 2. Caravaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.1.2>​[4.1.2]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v02>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v02]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v02_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Carantasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.2.1>​[4.1.2.1]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ:​) 11. Carato cepi bhikkhave bhikkhuno uppajjati kāmavitakko vā
 +
 +Vyāpādavitakko vā vihiṃsāvitakko vā. Tañca bhikkhu adhivāseti,​ nappajahati,​ na vinodeti, na vyantīkaroti,​ na anabhāvaṃ gameti. Carampi bhikkhave bhikkhu evambhūto anātāpī anottāpī satataṃ samitaṃ kusīto hīnaviriyo'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Ṭhitassa cepi bhikkhave bhikkhuno uppajjati kāmavitakko vā
 +
 +Vyāpādavitakko vā vihiṃsāvitakko vā. Tañca bhikkhu adhivāseti,​ nappajahati,​ na vinodeti, na vyantīkaroti,​ na anabhāvaṃ gameti. Ṭhitopi bhikkhave bhikkhu evambhūto anātāpī anottāpī satataṃ samitaṃ kusīto hīnaviriyo'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Nisinnassa cepi bhikkhave bhikkhuno uppajjati kāmavitakko vā
 +
 +Vyāpādavitakko vā vihiṃsāvitakko vā. Tañca bhikkhu adhivāseti,​ nappajahati,​ na vinodeti, na vyantīkaroti,​ na anabhāvaṃ gameti. Nisinnopi bhikkhave bhikkhu evambhūto anātāpī anottāpī satataṃ samitaṃ kusīto hīnaviriyo'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Sayānassa cepi bhikkhave bhikkhuno jāgarassa uppajjati kāmavitakko vā vyāpādavitakko vā vihiṃsāvitakko vā. Tañca bhikkhu adhivāseti,​ nappajahati,​ na vinodeti, na vyantīkaroti,​ na anabhāvaṃ gameti. Sayānopi bhikkhave bhikkhu jāgaro evambhūto anātāpī anottāpī satataṃ samitaṃ kusīto hīnaviriyo'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Carato cepi bhikkhave bhikkhuno uppajjati kāmavitakko vā
 +
 +Vyāpādavitakko vā vihiṃsāvitakko vā. Tañca bhikkhu nādhivāseti,​ pajahati vinodeti, vyantīkaroti,​ anabhāvaṃ gameti. Carampi bhikkhave bhikkhu evambhūto ātāpī ottāpī satataṃ samitaṃ āraddhaviriyo pahitatto'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Ṭhitassa cepi bhikkhave bhikkhuno uppajjati kāmavitakko vā
 +
 +Vyāpādavitakko vā vihiṃsāvitakko vā. Tañca bhikkhu nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti vyantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Ṭhitopi bhikkhave bhikkhu evambhūto ātāpī ottāpī satataṃ samitaṃ āraddhaviriyo pahitatto'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Nisinnassa cepi bhikkhave bhikkhuno uppajjati kāmavitakko vā
 +
 +Vyāpādavitakko vā vihiṃsāvitakko vā. Tañca bhikkhu nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti vyantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Nisinnopi bhikkhave bhikkhu evambhūto ātāpī ottāpī satataṃ samitaṃ āraddhaviriyo pahitatto'​ti vuccati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.028>​[BJT page 028]</​span>​
 +
 +Sayānassa cepi bhikkhave bhikkhuno jāgarassa uppajjati kāmavitakko vā vyāpādavitakko vā vihiṃsāvitakko vā. Taṃ ca bhikkhu nādhivāseti pajahati, vinodeti, byantīkaroti,​ <span pts_page #​pts.014>​[PTS page 014]</​span>​ anabhāvaṃ gameti. Sayānopi bhikkhave bhikkhu jāgaro evambhūto ātāpī ottāpī satataṃ samitaṃ āraddhaviriyo pahitatto'​ti vuccatīti. ​
 +
 +28. Caraṃ vā yadi vā tiṭṭhaṃ nisinno udavā sayaṃ,
 +
 +Yo vitakkaṃ vitakketi pāpakaṃ gehanissitaṃ. ​
 +
 +29. Kummaggaṃ paṭipanno so mohaneyyesu mucchito,
 +
 +Abhabbo tādiso bhikkhu phuṭṭhuṃ sambodhimuttamaṃ. ​
 +
 +30. Yo caraṃ vā tiṭṭhaṃ vā nisinno udavā sayaṃ,
 +
 +Vitakkaṃ samayitvāna vitakkūpasame rato,
 +
 +Bhabbo so tādiso bhikkhu phuṭṭhuṃ sambodhimuttamanti. ​
 +
 +==== (2. Sīlasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.2.2>​[4.1.2.2]</​span>​ 12. Sampannasīlā bhikkhave viharatha sampannapātimokkhā. Pātimokkhasaṃvarasaṃvutā viharatha ācāragocarasampannā aṇumattesu vajjesu bhayadassāvino. Samādāya sikkhatha sikkhāpadesu. Sampannasīlānāṃ vo bhikkhave viharataṃ sampannapātimokkhānaṃ pātimokkhasaṃvarasaṃvutānaṃ viharataṃ ācāragocarasampannānaṃ aṇumattesu vajjesu bhayadassāvīnaṃ samādāya sikkhataṃ sikkhāpadesu,​ kimassa uttariṃ karaṇīyaṃ?​
 +
 +Carato cepi bhikkhave bhikkhuno abhijjhā vyāpādo vigato
 +
 +Hoti. Thīnamiddhaṃ uddhaccakukkuccaṃ vicikicchā pahīṇā hoti. Āraddhaṃ hoti viriyaṃ asallīnaṃ. Upaṭṭhitā sati apammuṭṭhā. Passaddho kāyo asāraddho. Samāhitaṃ cittaṃ ekaggaṃ. Carampi bhikkhave bhikkhu evambhūto ātāpī ottāpī satataṃ samitaṃ āraddhaviriyo pahitatto'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Ṭhitassa cepi bhikkhave bhikkhuno abhijjhā vyāpādo vigato hoti. Thīnamiddhaṃ uddhaccakukkuccaṃ vicikicchā pahīṇā hoti. Āraddhaṃ hoti viriyaṃ asallīnaṃ. Upaṭṭhitā sati apammuṭṭhā. Passaddho kāyo asāraddho. Samāhitaṃ cittaṃ ekaggaṃ. Ṭhitopi bhikkhave bhikkhu evambhūto ātāpī ottāpī satataṃ samitaṃ āraddhaviriyo pahitatto'​ti vuccati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.030>​[BJT page 030]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Nisinnassa cepi bhikkhave bhikkhuno abhijjhā vyāpādo vigato hoti. Thīnamiddhaṃ uddhaccakukkuccaṃ vicikicchā pahīṇā hoti. Āraddhaṃ hoti viriyaṃ asallīnaṃ. Upaṭṭhitā sati apammuṭṭhā.((Asammūḷhā ​ machasaṃ.)) Passaddho kāyo asāraddho. Samāhitaṃ cittaṃ ekaggaṃ. Nisinnopi bhikkhave bhikkhu evambhūto ātāpī ottāpī satataṃ samitaṃ <span pts_page #​pts.015>​[PTS page 015]</​span>​ āraddhaviriyo pahitatto'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Sayānassa cepi bhikkhave bhikkhuno jāgarassa abhijjhā vyāpādo vigato hoti. Thīnamiddhaṃ uddhaccakukkuccaṃ vicikicchā pahīṇā hoti. Āraddhaṃ hoti viriyaṃ asallīnaṃ. Upaṭṭhitā sati apammuṭṭhā. Passaddho kāyo asāraddho. Samāhitaṃ cittaṃ ekaggaṃ. Sayānopi bhikkhave bhikkhu jāgaro evambhūto ātāpī ottāpī satataṃ samitaṃ āraddhaviriyo pahitatto'​ti vuccatīti. ​
 +
 +31. Yataṃ care yataṃ tiṭṭhe yataṃ acche yataṃ saye,
 +
 +Yataṃ sammiñjaye bhikkhu yatameva naṃ pasāraye. ​
 +
 +32. Uddhaṃ tiriyaṃ apācīnaṃ yāvatā jagato gati,
 +
 +Samavekkhitā ca dhammānaṃ khandhānaṃ udayabbayaṃ. ​
 +
 +33. Cetosamathasāmīciṃ sikkhamānaṃ sadā sataṃ,
 +
 +Satataṃ pahitatto'​ti āhu bhikkhuṃ tathāvidhanti. ​
 +
 +==== (3. Padhānasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.2.3>​[4.1.2.3]</​span>​ 13. Cattārimāni bhikkhave sammappadhānāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu anuppannānaṃ pāpakānaṃ akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ anuppādāya chandaṃ janeti, vāyamati, viriyaṃ ārabhati, cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati. ​
 +
 +Uppannānaṃ pāpakānaṃ akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ pahāṇāya chandaṃ janeti, vāyamati, viriyaṃ ārabhati, cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati. ​
 +
 +Anuppannānaṃ kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ uppādāya chandaṃ janeti, vāyamati, viriyaṃ ārabhati, cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati. ​
 +
 +Uppannānaṃ kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ ṭhitiyā asammosāya bhīyobhāvāya vepullāya bhāvanāya pāripūriyā chandaṃ janeti, vāyamati, viriyaṃ ārabhati, cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri sammappadhānānīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.032>​[BJT page 032]</​span> ​
 +
 +34. Sammappadhānā māradheyyādhibhūtā((Māradheyyābhibhūtaṃ ​ machasaṃ.))
 +
 +Te asitā jātimaraṇabhayassa pāragū,
 +
 +Te tusitā jetvāna māraṃ savāhiniṃ((Savāhanaṃ ​ machasaṃ.))
 +
 +Te anejā (sabbaṃ) namucibalaṃ upātivattā te sukhitāti. ​
 +
 +==== (4. Saṃvarappadhānasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.2.4>​[4.1.2.4]</​span>​ 14. <span pts_page #​pts.016>​[PTS page 016]</​span>​ cattārimāni bhikkhave padhānāni,​ katamāni cattāri? Saṃvarappadhānaṃ pahāṇappadhānaṃ,​ bhāvanappadhānaṃ,​ anurakkhaṇappadhānaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamañca bhikkhave saṃvarappadhānaṃ?​ Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,​ yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ cakkhundriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati,​ rakkhati cakkhundriyaṃ,​ cakkhundriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Sotena saddaṃ sutvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,​ yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ sotindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati,​ rakkhati sotindriyaṃ,​ sotindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Ghāṇena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,​ yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ ghāṇindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati,​ rakkhati ghāṇindriyaṃ,​ ghāṇindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Jivhāya rasaṃ sāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,​ yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ jivhindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati,​ rakkhati jivhindriyaṃ,​ jivhindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Kāyena phoṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,​ yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ kāyindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati,​ rakkhati kāyindriyaṃ,​ kāyindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Manasā dhammaṃ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,​ yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ manindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati,​ rakkhati manindriyaṃ,​ manindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave saṃvarappadhānaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamañca bhikkhave pahāṇappadhānaṃ?​ Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu uppannaṃ kāmavitakkaṃ nādhivāseti,​ pajahati, vinodeti, vyantīkaroti,​ anabhāvaṃ gameti. Uppannaṃ vyāpādavitakkaṃ nādhivāseti,​ pajahati, vinodeti, vyantīkaroti,​ anabhāvaṃ gameti. Uppannaṃ vihiṃsāvitakkaṃ nādhivāseti,​ pajahati, vinodeti, vyantīkaroti,​ anabhāvaṃ gameti. Uppannuppanne pāpake akusale dhamme nādhivāseti,​ pajahati, vinodeti, byantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave pahāṇappadhānaṃ:​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.034>​[BJT page 034]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Katamañca bhikkhave bhāvanappadhānaṃ?​ Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu satisambojjhaṅgaṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodhanissitaṃ vossaggapariṇāmiṃ. Dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgaṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodhanissitaṃ vossaggapariṇāmiṃ. Viriyasambojjhaṅgaṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodhanissitaṃ vossaggapariṇāmiṃ. Pītisambojjhaṅgaṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodhanissitaṃ vossaggapariṇāmiṃ. Passaddhisambojjhaṅgaṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodhanissitaṃ vossaggapariṇāmiṃ. Samādhisambojjhaṅgaṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodhanissitaṃ vossaggapariṇāmiṃ. Upekkhāsambojjhaṅgaṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodhanissitaṃ vossaggapariṇāmiṃ. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave bhāvanappadhānaṃ. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.017>​[PTS page 017]</​span>​ katamañca bhikkhave anurakkhaṇappadhānaṃ?​ Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu uppannaṃ bhaddakaṃ samādhinimittaṃ anurakkhati aṭṭhikasaññaṃ pulavakasaññaṃ vinīlakasaññaṃ vipubbakasaññaṃ vicchiddakasaññaṃ uddhumātakasaññaṃ. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave anurakkhaṇappadhānaṃ. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri padhānānīti. ​
 +
 +36. Saṃvaro ca pahāṇañca bhāvanā anurakkhaṇā,​
 +
 +Ete padhānā cattāro desitādiccabandhunā,​
 +
 +Yehi bhikkhu idhātāpī khayaṃ dukkhassa pāpuṇe'​ti. ​
 +
 +==== (5. Aggapaññattisuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.2.5>​[4.1.2.5]</​span>​ 15. Catasso imā bhikkhave aggapaññattiyo. Katamā catasso?
 +
 +Etadaggaṃ bhikkhave attabhāvīnaṃ yadidaṃ rāhu asurindo.
 +
 +Etadaggaṃ bhikkhave kāmabhogīnaṃ yadidaṃ rājā mandhātā.
 +
 +Etadaggaṃ bhikkhave ādhipateyyānaṃ yadidaṃ māro pāpimā. ​
 +
 +Sadevake bhikkhave loke samārake sabrahmake sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya tathāgato aggamakkhāyati arahaṃ sammāsambuddho. ​
 +
 +Imā kho bhikkhave catasso aggapaññattiyo'​ti
 +
 +37. Rāhaggaṃ((Rāhuggaṃ ​ machasaṃ. )) attabhāvīnaṃ mandhātā kāmabhoginaṃ,​
 +
 +Māro ādhipateyyānaṃ iddhiyā yasasā jalaṃ. ​
 +
 +38. Uddhaṃ tiriyaṃ apācīnaṃ yāvatā jagato gati,
 +
 +Sadevakassa lokassa buddho aggaṃ pavuccatī'​ti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.036>​[BJT page 036]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (6. Sokhummasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.2.6>​[4.1.2.6]</​span>​ 16. Cattārimāni bhikkhave sokhummāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu rūpasokhummena samannāgato hoti paramena, tena ca rūpasokhummena aññaṃ rūpasokhummaṃ uttaritaraṃ vā paṇītataraṃ vā na samanupassati. Tena ca rūpasokhummena aññaṃ rūpasokhummaṃ uttaritaraṃ vā paṇītataraṃ vā na pattheti. ​
 +
 +Vedanāsokhummena <span pts_page #​pts.018>​[PTS page 018]</​span>​ samannāgato hoti paramena. Tena ca vedanāsokhummena aññaṃ vedanāsokhummaṃ uttaritaraṃ vā paṇītataraṃ vā na samanupassati. Tena ca vedanāsokhummena aññaṃ vedanāsokhummaṃ uttaritaraṃ vā paṇītataraṃ vā na pattheti. ​
 +
 +Saññāsokhummena samannāgato hoti paramena. Tena ca saññāsokhummena aññaṃ saññāsokhummaṃ uttaritaraṃ vā paṇītataraṃ vā na samanupassati. Tena ca saññāsokhummena aññaṃ saññāsokhummaṃ uttaritaraṃ vā paṇītataraṃ vā na pattheti. ​
 +
 +Saṃkhārasokhummena samannāgato hoti paramena. Tena ca saṃkhāra sokhummena aññaṃ saṃkhārasokhummaṃ uttaritaraṃ vā paṇītataraṃ vā na samanupassati. Tena ca saṃkhārasokhummena aññaṃ saṃkhāra sokhummaṃ uttaritaraṃ vā paṇītataraṃ vā na pattheti. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri sokhummānīti. ​
 +
 +39. Rūpasokhummataṃ ñatvā vedanānañca sambhavaṃ,​
 +
 +Saññā yato samudeti atthaṃ gacchati yattha ca. 
 +
 +40. Saṃkhāre parato ñatvā dukkhato no ca attato,
 +
 +Sa ve sammaddaso bhikkhu santo santipade rato,
 +
 +Dhāreti antimaṃ dehaṃ jetvā māraṃ savāhininti. ​
 +
 +==== (7. Agatisuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.2.7>​[4.1.2.7]</​span>​ 17. Cattārimāni bhikkhave agatigamanāni katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Chandāgatiṃ gacchati. Dosāgatiṃ gacchati. Mohāgatiṃ gacchati. Bhayāgatiṃ gacchati. Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri agatigamanānīti. ​
 +
 +41. Chandā dosā bhayā mohā yo dhammaṃ ativattati,
 +
 +Nihīyati tassa yaso kālapakkheva candimā'​ti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.038>​[BJT page 038]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (8. Nāgatisuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.2.8>​[4.1.2.8]</​span>​ 18. Cattārimāni bhikkhave nāgatigamanāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Na chandāgatiṃ gacchati. Na dosāgatiṃ gacchati. Na mohāgatiṃ gacchati. Na bhayāgatiṃ gacchati. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri nāgatigamanānīti. ​
 +
 +42. Chandā dosā bhayā mohā yo dhammaṃ nātivattati,​
 +
 +Āpūrati tassa yaso sukkapakkheva candimā'​ti. ​
 +
 +==== (9. Agatināgatisuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.2.9>​[4.1.2.9]</​span>​ 19. Cattārimāni bhikkhave agatigamanāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.019>​[PTS page 019]</​span>​ chandāgatiṃ gacchati. Dosāgatiṃ gacchati. Mohāgatiṃ gacchati. Bhayāgatiṃ gacchati.
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri agatigamanānīti. ​
 +
 +Cattārimāni bhikkhave nāgatigamanāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Na chandāgatiṃ gacchati. Na dosāgatiṃ gacchati. Na mohāgatiṃ gacchati. Na bhayāgatiṃ gacchati.
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri nāgatigamanānīti. ​
 +
 +43. Chandā dosā bhayā mohā yo dhammaṃ ativattati,
 +
 +Nihīyati tassa yaso kālapakkheva candimā'​ti. ​
 +
 +44. Chandā dosā bhayā mohā yo dhammaṃ nātivattati,​
 +
 +Āpūrati tassa yaso sukkapakkheva candimā'​ti. ​
 +
 +==== (10. Bhattuddesasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.2.10>​[4.1.2.10]</​span>​ 20. Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato bhattuddesako yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ niraye. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Chandāgatiṃ gacchati. Dosāgatiṃ gacchati. Mohāgatiṃ gacchati. Bhayāgatiṃ gacchati.
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato bhattuddesako yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ niraye. ​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.040>​[BJT page 040]</​span>​
 +
 +Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato bhattuddesako yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ sagge. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Na chandāgatiṃ gacchati. Na dosāgatiṃ gacchati. Na mohāgatiṃ gacchati. Na bhayāgatiṃ gacchati. ​
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato bhattuddesako yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ saggeti. ​
 +
 +45. Ye keci kāmesu asaññatā janā
 +
 +Adhammikā honti adhammagāravā,​
 +
 +Chandā ca dosā ca bhayā ca gāmino((Chandā dosā mohā ca bhayā gāmino ​ machasaṃ.))
 +
 +Parisakkasāvo((Parisā kasavo ​ machasaṃ.)) ca panesa vuccati.
 +
 +Evaṃ hi vuttaṃ samaṇena jānatā
 +
 +46. Tasmā hi te sappurisā pasaṃsiyā,​
 +
 +Dhamme ṭhitā ye na karonti pāpakaṃ,
 +
 +Na chandadosā na bhayā ca gāmino.
 +
 +Parisāya maṇḍo ca panesa vuccati.
 +
 +Evaṃ hi vuttaṃ samaṇena jānatā'​ti. ​
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Caravaggo dutiyo. ​
 +
 +**Tassuddānaṃ:​**
 +
 +Caraṃ sīlaṃ padhānānī saṃvara paññatti pañcamaṃ,​
 +
 +Sokhummaṃ tayo agati bhattuddesena te dasāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.042>​[BJT page 042]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +===== 3. Uruvelavaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.1.3>​[4.1.3]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v03>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v03]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v03_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Paṭhama uruvelasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.3.1>​[4.1.3.1]</​span>​ 21. <span pts_page #​pts.020>​[PTS page 020]</​span>​ (evaṃ me sutaṃ:) ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme. Tatra kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi bhikkhavo'​ti. Bhadanteti te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca:
 +
 +Ekamidāhaṃ bhikkhave samayaṃ uruvelāyaṃ viharāmi najjā nerañjarāya tīre ajapālanigrodhe paṭhamābhisambuddho.
 +
 +Tassa mayhaṃ bhikkhave rahogatassa patisallīnassa evaṃ cetaso parivitakko udapādi: dukkhaṃ kho agāravo viharati appatisso. Kannu kho ahaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā sakkatvā garukatvā upanissāya vihareyyanti. Tassa mayhaṃ bhikkhave etadahosi:
 +
 +Aparipūrassa kho ahaṃ sīlakkhandhassa pāripūriyā aññaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā sakkatvā garukatvā upanissāya vihareyyaṃ,​ na kho panāhaṃ passāmi sadevake loke samārake sabrahmake sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya aññaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā attanā sīlasampannataraṃ yamahaṃ sakkatvā garukatvā upanissāya vihareyyaṃ. ​
 +
 +Aparipūrassa kho ahaṃ samādhikkhandhassa pāripūriyā aññaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā sakkatvā garukatvā upanissāya vihareyyaṃ,​ na kho panāhaṃ passāmi sadevake loke samārake sabrahmake sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya aññaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā attanā samādhi sampannataraṃ yamahaṃ sakkatvā garukatvā upanissāya vihareyyaṃ. ​
 +
 +Aparipūrassa kho ahaṃ paññākkhandhassa pāripūriyā aññaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā sakkatvā garukatvā upanissāya vihareyyaṃ,​ na kho panāhaṃ passāmi sadevake loke samārake sabrahmake sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya aññaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā attanā paññāsampannataraṃ yamahaṃ sakkatvā garukatvā upanissāya vihareyyaṃ. ​
 +
 +Aparipūrassa kho ahaṃ vimuttikkhandhassa pāripūriyā aññaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā sakkatvā garukatvā upanissāya vihareyyaṃ,​ na kho panāhaṃ passāmi sadevake loke samārake sabrahmake sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya aññaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā attanā vimuttisampannataraṃ yamahaṃ sakkatvā garukatvā upanissāya vihareyyanti. ​
 +
 +Tassa mayhaṃ bhikkhave etadahosi: yannūnāhaṃ yopāyaṃ dhammo mayā abhisambuddho tameva dhammaṃ sakkatvā garukatvā upanissāya vihareyyanti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.044>​[BJT page 044]</​span>​
 +
 +Atha kho bhikkhave brahmā sahampati mama cetasā <span pts_page #​pts.021>​[PTS page 021]</​span>​ cetoparivitakkamaññāya seyyathāpi nāma balavā puriso sammiñjitaṃ(( Samiñjitaṃ ​ machasaṃ.)) vā bāhaṃ pasāreyya, pasāritaṃ vā bāhaṃ sammiñjeyya,​ evamevaṃ brahmaloke antarahito mama purato pāturahosi. ​
 +
 +Atha kho bhikkhave brahmā sahampati ekaṃsaṃ uttarāsaṅgaṃ karitvā dakkhiṇaṃ jāṇumaṇḍalaṃ puthuviyaṃ nihantvā yenāhaṃ tenañjaliṃ paṇāmetvā maṃ etadavoca: evametaṃ bhagavā evametaṃ sugata, yepi te bhante ahesuṃ atītamaddhānaṃ arahanto sammāsambuddhā. Tepi bhagavanto dhammaṃ yeva sakkatvā garukatvā upanissāya vihariṃsu. Yepi te bhante bhavisasanti anāgatamaddhānaṃ arahanto sammāsambuddhā,​ tepi bhagavanto dhammaṃ yeva sakkatvā garukatvā upanissāya viharissanti. Bhagavāpi bhante etarahi arahaṃ sammāsambuddho dhammaṃ yeva sakkatvā garukatvā upanissāya viharatūti. ​
 +
 +Idamavoca brahmā sahampati. Idaṃ vatvā athāparaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +47. Ye cabbhatītā((Ye ca atītā ​ machasaṃ.)) sambuddhā ye ca buddhā anāgatā,
 +
 +Yo cetarahi sambuddho bahunnaṃ sokanāsano. ​
 +
 +48. Sabbe saddhammagaruno vihaṃsu viharanti ca,
 +
 +Athopi viharissanti esā buddhāna dhammatā. ​
 +
 +49. Tasmā hi atthakāmena mahattamabhikaṅkhatā,​
 +
 +Saddhammo garukātabbo saraṃ buddhānasāsananti. ​
 +
 +Idamavoca bhikkhave brahmā sahampati. Idaṃ vatvā maṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā tatthevantaradhāyī. ​
 +
 +Athakhvāhaṃ bhikkhave brahmuno ca ajjhesanaṃ viditvā attano ca patirūpaṃ,​ yopāyaṃ dhammo mayā abhisambuddho tameva dhammaṃ sakkatvā garukatvā upanissāya vihāsiṃ. Yato ca kho bhikkhave saṅghopi mahattena samannāgato atha me saṅghepi (tibba) gāravoti. ​
 +
 +====  (2. Dutiya uruvelasuttaṃ) ====
 +<span para #​para_4.1.3.2>​[4.1.3.2]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ:​) 22. <span pts_page #​pts.022>​[PTS page 022]</​span>​ ekamidāhaṃ bhikkhave samayaṃ uruvelāyaṃ viharāmi najjā nerañjarāya tīre ajapālanigrodhe paṭhamābhisambuddho. Atha kho bhikkhave sambahulā brāhmaṇā jiṇṇā vuddhā mahallakā addhagatā vayoanuppattā yenāhaṃ tenupasaṅkamiṃsu. Upasaṅkamitvā mama saddhiṃ sammodiṃsu. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Ekamantaṃ nisinnā kho bhikkhave te brāhmaṇā maṃ etadavocuṃ:​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.046>​[BJT page 046]</​span>​
 +
 +Sutaṃ netaṃ((Metaṃ ​ si.)) bho gotama na samaṇo gotamo brāhmaṇe jiṇṇe vuddhe mahallake addhagate vayoanuppatte abhivādeti vā paccuṭṭheti vā āsanena vā nimanteti. Tayidaṃ bho gotama tatheva. Nahi bhavaṃ gotamo brāhmaṇe jiṇṇe vuddhe mahallake addhagate vayoanuppatte abhivādeti vā paccuṭṭheti vā āsanena vā nimanteti. Tayidaṃ bho gotama na sampannamevāti. ​
 +
 +Tassa mayhaṃ bhikkhave etadahosi: na vatime((Nayime ​ machasaṃ na vata me.)) āyasmanto jānanti theraṃ vā therakaraṇe vā dhamme. Vuddho cepi bhikkhave hoti āsītiko vā nāvutiko vā vassasatiko vā jātiyā. So ca hoti akālavādī abhūtavādī anatthavādī adhammavādī avinayavādī anidhānavatiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā akālena anapadesaṃ apariyantavatiṃ anatthasaṃhitaṃ. Atha kho so bālo therotveva saṅkhaṃ gacchati. ​
 +
 +Daharo cepi bhikkhave hoti yuvā susukāḷakeso bhaddena yobbanena samannāgato paṭhamena vayasā. So ca hoti kālavādī bhūtavādī atthavādī dhammavādī vinayavādī nidhānavatiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā kālena sāpadesaṃ pariyantavatiṃ atthasaṃhitaṃ. Atha kho so paṇḍito therotveva saṅkhaṃ gacchati.
 +
 +Cattārome, bhikkhave therakaraṇā dhammā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu sīlavā hoti pātimokkhasaṃvarasaṃvuto viharati ācāragocarasampanno aṇumattesu vajjesu bhayadassāvī samādāya sikkhati sikkhāpadesu. Bahussuto <span pts_page #​pts.023>​[PTS page 023]</​span>​ hoti sutadharo sutasannicayo. Ye te dhammā ādikalyāṇā majjhekalyāṇā pariyosānakalyāṇā sātthā savyañjanā kevalaparipuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ abhivadanti. Tathārūpāssa dhammā bahussutā honti dhatā vacasā paricitā manasānupekkhitā diṭṭhiyā suppaṭividdhā. ​
 +
 +Catunnaṃ jhānānaṃ ābhicetasikānaṃ diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārānaṃ nikāmalābhī hoti akicchalābhī akasiralābhī.
 +
 +Āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati.
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro therakaraṇā dhammā ti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.048>​[BJT page 048]</​span>  ​
 +
 +50. Yo uddhatena cittena samphañca bahubhāsati,​
 +
 +Asamāhitasaṅkappo asaddhammarato mago,
 +
 +Ārā so thāvareyyamhā pāpadiṭṭhi anādaro. ​
 +
 +51. Yo ca sīlena sampanno sutavā paṭibhānavā,​
 +
 +Saññato thiradhammesu((Dhīro dhammesu ​ machasaṃ.)) paññāyatthaṃ vipassati,
 +
 +Pāragū sabbadhammānaṃ akhilo paṭibhānavā. ​
 +
 +52. Pahīṇajātimaraṇo brahmacariyassa kevalī,
 +
 +Tamahaṃ vadāmi theroti yassa no santi āsavā,
 +
 +Āsavānaṃ khayā bhikkhu so theroti pavuccatīti. ​
 +
 +==== (3. Lokasuttaṃ) ====
 +<span para #​para_4.1.3.3>​[4.1.3.3]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ:​) 23. Loko bhikkhave tathāgatena abhisambuddho. Lokasmā tathāgato visaṃyutto. Lokasamudayo bhikkhave tathāgatena abhisambuddho. Lokasamudayo tathāgatassa pahīṇo. Lokanirodho bhikkhave tathāgatena abhisambuddho. Lokanirodho tathāgatassa sacchikato. Lokanirodhagāminīpaṭipadā bhikkhave tathāgatena abhisambuddhā. Lokanirodhagāminīpaṭipadā tathāgatassa bhāvitā. ​
 +
 +Yaṃ bhikkhave sadevakassa lokassa samārakassa sabrahmakassa sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya diṭṭhaṃ sutaṃ mutaṃ viññātaṃ pattaṃ <span pts_page #​pts.024>​[PTS page 024]</​span>​ pariyesitaṃ anuvicaritaṃ manasā, sabbaṃ taṃ tathāgatena abhisambuddhaṃ. Tasmā tathāgato'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Yañca bhikkhave rattiṃ tathāgato abhisambujjhati,​ yañca rattiṃ parinibbāyati,​ yaṃ etasmiṃ antare bhāsati lapati niddisati, sabbaṃ taṃ tatheva hoti. No aññathā. Tasmā tathāgato'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Yathāvādī bhikkhave tathāgato tathākārī,​ yathākārī tathāvādī,​ iti
 +
 +Yathāvādī tathākārī yathākārī tathāvādī. Tasmā tathāgato'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +Sadevake bhikkhave loke samārake sabrahmake sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya tathāgato abhibhū anabhibhūto,​ aññadatthu daso vasavattī. Tasmā tathāgato'​ti vuccati. ​
 +
 +53. Sabbalokaṃ((Sabbaṃ lokaṃ ​ ma. Cha. Saṃ.)) abhiññāya sabbaloke yathā tathaṃ,
 +
 +Sabbalokavisaṃyutto sabbaloke anūpayo. <span bjt_page #​bjt.050>​[BJT page 050]</​span>  ​
 +
 +54. Sa ve sabbābhibhū dhīro sabbaganthappamocano,​
 +
 +Phuṭṭhassa paramā santi nibbānaṃ akutobhayaṃ. ​
 +
 +55. "Esa khīṇāsavo buddho anīghocchinnasaṃsayo,​
 +
 +Sabbakammakkhayaṃ patto vimutto upadhisaṅkhaye. ​
 +
 +56. Esa so bhagavā buddho esa sīho anuttaro,
 +
 +Sadevakassa lokassa brahmacakkaṃ pavattayī. "
 +
 +57. Iti devamanussā ca ye buddhaṃ saraṇaṃgatā,​
 +
 +Saṅgamma naṃ namassanti mahantaṃ vītasāradaṃ. ​
 +
 +58. "Danto damayataṃ seṭṭho santo samayataṃ isī,
 +
 +Mutto mocayataṃ aggo tiṇṇo tārayataṃ varo"
 +
 +59. Iti hetaṃ namassanti mahantaṃ vītasāradaṃ,​
 +
 +Sadevakasmiṃ lokasmiṃ natthi te paṭipuggaloti. ​
 +
 +==== (4. Kāḷakārāmasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.3.4>​[4.1.3.4]</​span>​ 24. (Evaṃ me sutaṃ:) ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sākete viharati kāḷakārāme. Tatra kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi bhikkhavoti. Bhadanteti te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca:
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.025>​[PTS page 025]</​span>​ yaṃ bhikkhave sadevakassa lokassa samārakassa sabrahmakassa sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya diṭṭhaṃ sutaṃ mutaṃ viññātaṃ pattaṃ pariyesitaṃ anuvicaritaṃ manasā, tamahaṃ jānāmi. ​
 +
 +Yaṃ bhikkhave sadevakassa lokassa samārakassa sabrahmakassa sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya diṭṭhaṃ sutaṃ mutaṃ viññātaṃ pattaṃ pariyesitaṃ anuvicaritaṃ manasā, tamahaṃ abbhaññāsiṃ. Taṃ tathāgatassa viditaṃ. Taṃ tathāgato na upaṭṭhāsi. ​
 +
 +Yaṃ bhikkhave sadevakassa lokassa samārakassa sabrahmakassa sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya diṭṭhaṃ sutaṃ mutaṃ viññātaṃ pattaṃ pariyesitaṃ anuvicaritaṃ manasā, tamahaṃ jānāmīti vadeyyaṃ, taṃ mama assa musā. <span bjt_page #​bjt.052>​[BJT page 052]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Yaṃ bhikkhave sadevakassa lokassa samārakassa sabrahmakassa sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya diṭṭhaṃ sutaṃ mutaṃ viññātaṃ pattaṃ pariyesitaṃ anuvicaritaṃ manasā, tamahaṃ jānāmi ca na ca jānāmīti vadeyyaṃ, tampassa tādisameva. Tamahaṃ neva jānāmi na najānāmīti vadeyyaṃ, taṃ mama assa kali. 
 +
 +Iti kho bhikkhave tathāgato daṭṭhā daṭṭhabbaṃ diṭṭhaṃ na maññati. Adiṭṭhaṃ na maññati. Daṭṭhabbaṃ na maññati. Daṭṭhāraṃ na maññati. Sutā((Sutvā machasaṃ.)) sotabbaṃ sutaṃ na maññati. Asutaṃ na maññati. Sotabba na maññati. Sotāraṃ na maññati. Mutā((Mutvā ​ machasaṃ)) motabbaṃ mutaṃ na maññati. Amutaṃ na maññati. Motabbaṃ na maññati. Motāraṃ na maññati. Viññātā((Viññatvā ​ machasaṃ.)) viññātabbaṃ viññātaṃ na maññati. Aviññātaṃ na maññati. Viññātabbaṃ na maññati. Viññātāraṃ na maññati. ​
 +
 +Iti kho bhikkhave tathāgato diṭṭhasutamutaviññātabbesu dhammesu tādīyeva tādī. Tamhā ca pana((Tādimhā ​ machasaṃ.)) tāditamhā añño tādī uttaritaro vā paṇītataro vā natthīti vadāmīti. ​
 +
 +60. Yaṃ kiñci diṭṭhaṃ va sutaṃ mutaṃ vā
 +
 +Ajjhositaṃ saccamutaṃ paresaṃ,
 +
 +Na tesu tādī sayasaṃvutesu
 +
 +Saccaṃ musā vāpi paraṃ daheyyaṃ. ​
 +
 +61. Etaṃ ca sallaṃ paṭigacca((Paṭikacca ​ machasaṃ.)) disvā
 +
 +Ajjhositā yattha pajā visattā,<​span pts_page #​pts.026>​[PTS page 026]</​span>​
 +
 +Jānāmi passāmi tatheva etaṃ
 +
 +Ajjhositaṃ natthi tathāgatānanti. ​
 +
 +==== (5. Brahmacariyasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.3.5>​[4.1.3.5]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ:​) 25. Nayidaṃ bhikkhave brahmacariyaṃ vussati janakuhanatthaṃ,​ na janalapanatthaṃ,​ na lābhasakkārasilokānisaṃsatthaṃ,​ na itivādappamokkhānisaṃsatthaṃ,​ na iti maṃ jano jānātūti. Atha kho idaṃ bhikkhave brahmacariyaṃ vussati saṃvaratthaṃ,​ pahāṇatthaṃ,​ virāgatthaṃ,​ nirodhatthanti. ​
 +
 +62. Saṃvaratthaṃ pahāṇatthaṃ brahmacariyaṃ anītihaṃ,​
 +
 +Adesayi so bhagavā nibabānogadhagāminaṃ. ​
 +
 +63. Esa maggo mahantehi anuyāto mahesihi,
 +
 +Ye ca taṃ paṭipajjanti yathā buddhena desitaṃ,
 +
 +Dukkhassantaṃ karissanti satthusāsanakārinoti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.054>​[BJT page 054]</​span>​
 +
 +==== (6. Kuhakasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.3.6>​[4.1.3.6]</​span>​ 26. Ye te bhikkhave bhikkhū kuhā thaddhā lapā siṅgī unnaḷā asamāhitā,​ na me te bhikkhave bhikkhū māmakā. Apagatā ca te bhikkhave bhikkhū imasmā dhammavinayā. Na ca te imasmiṃ dhammavinaye vuddhiṃ virūḷhiṃ vepullaṃ āpajjanti. ​
 +
 +Ye ca kho te bhikkhave bhikkhū nikkuhā nillapā dhīrā atthaddhā susamāhitā,​ te kho me bhikkhave bhikkhū māmakā. Anapagatā ca te bhikkhave bhikkhū imasmā dhammavinayā. Te ca imasmiṃ dhammavinaye vuddhiṃ virūḷhiṃ vepullaṃ āpajjantīti. ​
 +
 +64. Kuhā thaddhā lapā siṅgī unnaḷā asamāhitā,​
 +
 +Na te dhamme virūhanti sammāsambuddhadesite. ​
 +
 +65. Nikkuhā nillapā dhīrā atthaddhā susamāhitā,​
 +
 +Te ve dhamme virūhanti sammāsambuddhadesiteti. ​
 +
 +====  (7. Santuṭṭhisuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.3.7>​[4.1.3.7]</​span>​ 27. Cattārimāni bhikkhave appāni ca sulabhāni ca, anavajjāni tāni ca. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Paṃsukūlaṃ bhikkhave cīvarānaṃ appañca sulabhañca,​ <span pts_page #​pts.027>​[PTS page 027]</​span>​ tañca anavajjaṃ. Piṇḍiyālopo bhikkhave bhojanānaṃ appañca sulabhañca,​ tañca anavajjaṃ. Rukkhamūlaṃ bhikkhave senāsanānaṃ appañca sulabhañca,​ tañca anavajjaṃ. Pūtimuttaṃ bhikkhave bhesajjānaṃ appañca sulabhañca,​ tañca anavajjaṃ. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri appāni ca sulabhāni ca, tāni anavajjāni. ​
 +
 +Yato kho bhikkhave bhikkhu appena ca santuṭṭho hoti sulabhena ca. Idamassāhaṃ aññataraṃ sāmaññaṅganti vadāmīti. ​
 +
 +66. Anavajjena tuṭṭhassa appena sulabhena ca,
 +
 +Na senāsanamārabbha cīvarampānabhojanaṃ,​
 +
 +Vighāto hoti cittassa disā na paṭihaññati. ​
 +
 +67. Ye cassa dhammā akkhātā sāmaññassānulomikā,​
 +
 +Adhiggahītā tuṭṭhassa appamattassa bhikkhunoti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.056>​[BJT page 056]</​span> ​
 +
 +==== (8. Ariyavaṃsasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.3.8>​[4.1.3.8]</​span>​ 28. Cattāro, me bhikkhave ariyavaṃsā aggaññā, rattaññā,​ vaṃsaññā,​ porāṇā, asaṅkiṇṇā,​ asaṅkiṇṇapubbā,​ na saṅkīyanti,​ na saṅkīyissanti,​ appatikuṭṭhā samaṇehi brāhmaṇehi viññūhi. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti((Tuṭṭho ​ machasaṃ.)) itarītarena cīvarena,
 +
 +Itarītaracīvarasantuṭṭhiyā ca vaṇṇavādī. Na ca cīvarahetu anesanaṃ appatirūpaṃ āpajjati. Aladdhā ca cīvaraṃ na paritassati. Laddhā ca cīvaraṃ agathito((Agadhito ​ machasaṃ.)) amucchito anajjhāpanno ādīnavadassāvī nissaraṇapañño paribhuñjati. Tāya va pana itarītaracīvarasantuṭṭhiyā nevattānukkaṃseti. No paraṃ vambheti. So hi tattha dakkho analaso sampajāno patissato. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave bhikkhu porāṇe aggaññe ariyavaṃse ṭhito. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti itarītarena piṇḍapātena,​ itarītarapiṇḍapātasantuṭṭhiyā ca vaṇṇavādī. Na ca piṇḍapātahetu anesanaṃ appatirūpaṃ āpajjati. Aladdhā ca piṇḍapātaṃ na paritassati. Laddhā ca piṇḍapātaṃ agathito amucchito anajjhāpanno ādīnavadassāvī <span pts_page #​pts.028>​[PTS page 028]</​span>​ nissaraṇapañño paribhuñjati. Tāya ca pana itarītarapiṇḍapāta santuṭṭhiyā nevattānukkaṃseti. No paraṃ vambheti. So hi tattha dakkho analaso sampajāno patissato. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave bhikkhu porāṇe aggaññe ariyavaṃse ṭhito. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti itarītarena senāsanena,​ itarītarasenāsanasantuṭṭhiyā ca vaṇṇavādī. Na ca senāsanahetu anesanaṃ appatirūpaṃ āpajjati. Aladdhā ca senāsanaṃ na paritassati. Laddhā ca senāsanaṃ agathito amucchito anajjhāpanno ādīnavadassāvī nissaraṇapañño paribhuñjati. Tāya ca pana itarītarasenāsanasantuṭṭhiyā nevattānukkaṃseti. No paraṃ vambheti. So hi tattha dakkho analaso sampajāno patissato. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave bhikkhu porāṇe aggaññe ariyavaṃse ṭhito. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave bhikkhu bhāvanārāmo hoti bhāvanārato,​ pahānārāmo hoti pahānarato. Tāya ca pana bhāvanārāmatāya bhāvanāratiyā pahānārāmatāya pahānaratiyā nevattānukkaṃseti. No paraṃ vambheti. So hi tattha dakkho analaso sampajāno patissato. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave bhikkhu porāṇe aggaññe ariyavaṃse ṭhito. <span bjt_page #​bjt.058>​[BJT page 058]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro ariyavaṃsā aggaññā, rattaññā,​ vaṃsaññā,​ porāṇā. Asaṅkiṇṇā. Asaṅkiṇṇapubbā,​ na saṅkīyanti,​ na saṅkīyissanti. Appatikuṭṭhā samaṇehi brāhmaṇehi viññūhi. ​
 +
 +Imehi ca pana bhikkhave catūhi ariyavaṃsehi samannāgato bhikkhu puratthimāya cepi disāya viharati, sveva aratiṃ sahati, na taṃ arati sahati. Pacchimāya cepi disāya viharati, sveva aratiṃ sahati, na taṃ arati sahati. Uttarāya cepi disāya viharati, sveva aratiṃ sahati, na taṃ arati sahati. Dakkhiṇāya cepi disāya viharati, sveva aratiṃ sahati, na taṃ arati sahati. Taṃ kissa hetu: aratiratisaho hi bhikkhave dhīroti. ​
 +
 +68. Nārati sahati vīraṃ nārati vīrasaṃhati,​
 +
 +Dhīro ca aratiṃ sahati dhīro hi aratiṃ saho. 
 +
 +69. <span pts_page #​pts.029>​[PTS page 029]</​span>​ sabbakammavihāyinaṃ panunnaṃ ko nivāraye,
 +
 +Nekkhaṃ jambonadasseva ko taṃ ninditumarahati,​
 +
 +Devāpi naṃ pasaṃsanti brahmunāpi pasaṃsitoti. ​
 +
 +==== (9. Dhammapadasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.3.9>​[4.1.3.9]</​span>​ 29. Cattārimāni bhikkhave dhammapadāni aggaññāni,​ rattaññāni,​ vaṃsaññāni,​ porāṇāni,​ asaṅkiṇṇāni,​ asaṅkiṇṇapubbāni,​ na saṅkīyanti,​ na saṅkīyissanti,​ appatikuṭṭhāni samaṇehi brāhmaṇehi viññūhi katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Anabhijjhā bhikkhave dhammapadaṃ aggaññaṃ,​ rattaññaṃ,​ vaṃsaññaṃ,​ porāṇaṃ,​ asaṅkiṇṇaṃ,​ asaṅkiṇṇapubbaṃ,​ na saṅkīyati,​ na saṅkīyissati,​ appatikuṭṭhaṃ samaṇehi brāhmaṇehi viññūhi. ​
 +
 +Avyāpādo bhikkhave dhammapadaṃ aggaññaṃ,​ rattaññaṃ,​ vaṃsaññaṃ porāṇaṃ,​ asaṅkiṇṇaṃ,​ asaṅkiṇṇapubbaṃ,​ na saṅkīyati,​ na saṅkīyissati,​ appatikuṭṭhaṃ samaṇehi brāhmaṇehi viññūhi. <span bjt_page #​bjt.060>​[BJT page 060]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Sammāsati bhikkhave dhammapadaṃ aggaññaṃ,​ rattaññaṃ,​ vaṃsaññaṃ,​ porāṇaṃ,​ asaṅkiṇṇaṃ,​ asaṅkiṇṇapubbaṃ,​ na saṅkīyati,​ na saṅkīyissati. Appatikuṭṭhaṃ samaṇehi brāhmaṇehi viññūhi. ​
 +
 +Sammāsamādhi bhikkhave dhammapadaṃ aggaññaṃ,​ rattaññaṃ,​ vaṃsaññaṃ,​ porāṇaṃ,​ asaṅkiṇṇaṃ,​ asaṅkiṇṇapubbaṃ,​ na saṅkīyati,​ na saṅkīyissati. Appatikuṭṭhaṃ samaṇehi brāhmaṇehi viññūhi. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri dhammapadāni aggaññāni,​ rattaññāni,​ vaṃsaññāni,​ porāṇāni,​ asaṅkiṇṇāni,​ asaṅkiṇṇapubbāni,​ na saṅkīyanti,​ na saṅkīyissanti. Appatikuṭṭhāni samaṇehi brāhmaṇehi viññūhīti. ​
 +
 +70. Anabhijjhālu vihareyya avyāpannena cetasā,
 +
 +Sato ekaggacittassa ajjhattaṃ susamāhitoti. ​
 +
 +==== (10. Paribbājakasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.3.10>​[4.1.3.10]</​span>​ 30. (Evaṃ me sutaṃ) ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā rājagahe viharati gijjhakūṭe pabbate. Tena kho pana samayena sambahulā abhiññātā abhiññātā paribbājakā sappiniyātīre((Sippinikātīre ​ machasaṃ.)) paribbājakārāme paṭivasanti. Seyyathīdaṃ:​ annahāro varadharo sakuludāyī ca paribbājako aññe ca abhiññātā abhiññātā paribbājakā. ​
 +
 +Atha kho bhagavā sāyanhasamayaṃ patisallānā vuṭṭhito yena sappiniyā tīraṃ paribbājakārāmo tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi. Nisajja kho bhagavā te paribbājake etadavoca:
 +
 +Cattārimāni paribbājakā dhammapadāni aggaññāni,​ <span pts_page #​pts.030>​[PTS page 030]</​span>​ rattaññāni,​ vaṃsaññāni,​ porāṇāni,​ asaṅkiṇṇāni,​ asaṅkiṇṇapubbāni,​ na saṅkīyanti,​ na saṅkīyissanti. Appatikuṭṭhāni samaṇehi brāhmaṇehi viññūhi. Katamāni cattāri? ​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.062>​[BJT page 062]</​span> ​
 +
 +Anabhijjhā paribbājakā dhammapadaṃ aggaññaṃ rattaññaṃ vaṃsaññaṃ porāṇaṃ asaṅkiṇṇaṃ asaṅkiṇṇapubbaṃ,​ na saṅkīyati na saṅkīyissati. Appatikuṭṭhaṃ samaṇehi brāhmaṇehi viññūhi. Avyāpādaṃ paribbājakā dhammapadaṃ aggaññaṃ rattaññaṃ vaṃsaññaṃ porāṇaṃ asaṅkiṇṇaṃ asaṅkiṇṇapubbaṃ,​ na saṅkīyati na saṅkīyissati. Appatikuṭṭhaṃ samaṇehi brāhmaṇehi viññūhi. Sammāsati paribbājakā dhammapadaṃ aggaññaṃ rattaññaṃ vaṃsaññaṃ porāṇaṃ asaṅkiṇṇaṃ asaṅkiṇṇapubbaṃ,​ na saṅkīyati na saṅkīyissati. Appatikuṭṭhaṃ samaṇehi brāhmaṇehi viññūhi. Sammāsamādhi paribbājakā dhammapadaṃ aggaññaṃ rattaññaṃ vaṃsaññaṃ porāṇaṃ asaṅkiṇṇaṃ asaṅkiṇṇapubbaṃ,​ na saṅkīyati na saṅkīyissati. Appatikuṭṭhaṃ samaṇehi
 +
 +Brāhmaṇehi viññūhi. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho paribbājakā cattāri dhammapadāni aggaññāni rattaññāni vaṃsaññāni porāṇāni asaṅkiṇṇāni asaṅkiṇṇapubbāni,​ na saṅkīyanti na saṅkīyissanti. Appatikuṭṭhāni samaṇehi brāhmaṇehi viññūhi. ​
 +
 +Yo kho paribbājakā evaṃ vadeyya: ahametaṃ anabhijjhaṃ dhammapadaṃ paccakkhāya abhijjhāluṃ kāmesu tibbasārāgaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā paññāpessāmīti. Tamahaṃ tattha evaṃ vadeyyaṃ: etu. Vadatu. Vyāharatu. Passāmissa ānubhāvanti. ​
 +
 +So vata paribbājakā anabhijjhaṃ dhammapadaṃ paccakkhāya,​ abhijjhāluṃ kāmesu tibbasārāgaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā paññāpessatīti netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. ​
 +
 +Yo kho paribbājakā evaṃ vadeyya: ahametaṃ abyāpādaṃ dhammapadaṃ paccakkhāya byāpannacittaṃ paduṭṭhamanasaṅkappaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā paññāpessāmīti. Tamahaṃ tattha evaṃ vadeyyaṃ: etu. Vadatu. Vyāharatu. Passāmissa ānubhāvanti. ​
 +
 +So vata paribbājakā abyāpādaṃ dhammapadaṃ paccakkhāya,​ byāpannacittaṃ paduṭṭhamanasaṅkappaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā paññāpessatīti netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. ​
 +
 +Yo kho paribbājakā evaṃ vadeyya, ahametaṃ sammāsatiṃ dhammapadaṃ paccakkhāya,​ muṭṭhassatiṃ asampajānaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā paññāpessāmīti. Tamahaṃ tattha evaṃ vadeyyaṃ: etu. Vadatu. Vyāharatu. Passāmissa ānubhāvanti. ​
 +
 +So vata paribbājakā sammāsatiṃ dhammapadaṃ paccakkhāya,​ muṭṭhassatiṃ asampajānaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā paññāpessatīti netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.064>​[BJT page 064]</​span>​
 +
 +Yo kho paribbājakā evaṃ vadeyya: ahametaṃ sammāsamādhiṃ dhammapadaṃ paccakkhāya asamāhitaṃ vibbhantacittaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā paññāpessāmīti. Tamahaṃ tattha evaṃ vadeyyaṃ, etu. Vadatu. <span pts_page #​pts.031>​[PTS page 031]</​span>​ vyāharatu. Passāmissa ānubhāvanti. ​
 +
 +So vata paribbājakā sammāsamādhiṃ dhammapadaṃ paccakkhāya asamāhitaṃ vibbhantacittaṃ samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā paññāpessatīti netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. ​
 +
 +Yo kho paribbājakā imāni cattāri dhammapadāni garahitabbaṃ paṭikkositabbaṃ maññeyya, tassa diṭṭheva dhamme cattāro sahadhammikā vādānupātā gārayhā ṭhānā āgacchanti. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Anabhijjhañce bhavaṃ dhammapadaṃ garahati, paṭikkosati. Ye ca hi abhijjhālū kāmesu tibbasarāgā samaṇabrāhmaṇā,​ te bhoto pujjā. Te bhoto pāsaṃsā. ​
 +
 +Abyāpādañce bhavaṃ dhammapadaṃ garahati, paṭikkosati. Ye ca hi byāpannacittā paduṭṭhamanasaṅkappā samaṇabrāhmaṇā. Te bhoto pujjā. Te bhoto pāsaṃsā.
 +
 +Sammāsatiñce bhavaṃ dhammapadaṃ garahati, paṭikkosati. Ye ca hi muṭṭhassatī asampajānā samaṇabrāhmaṇā,​ te bhoto pujjā. Te bhoto pāsaṃsā. ​
 +
 +Sammāsamādhiñce bhavaṃ dhammapadaṃ garahati, paṭikkosati. Ye ca hi asamāhitā vibbhantacittā samaṇabrāhmaṇā. Te bhoto pujjā. Te bhoto pāsaṃsā. ​
 +
 +Yo kho paribbājakā imāni cattāri dhammapadāni garahitabbaṃ paṭikkositabbaṃ maññeyya, tassa diṭṭheva dhamme ime cattāro sahadhammikā vādānupātā gārayhā ṭhānā āgacchanni. ​
 +
 +Ye pi te paribbājakā ahesuṃ ukkalā vassabhaññā ahetuvādā,​ akiriyavādā,​ natthikavādā. Tepi imāni cattāri dhammapadāni na garahitabbaṃ na paṭikkositabbaṃ amaññiṃsu. Taṃ kissa hetu: nindābyārosā upārambhabhayāti. ​
 +
 +71. Abyāpanno sadā sato ajjhattaṃ susamāhito,​
 +
 +Abhijjhāvinaye sikkhaṃ appamattoti vuccatīti. ​
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Uruvelavaggo tatiyo. ​
 +
 +**Tassuddānaṃ:​**
 +
 +Dve uruvelā loko kāliko brahmacariyena pañcamaṃ,​
 +
 +Kuhaṃ santuṭṭhi vaṃso dhammapadaṃ paribbājakena cāti. ​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.066>​[BJT page 066]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +===== 4. Cakkavaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.1.4>​[4.1.4]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v04>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v04]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v04_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +====  1. Cakkasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.4.1>​[4.1.4.1]</​span>​) (Sāvatthinidānaṃ:​) 31. <span pts_page #​pts.032>​[PTS page 032]</​span>​ cattārimāni bhikkhave cakkāni yehi samannāgatānaṃ devamanussānaṃ catucakkaṃ vattati, yehi samannāgatā devamanussā nacirasseva mahantattaṃ vepullattaṃ pāpuṇanti bhogesu. ​
 +
 +Katamāni cattāri? Patirūpadesavāso,​ sappurisupassayo,​ attasammāpaṇidhi,​ pubbe ca katapuññatā. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri cakkāni, yehi samannāgatānaṃ devamanussānaṃ catucakkaṃ vattati, yehi samannāgatā devamanussā na cirasseva mahantattaṃ vepullattaṃ pāpuṇanti bhogesūti. ​
 +
 +72. Patirūpe((Paṭirūpe ​ syā.)) vase dese ariyacittakaro((Ariyamittakaro ​ syā.)) siyā,
 +
 +Sammāpaṇidhisampanno pubbe puññakato naro,
 +
 +Dhaññaṃ dhanaṃ yaso kitti sukhaṃ cetādhivattatīti.((Cetaṃ dhivattati syā: sīmu.))
 +
 +====  (2. Saṅgahavatthusuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.4.2>​[4.1.4.2]</​span>​) 32. Cattārimāni bhikkhave saṅgahavatthūni.
 +
 +Katamāni cattāri? Dānaṃ, peyyavajjaṃ,​ atthacariyā,​ samānattatā. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri saṅgahavatthūnīti. ​
 +
 +73. Dānaṃ ca peyyavajjañca atthacariyā ca yā idha,
 +
 +Samānattatā ca dhammesu tattha tattha yathārahaṃ,​
 +
 +Ete kho saṅgahā loke rathassāṇīva yāyato. ​
 +
 +74. Ete ca saṅgahā nāssu na mātā puttakāraṇā,​
 +
 +Labhetha mānaṃ pūjaṃ vā pitā vā puttakāraṇā. ​
 +
 +75. Yasmā ca saṅgahā ete samavekkhanti paṇḍitā,​
 +
 +Tasmā mahattaṃ papponti pāsaṃsā ca bhavanti te'​ti. ​
 +
 +==== (3. Sīhasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.4.3>​[4.1.4.3]</​span>​ 33. <span pts_page #​pts.33>​[PTS page 33]</​span>​ sīho bhikkhave migarājā sāyanhasamayaṃ āsayā nikkhamati. Āsayā nikkhamitvā vijambhati. Vijambhitvā samantā catuddisā anuviloketi. Samantā catuddisā anuviloketvā tikkhattuṃ sīhanādaṃ nadati. Tikkhattuṃ sīhanādaṃ naditvā gocarāya pakkamati. Ye kho pana te bhikkhave tiracchānagatā pāṇā sīhassa migarañño nadato saddaṃ suṇanti, te yebhuyyena bhayaṃ saṃvegaṃ santāsaṃ āpajjanti. Bilaṃ
 +
 +Bilāsayā pavisanti. Dakaṃ dakāsayā pavisanti. Vanaṃ vanāsayā pavisanti. Ākāsaṃ pakkhino bhajanti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.068>​[BJT page 068]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Yepi te bhikkhave rañño nāgā gāmanigamarājadhānīsu daḷhehi varattehi bandhanehi baddhā, tepi tāni bandhanāni sañchinditvā sampadāḷetvā bhītā muttakarīsaṃ cajamānā yena vā tena vā palāyanti. Evaṃ mahiddhiyo kho bhikkhave sīho migarājā tiracchānagatānaṃ pāṇānaṃ evaṃ mahesakkho evaṃ mahānubhāvo. ​
 +
 +Evameva kho bhikkhave yadā tathāgato loke uppajjati arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vijjācaraṇasampanno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisadammasārathī satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā. So dhammaṃ deseti: 'iti sakkāyo, iti sakkāyasamudayo,​ iti sakkāya nirodho, iti sakkāyanirodhagāminī paṭipadā'​ti. ​
 +
 +Yepi te bhikkhave devā dīghāyukā vaṇṇavanto sukhabahulā uccesu vimānesu ciraṭṭhitikā,​ tepi tathāgatassa dhammadesanaṃ sutvā yebhuyyena bhayaṃ saṃvegaṃ santāsaṃ āpajjanti. ​
 +
 +Aniccā vata kira bho mayaṃ samānā niccamhā'​ti amaññimha. Addhuvā vata kira bho mayaṃ samānā dhuvamhā'​ti amaññimha. Asassatā vata kira bho mayaṃ samānā sassatamhā'​ti amaññimha. Mayampi kira bho aniccā addhuvā asassatā sakkāyapariyāpannā'​ti. ​
 +
 +Evaṃ mahiddhiyo kho bhikkhave tathāgato sadevakassa lokassa. Evaṃ mahesakkho evaṃ mahānubhāvoti. ​
 +
 +76. <span pts_page #​pts.034>​[PTS page 034]</​span>​ yadā buddho abhiññāya dhammacakkaṃ pavattayi,
 +
 +Sadevakassa lokassa satthā appaṭipuggalo. ​
 +
 +77. Sakkāyañca nirodhañca sakkāyassa ca sambhavaṃ,​
 +
 +Ariyaṃ caṭṭhaṅgikaṃ maggaṃ dukkhūpasamagāminaṃ. ​
 +
 +78. Yepi dīghāyukā devā vaṇṇavanto yasassino,
 +
 +Bhītā santāsamāpāduṃ sīhassevitare migā. ​
 +
 +79. Avītivattā sakkāyaṃ aniccā kira bho mayaṃ,
 +
 +Sutvā arahato vākyaṃ vippamuttassa tādino'​ti. ​
 +
 +1 Udakaṃ udakāsayā machasaṃ <span bjt_page #​bjt.070>​[BJT page 070]</​span>  ​
 +
 +====  (4. Aggappasādasuttaṃ) ====
 +<span para #​para_4.1.4.4>​[4.1.4.4]</​span>​)
 +
 +34. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave aggappasādā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Yāvatā bhikkhave sattā apadā vā dipadā vā catuppadā vā bahuppadā vā rūpino vā arūpino vā saññino vā asaññino vā nevasaññīnāsaññino vā, tathāgato tesaṃ aggamakkhāyati arahaṃ sammāsambuddho. Ye bhikkhave buddhe pasannā, agge te pasannā, agge kho pana pasannānaṃ aggo vipāko hoti. 
 +
 +Yāvatā bhikkhave dhammā saṅkhatā,​ ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo tesaṃ aggamakkhāyati. Ye bhikkhave ariye aṭṭhaṅgike magge pasannā, agge te pasannā. Agge kho pana pasannānaṃ aggo vipāko hoti. 
 +
 +Yāvatā bhikkhave dhammā saṅkhatā vā asaṅkhatā vā, virāgo tesaṃ dhammānaṃ aggamakkhāyati. Yadidaṃ madanimmadano pipāsavinayo ālayasamugghāto vaṭṭupacchedo taṇhakkhayo virāgo nirodho nibbānaṃ. Ye bhikkhave dhamme pasannā, agge te pasannā. Agge kho pana pasannānaṃ aggo vipāko hoti. 
 +
 +Yāvatā bhikkhave saṅghā vā gaṇā vā, tathāgatasāvakasaṅgho tesaṃ aggamakkhāyati. Yadidaṃ cattāri purisayugāni aṭṭhapurisapuggalā esa bhagavato sāvakasaṅgho āhuneyyo pāhuṇeyyo dakkhiṇeyyo añjalikaraṇīyo anuttaraṃ puññakkhettaṃ lokassa. <span pts_page #​pts.035>​[PTS page 035]</​span>​ ye bhikkhave saṅghe pasannā, agge te pasannā. Agge kho pana pasannānaṃ aggo vipāko hoti. 
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro aggappasādāti. ​
 +
 +80. Aggato ve pasannānaṃ aggaṃ dhammaṃ vijānataṃ,​
 +
 +Agge buddhe pasannānaṃ dakkhiṇeyye anuttare. ​
 +
 +81. Agge dhamme pasannānaṃ virāgūpasame sukhe,
 +
 +Agge saṅghe pasannānaṃ puññakkhette anuttare. ​
 +
 +82. Aggasmiṃ dānaṃ dadataṃ aggaṃ puññaṃ pavaḍḍhati,​
 +
 +Aggaṃ āyuṃ((Āyu ca: machasaṃ.)) ca vaṇṇo ca yaso kitti sukhaṃ balaṃ. ​
 +
 +83. Aggassa dātā medhāvī aggadhammasamāhito,​
 +
 +Devabhūto manusso vā aggappatto pamodatīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.072>​[BJT page 072]</​span>  ​
 +
 +====  (5. Vassakārasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.4.5>​[4.1.4.5]</​span>​) 35. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā rājagahe viharati veḷuvane kalandakanivāpe. Atha kho vassakāro brāhmaṇo magadhamahāmatto yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho vassakāro brāhmaṇo magadhamahāmatto bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: ​
 +
 +Catūhi kho mayaṃ bho gotama dhammehi samannāgataṃ mahāpaññaṃ mahāpurisaṃ paññapema. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Idha bho gotama bahussuto hoti tassa tasseva sutajātassa. Tassa tasseva kho pana bhāsitassa atthaṃ jānāti '​ayaṃ imassa bhāsitassa attho, ayaṃ imassa bhāsitassa attho'​ti. Satimā kho pana hoti cirakatampi cirabhāsitampi saritā anussaritā. Yāni kho pana tāni gahaṭṭhakāni kiṅkaraṇīyāni,​ tattha dakkho hoti, analaso tatrūpāyavīmaṃsāya samannāgato alaṃ kātuṃ alaṃ saṃvidhātuṃ. Imehi kho mayaṃ bho gotama catūhi dhammehi samannāgataṃ mahāpaññaṃ mahāpurisaṃ paññapema. Sace pana me bho gotama anumoditabbaṃ,​ anumodatu me bhavaṃ gotamo. Sace pana me bho gotama paṭikkositabbaṃ,​ paṭikkosatu me bhavaṃ gotamoti. ​
 +
 +Neva kho tyāhaṃ brāhmaṇa anumodāmi. Na pana paṭikkosāmi. <span pts_page #​pts.036>​[PTS page 036]</​span>​ catūhi kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa dhammehi samannāgataṃ mahāpaññaṃ mahāpurisaṃ paññapemi. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Idha brāhmaṇa bahujanahitāya paṭipanno hoti bahujanasukhāya bahu'​ssa janatā ariye ñāye patiṭṭhāpitā,​ yadidaṃ kalyāṇadhammatā kusaladhammatā. ​
 +
 +So yaṃ vitakkaṃ ākaṅkhati vitakketuṃ. Taṃ vitakkaṃ vitakketi. Yaṃ vitakkaṃ nākaṅkhati vitakketuṃ,​ na taṃ vitakkaṃ vitakketi. Yaṃ saṅkappaṃ ākaṅkhati saṅkappetuṃ,​ taṃ saṅkappaṃ saṅkappeti. Yaṃ saṅkappaṃ nākaṅkhati saṅkappetuṃ,​ na taṃ saṅkappaṃ saṅkappeti. Iti cetovasippatto hoti vitakkapathesu. ​
 +
 +Catunnaṃ jhānānaṃ ābhicetasikānaṃ diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārānaṃ nikāmalābhī hoti akicchalābhī akasiralābhī. ​
 +
 +Āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.074>​[BJT page 074]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Neva kho tyāhaṃ brāhmaṇa anumodāmi. Na pana paṭikkosāmi. Imehi kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa catūhi dhammehi samannāgataṃ mahāpaññaṃ mahāpurisaṃ paññapemīti. ​
 +
 +Acchariyaṃ bho gotama. Abbhutaṃ bho gotama. Yāvasubhāsitaṃ cidaṃ bhotā gotamena. Imehi ca mayaṃ catūhi dhammehi samannāgataṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ dhārema. ​
 +
 +Bhavaṃ hi gotamo bahujanahitāya paṭipanno bahujanasukhāya,​ bahu te janatā ariye ñāye patiṭṭhāpitā yadidaṃ kalyāṇadhammatā kusaladhammatā. ​
 +
 +Bhavaṃ hi gotamo yaṃ vitakkaṃ ākaṅkhati vitakketuṃ,​ taṃ vitakkaṃ vitakketi. Yaṃ vitakkaṃ nākaṅkhati vitakketuṃ,​ na taṃ vitakkaṃ vitakketi. Yaṃ saṅkappaṃ ākaṅkhati saṅkappetuṃ,​ taṃ saṅkappaṃ saṅkappeti. Yaṃ saṅkappaṃ nākaṅkhati saṅkappetuṃ,​ na taṃ saṅkappaṃ saṅkappeti. Bhavaṃ hi gotamo cetovasippatto vitakkapathesu. ​
 +
 +Bhavaṃ hi gotamo catunnaṃ jhānānaṃ ābhicetasikānaṃ diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārānaṃ nikāmalābhī akicchalābhī akasiralābhī. ​
 +
 +Bhavaṃ hi gotamo āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharatīti. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.037>​[PTS page 037]</​span>​ addhā kho te brāhmaṇa āsajja upanīyavācā bhāsitā. Api ca tyāhaṃ vyākarissāmi:​
 +
 +Ahaṃ hi brāhmaṇa bahujanahitāya paṭipanno bahujanasukhāya,​ bahu me janatā ariye ñāye patiṭṭhāpitā yadidaṃ kalyāṇadhammatā kusaladhammatā. ​
 +
 +Ahaṃ hi brāhmaṇa yaṃ vitakkaṃ ākaṅkhāmi vitakketuṃ,​ taṃ vitakkaṃ vitakkemi. Yaṃ vitakkaṃ nākaṅkhāmi vitakketuṃ,​ na taṃ vitakkaṃ vitakkemi. Yaṃ saṅkappaṃ ākaṅkhāmi saṅkappetuṃ,​ taṃ saṅkappaṃ saṅkappemi. Yaṃ saṅkappaṃ nākaṅkhāmi saṅkappetuṃ,​ na taṃ saṅkappaṃ saṅkappemi. ​
 +
 +Ahaṃ hi brāhmaṇa cetovasippatto vitakkapathesu. Ahaṃ hi brāhmaṇa catunnaṃ jhānānaṃ ābhicetasikānaṃ diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārānaṃ nikāmalābhī akicchalābhī akasiralābhī. ​
 +
 +Ahaṃ hi brāhmaṇa āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharāmīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.076>​[BJT page 076]</​span>​
 +
 +84. Yo vedi sabbasattānaṃ maccupāsā pamocanaṃ,​
 +
 +Hitaṃ devamanussānaṃ ñāyaṃ dhammaṃ pakāsayī,
 +
 +Yaṃ ve disvā ca sutvā ca pasīdati bahujjano. ​
 +
 +85. Maggāmaggassa kusalo katakicco anāsavo,
 +
 +Buddho antimasārīro mahāpañño mahāpurisoti vuccatīti. ​
 +
 +==== (6. Doṇa(loka)suttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.4.6>​[4.1.4.6]</​span>​((* Uddāne '​loke'​ ti suttanāmaṃ.)) 36. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā antarā ca ukkaṭṭhaṃ antarā ca setavyaṃ addhānamaggapaṭipanno hoti. Doṇopi sudaṃ brāhmaṇo antarā ca ukkaṭṭhaṃ antarā ca setavyaṃ addhānamaggapaṭipanno hoti. Addasā kho doṇo brāhmaṇo bhagavato pādesu cakkāni sahassārāni sanemikāni sanābhikāni sabbākāraparipūrāni. Disvānassa etadahosi: "​acchariyaṃ vata bho. Abbhutaṃ vata bho na vatimāni manussabhūtassa pādāni bhavissanti"​ ti. 
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.038>​[PTS page 038]</​span>​ atha kho bhagavā maggā okkamma aññatarasmiṃ rukkhamūle nisīdi, pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā ujuṃ kāyaṃ panidhāya parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhapetvā. ​
 +
 +Atha kho doṇo brāhmaṇo bhagavato pādāni anugacchanto addasa bhagavantaṃ aññatarasmiṃ rukkhamūle nisinnaṃ pāsādikaṃ pasādanīyaṃ santindriyaṃ santamānasaṃ uttamadamathasamathamanuppattaṃ dantaṃ guttaṃ saṃyatindriyaṃ nāgaṃ. Disvā yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +Devo no bhavaṃ bhavissatīti?​ Na kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa devo bhavissāmīti. Gandhabbo no bhavaṃ bhavissatīti?​ Na kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa gandhabbo bhavissāmīti. Yakkho no bhavaṃ bhavissatīti?​ Na kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa yakkho bhavissāmīti. Manusso no bhavaṃ bhavissatīti?​ Na kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa manusso bhavissāmīti. ​
 +
 +Devo no bhavaṃ bhavissatīti iti puṭṭho samāno 'na kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa devo bhavissāmī'​ ti vadesi. Gandhabbo no bhavaṃ bhavissatīti iti puṭṭho samāno'​na kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa gandhabbo bhavissāmī'​ ti vadesi. Yakkho no bhavaṃ bhavissatīti iti puṭṭho samāno 'na kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa yakkho bhavissāmī'​ti vadesi. Manusso no bhavaṃ bhavissatīti iti puṭṭho samāno ' na kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa manusso bhavissāmī'​ ti vadesi. Atha ko carahi bhavaṃ bhavissatīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.078>​[BJT page 078]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Yesaṃ kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa āsavānaṃ appahīṇattā devo bhaveyyaṃ,​ te me āsavā pahīṇā ucchinnamūlā tālāvatthukatā anabhāvakatā āyatiṃ anuppādadhammā. Yesaṃ kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa āsavānaṃ appahīṇattā gandhabbo bhaveyyaṃ,​ te me āsavā pahīṇā ucchinnamūlā tālāvatthukatā anabhāvakatā āyatiṃ anuppādadhammā. Yesaṃ kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa āsavānaṃ appahīṇattā yakkho bhaveyyaṃ,​ te me āsavā pahīṇā ucchinnamūlā tālāvatthukatā anabhāvakatā āyatiṃ anuppādadhammā. Yesaṃ kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa āsavānaṃ appahīṇattā manusso bhaveyyaṃ,​ te me āsavā pahīṇā ucchinnamūlā tālāvatthukatā anabhāvakatā āyatiṃ anuppādadhammā. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi brāhmaṇa uppalaṃ vā padumaṃ vā puṇḍarīkaṃ vā udake jātaṃ udake saṃvaḍḍhaṃ udakaṃ accuggamma ṭhāti <span pts_page #​pts.039>​[PTS page 039]</​span>​ anupalittaṃ udakena. Evameva kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa loke jāto loke saṃvaḍḍho lokaṃ abhibhuyya viharāmi anupalitto lokena. Buddhoti maṃ brāhmaṇa dhārehīti. ​
 +
 +86. Yena devūpapatyassa gandhabbo vā vihaṅgamo,​
 +
 +Yakkhattaṃ yena gaccheyyaṃ manussattañca abbaje,​((Abbhaje ​ syā. Aṇḍaje ​ sīmu.))
 +
 +Te mayhaṃ āsavā khīṇā viddhastā vinalīkatā. ​
 +
 +87. Puṇḍarīkaṃ yathā vaggu((Uggaṃ ​ syā.)) toyena nūpalippati,​
 +
 +Nūpalittomhi((Kupalippāmi ​ syā. Machasaṃ nūpalimpāti ​ ka.)) lokena tasmā buddhosmi brāhmaṇāti. ​
 +
 +==== (7. Aparihāniya suttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.4.7>​[4.1.4.7]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ) 37. Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu abhabbo parihānāya nibbānasseva santike. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu sīlasampanno hoti, indriyesu guttadvāro hoti, bhojane mattaññū hoti, jāgariyaṃ anuyutto hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave bhikkhu sīlasampanno hoti: idha bhikkhave bhikkhu sīlavā hoti, pātimokkhasaṃvarasaṃvuto viharati, ācāragocarasampanno aṇumattesu vajjesu bhayadassāvī samādāya sikkhati sikkhāpadesu. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu sīlasampanno hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave bhikkhu indriyesu guttadvāro hoti: idha bhikkhave bhikkhu cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ cakkhundriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati cakkhundriyaṃ. Cakkhundriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. ​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.080>​[BJT page 080]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Sotena saddaṃ sutvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī
 +
 +Yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ sotindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati sotindriyaṃ sotindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Ghāṇena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ ghāṇindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati ghāṇindriyaṃ. Ghāṇindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Jivhāya rasaṃ sāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ jivhindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati jivhindriyaṃ. Jivhindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Kāyena phoṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ kāyindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati kāyindriyaṃ. Kāyindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Manasā dhammaṃ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ manindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā <span pts_page #​pts.040>​[PTS page 040]</​span>​ dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati manindriyaṃ. Manindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu indriyesu guttadvāro hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave bhikkhu bhojane mattaññū hoti: idha bhikkhave bhikkhu paṭisaṅkhā yoniso āhāraṃ āhāreti: neva davāya na madāya na maṇḍanāya na vibhūsanāya yāvadeva imassa kāyassa ṭhitiyā yāpanāya vihiṃsūparatiyā brahmacariyānuggahāya. Iti purāṇañca vedanaṃ paṭihaṅkhāmi navañca vedanaṃ na uppādessāmi,​ yātrā ca me bhavissati anavajjatā ca phāsuvihāro cāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu bhojane mattaññū hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave bhikkhu jāgariyaṃ anuyutto hoti: idha bhikkhave bhikkhu divasaṃ caṅkamena nisajjāya āvaraṇīyehi dhammehi cittaṃ parisodheti,​ rattiyā paṭhamaṃ yāmaṃ caṅkamena nisajjāya āvaraṇīyehi dhammehi cittaṃ parisodheti,​ rattiyā majjhimaṃ yāmaṃ dakkhiṇena passena sīhaseyyaṃ kappeti pāde pādaṃ accādhāya sato sampajāno uṭṭhānasaññaṃ manasi karitvā rattiyā pacchimaṃ yāmaṃ paccuṭṭhāya caṅkamena nisajjāya āvaraṇīyehi dhammehi cittaṃ parisodheti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu jāgariyaṃ anuyutto hoti. 
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu abhabbo parihānāya. Nibbānasseva santiketi. ​
 +
 +88. Sīle patiṭṭhito bhikkhu indriyesu ca saṃvuto,
 +
 +Bhojanamhi ca mattaññū jāgariyaṃ anuyuñjati. ​
 +
 +89. Evaṃ viharamānāpī ahorattamatandito,​
 +
 +Bhāvayaṃ kusalaṃ dhammaṃ yogakkhemassa pattiyā. ​
 +
 +90. Appamādarato bhikkhu pamāde bhayadassi vā,
 +
 +Abhabbo parihānāya nibbānasseva santiketi. ​
 +
 +==== (8. Patilīnasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.4.8>​[4.1.4.8]</​span>​ 38. <span pts_page #​pts.041>​[PTS page 041]</​span>​ panunnapaccekasacco bhikkhave bhikkhu samavayasaṭṭhesano((Samavayasaccesano ​ sīmu:)) passaddhakāyasaṅkhāro patilīnoti vuccati. ​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.082>​[BJT page 082]</​span>​
 +
 +//1. Viharamāno pi sīmu. Vihārī ātāpi ​ machasaṃ [No anchor for footnote]//
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave bhikkhu panunnapaccekasacco hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhuno yāni tāni, puthusamaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ puthupaccekasaccāni seyyathīdaṃ:​ sassato lokoti vā asassato lokoti vā antavā lokoti vā anantavā lokoti vā taṃ jīvaṃ taṃ sarīranti vā aññaṃ jīvaṃ aññaṃ sarīranti vā hoti tathāgato parammaraṇāti vā na hoti tathāgato parammaraṇāti vā hoti ca na hoti ca tathāgato parammaraṇāti vā neva hoti na na hoti tathāgato parammaraṇāti vā sabbānissa tāni panunnāni honti, cattāni, vantāni, muttāni, pahīṇāni,​ paṭinissaṭṭhāni. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu panunnapaccekasacco hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave bhikkhu samavayasaṭṭhesano hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhuno kāmesanā pahīṇā hoti. Bhavesanā pahīṇā hoti. Brahmacariyesanā paṭippassaddhā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu samavayasaṭṭhesano hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave bhikkhu passaddhakāyasaṅkhāro hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu sukhassa ca pahāṇā dukkhassa ca pahānā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamā adukkhaṃ asukhaṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu passaddhakāyasaṅkhāro hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave bhikkhu patilīno hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhuno asmimāno pahīṇo hoti. Ucchinnamūlo,​ tālāvatthukato,​ anabhāvakato,​ āyatiṃ anuppādadhammo. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu patilīno hoti. 
 +
 +Panunnapaccekasacco bhikkhave bhikkhu samavayasaṭṭhesano passaddhakāyasaṅkhāro patilīnoti vuccatīti. ​
 +
 +91. <span pts_page #​pts.042>​[PTS page 042]</​span>​ kāmesanā bhavesanā brahmacariyesanā saha,
 +
 +Iti saccaparāmāso diṭṭhiṭṭhānā samussayā. ​
 +
 +92. Sabbarāgavirattassa taṇhakkhayavimuttino,​
 +
 +Esanā paṭinissaṭṭhā diṭṭhiṭṭhānaṃ samūhatā. ​
 +
 +93. Sa ve santo sato bhikkhu passaddho aparājito,
 +
 +Mānābhisamayā buddho patilīnoti vuccatīti. ​
 +
 +<span bjt_page #​bjt.084>​[BJT page 084]</​span>  ​
 +
 +====  (9. Ujjāyasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.4.9>​[4.1.4.9]</​span>​ 39. Atha kho ujjāyo brāhmaṇo yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho ujjāyo brāhmaṇo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +Bhavampi no gotamo yaññaṃ vaṇṇetīti?​
 +
 +Na kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa sabbaṃ yaññaṃ vaṇṇemi. Na panāhaṃ brāhmaṇa sabbaṃ yaññaṃ na vaṇṇemi. Yathārūpe kho brāhmaṇa yaññe gāvo haññanti, ajeḷakā haññanti, kukkuṭasūkarā haññanti, vividhā pāṇā saṅghātaṃ āpajjanti, evarūpaṃ kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa sārambhaṃ yaññaṃ na vaṇṇemi. Taṃ kissa hetu? Evarūpaṃ hi brāhmaṇa sārambhaṃ yaññaṃ na upasaṅkamanti arahanto vā arahamaggaṃ vā samāpannā. ​
 +
 +Yathārūpe ca kho brāhmaṇa yaññe na gāvo haññanti, na ajeḷakā haññanti, na kukkuṭasūkarā haññanti, na vividhā pāṇā saṅghātaṃ āpajjanti. Evarūpaṃ kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa nirārambhaṃ yaññaṃ vaṇṇemi. Yadidaṃ niccadānaṃ anukūlayaññaṃ. Taṃ kissa hetu: evarūpaṃ hi brāhmaṇa nirārambhaṃ yaññaṃ upasaṅkamanti arahanto vā arahamaggaṃ vā samāpannāti. ​
 +
 +94. Assamedhaṃ purisamedhaṃ sammāpāsaṃ vājapeyyaṃ niraggalaṃ,​
 +
 +Mahāyaññā mahārambhā na te honti mahapphalā. <span pts_page #​pts.043>​[PTS page 043]</​span>​
 +
 +95. Ajeḷakā ca gāvo ca vividhā yattha haññare,
 +
 +Na taṃ sammaggatā yaññaṃ upayanti mahesino. ​
 +
 +96. Yaṃ ca yaññaṃ((Ye ca yaññā ​ ma. Cha. Saṃ.)) nirārambhaṃ yajanti anukulaṃ sadā,
 +
 +Ajeḷakā ca gāvo ca vividhā nettha haññare. ​
 +
 +97. Taṃ ca sammaggatā yaññaṃ upayanti mahesino,
 +
 +Etaṃ yajetha medhāvī eso yañño mahapphalo. ​
 +
 +98. Etaṃ hi((Evaṃ ​ syā.)) yajamānassa seyyo hoti na pāpiyo,
 +
 +Yañño ca vipulo hoti pasīdanti ca devatāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.086>​[BJT page 086]</​span>​
 +
 +==== (10. Udāyīsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.4.10>​[4.1.4.10]</​span>​ 40. Atha kho udāyī brāhmaṇo yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho udāyī brāhmaṇo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +Bhavampi no gotamo yaññaṃ vaṇṇetīti?​
 +
 +Na kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa sabbaṃ yaññaṃ vaṇṇemi. Na panāhaṃ brāhmaṇa sabbaṃ yaññaṃ na vaṇṇemi. Yathārūpe kho brāhmaṇa yaññe gāvo haññanti. Ajeḷakā haññanti. Kukkuṭasūkarā haññanti. Vividhā pāṇā saṅghātaṃ āpajjanti. Evarūpaṃ kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa sārambhaṃ yaññaṃ na vaṇṇemi. Taṃ kissa hetu: evarūpaṃ hi brāhmaṇa sārambhaṃ yaññaṃ na upasaṅkamanti arahanto vā arahamaggaṃ vā samāpannā. ​
 +
 +Yathārūpe ca kho brāhmaṇa yaññe neva gāvo haññanti. Na ajeḷakā haññanti. Na kukkuṭasūkarā haññanti. Na vividhā pāṇā saṅghātaṃ āpajjanti. Evarūpaṃ kho ahaṃ brāhmaṇa nirārambhaṃ yaññaṃ vaṇṇemi yadidaṃ niccadānaṃ anukūlayaññaṃ. Taṃ kissa hetu: evarūpaṃ hi brāhmaṇa nirārambhaṃ yaññaṃ upasaṅkamanti arahanto vā arahamaggaṃ((Arahattamaggaṃ vā  machasaṃ.)) vā samāpannāti. ​
 +
 +99. Abhisaṅkhataṃ nirārambhaṃ yaññaṃ kālena kappiyaṃ,
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.044>​[PTS page 044]</​span>​ tādisaṃ upasaṃyanti saññatā brahmacārayo. ​
 +
 +100. Vivattacchaddā((Vivaṭṭacchadā ​ machasaṃ.)) ye loke vītivattā kulaṃ gatiṃ,
 +
 +Yañña((Havyaṃ ​ syā.)) metaṃ pasaṃsanti buddhā puññassa((Yaññassa kovidā ​ machasaṃ.)) kovidā. ​
 +
 +101. Yaññe vā yadi vā saddhe hutaṃ katvā yathārahaṃ,​
 +
 +Pasannacitto yajati sukhette brahmacārisu. ​
 +
 +102. Suhutaṃ suyiṭṭhaṃ suppattaṃ dakkhiṇeyyesu yaṃ kataṃ,
 +
 +Yañño ca vipulo hoti pasīdanti ca devatā. ​
 +
 +103. Evaṃ yajitvā medhāvī saddho muttena cetasā,
 +
 +Abyāpajjhaṃ sukhaṃ lokaṃ paṇḍito upapajjatīti. ​
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Cakkavaggo catuttho.
 +
 +**Tassuddānaṃ:​**
 +
 +Cakko saṅgaho sīho pasādo vassakāreṇa pañcamaṃ,​
 +
 +Loke aparihāniyo patilīnena ujjāyo udāyinā te dasāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.088>​[BJT page 088]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +===== 5. Rohitassavaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.1.5>​[4.1.5]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v05>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v05]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v05_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Samādhibhāvanāsuttaṃ) ====
 +<span para #​para_4.1.5.1>​[4.1.5.1]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ:​) 41. Catasso imā bhikkhave samādhibhāvanā. Katamā catasso?
 +
 +Atthi bhikkhave samādhibhāvanā bhāvitā bahulīkatā diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Atthi bhikkhave samādhibhāvanā bhāvitā bahulīkatā ñāṇadassanapaṭilābhāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Atthi bhikkhave samādhibhāvanā bhāvitā bahulīkatā satisampajaññāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Atthi bhikkhave samādhibhāvanā bhāvitā bahulīkatā āsavānaṃ khayāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.045>​[PTS page 045]</​span>​ katamā ca bhikkhave samādhibhāvanā bhāvitā bahulīkatā diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārāya saṃvattati:​
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampajāno, sukhañca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti yaṃ taṃ ariyā ācikkhanti '​upekkhako satimā sukhavihārī'​ti tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Sukhassa ca pahāṇā dukkhassa ca pahāṇā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthagamā adukkhaṃ asukhaṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave samādhibhāvanā bhāvitā bahulīkatā
 +
 +Diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave samādhibhāvanā bhāvitā bahulīkatā ñāṇadassanapaṭilābhāya saṃvattati: ​
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu ālokasaññaṃ manasi karoti, divāsaññaṃ adhiṭṭhāti,​ yathā divā tathā rattiṃ, yathā rattiṃ tathā divā. Iti vivaṭena cetasā apariyonaddhena sappabhāsaṃ cittaṃ bhāveti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave samādhibhāvanā bhāvitā bahulīkatā ñāṇadassanapaṭilābhāya saṃvattati:​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave samādhibhāvanā bhāvitā bahulīkatā satisampajaññāya saṃvattati:​
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave bhikkhuno viditā vedanā uppajjanti. Viditā upaṭṭhahanti. Viditā abbhatthaṃ gacchanti. Viditā saññā uppajjanti. Viditā upaṭṭhahanti. Viditā abbhatthaṃ gacchanti. Viditā vitakkā uppajjanti viditā upaṭṭhahanti. Viditā abbhatthaṃ gacchanti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave samādhibhāvanā bhāvitā bahulīkatā satisampajaññāya saṃvattati.
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave samādhibhāvanā bhāvitā bahulīkatā āsavānaṃ khayāya saṃvattati:​
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu pañcupādānakkhandhesu udayabbayānupassī viharati. Iti rūpaṃ iti rūpassa samudayo, iti rūpassa atthaṅgamo. Iti vedanā, iti vedanāya samudayo, iti vedanāya atthaṅgamo. Iti saññā, iti saññāya samudayo, iti saññāya atthaṅgamo. Iti saṃkhārā,​ iti saṃkhārānaṃ samudayo, iti saṃkhārānaṃ atthaṅgamo. Iti viññāṇaṃ,​ iti viññāṇassa samudayo, iti viññāṇassa atthaṅgamoti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave samādhibhāvanā bhāvitā bahulīkatā āsavānaṃ khayāya saṃvattati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.090>​[BJT page 090]</​span> ​
 +
 +Imā kho bhikkhave catasso samādhibhāvanā. ​
 +
 +Idañca pana metaṃ bhikkhave sandhāya bhāsitaṃ pārāyane puṇṇakapañhe:​
 +
 +104. Saṅkhāya lokasmiṃ parovarāni ((Paroparānimachasaṃ.)) yassiñjitaṃ natthi kuhiñci loke,<​span pts_page #​pts.046>​[PTS page 046]</​span>​ santo vidhūmo anīgho nirāso atāri so jātijaranti brūmīti. ​
 +
 +==== (2. Pañhavyākaraṇa suttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.5.2>​[4.1.5.2]</​span>​ 42. Cattārimāni bhikkhave pañhavyākaraṇāni. Katamāni cattāri:
 +
 +Atthi bhikkhave pañho ekaṃsavyākaraṇīyo,​ atthi bhikkhave pañho vibhajja vyākaraṇīyo,​ atithi bhikkhave pañho paṭipucchā vyākaraṇīyo,​ atthi bhikkhave pañho ṭhapanīyo.
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri pañhavyākaraṇānīti. ​
 +
 +105. Ekaṃsavacanaṃ ekaṃ vibhajja vacanāparaṃ,​
 +
 +Tatiyaṃ paṭipuccheyya catutthaṃ pana ṭhāpaye. ​
 +
 +106. Yo ca nesaṃ tattha tattha jānāti anudhammataṃ,​
 +
 +Catupañhassa kusalo āhu bhikkhuṃ tathāvidhaṃ. ​
 +
 +107. Durāsado duppasaho gambhīro duppadhaṃsiyo((Duppadhaṃsayo. Sīmu.))
 +
 +Atho atthe anatthe ca ubhayassa hoti kovido.((Ubhayatthassa kovidosyā.))
 +
 +108. Anatthaṃ parivajjeti atthaṃ gaṇhāti paṇḍito,​
 +
 +Atthābhisamayā dhīro paṇḍitoti pavuccatīti.
 +
 +==== (3. Paṭhamakodhagarusuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.5.3>​[4.1.5.3]</​span>​ 43. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro:
 +
 +Kodhagaru na saddhammagaru,​ makkhagaru na saddhammagaru,​ lābhagaru na saddhammagaru,​
 +
 +Sakkāragaru na saddhammagaru. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro:
 +
 +Saddhammagaru na kodhagaru, saddhammagaru na makkhagaru, saddhammagaru na lābhagaru,
 +
 +Saddhammagaru na sakkāragaru. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.047>​[PTS page 047]</​span>​ ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​ Kaṃ. <span bjt_page #​bjt.092>​[BJT page 092]</​span>  ​
 +
 +109. Kodhamakkhagarū bhikkhū lābhasakkāragāravā,​
 +
 +Na te dhamme virūhanti sammāsambuddhadesite.
 +
 +110. Ye ca saddhammagaruno vihaṃsu viharanti ca,
 +
 +Te ve dhamme virūhanti sammāsambuddhadesite ti. 
 +
 +====  (4. Dutiyakodhagarusuttaṃ) ====
 +<span para #​para_4.1.5.4>​[4.1.5.4]</​span>​)
 +
 +44. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave asaddhammā. Katame cattāro
 +
 +Kodhagarutā na saddhammagarutā,​ makkhagarutā na saddhammagarutā,​ lābhagarutā na saddhammagarutā,​ sakkāragarutā na saddhammagarutā. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro asaddhammā. ​
 +
 +Cattāro'​me bhikkhave saddhammā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Saddhammagarutā na kodhagarutā,​ saddhammagarutā na makkhagarutā,​ saddhammagarutā
 +
 +Na lābhagarutā,​ saddhammagarutā na sakkāragarutā. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro saddhammāti. ​
 +
 +111. Kodhamakkhagarū bhikkhu lābhasakkāragāravo,​
 +
 +Sukhette pūtibījaṃva saddhamme na virūhati. ​
 +
 +112. Ye ca saddhammagaruno vihaṃsu viharanti ca,
 +
 +Te ve dhamme virūhanti snehamanvāyamivosadhāti. ​
 +
 +====  (5. Paṭhamarohitassasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.5.5>​[4.1.5.5]</​span>​ 45: Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme. ​
 +
 +Atha kho rohitasso devaputto abhikkantāya rattiyā abhikkantavaṇṇo kevalakappaṃ jetavanaṃ obhāsetvā yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami,​ upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhāsi. Ekamantaṃ ṭhito kho rohitasso devaputto bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: <span bjt_page #​bjt.094>​[BJT page 094]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Yattha nu kho bhante na jāyati, na jīyati, na mīyati, na cavati, na
 +
 +Uppajjati, sakkā nu kho bhante gamanena lokassa antaṃ((Anto ​ sīmu.)) ñātuṃ vā daṭṭhuṃ vā pāpuṇituṃ vāti?
 +
 +Yattha kho āvuso na jāyati, na jīyati, na mīyati, <span pts_page #​pts.048>​[PTS page 048]</​span>​ na cavati, na uppajjati. Nāhantaṃ gamanena lokassa antaṃ ñātayyaṃ daṭṭhayyaṃ pattayyanti vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Acchariyambhante,​ abbhutambhante,​ yāva subhāsitaṃ cidambhante bhagavatā, yattha kho āvuso na jāyati na jīyati na mīyati na cavati na uppajjati, nāhantaṃ gamanena lokassa antaṃ ñātayyaṃ daṭṭhayyaṃ pattayyanti vadāmīti. ​
 +
 +Bhūtapubbāhaṃ bhante, rohitasso nāma isi ahosiṃ bhojaputto iddhimā vehāsaṅgamo. Tassa mayhaṃ bhante evarūpo javo ahosi, seyyathāpi nāma daḷhadhammo((Daḷhadhammā ​ machasaṃ.)) dhanuggaho sikkhito katahattho katūpāsano lahukena asanena appakasirena tiriyaṃ tālacchāyaṃ atipāteyya. ​
 +
 +Evarūpo padavītihāro ahosi, seyyathāpi nāma puratthimā samuddā pacchimo samuddo. ​
 +
 +Tassa mayhaṃ bhante evarūpena javena samannāgatassa evarūpena ca padavītihārena,​ evarūpaṃ icchāgataṃ uppajji: ahaṃ gamanena lokassa antaṃ pāpuṇissāmīti. ​
 +
 +So kho ahaṃ bhante aññatreva asitapītakhāyitasāyitā,​ aññatra
 +
 +Uccārapassāvakammā,​ aññatra niddākilamathapaṭivinodanā,​ vassasatāyuko vassasatajīvī vassasataṃ gantvā appatvāva lokassa antaṃ antarāyeva kālakato. ​
 +
 +Acchariyaṃ bhante abbhutaṃ bhante yāva subhāsitaṃ cidambhante bhagavatā, yattha kho āvuso na jāyati na jīyati na mīyati na cavati na uppajjati, nāhantaṃ gamanena lokassa antaṃ ñātayyaṃ daṭṭhayyaṃ pattayyanti vadāmīti. ​
 +
 +Yattha kho āvuso na jāyati na jīyati na mīyati na cavati na uppajjati, nāhantaṃ gamanena lokassa antaṃ ñātayyaṃ daṭṭhayyaṃ pattayyanti vadāmi. Na cāhaṃ āvuso appatvāva lokassa antaṃ dukkhassa antakiriyaṃ vadāmi. Apicāhaṃ āvuso imasmiṃ yeva byāmamatte kalebare saññimhi samanake lokañca paññāpemi. Lokasamudayañca lokanirodhañca lokanirodhagāminiñca paṭipadanti. ​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.096>​[BJT page 096]</​span>  ​
 +
 +113. <span pts_page #​pts.049>​[PTS page 049]</​span>​ gamanena na pattabbo lokassanto kudācanaṃ,​
 +
 +Na ca appatvā lokantaṃ dukkhā atthi pamocanaṃ. ​
 +
 +114. Tasmā have lokavidū sumedho lokantagū vusitabrahmacariyo,​
 +
 +Lokassa antaṃ samitāvi ñatvā nāsiṃsatī((Nā sīsati ​ machasaṃ.)) lokamimaṃ parañcātī. ​
 +
 +==== (6. Dutiyarohitassasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.5.6>​[4.1.5.6]</​span>​ 46. Atha kho bhagavā tassā rattiyā accayena bhikkhū āmantesi: imaṃ bhikkhave rattiṃ rohitasso devaputto abhikkantāya rattiyā abhikkantavaṇṇo kevalakappaṃ jetavanaṃ obhāsetvā yenāhaṃ tenupasaṅkami,​ upasaṅkamitvā maṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhāsi,​ ekamantaṃ ṭhito kho bhikkhave rohitasso devaputto maṃ etadavoca: ​
 +
 +Yattha nu kho bhante na jāyati na jīyati na mīyati na cavati na uppajjati. Sakkā nu kho so bhante gamanena lokassa antaṃ ñātuṃ vā daṭṭhuṃ vā pāpuṇituṃ vāti. ​
 +
 +Evaṃ vutte ahaṃ bhikkhave rohitassaṃ devaputtaṃ etadavocaṃ:​ yattha kho āvuso na jāyati na jīyati na mīyati na cavati na uppajjati. Nāhantaṃ gamanena lokassa antaṃ ñātayyaṃ daṭṭhayyaṃ pattayyanti((Ñāteyyaṃ,​ daṭṭheyyaṃ patteyyaṃti ​ katthaci.)) vadāmīti. ​
 +
 +Evaṃ vutte bhikkhave rohitasso devaputto maṃ etadavoca: acchariyaṃ bhante abbhutaṃ bhante yāva subhāsitaṃ cidaṃ bhante bhagavatā, yattha kho āvuso na jāyati na jīyati na mīyati na cavati na uppajjati. Nāhantaṃ gamanena lokassa antaṃ ñātayyaṃ daṭṭhayyaṃ pattayyanti vadāmīti. ​
 +
 +Bhūtapubbāhaṃ bhante rohitasso nāma isi ahosiṃ bhojaputto iddhimā vehāsaṅgamo. Tassa mayhaṃ bhante evarūpo javo ahosi: seyyathāpi nāma daḷhadhammo((Daḷhadhammā ​ machasaṃ.)) dhanuggaho sikkhito katahattho katūpāsano lahukena asanena appakasirena tiriyaṃ tālacchāyaṃ atipāteyya. ​
 +
 +Evarūpo padavītihāro ahosi, seyyathāpi nāma puratthimā samuddā pacchimo samuddo. Tassa mayhaṃ bhante evarūpena javena samannāgatassa evarūpena ca padavītihārena,​ evarūpaṃ icchāgataṃ uppajji: ahaṃ gamanena lokassantaṃ pāpuṇissāmīti. ​
 +
 +So kho ahaṃ bhante aññatreva asitapītakhāyitasāyitā <span pts_page #​pts.050>​[PTS page 050]</​span>​ aññatra uccārapassāvakammā aññatra niddākilamathapaṭivinodanā vassasatāyuko vassasatajīvī vassasataṃ gantvā appatvāva lokassa antaṃ antarāyeva((Antarā ​ katthaci. Machasaṃ.)) kālakato. <span bjt_page #​bjt.098>​[BJT page 098]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Acchariyaṃ bhante, abbhutaṃ bhante, yāva subhāsitaṃ cidaṃ bhante bhagavatā yattha kho āvuso na jāyati na jīyati na mīyati na cavati na uppajjati nāhaṃ taṃ gamanena lokassa antaṃ ñātayyaṃ daṭṭhayyaṃ pattayyanti vadāmīti. ​
 +
 +Evaṃ vutte ahaṃ bhikkhave rohitassaṃ devaputtaṃ etadavocaṃ:​ yattha kho āvuso na jāyati na jīyati na mīyati na cavati na uppajjati. Nāhaṃ taṃ gamanena lokassa antaṃ ñātayyaṃ daṭṭhayyaṃ pattayyanti vadāmīti. Na cāhaṃ āvuso appatvāva lokassa antaṃ dukkhassa antakiriyaṃ vadāmi. Api cāhaṃ āvuso imasmiṃ yeva byāmamatte kalebare saññimhi samanake lokañca paññāpemi lokasamudayañca lokanirodhañca lokanirodhagāminiñca paṭipadanti. ​
 +
 +115. Gamanena na pattabbo lokassanto kudācanaṃ,​
 +
 +Na ca appatvā lokantaṃ dukkhā atthi pamocanaṃ. ​
 +
 +116. Tasmā have lokavidū sumedho lokantagū vusitabrahmacariyo,​
 +
 +Lokassa antaṃ samitāvi ñatvā nāsiṃsati lokamimaṃ parañcāti. ​
 +
 +====  (7. Suvidūravidūrasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.5.7>​[4.1.5.7]</​span>​ 47. Cattārimāni bhikkhave suvidūravidūrāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Nabhaṃ ca bhikkhave paṭhavī ca, idaṃ paṭhamaṃ suvidūravidūre. Orimañca bhikkhave tīraṃ samuddassa pārimañca tīraṃ, idaṃ dutiyaṃ suvidūravidūre. Yatho ca bhikkhave verocano abbhudeti, yattha ca atthameti, idaṃ tatiyaṃ suvidūravidūre. Satañca bhikkhave dhammo asatañca dhammo, idaṃ catutthaṃ suvidūravidūre. Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri suvidūravidūrānīti. ​
 +
 +117. <span pts_page #​pts.051>​[PTS page 051]</​span>​ nabhaṃ ca dūre paṭhavī ca dūre pāraṃ samuddassa tadāhu dūre,
 +
 +Yato ca verocano abbhudeti pabhaṅkaro yattha ca atthameti. ​
 +
 +118. Tato have dūrataraṃ vadanti satañca dhammaṃ asatañca dhammaṃ,
 +
 +Abyāyiko hoti sataṃ samāgamo yāvampi((Yāvāpi ​ machasaṃ.)) tiṭṭheyya tatheva hoti,
 +
 +Khippaṃ hi veti asataṃ samāgamo tasmā sataṃ dhammo asabbhi ārakāti. ​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.100>​[BJT page 100]</​span>​
 +
 +//Atthaṃ gameti ​ syā. [No anchor for footnote]//
 +
 +====  (8. Visākhasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.5.8>​[4.1.5.8]</​span>​ 48. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme. Tena kho pana samayena āyasmā visākho pañcāliputto((Pañcālaputto. Machasaṃ.)) upaṭṭhānasālāyaṃ bhikkhū dhammiyā kathāya sandasseti samādapeti samuttejeti sampahaṃseti poriyā vācāya vissaṭṭhāya anelagalāya atthassa viññāpaniyā pariyāpannāya anissitāya. ​
 +
 +Atha kho bhagavā sāyanhasamayaṃ patisallānā vuṭṭhito yenupaṭṭhānasālā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi. Nisajja kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: ko nu kho bhikkhave upaṭṭhānasālāyaṃ bhikkhū dhammiyā kathāya sandasseti samādapeti samuttejeti sampahaṃseti poriyā vācāya vissaṭṭhāya anelagalāya atthassa viññāpaniyā pariyāpannāya anissitāyāti. ​
 +
 +Āyasmā bhante visākho pañcāliputto upaṭṭhānasālāyaṃ bhikkhū dhammiyā kathāya sandasseti samādapeti samuttejeti sampahaṃseti poriyā vācāya vissaṭṭhāya anelagalāya atthassa viññāpaniyā pariyāpannāya anissitāyāti. ​
 +
 +Atha kho bhagavā āyasmantaṃ visākhaṃ pañcāliputtaṃ etadavoca: sādhu sādhu visākha, sādhu kho tvaṃ visākha bhikkhū dhammiyā kathāya sandassesi samādapesi samuttejesi sampahaṃsesi poriyā vācāya vissaṭṭhāya anelagalāya atthassa viññāpaniyā pariyāpannāya anissitāyāti. ​
 +
 +119. Na bhāsamānaṃ jānanti missaṃ bālehi paṇḍitaṃ,​
 +
 +Bhāsamānañca jānanti desentaṃ amataṃ padaṃ. ​
 +
 +120. Bhāsaye jotaye dhammaṃ paggaṇhe isīnaṃ dhajaṃ,
 +
 +Subhāsitadhajā isayo dhammo hi isīnaṃ dhajoti. ​
 +
 +====  (9. Vipallāsasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.5.9>​[4.1.5.9]</​span>​ 49. <span pts_page #​pts.052>​[PTS page 052]</​span>​ cattāro'​me bhikkhave saññāvipallāsā cittavipallāsā diṭṭhivipallāsā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Anicce bhikkhave niccanti saññāvipallāso cittavipallāso diṭṭhivipallāso. Dukkhe bhikkhave sukhanti saññāvipallāso cittavipallāso diṭṭhivipallāso. Anattani bhikkhave attāti saññāvipallāso cittavipallāso diṭṭhivipallāso. Asubhe bhikkhave subhanti saññāvipallāso cittavipallāso diṭṭhivipallāso. Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro saññāvipallāsā cittavipallāsā diṭṭhivipallāsā. <span bjt_page #​bjt.102>​[BJT page 102]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Cattāro'​me bhikkhave na saññāvipallāsā na cittavipallāsā na diṭṭhivipallāsā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Anicce bhikkhave aniccanti na saññāvipallāso na cittavipallāso na diṭṭhivipallāso. Dukkhe bhikkhave dukkhanti na saññāvipallāso na cittavipallāso na diṭṭhivipallāso. Anattani bhikkhave anattāti na saññāvipallāso na cittavipallāso na diṭṭhivipallāso. Asubhe bhikkhave asubhanti na saññāvipallāso na cittavipallāso na diṭṭhivipallāso. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro na saññāvipallāsā na cittavipallāsā na diṭṭhivipallāsāti. ​
 +
 +121. Anicce niccasaññino dukkhe ca sukhasaññino,​
 +
 +Anattani ca attāti asubhe subhasaññino. ​
 +
 +122. Micchādiṭṭhigatā sattā khittacittā visaññino,​
 +
 +Te yogayuttā mārassa ayogakkhemino janā. ​
 +
 +123. Sattā gacchanti saṃsāraṃ jātimaraṇagāmino,​
 +
 +Yadā ca buddhā lokasmiṃ uppajjanti pabhaṅkarā.
 +
 +124. Temaṃ dhammaṃ((Te imaṃ ​ machasaṃ.)) pakāsenti dukkhūpasamagāminaṃ,​
 +
 +Tesaṃ sutvāna sappaññā sacittaṃ paccaladdha te.((Paccaladdhā ​ machasaṃ. Paccalatthu ​ sī. Mu.))
 +
 +125. Aniccaṃ aniccato dakkhuṃ dukkhamaddakkhu dukkhato,
 +
 +Anattani anattāti asubhaṃ asubhataddasuṃ,​
 +
 +Sammādiṭṭhisamādānā sabbaṃ dukkhaṃ upaccagunti. ​
 +
 +==== (10. Upakkilesasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.1.5.10>​[4.1.5.10]</​span>​ 50. <span pts_page #​pts.053>​[PTS page 053]</​span>​ cattāro'​me bhikkhave candimasuriyānaṃ upakkilesā yehi upakkilesehi upakkiliṭṭhā candimasuriyā na tapanti na bhāsanti na virocanti. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Abbhā bhikkhave candimasuriyānaṃ upakkileso yena upakkilesena upakkiliṭṭhā candimasuriyā na tapanti na bhāsanti na virocanti. Mahikā((Mahiyāsyā.)) bhikkhave candimasuriyānaṃ upakkileso yena upakkilesena upakkiliṭṭhā candimasuriyā na tapanti na bhāsanti na virocanti. Dhūmarajo((Dhumo rajo machasaṃ)) bhikkhave candimasuriyānaṃ upakkileso yena upakkilesena upakkiliṭṭhā candimasuriyā na tapanti na bhāsanti na virocanti. Rāhu bhikkhave asurindo candimasuriyānaṃ upakkileso yena upakkilesena upakkiliṭṭhā candimasuriyā na tapanti na bhāsanti na virocanti. Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro candimasuriyānaṃ upakkilesā yehi upakkilesehi upakkiliṭṭhā candimasuriyā na tapanti na bhāsanti na virocanti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.104>​[BJT page 104]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Evameva kho bhikkhave cattāro samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ upakkilesā yehi upakkilesehi upakkiliṭṭhā eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā na tapanti na bhāsanti na virocanti. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Santi bhikkhave eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā suraṃ pivanti merayaṃ, surāmerayapānā appaṭiviratā. Ayaṃ bhikkhave paṭhamo samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ upakkileso yena upakkilesena upakkiliṭṭhā eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā na tapanti na bhāsanti na virocanti. Santi bhikkhave eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā methunaṃ dhammaṃ patisevanti methunasmā dhammā appaṭiviratā. Ayaṃ bhikkhave dutiyo samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ upakkileso yena upakkilesena upakkiliṭṭhā eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā na tapanti na bhāsanti na virocanti. Santi bhikkhave eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā jātarūparajataṃ sādiyanti jātarūparajatapaṭiggahaṇā appaṭiviratā. Ayaṃ bhikkhave tatiyo samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ upakkileso yena upakkilesena upakkiliṭṭhā eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā na tapanti na bhāsanti na virocanti. Santi bhikkhave eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā micchājīvena jīvanti micchājīvā appaṭiviratā. Ayaṃ bhikkhave catuttho samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ upakkileso yena upakkilesena upakkiliṭṭhā eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā na tapanti na bhāsanti na virocanti. Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ upakkilesā <span pts_page #​pts.054>​[PTS page 054]</​span>​ yehi upakkilesehi upakkiliṭṭhā eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā na tapanti na bhāsanti na virocantīti. ​
 +
 +126. Rāgadosaparikkiṭṭhā eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā,​
 +
 +Avijjānivutā posā piyarūpābhinandino. ​
 +
 +127. Suraṃ pivanti merayaṃ paṭisevanti methunaṃ,
 +
 +Rajataṃ jātarūpañca sādiyanti aviddasu. ​
 +
 +128. Micchājīvena jīvanti eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā,​
 +
 +Ete upakkilesā vuttā buddhenādiccabandhunā. ​
 +
 +129. Yehi upakkiliṭṭhā((Yehi upakkilesehi ​ machasaṃ.)) eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā,​
 +
 +Na tapanti na bhāsanti addhuvā((Asuddhā sarajāmagā ​ machasaṃ.)) sarajāpagā. ​
 +
 +130. Andhakārena onaddhā taṇhādāsā sanettikā,
 +
 +Vaḍḍhenti kaṭasiṃ ghoraṃ ādiyanti punabbhavanti. ​
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Rohitassavaggo pañcamo.
 +
 +**Tassuddānaṃ:​**
 +
 +Samādhi pañhaṃ dve kodhā rohitassāpare duve,
 +
 +Suvidūravisākhā vipallāso upakkilesena te dasāti. ​
 +
 +Paṭhamo paṇṇāsako. <span bjt_page #​bjt.106>​[BJT page 106]</​span>​ </​div> ​
 +
 +====== 2. Dutiyo paṇṇāsako ======
 +
 +===== 1. Puññābhisandavaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.2.1>​[4.2.1]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v01>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v01]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v01_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +====  (1. Paṭhamapuññābhisandasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.1.1>​[4.2.1.1]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ:​) 1. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puññābhisandā kusalābhisandā sukhassāhārā sovaggikā sukhavipākā saggasaṃvattanikā iṭṭhāya kantāya manāpāya hitāya sukhāya saṃvattanti. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Yassa bhikkhave bhikkhu cīvaraṃ paribhuñjamāno appamāṇaṃ cetosamādhiṃ upasampajja viharati. Appamāṇo tassa puññābhisando kusalābhisando sukhassāhāro sovaggiko sukhavipāko saggasaṃvattaniko iṭṭhāya kantāya manāpāya hitāya sukhāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Yassa bhikkhave bhikkhu piṇḍapātaṃ paribhuñjamāno appamāṇaṃ cetosamādhiṃ upasampajja viharati, appamāṇo tassa puññābhisando kusalābhisando sukhassāhāro sovaggiko sukhavipāko saggasaṃvattaniko iṭṭhāya kantāya manāpāya hitāya sukhāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.055>​[PTS page 055]</​span>​ yassa bhikkhave bhikkhu senāsanaṃ paribhuñjamāno appamāṇaṃ cetosamādhiṃ upasampajja viharati, appamāṇo tassa puññābhisando kusalābhisando sukhassāhāro sovaggiko sukhavipāko saggasaṃvattaniko iṭṭhāya kantāya manāpāya hitāya sukhāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Yassa bhikkhave bhikkhu gilānapaccayabhesajjaparikkhāraṃ paribhuñjamāno appamāṇaṃ cetosamādhiṃ upasampajja viharati, appamāṇo tassa puññābhisando kusalābhisando sukhassāhāro sovaggiko sukhavipāko saggasaṃvattaniko iṭṭhāya kantāya manāpāya hitāya sukhāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puññābhisandā kusalābhisandā sukhassāhārā sovaggikā sukhavipākā saggasaṃvattanikā iṭṭhāya kantāya manāpāya hitāya sukhāya saṃvattanti. ​
 +
 +Imehi ca pana bhikkhave catūhi puññābhisandehi kusalābhisandehi samannāgatassa ariyasāvakassa na sukaraṃ puññassa pamāṇaṃ gahetuṃ,​((Gaṇetuṃ, ​ ka.)0 ettako puññābhisando kusalābhisando sukhassāhāro sovaggiko sukhavipāko saggasaṃvattaniko iṭṭhāya kantāya manāpāya hitāya sukhāya saṃvattatīti. Atha kho asaṅkheyyo appameyyo mahāpuññakkhandhotveva saṅkhaṃ gacchati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.108>​[BJT page 108]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave mahāsamudde na sukaraṃ udakassa pamāṇaṃ gahetuṃ ettakāni udakāḷhakānīti vā ettakāni udakāḷhakasatānīti vā ettakāni udakāḷhakasahassānīti vā ettakāni udakāḷhakasatasahassānīti vā. Atha kho asaṅkheyyo appameyyo mahāudakakkhandhotveva saṅkhaṃ gacchati. Evameva kho bhikkhave imehi catūhi puññābhisandehi kusalābhisandehi samannāgatassa ariyasāvakassa na sukaraṃ puññassa pamāṇaṃ gahetuṃ, ettako puññābhisando kusalābhisando sukhassāhāro sovaggiko sukhavipāko saggasaṃvattaniko iṭṭhāya kantāya manāpāya hitāya sukhāya saṃvattatīti. Atha kho asaṅkheyyo appameyyo mahāpuññakkhandhotveva saṅkhaṃ gacchatīti
 +
 +1. Mahodadhiṃ aparimitaṃ mahāsaraṃ bahubheravaṃ ratanagaṇānamālayaṃ,​((Ratanavarānamālayaṃ ​ machasaṃ))
 +
 +Najjo yathā naragaṇasaṅghasevitā((Macchagaṇasaṅghasevitā ​ syā. Kaṃ.)) <span pts_page #​pts.056>​[PTS page 056]</​span>​ puthū savanti upayanti sāgaraṃ. ​
 +
 +2. Evaṃ naraṃ annadapānavatthadaṃ seyyānisajjattharaṇassa dāyakaṃ,
 +
 +Puññassa dhārā upayanti paṇḍitaṃ najjo yathā vārivahāva sāgaranti. ​
 +
 +====  (2. Dutiyapuññābhisandasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.1.2>​[4.2.1.2]</​span>​ 2. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puññābhisandā kusalābhisandā sukhassāhārā sovaggikā sukhavipākā saggasaṃvattanikā iṭṭhāya kantāya manāpāya hitāya sukhāya saṃvattanti. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ariyasāvako buddhe aveccappasādena samannāgato hoti: itipi so bhagavā arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vijjācaraṇasampanno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisadammasārathī satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavāti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave paṭhamo puññābhisando kusalābhisando sukhassāhāro sovaggiko sukhavipāko saggasaṃvattaniko iṭṭhāya kantāya manāpāya hitāya sukhāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave ariyasāvako dhamme aveccappasādena samannāgato hoti: svākkhāto bhagavatā dhammo sandiṭṭhiko akāliko ehipassiko opanayiko paccattaṃ veditabbo viññūhīti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave dutiyo puññābhisando kusalābhisando sukhassāhāro sovaggiko sukhavipāko saggasaṃvattaniko iṭṭhāya kantāya manāpāya hitāya sukhāya saṃvattati. ​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.110>​[BJT page 110]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave ariyasāvako saṅghe aveccappasādena samannāgato hoti: supaṭipanno bhagavato sāvakasaṅgho,​ ujupaṭipanno bhagavato sāvakasaṅgho,​ ñāyapaṭipanno bhagavato sāvakasaṅgho,​ sāmīcipaṭipanno bhagavato sāvakasaṅgho,​ yadidaṃ cattāri purisayugāni,​ aṭṭhapurisapuggalā. Esa bhagavato sāvakasaṅgho āhuneyyo pāhuṇeyyo dakkhiṇeyyo añjalikaraṇīyo anuttaraṃ puññakkhettaṃ lokassāti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave tatiyo puññābhisando kusalābhisando sukhassāhāro sovaggiko sukhavipāko saggasaṃvattaniko iṭṭhāya kantāya manāpāya hitāya sukhāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave ariyasāvako ariyakantehi sīlehi samannāgato hoti akhaṇḍehi acchiddehi asabalehi <span pts_page #​pts.057>​[PTS page 057]</​span>​ akammāsehi bhujissehi viññuppasatthehi aparāmaṭṭhehi samādhisaṃvattanikehi. Ayaṃ bhikkhave catuttho puññābhisando kusalābhisando sukhassāhāro sovaggiko sukhavipāko saggasaṃvattaniko iṭṭhāya kantāya manāpāya hitāya sukhāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puññābhisandā kusalābhisandā sukhassāhārā sovaggikā sukhavipākā saggasaṃvattanikā iṭṭhāya kantāya manāpāya hitāya sukhāya saṃvattantīti. ​
 +
 +3. Yassa saddhā tathāgate acalā suppatiṭṭhitā,​
 +
 +Sīlañca yassa kalyāṇaṃ ariyakantaṃ pasaṃsitaṃ. ​
 +
 +4. Saṅghe pasādo yassatthi ujubhūtañca dassanaṃ,
 +
 +Adaḷiddoti taṃ āhu amoghaṃ tassa jīvitaṃ. ​
 +
 +5. Tasmā saddhañca sīlañca pasādaṃ dhammadassanaṃ,​
 +
 +Anuyuñjetha medhāvī saraṃ buddhānasāsananti. ​
 +
 +====  (3. Paṭhamasaṃvāsasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.1.3>​[4.2.1.3]</​span>​ 3. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā antarā ca madhuraṃ antarā ca verañjaṃ addhānamaggapaṭipanno hoti. Sambahulāpi kho gahapatī ca gahapatāniyo ca antarā ca madhuraṃ antarā ca verañjaṃ addhānamaggapaṭipannā honti. Atha kho bhagavā maggā okkamma aññatarasmiṃ rukkhamūle nisīdi((paññatte āsane ​ katthaci.)). Addassuṃ((Addasaṃsu ​ machasaṃ.)) kho te gahapatī ca gahapatāniyo ca bhagavantaṃ aññatarasmiṃ rukkhamūle nisinnaṃ. Disvā yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkamiṃsu. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Ekamantaṃ nisinne kho te gahapatī ca gahapatāniyo ca bhagavā etadavoca:
 +
 +Cattāro'​me gahapatayo saṃvāsā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Chavo chavāya saddhiṃ saṃvasati,​ chavo deviyā saddhiṃ saṃvasati,​ devo chavāya saddhiṃ saṃvasati. Devo deviyā saddhiṃ saṃvasati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.112>​[BJT page 112]</​span>​
 +
 +Kathañca gahapatayo chavo chavāya saddhiṃ saṃvasati:​ <span pts_page #​pts.058>​[PTS page 058]</​span>​ idha gahapatayo sāmiko hoti pāṇātipātī adinnādāyī kāmesu micchācārī musāvādī surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhāyī dussīlo pāpadhammo. Maccheramalapariyuṭṭhitena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati,​ akkosakaparibhāsako samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ bhariyāpissa hoti pāṇātipātinī adinnādāyinī kāmesu micchācārinī musāvādinī surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhāyinī dussīlā pāpadhammā,​ maccheramalapariyuṭṭhitena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati,​ akkosikaparibhāsikā samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ. Evaṃ kho gahapatayo chavo chavāya saddhiṃ saṃvasati. ​
 +
 +Kathañca gahapatayo chavo deviyā saddhiṃ saṃvasati:​ idha gahapatayo sāmiko hoti pāṇātipātī adinnādāyī kāmesu micchācārī musāvādī surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhāyī dussīlo pāpadhammo. Maccheramalapariyuṭṭhitena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati,​ akkosakaparibhāsako samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ. Bhariyā ca khvassa hoti pāṇātipātā paṭiviratā adinnādānā paṭiviratā kāmesu micchācārā paṭiviratā musāvādā paṭiviratā surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhānā paṭiviratā sīlavatī kalyāṇadhammā,​ vigatamalamaccherena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati,​ anakkosikaparibhāsikā samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ. Evaṃ kho gahapatayo chavo deviyā saddhiṃ saṃvasati. ​
 +
 +Kathañca gahapatayo devo chavāya saddhiṃ saṃvasati:​ idha gahapatayo sāmiko hoti pāṇātipātā paṭivirato adinnādānā paṭivirato kāmesu micchācārā paṭivirato musāvādā paṭivirato surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhānā paṭivirato sīlavā kalyāṇadhammo,​ vigatamalamaccherena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati,​ anakkosakaparibhāsako samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ. Bhariyā ca khvassa hoti pāṇātipātinī adinnādāyinī kāmesu micchācārinī musāvādinī surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhāyinī dussīlā pāpadhammā,​ maccheramalapariyuṭṭhitena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati,​ akkosikaparibhāsikā samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ. Evaṃ kho gahapatayo devo chavāya saddhiṃ saṃvasati. ​
 +
 +Kathañca gahapatayo devo deviyā saddhiṃ saṃvasati:​ idha gahapatayo sāmiko hoti pāṇātipātā paṭivirato adinnādānā paṭivirato kāmesu micchācārā paṭivirato musāvādā paṭivirato surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhānā paṭivirato sīlavā kalyāṇadhammo,​ vigatamalamaccherena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati,​ anakkosakaparibhāsako samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ. Bhariyāpissa hoti pāṇātipātā paṭiviratā adinnādānā paṭiviratā kāmesu micchācārā paṭiviratā musāvādā paṭiviratā surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhānā paṭiviratā sīlavatī kalyāṇadhammā;​ vigatamalamaccherena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati,​ anakkosikaparibhāsikā samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ. Evaṃ kho gahapatayo devo deviyā saddhiṃ saṃvasati. <span pts_page #​pts.059>​[PTS page 059]</​span>​ ime kho gahapatayo cattāro saṃvāsāti. ​
 +
 +6. Ubho ca honti dussīlā kadariyā paribhāsakā,​
 +
 +Te honti jānipatayo chavā saṃvāsamāgatā.<​span bjt_page #​bjt.114>​[BJT page 114]</​span>  ​
 +
 +7. Sāmiko hoti dussīlo kadariyo paribhāsako,​
 +
 +Bhariyā sīlavatī hoti vadaññū vītamaccharā;​
 +
 +Sāpi devī saṃvasati chavena patinā saha. 
 +
 +8. Sāmiko sīlavā hoti vadaññū vītamaccharo,​
 +
 +Bhariyā hoti dussīlā kadariyā paribhāsikā;​
 +
 +Sāpi chavā saṃvasati devena patinā saha. 
 +
 +9. Ubho saddhā vadaññū ca saññatā dhammajīvino,​
 +
 +Te honti jānipatayo aññamaññaṃ piyaṃvadā. ​
 +
 +10. Atthā sampacurā honti phāsatthaṃ((Phāsukaṃmachasaṃ. Vāsatthaṃ. [PTS])) upajāyati,
 +
 +Amittā dummanā honti ubhinnaṃ samasīlinaṃ. ​
 +
 +11. Idha dhammaṃ caritvāna samasīlabbatā ubho,
 +
 +Nandino devalokasmiṃ modanti kāmakāminoti. ​
 +
 +==== (4. Dutiyasaṃvāsasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.1.4>​[4.2.1.4]</​span>​ 4. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave saṃvāsā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Chavo chavāya saddhiṃ saṃvasati,​ chavo deviyā saddhaṃ saṃvasati,​ devo chavāya saddhiṃ saṃvasati,​ devo deviyā saddhiṃ saṃvasati. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave chavo chavāya saddhiṃ saṃvasati?​ Idha bhikkhave sāmiko hoti pāṇātipātī adinnādāyī kāmesu micchācārī musāvādī pisunāvāco pharusāvāco sampapphalāpī abhijjhālu vyāpannacitto micchādiṭṭhiko dussīlo pāpadhammo. Maccheramalapariyuṭṭhitena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati,​ akkosakaparibhāsako samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ. Bhariyāpissa hoti pāṇātipātinī adinnādāyinī kāmesu micchācārinī musāvādinī pisunāvācā pharusāvācā samphappalāpinī abhijjhālunī vyāpannacittā micchādiṭṭhikā dussīlā pāpadhammā maccheramalapariyuṭṭhitena cetasā agāraṃ <span pts_page #​pts.060>​[PTS page 060]</​span>​ ajjhāvasati. Akkosikaparibhāsikā samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave chavo chavāya saddhiṃ saṃvasati. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave chavo deviyā saddhiṃ saṃvasati?​ Idha bhikkhave sāmiko hoti pāṇātipātī adinnānadāyī kāmesu micchācārī musāvādī pisunāvāco pharusāvāco sampapphalāpī abhijjhālu vyāpannacitto micchādiṭṭhiko pāpadhammo dussīlo, maccheramalapariyuṭṭhitena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati,​ akkosakaparibhāsako samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ. Bhariyā ca khvassa hoti pāṇātipātā paṭiviratā adinnādānā paṭiviratā kāmesu micchācārā paṭiviratā musāvādā paṭiviratā pisunāvācā paṭiviratā pharusāvācā paṭiviratā samphappalāpā paṭiviratā anabhijjhālunī avyāpannacittā sammādiṭṭhikā sīlavatī kalyāṇadhammā,​ vigatamalamaccherena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati. Anakkosikaparibhāsikā samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave chavo deviyā saddhiṃ saṃvasati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.116>​[BJT page 116]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave devo chavāya saddhiṃ saṃvasati:​ idha bhikkhave sāmiko hoti pāṇātipātā paṭivirato adinnādānā paṭivirato kāmesu micchācārā paṭivirato musāvādā paṭivirato pisunāvācā paṭivirato pharusāvācā paṭivirato samphappalāpā paṭivirato anabhijjhālu avyāpannacitto sammādiṭṭhiko sīlavā kalyāṇadhammo. Vigatamalamaccherena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati anakkosakaparibhāsako samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ. Bhariyā ca khvassa hoti pāṇātipātinī adinnādāyinī kāmesu micchācārinī musāvādinī pisunāvācā pharusāvācā samphappalāpinī abhijjhālunī vyāpannacittā micchādiṭṭhikā dussīlā pāpadhammā maccheramalapariyuṭṭhitena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati. Akkosikaparibhāsikā samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave devo chavāya saddhiṃ saṃvasati. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave devo deviyā saddhiṃ saṃvasati:​ idha bhikkhave sāmiko hoti pāṇātipātā paṭivirato adinnādānā paṭivirato kāmesu micchācārā paṭivirato musāvādā paṭivirato pisunāvācā paṭivirato pharusāvācā paṭivirato samphappalāpā paṭivirato anabhijjhālu avyāpannacitto sammādiṭṭhiko sīlavā kalyāṇadhammo. Vigatamalamaccherena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati. Anakkosakaparibhāsako samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ. Bhariyāpissa hoti pāṇātipātā paṭiviratā adinnādānā paṭiviratā kāmesu micchācārā paṭiviratā musāvādā paṭiviratā pisunāvācā paṭiviratā pharusāvācā paṭiviratā samphappalāpā paṭiviratā anabhijjhālu avyāpannacittā sammādiṭṭhikā sīlavatī kalyāṇadhammā,​ vigatamalamaccherena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati. Anakkosikaparibhāsikā samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave devo deviyā saddhiṃ saṃvasati. Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro saṃvāsāti. ​
 +
 +12. Ubho ca honti dussīlā kadariyā paribhāsakā,​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.061>​[PTS page 061]</​span>​ te honti jānipatayo chavā saṃvāsamāgatā. ​
 +
 +13. Sāmiko hoti dussīlo kadariyo paribhāsako,​
 +
 +Bhariyā sīlavatī hoti vadaññū vītamaccharā,​
 +
 +Sāpi devī saṃvasati chavena patinā saha. 
 +
 +14. Sāmiko sīlavā hoti vadaññū vītamaccharo,​
 +
 +Bhariyā hoti dussīlā kadariyā paribhāsikā,​
 +
 +Sāpi devā saṃvasati devena patinā saha. 
 +
 +15. Ubho saddhā vadaññū ca saññatā dhammajīvino,​
 +
 +Te honti jānipatayo aññamaññaṃ piyaṃvadā. ​
 +
 +16. Atthā sampacurā honti phāsatthaṃ upajāyati.
 +
 +Amittā dummanā honti ubhinnaṃ samasīlinaṃ. ​
 +
 +17. Idha dhammaṃ caritvāna samasīlabbatā ubho,
 +
 +Nandino devalokasmiṃ modanti kāmakāminoti. ​
 +
 +==== (3.  Paṭhama (nakula) samajīvīsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.1.3>​[4.2.1.3]</​span>​) 5. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā bhaggesu viharati suṃsumāragire((Susumāragire ​ machasaṃ.)) bhesakalāvane((Bhesakaṭṭhāvane ​ machasaṃ.)) migadāye. Atha kho bhagavā pubbanhasamayaṃ nivāsetvā pattacīvaramādāya yena nakulapituno gahapatissa nivesanaṃ tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi. <span bjt_page #​bjt.118>​[BJT page 118]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Atha kho nakulapitā ca gahapati nakulamātā ca gahapatānī yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkamiṃsu. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho nakulapitā gahapati bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +Yato me bhante nakulamātā gahapatānī daharasseva daharā ānītā nābhijānāmi nakulamātaraṃ gahapatāniṃ manasāpi aticaritā, kuto pana kāyena. Iccheyyāma mayaṃ bhante diṭṭhe ceva dhamme aññamaññaṃ passituṃ abhisamparāyañca aññamaññaṃ passitunti. ​
 +
 +Nakulamātāpi kho gahapatānī bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: yatvāhaṃ bhante nakulapituno gahapatissa daharasseva daharā ānītā nābhijānāmi nakulapitaraṃ gahapatiṃ manasāpi aticaritā, kuto pana kāyena. Iccheyyāma mayaṃ bhante diṭṭhe ceva dhamme aññamaññaṃ passituṃ. Abhisamparāyañca aññamaññaṃ passitunti. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.062>​[PTS page 062]</​span>​ ākaṅkheyyuṃ ce gahapatayo ubho jānipatayo diṭṭhe ceva dhamme aññamaññaṃ passituṃ abhisamparāyañca aññamaññaṃ passituṃ. Ubho ca assu samasaddhā samasīlā samacāgā samapaññā. Te diṭṭhe ceva dhamme aññamaññaṃ passanti abhisamparāyañca aññamaññaṃ passantīti. ​
 +
 +18. Ubho saddhā vadaññū ca saññatā dhammajīvino,​
 +
 +Te honti jānipatayo aññamaññaṃ piyaṃvadā. ​
 +
 +19. Atthā sampacurā honti phāsatthaṃ upajāyati,
 +
 +Amittā dummanā honti ubhinnaṃ samasīlinaṃ. ​
 +
 +20. Idha dhammaṃ caritvāna samasīlabbatā ubho,
 +
 +Nandino devalokasmiṃ modanti kāmakāminoti. ​
 +
 +====  (6. Dutiya (nakula) samajīvīsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.1.6>​[4.2.1.6]</​span>​ 6. Ākaṅkheyyuṃ ce bhikkhave ubho jānipatayo diṭṭhe ceva dhamme aññamaññaṃ passituṃ abhisamparāyañca aññamaññaṃ passituṃ. Ubho ca assu samasaddhā samasīlā samacāgā samapaññā,​ te diṭṭhe ceva dhamme aññamaññaṃ passanti, abhisamparāyañca aññamaññaṃ passantīti. ​
 +
 +21. Ubho saddhā vadaññū ca saññatā dhammajīvino,​
 +
 +Te honti jānipatayo aññamaññaṃ piyaṃvadā. ​
 +
 +22. Atthā sampacurā honti phāsatthaṃ upajāyati,
 +
 +Amittā dummanā honti ubhinnaṃ samasīlinaṃ. ​
 +
 +23. Idha dhammaṃ caritvāna samasīlabbatā ubho,
 +
 +Nandino devalokasmiṃ modanti kāmakāminoti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.120>​[BJT page 120]</​span>  ​
 +
 +====  (7. Suppavāsāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.1.7>​[4.2.1.7]</​span>​) 7. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā koliyesu viharati sajjanelaṃ((Pajjanīlaṃ ​ machasaṃ. Pajjanelaṃ ​ syā. Kaṃ.)) nāma koliyānaṃ nigamo. Atha kho bhagavā pubbanhasamayaṃ nivāsetvā pattacīvaramādāya yena suppavāsāya koliyadhītāya nivesanaṃ tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi.
 +
 +Atha kho suppavāsā koliyadhītā bhagavantaṃ paṇītena khādanīyena bhojanīyena sahatthā santappesi, sampavāresi. Atha kho suppavāsā <span pts_page #​pts.063>​[PTS page 063]</​span>​ koliyadhītā bhagavantaṃ bhuttāviṃ onītapattapāṇiṃ ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinnaṃ kho suppavāsaṃ koliyadhītaraṃ bhagavā etadavoca:
 +
 +Bhojanaṃ suppavāse dentī ariyasāvikā paṭiggāhakānaṃ cattāri ṭhānāni deti. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Āyuṃ deti vaṇṇaṃ deti sukhaṃ deti balaṃ deti. Āyuṃ kho pana datvā āyussa bhāginī hoti dibbassa vā mānusassa vā. Vaṇṇaṃ datvā vaṇṇassa bhāginī hoti dibbassa vā mānusassa vā. Sukhaṃ datvā sukhassa bhāginī hoti dibbassa vā mānusassa vā. Balaṃ datvā balassa bhāginī hoti dibbassa vā mānusassa vā. Bhojanaṃ suppavāse dentī ariyasāvikā paṭiggāhakānaṃ imāni cattāri ṭhānāni detīti. ​
 +
 +24. Susaṅkhataṃ bhojanaṃ yā dadāti suciṃ paṇītaṃ((Supaṇītaṃ ​ kaṃ.)) rasasā upetaṃ,
 +
 +Sā dakkhiṇā ujjugatesu dinnā caraṇopapannesu mahaggatesu,​
 +
 +Puññena puññaṃ saṃsandamānā mahapphalā lokavidūna vaṇṇitā. ​
 +
 +25. Etādisaṃ yaññamanussarantā ye vedajātā vicaranti loke. ,
 +
 +Vineyya maccheramalaṃ samūlaṃ aninditā saggamupenti ṭhānanti. ​
 +
 +====  (8. Sudatta anāthapiṇḍika suttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.1.8>​[4.2.1.8]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ:​) 8. Atha kho anāthapiṇḍiko gahapati yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinnaṃ kho anāthapiṇḍikaṃ gahapatiṃ bhagavā etadavoca:
 +
 +Bhojanaṃ gahapati dadamāno ariyasāvako paṭiggāhakānaṃ cattāri ṭhānāni deti. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.064>​[PTS page 064]</​span>​ āyuṃ deti, vaṇṇaṃ deti, sukhaṃ deti, balaṃ deti. Āyuṃ kho pana datvā āyussa bhāgī hoti dibbassa vā mānusassa vā. Vaṇṇaṃ datvā vaṇṇassa bhāgī hoti dibbassa vā mānusassa vā. Sukhaṃ datvā sukhassa bhāgī hoti dibbassa vā mānusassa vā. Balaṃ datvā balassa bhāgī hoti dibbassa vā mānusassa vā. Bhojanaṃ gahapati dadamāno ariyasāvako paṭiggāhakānaṃ imāni cattāri ṭhānāni detīti. ​
 +
 +26. Yo saññatānaṃ paradattabhojinaṃ kālena sakkacca dadāti bhojanaṃ,
 +
 +Cattāri ṭhānāni anuppavecchati āyuñca vaṇṇañca sukhaṃ balañca. ​
 +
 +27. So āyudāyī baladāyī sukhaṃ vaṇṇaṃ dado naro,((* So āyudāyī vaṇṇadāyī sukhaṃ balaṃ dado naromachasaṃ. Sukhaṃ balaṃ dado naro  katthaci.))
 +
 +Dīghāyu yasavā hoti yattha yatthūpapajjatīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.122>​[BJT page 122]</​span>  ​
 +
 +====  (9. Bhojanadāyakasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.1.9>​[4.2.1.9]</​span>​) 9. Bhojanaṃ bhikkhave dadamāno dāyako paṭiggāhakānaṃ cattāri ṭhānāni deti.
 +
 +Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Āyuṃ deti, vaṇṇaṃ deti, sukhaṃ deti, balaṃ deti. Āyuṃ kho pana datvā āyussa bhāgī hoti dibbassa vā mānusassa vā. Vaṇṇaṃ datvā vaṇṇassa bhāgī hoti dibbassa vā mānusassa vā. Sukhaṃ datvā sukhassa bhāgī hoti dibbassa vā mānusassa vā. Balaṃ datvā balassa bhāgī hoti dibbassa vā mānusassa vā. Bhojanaṃ bhikkhave dadamāno dāyako paṭiggāhakānaṃ imāni cattāri ṭhānāni detīti. ​
 +
 +28. Yo saññatānaṃ paradattabhojinaṃ kālena sakkacca dadāti bhojanaṃ,
 +
 +Cattāri ṭhānāni anuppavecchati āyuñca vaṇṇañca sukhaṃ balaṃ ca. 
 +
 +29. So āyudāyī baladāyī sukhaṃ vaṇṇaṃ dado naro,
 +
 +Dīghāyu yasavā hoti yattha yatthūpapajjatīti. ​
 +
 +==== (10. Gihīsāmīcipaṭipadāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.1.10>​[4.2.1.10]</​span>​ 10. <span pts_page #​pts.065>​[PTS page 065]</​span>​ atha kho anāthapiṇḍiko gahapati yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinnaṃ kho anāthapiṇḍikaṃ gahapatiṃ bhagavā etadavoca:
 +
 +Catūhi kho gahapati dhammehi samannāgato ariyasāvako gihīsāmīcipaṭipadaṃ paṭipanno hoti yasopaṭilābhiniṃ saggasaṃvattanikaṃ. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Idha gahapati ariyasāvako bhikkhusaṅghaṃ paccupaṭṭhito hoti cīvarena, bhikkhusaṅghaṃ paccupaṭṭhito hoti piṇḍapātena,​ bhikkhusaṅghaṃ paccupaṭṭhito hoti senāsanena,​ bhikkhusaṅghaṃ paccupaṭṭhito hoti gilānapaccayabhesajjaparikkhārena. ​
 +
 +Imehi kho gahapati catūhi dhammehi samannāgato ariyasāvako gihīsāmīcipaṭipadaṃ paṭipanno hoti yasopaṭilābhiniṃ saggasaṃvattanikanti. ​
 +
 +30. Gihīsāmicipaṭipadaṃ paṭipajjanti paṇḍitā,​
 +
 +Sammaggate sīlavante cīvarena upaṭṭhitā,​
 +
 +Piṇḍapātasayanena gilānapaccayena ca. 
 +
 +31. Tesaṃ divā ca ratto ca sadā puññaṃ pavaḍḍhati,​
 +
 +Saggañca kamatiṭṭhānaṃ kammaṃ katvāna bhaddakanti. ​
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Puññābhisandavaggo paṭhamo. ​
 +
 +**Tassuddānaṃ:​**
 +
 +Dve puññābhisandā dve saṃvāsā dve ca honti samajīvino,​
 +
 +Suppavāsā sudatto ca bhojanaṃ gihīsāmīcināti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.124>​[BJT page 124]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +===== 2. Pattakammavaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.2.2>​[4.2.2]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v02>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v02]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v02_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Pattakammasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.2.1>​[4.2.2.1]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ) 11. Atha kho anāthapiṇḍiko gahapati yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinnaṃ kho anāthapiṇḍikaṃ gahapatiṃ bhagavā etadavoca:
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.066>​[PTS page 066]</​span>​ cattāro'​me gahapati dhammā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā dullabhā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Bhogā me uppajjantu sahadhammenāti,​ ayaṃ paṭhamo dhammo iṭṭho kanto manāpo dullabho lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Bhoge laddhā sahadhammena yaso maṃ abbhuggacchatu sahañātīhi saha-upajjhāyehīti ayaṃ dutiyo dhammo iṭṭho kanto manāpo dullabho lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Bhoge laddhā sahadhammena yasaṃ laddhā sahañātīhi saha-upajjhāyehi ciraṃ jīvāmi dīghamaddhāyuṃ pālemīti, ayaṃ tatiyo dhammo iṭṭho kanto manāpo dullabho lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Bhoge laddhā sahadhammena,​ yasaṃ laddhā sahañātīhi saha-upajjhāyehi ciraṃ jīvitvā dīghamaddhāyuṃ pāletvā, kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapajjāmīti,​ ayaṃ catuttho dhammo iṭṭho kanto manāpo dullabho lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Ime kho gahapati cattāro dhammā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā Dullabhā lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Imesaṃ kho gahapati catunnaṃ dhammānaṃ iṭṭhānaṃ kantānaṃ manāpānaṃ dullabhānaṃ lokasmiṃ cattāro dhammā paṭilābhāya saṃvattanti. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Saddhāsampadā sīlasampadā cāgasampadā paññāsampadā. ​
 +
 +Katamā ca gahapati saddhāsampadā?​ Idha gahapati ariyasāvako saddho hoti, saddahati tathāgatassa bodhiṃ, itipi so bhagavā arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vijjācaraṇasampanno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisadammasārathī satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavāti. Ayaṃ vuccati gahapati saddhāsampadā. ​
 +
 +Katamā ca gahapati sīlasampadā?​ Idha gahapati ariyasāvako pāṇātipātā paṭivirato hoti. Adinnādānā paṭivirato hoti. Kāmesu micchācārā paṭivirato hoti. Musāvādā paṭivirato hoti. Surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhānā paṭivirato hoti. Ayaṃ vuccati gahapati sīlasampadā. <span bjt_page #​bjt.126>​[BJT page 126]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Katamā ca gahapati cāgasampadā?​ Idha gahapati ariyasāvako vigatamalamaccherena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati,​ muttācāgo payatapāṇī vossaggarato yācayogo dānasaṃvibhāgarato. Ayaṃ vuccati gahapati cāgasampadā. ​
 +
 +Katamā ca gahapati paññāsampadā:​ abhijjhāvisamalobhābhibhūtena <span pts_page #​pts.067>​[PTS page 067]</​span>​ gahapati cetasā viharanto akiccaṃ karoti kiccaṃ aparādheti,​ akiccaṃ karonto kiccaṃ aparādhento yasā ca sukhā ca dhaṃsati. Vyāpādābhibhūtena gahapati cetasā viharanto akiccaṃ karoti kiccaṃ aparādheti akiccaṃ karonto kiccaṃ aparādhento yasā ca sukhā ca dhaṃsati. Thīnamiddhābhibhūtena gahapati cetasā viharanto akiccaṃ karoti, kiccaṃ aparādheti. Akiccaṃ karonto kiccaṃ aparādhento yasā ca sukhā ca dhaṃsati. Uddhaccakukkuccābhibhūtena gahapati cetasā viharanto akiccaṃ karoti, kiccaṃ aparādheti. Akiccaṃ karonto kiccaṃ aparādhento yasā ca sukhā ca dhaṃsati. Vicikicchābhibhūtena gahapati cetasā viharanto akiccaṃ karoti, kiccaṃ aparādheti. Akiccaṃ karonto kiccaṃ aparādhento yasā ca sukhā ca dhaṃsati. ​
 +
 +Sa kho so gahapati ariyasāvako abhijjhāvisamalobho cittassa
 +
 +Upakkilesoti iti viditvā abhijjhāvisamalobhaṃ cittassa upakkilesaṃ pajahati. Vyāpādo cittassa upakkilesoti iti viditvā vyāpādāṃ cittassa upakkilesaṃ pajahati. Thīnamiddhaṃ cittassa upakkilesoti iti viditvā thīnamiddhaṃ cittassa upakkilesaṃ pajahati. Uddhaccakukkuccaṃ cittassa upakkilesoti iti viditvā uddhaccakukkuccaṃ cittassa upakkilesaṃ pajahati. Vicikicchā cittassa upakkilesoti iti viditvā vicikicchā cittassa upakkilesaṃ pajahati. ​
 +
 +Yato ca kho gahapati ariyasāvakassa abhijjhāvisamalobho cittassa upakkilesoti iti viditvā abhijjhāvisamalobho cittassa upakkileso pahīṇo hoti, vyāpādo cittassa upakkilesoti iti viditvā vyāpādo cittassa upakkileso pahīṇo hoti, thīnamiddhaṃ cittassa upakkilesoti iti viditvā thīnamiddhaṃ cittassa upakkileso pahīṇo hoti, uddhaccakukkuccaṃ cittassa upakkilesoti iti viditvā uddhaccakukkuccaṃ cittassa upakkileso pahīṇo hoti. Vicikicchā cittassa upakkilesoti iti viditvā vicikicchā cittassa upakkileso pahīṇo hoti. Ayaṃ vuccati gahapati ariyasāvako mahāpañño puthupañño āpāthadaso paññāsampanno. Ayaṃ vuccati gahapati paññāsampadā. ​
 +
 +Imesaṃ kho gahapati catunnaṃ dhammānaṃ iṭṭhānaṃ kattānaṃ manāpānaṃ dullabhānaṃ lokasmiṃ ime cattāro dhammā paṭilābhāya saṃvattanti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.128>​[BJT page 128]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Sa kho so gahapati ariyasāvako uṭṭhānaviriyādhigatehi bhogehi bāhābalaparicitehi sedāvakkhittehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi cattāri kammāni kattā hoti. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Idha gahapati ariyasāvako uṭṭhānaviriyādhigatehi bhogehi bāhābalaparicitehi sedāvakkhittehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi attānaṃ sukheti pīneti sammā sukhaṃ pariharati, mātāpitaro sukheti pīneti sammā sukhaṃ pariharati. Puttadāradāsakammakaraporise sukheti pīneti sammā sukhaṃ pariharati. Mittāmacce sukheti pīneti sammā sukhaṃ pariharati. Idamassa paṭhamaṃ ṭhānagataṃ hoti pattagataṃ āyatanaso paribhuttaṃ. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.068>​[PTS page 068]</​span>​ puna ca paraṃ gahapati ariyasāvako uṭṭhānaviriyādhigatehi bhogehi bāhābalaparicitehi sedāvakkhittehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi yā tā honti āpadā aggito vā udakato vā rājato vā corato vā appiyato((Appiyato vā  machasaṃ.)) dāyādato vā. Tathārūpāsu āpadāsu bhogehi pariyodhāya vattati, sotthiṃ attānaṃ karoti. Idamassa dutiyaṃ ṭhānagataṃ hoti pattagataṃ āyatanaso paribhuttaṃ. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ gahapati ariyasāvako uṭṭhānaviriyādhigatehi bhogehi bāhābalaparicitehi sedāvakkhittehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi pañca balī kattā hoti: ñātibaliṃ atithibaliṃ pubbapetabaliṃ rājabaliṃ devatābaliṃ. Idamassa tatiyaṃ ṭhānagataṃ hoti pattagataṃ āyatanaso paribhuttaṃ. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ gahapati ariyasāvako uṭṭhānaviriyādhigatehi bhogehi bāhābalaparicitehi sedāvakkhittehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi ye te samaṇabrāhmaṇā madappamādā paṭiviratā khantisoracce niviṭṭhā. Ekamattānaṃ damenti, ekamattānaṃ samenti, ekamattānaṃ parinibbāpenti. Tathārūpesu samaṇabrāhmaṇesu uddhaggikaṃ dakkhiṇaṃ patiṭṭhāpeti sovaggikaṃ sukhavipākaṃ sagga saṃvattanikaṃ. Idamassa catutthaṃ ṭhānagataṃ hoti pattagataṃ āyatanaso paribhuttaṃ. ​
 +
 +Sa kho so gahapati ariyasāvako uṭṭhānaviriyādhigatehi bhogehi bāhābalaparicitehi sedāvakkhittehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi imāni cattāri pattakammāni kattā hoti. 
 +
 +Yassa kassaci gahapati aññatra imehi catūhi pattakammehi bhogā parikkhayaṃ gacchanti. Ime vuccanti gahapati bhogā aṭṭhānagatā appattagatā anāyatanaso paribhuttā. ​
 +
 +Yassa kassaci gahapati imehi catūhi pattakammehi bhogā parikkhayaṃ gacchanti. Ime vuccanti gahapati bhogā ṭhānagatā pattagatā āyatanaso paribhuttāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.130>​[BJT page 130]</​span>  ​
 +
 +32. Bhuttā bhogā bhatā((Bhaṭā ​ syā. Kaṃ.)) bhaccā vitiṇṇā āpadāsu me,
 +
 +Uddhaggā dakkhiṇā dinnā atho pañcabalī katā. ​
 +
 +33. Upaṭṭhitā sīlavanto saññatā brahmacārayo,​
 +
 +Yadatthaṃ bhogaṃ iccheyya paṇḍito gharamāvasaṃ,​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.069>​[PTS page 069]</​span>​ so me attho anuppatto kataṃ ananutāpiyaṃ. ​
 +
 +34. Etaṃ anussaraṃ macco ariyadhamme ṭhito naro,
 +
 +Idha ceva naṃ pasaṃsanti pecca sagge ca modatīti. ​
 +
 +====  (2. Anaṇasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.2.2>​[4.2.2.2]</​span>​ 12. Atha kho anāthapiṇḍiko gahapati yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinnaṃ kho anāthapiṇḍikaṃ gahapatiṃ bhagavā etadavoca:
 +
 +Cattārimāni gahapati sukhāni adhigamanīyāni gihinā kāmabhoginā kālena kālaṃ samayena samayaṃ upādāya. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Atthisukhaṃ bhogasukhaṃ anaṇasukhaṃ((Ānaṇyasukhaṃ ​ machasaṃ.)) anavajjasukhaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamañca gahapati atthisukhaṃ?​ Idha gahapati kulaputtassa bhogā honti
 +
 +Uṭṭhānaviriyādhigatā bāhābalaparicitā sedāvakkhittā dhammikā dhammaladdhā. So bhogā me atthi uṭṭhānaviriyādhigatā bāhābalaparicitā sedāvakkhittā dhammikā dhammaladdhāti adhigacchati sukhaṃ, adhigacchati somanassaṃ. Idaṃ vuccati gahapati atthisukhaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamañca gahapati bhogasukhaṃ?​ Idha gahapati kulaputto uṭṭhānaviriyādhigatehi bhogehi bāhābalaparicitehi sedāvakkhittehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi bhoge ca bhuñjati, puññāni ca karoti. So uṭṭhānaviriyādhigatehi bhogehi bāhābalaparicitehi sedāvakkhittehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi bhoge ca bhuñjāmi puññāni ca karomīti adhigacchati sukhaṃ, adhigacchati somanassaṃ. Idaṃ vuccati gahapati bhogasukhaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamañca gahapati anaṇasukhaṃ?​ Idha gahapati kulaputto na kassaci kiñci dhāreti appaṃ vā bahuṃ vā. So na kassaci kiñci dhāremi appaṃ vā bahuṃ vāti adhigacchati sukhaṃ, adhigacchati somanassaṃ. Idaṃ vuccati gahapati anaṇasukhaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamañca gahapati anavajjasukhaṃ?​ Idha gahapati ariyasāvako anavajjena kāyakammena samannāgato hoti, anavajjena vacīkammena samannāgato hoti, anavajjena manokammena samannāgato hoti. So <span pts_page #​pts.070>​[PTS page 070]</​span>​ anavajjenamhi kāyakammena samannāgato,​ anavajjena vacīkammena samannāgato,​ anavajjena manokammena samannāgatoti adhigacchati sukhaṃ, adhigacchati somanassaṃ. Idaṃ vuccati gahapati anavajjasukhaṃ. <span bjt_page #​bjt.132>​[BJT page 132]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Imāni kho gahapati cattāri sukhāni adhigamanīyāni gihinā kāmabhoginā kālena kālaṃ samayena samayaṃ upādāyāti. ​
 +
 +35. Anaṇaṃ sukhaṃ ñatvāna((Anavajjasukhaṃ ñatvā ​ sīmu.)) atho atthisukhaṃ sare,
 +
 +Bhuñjaṃ bhogaṃ sukhaṃ macco tato paññā vipassati.((* Ānaṇyasukhaṃ ñatvāna atho atthi sukhaṃ saraṃ
 +
 +Bhuñjaṃ bhogasukhaṃ macco tato paññā vipassati ​ machasaṃ.))
 +
 +36. Vipassamāno jānāti ubho bhāge sumedhaso,
 +
 +Anavajjasukhassetaṃ kalaṃ nāgghati soḷasintī. ​
 +
 +====  (3. Sabrahmasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.2.3>​[4.2.2.3]</​span>​) 13. Sabrahmakāni bhikkhave tāni kulāni yesaṃ puttānaṃ mātāpitaro ajjhāgāre pūjitā honti. Sapubbācariyakāni bhikkhave tāni kulāni yesaṃ puttānaṃ mātāpitaro ajjhāgāre pūjitā honti. Sapubbadevatāni bhikkhave tāni kulāni yesaṃ puttānaṃ mātāpitaro ajjhāgāre pūjitā honti. Sāhuneyyakāni bhikkhave tāni kulāni yesaṃ puttānaṃ mātāpitaro ajjhāgāre pūjitā honti. ​
 +
 +Brahmāti bhikkhave mātāpitunnaṃ((Mātāpitūnaṃ ​ machasaṃ.)) etaṃ adhivacanaṃ. Pubbācariyāti bhikkhave mātāpitunnaṃ etaṃ adhivacanaṃ. Pubbadevāti bhikkhave mātāpitunnaṃ etaṃ adhivacanaṃ. Āhuneyyāti bhikkhave mātāpitunnaṃ etaṃ adhivacanaṃ. Taṃ kissa hetu?
 +
 +Bahukārā bhikkhave mātāpitaro puttānaṃ āpādakā posakā imassa lokassa dassetāroti. ​
 +
 +37. Brahmāti mātāpitaro pubbācariyāti vuccare,
 +
 +Āhuneyyā ca puttānaṃ pajāya anukampakā,​
 +
 +Tasmā hi ne namasseyya sakkareyyātha paṇḍito. ​
 +
 +38. Annena atha pānena vatthena sayanena ca,
 +
 +Ucchādane nahāpane pādānaṃ dhovanena ca. 
 +
 +39. Tāya naṃ paricariyāya mātāpitusu paṇḍitā,​
 +
 +Idha ceva naṃ pasaṃsanti pecca sagge ca modatīti. ​
 +
 +==== (4. Nirayasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.2.4>​[4.2.2.4]</​span>​ 14. <span pts_page #​pts.071>​[PTS page 071]</​span>​ catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ niraye. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Pāṇātipātī hoti, adinnādāyī hoti, kāmesu micchācārī hoti, musāvādī hoti. 
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ nirayeti.
 +
 +40. Pāṇātipāto adinnādānaṃ musāvādo ca vuccati,
 +
 +Paradāragamanañcāpi nappasaṃsanti paṇḍitāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.134>​[BJT page 134]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (5. Rūpa (ppamāṇa) suttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.2.5>​[4.2.2.5]</​span>​ 15. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Rūpappamāṇo rūpappasanno,​ ghosappamāṇo ghosappasanno,​ lūkhappamāṇo lūkhappasanno,​ dhammappamāṇo dhammappasanno. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +41. Ye ca rūpena pāmiṃsu((Ye ca rūpe pamāṇiṃsu ​ machasaṃ.)) ye ca ghosena anvagū,
 +
 +Chandarāgavasūpetā na te jānanti taṃ janaṃ.((Nābhijānanti te chanā ​ machasaṃ.))
 +
 +42. Ajjhattañca na jānāti bahiddhā ca na passati,
 +
 +Samantāvaraṇo bālo sa ve ghosena vuyhati. ​
 +
 +43. Ajjhattañca na jānāti bahiddhā ca vipassati,
 +
 +Bahiddhā phaladassāvī sopi ghosena vuyhati. ​
 +
 +44. Ajjhattañca pajānāti bahiddhā ca vipassati,
 +
 +Vinīvaraṇadassāvī na so ghosena vuyhati. ​
 +
 +====  (6. Sarāga (puggala) suttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.2.6>​[4.2.2.6]</​span>​ 16. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro? Sarāgo, sadoso, samoho, samāno. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +45. <span pts_page #​pts.072>​[PTS page 072]</​span>​ sārattā rajanīyesu piyarūpābhinandino,​
 +
 +Mohena adhamā((Āvutā ​ machasaṃ.)) sattā baddhā vaḍḍhenti bandhanaṃ. ​
 +
 +46. Rāgajañca dosajañca mohajañcāpaviddasu,​
 +
 +Karonti akusalaṃ kammaṃ savighātaṃ dukhudrayaṃ. ​
 +
 +47. Avijjānivutā posā andhabhūtā acakkhukā,
 +
 +Yathā dhammā tathā santā tassevanti((Na tassevanti ​ syā. Machasaṃ.)) na maññareti. ​
 +
 +==== (7. Ahi(metta)suttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.2.7>​[4.2.2.7]</​span>​((* Khandhaparittaṃ ​ catubhāṇavārapāḷi.)) 17. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme. Tena kho pana samayena sāvatthiyaṃ aññataro bhikkhu ahinā daṭṭho kālakato hoti. Atha kho sambahulā bhikkhū yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkamiṃsu. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Ekamantaṃ nisinnā kho te bhikkhū bhagavantaṃ etadavocuṃ:​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.136>​[BJT page 136]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Idha bhante sāvatthiyaṃ aññataro bhikkhu ahinā daṭṭho kālakatoti. ​
 +
 +Nahanūna((Na hi nūna  machasaṃ.)) so bhikkhave bhikkhu cattāri ahirājakulāni mettena cittena phari. Sace hi so bhikkhave bhikkhu cattāri ahirājakulāni mettena cittena phareyya, na hi so bhikkhave bhikkhu ahinā daṭṭho kālaṃ kareyya. Katamāni cattāri ahirājakulāni? ​
 +
 +Virūpakkhaṃ ahirājakulaṃ,​ erāpathaṃ ahirājakulaṃ,​ chabyāputtaṃ ahirājakulaṃ,​ kaṇhāgotamakaṃ ahirājakulaṃ. ​
 +
 +Nahanūna so bhikkhave bhikkhu imāni cattāri ahirājakulāni mettena cittena
 +
 +Phari. Sace hi so bhikkhave bhikkhu imāni cattāri ahirājakulāni mettena cittena phareyya, nahi so bhikkhave bhikkhu ahinā daṭṭho kālaṃ kareyya. ​
 +
 +Anujānāmi bhikkhave imāni cattāri ahirājakulāni mettena cittena pharituṃ, attaguttiyā attarakkhāya attaparittāyāti. ​
 +
 +48. Virūpakkhehi me mettaṃ mettaṃ erāpathehi me,
 +
 +Chabyāputtehi me mettaṃ mettaṃ kaṇhāgotamakehi ca. 
 +
 +49. Apādakehi me mettaṃ mettaṃ dipādakehi((Dvipādakehi ​ machasaṃ.)) me,
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.073>​[PTS page 073]</​span>​ catuppadehi me mettaṃ mettaṃ bahuppadehi me. 
 +
 +50. Mā maṃ apādako hiṃsi mā maṃ hiṃsi dipādako,
 +
 +Mā maṃ catuppado hiṃsi mā maṃ hiṃsi bahuppado. ​
 +
 +51. Sabbe sattā sabbe pāṇā sabbe bhūtā ca kevalā,
 +
 +Sabbe bhadrāni passantu mā kañci pāpamāgamā. ​
 +
 +Appamāṇo buddho. Appamāṇo dhammo. Appamāṇo saṅgho. Pamāṇavantāni siriṃsapāni((Sarīsapāni ​ machasaṃ.)) ahivicchikā satapadī uṇṇānābhi sarabū mūsikā. Katā me rakkhā. Katā me parittā. Paṭikkamantu bhūtāni. So'​haṃ namo bhagavato. Namo sattannaṃ sammāsambuddhānanti. ​
 +
 +==== (8. Devadattasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.2.8>​[4.2.2.8]</​span>​ 18. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā rājagahe viharati gijjhakūṭe pabbate acirapakkante devadatte. Tatra kho bhagavā devadattaṃ ārabbha bhikkhū āmantesi:
 +
 +Attavadhāya bhikkhave devadattassa lābhasakkārasiloko udapādi. Parābhavāya bhikkhave devadattassa lābhasakkārasiloko udapādi. <span bjt_page #​bjt.138>​[BJT page 138]</​span> ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave kadali attavadhāya phalaṃ deti, parābhavāya phalaṃ deti, evameva kho bhikkhave attavadhāya devadattassa lābhasakkārasiloko udapādi. Parābhavāya devadattassa lābhasakkārasiloko udapādi. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave veḷu attavadhāya phalaṃ deti, parābhavāya phalaṃ deti, evameva kho bhikkhave attavadhāya devadattassa lābhasakkārasiloko udapādi. Parābhavāya devadattassa lābhasakkārasiloko udapādi. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave naḷo attavadhāya phalaṃ deti, parābhavāya phalaṃ deti, evameva kho bhikkhave attavadhāya devadattassa lābhasakkārasiloko udapādi. Parābhavāya devadattassa lābhasakkārasiloko udapādi. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave assatarī attavadhāya gabbhaṃ gaṇhāti, evameva kho bhikkhave attavadhāya devadattassa lābhasakkārasiloko udapādi. Parābhavāya devadattassa lābhasakkārasiloko udapādīti. ​
 +
 +52. Phalaṃ ve kadaliṃ hanti phalaṃ veḷuṃ phalaṃ naḷaṃ,
 +
 +Sakkāro kāpurisaṃ hanti gabbho assatariṃ yathā'​ti. ​
 +
 +==== (9. Padhānasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.2.9>​[4.2.2.9]</​span>​ 19. <span pts_page #​pts.074>​[PTS page 074]</​span>​ cattārimāni bhikkhave padhānāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Saṃvarappadhānaṃ,​ pahāṇappadhānaṃ,​ bhāvanappadhānaṃ,​ anurakkhaṇappadhānaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamañca bhikkhave saṃvarappadhānaṃ?​ Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu anuppannānaṃ pāpakānaṃ akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ anuppādāya chandaṃ janeti vāyamati viriyaṃ ārabhati cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave saṃvarappadhānaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamañca bhikkhave pahāṇappadhānaṃ?​ Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu uppannānaṃ pāpakānaṃ akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ pahāṇāya chandaṃ janeti vāyamati viriyaṃ ārabhati cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave pahāṇappadhānaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamañca bhikkhave bhāvanappadhānaṃ?​ Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu anuppannānaṃ kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ uppādāya chandaṃ janeti vāyamati viriyaṃ ārabhati cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave bhāvanappadhānaṃ. <span bjt_page #​bjt.140>​[BJT page 140]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Katamañca bhikkhave anurakkhaṇappadhānaṃ?​ Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu uppannānaṃ kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ ṭhitiyā asammosāya bhīyobhāvāya vepullāya bhāvanāya pāripūriyā chandaṃ janeti vāyamati viriyaṃ ārabhati cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave anurakkhaṇappadhānaṃ. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri padhānānīti. ​
 +
 +53. Saṃvaro ca pahāṇaṃ ca bhāvanā anurakkhaṇā,​
 +
 +Ete padhānā cattāro desitādiccabandhunā
 +
 +Yehi bhikkhu idhātāpī khayaṃ dukkhassa pāpuṇeti. ​
 +
 +==== (10. Adhammikasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.2.10>​[4.2.2.10]</​span>​ 20. Yasmiṃ bhikkhave samaye rājāno adhammikā honti, rājayuttāpi tasmiṃ samaye adhammikā honti. Rājayuttesu adhammikesu brāhmaṇagahapatikāpi tasmiṃ samaye adhammikā honti. Brāhmaṇagahapatikesu adhammikesu negamajānapadāpi tasmiṃ samaye adhammikā honti. Negamajānapadesu adhammikesu visamaṃ candimasuriyā <span pts_page #​pts.075>​[PTS page 075]</​span>​ parivattanti. Visamaṃ candimasuriyesu parivattantesu visamaṃ nakkhattāni tārakarūpāni parivattanti. Visamaṃ nakkhattesu tārakarūpesu parivattantesu visamaṃ rattindivā parivattanti. Visamaṃ rattindivesu parivattantesu visamaṃ māsaddhamāsā parivattanti. Visamaṃ māsaddhamāsesu parivattantesu visamaṃ utusaṃvaccharā parivattanti. Visamaṃ utusaṃvaccharesu parivattantesu visamaṃ vātā vāyanti visamā apañjasā. Visamaṃ vātesu vāyantesu visamesu apañjasesu devatā parikupitā bhavanti. Devatāsu parikupitāsu devo na sammādhāraṃ anuppavecchati. Deve na sammā dhāraṃ anuppavecchante visamapākīni sassāni bhavanti. Visamapākīni((Visamapākānī ​ machasaṃ.)) bhikkhave sassāni manussā paribhuñjantā appāyukā ca honti. Dubbaṇṇā ca dubbalā ca bavhābādhā ca. 
 +
 +Yasmiṃ bhikkhave samaye rājāno dhammikā honti, rājayuttāpi tasmiṃ samaye dhammikā honti. Rājayuttesu dhammikesu brāhmaṇagahapatikāpi tasmiṃ samaye dhammikā honti. Brāhmaṇagahapatikesu dhammikesu negamajānapadāpi tasmiṃ samaye dhammikā honti. Negamajānapadesu dhammikesu samaṃ candimasuriyā parivattanti. Samaṃ candimasuriyesu parivattantesu samaṃ nakkhattāni tārakarūpāni parivattanti. Samaṃ nakkhattesu tārakarūpesu parivattantesu samaṃ rattindivā parivattanti. Samaṃ rattindivesu parivattantesu samaṃ māsaddhamāsā parivattanti. Samaṃ māsaddhamāsesu parivattantesu samaṃ utusaṃvaccharā parivattanti. Samaṃ utusaṃvaccharesu parivattantesu samaṃ((Avisamaṃ ​ sīmu.)) vātā vāyanti samā pañjasā. Samaṃ((Avisamaṃ ​ sīmu.)) vātesu vāyantesu samesu pañjasesu devatā aparikupitā bhavanti. Devatāsu aparikupitāsu devo sammā dhāraṃ anuppavecchati. Deve sammā dhāraṃ anuppavecchante samapākīni sassāni bhavanti. Samapākīni bhikkhave sassāni manussā paribhuñjantā dīghāyukā ca honti. Vaṇṇavanto ca balavanto ca appābādhā cā'​ti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.142>​[BJT page 142]</​span>  ​
 +
 +54. Gunnaṃ ce taramānānaṃ jimhaṃ gacchati puṅgavo,
 +
 +Sabbā tā jimhaṃ gacchanti nette jimhaṃ gate sati. 
 +
 +55. Evameva manussesu yo hoti seṭṭhasammato,​
 +
 +So ce adhammaṃ carati pageva itarā pajā,
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.076>​[PTS page 076]</​span>​ sabbaṃ raṭṭhaṃ dukhaṃ seti rājā ce hotadhammiko. ​
 +
 +56. Gunnaṃ ce taramānānaṃ ujuṃ gacchati puṅgavo,
 +
 +Sabbā tā uju gacchanti nette ujugate sati. 
 +
 +57. Evameva manussesu yo hoti seṭṭhasammato,​
 +
 +So ceva((So sace  machasaṃ.)) dhammaṃ carati pageva itarā pajā,
 +
 +Sabbaṃ raṭṭhaṃ sukhaṃ seti rājā ce hoti dhammikoti. ​
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Pattakammavaggo dutiyo. ​
 +
 +**Tassuddānaṃ:​**
 +
 +Pattakammaṃ anaṇako sabrahma nirayā rūpena pañcamaṃ,​
 +
 +Sarāga ahinā devadatto padhānaṃ adhammikena cā'​ti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.144>​[BJT page 144]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +===== 3. Apaṇṇakavaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.2.3>​[4.2.3]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v03>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v03]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v03_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Padhāna ​ apaṇṇaka paṭipadāsuttaṃ) ====
 +<span para #​para_4.2.3.1>​[4.2.3.1]</​span>​((* Uddāne "​āraddhaviriyo'​ti padañca, "​sammādiṭṭhiyā'​ ti padañca upādāya padhānasuttanti ca, diṭṭhisuttanti ca vuttaṃ.)) (Sāvatthi nidānaṃ) 21. Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu apaṇṇakataṃ((Apaṇṇakappaṭipadaṃ ​ machasaṃ.)) paṭipadaṃ paṭipanno hoti. Yoni cassa āraddhā hoti. Āsavānaṃ khayāya. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu sīlavā hoti, bahussuto hoti, āraddhaviriyo hoti, paññavā hoti. 
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu apaṇṇakataṃ paṭipadaṃ paṭipanno hoti, yoni cassa āraddhā hoti, āsavānaṃ khayāyāti. ​
 +
 +==== (2. Diṭṭhiapaṇṇaka paṭipadāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.3.2>​[4.2.3.2]</​span>​ 22. Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu apaṇṇakataṃ((Apaṇṇakappaṭipadaṃ ​ machasaṃ.)) paṭipadaṃ paṭipanno hoti, yoni cassa āraddhā hoti āsavānaṃ khayāya. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Nekkhammavitakkena,​ avyāpādavitakkena,​ avihiṃsāvitakkena,​ sammā diṭṭhiyā. ​
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato <span pts_page #​pts.077>​[PTS page 077]</​span>​ bhikkhu apaṇṇakataṃ paṭipadaṃ paṭipanno hoti, yoni cassa āraddhā hoti āsavānaṃ khayāyāti. ​
 +
 +==== (3. Asappurisavadhukāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.3.3>​[4.2.3.3]</​span>​ 23. Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato asappuriso veditabbo. Katamehi catūhi? ​
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave asappuriso yo hoti parassa avaṇṇo, taṃ apuṭṭhopi pātukaroti,​ ko pana vādo puṭṭhassa. Puṭṭho kho pana pañhābhinīto ahāpetvā alambetvā(("​Alampetvā"​ a. Alambitvā ​ machasaṃ.)) paripūraṃ vitthārena parassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Veditabbametaṃ bhikkhave asappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave asappuriso yo hoti parassa vaṇṇo, taṃ puṭṭho'​pi na pātukaroti. Ko pana vādo apuṭṭhassa. Puṭṭho kho pana pañhābhinīto hāpetvā lambetvā aparipūraṃ avitthārena parassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Veditabbametaṃ bhikkhave asappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave asappuriso yo hoti attano avaṇṇo, taṃ puṭṭhopi na pātukaroti ko pana vādo apuṭṭhassa. Puṭṭho kho pana pañhābhinīto hāpetvā lambetvā aparipūraṃ avitthārena attano avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Veditabbametaṃ bhikkhave asappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.146>​[BJT page 146]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave asappuriso yo hoti attano vaṇṇo, taṃ apuṭṭhopi pātukaroti,​ ko pana vādo puṭṭhassa puṭṭho kho pana pañhābhinīto ahāpetvā alambetvā paripūraṃ vitthārena attano vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Veditabbametaṃ bhikkhave asappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti. ​
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato asappuriso veditabbo. ​
 +
 +Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato sappuriso veditabbo. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave sappuriso yo hoti parassa avaṇṇo, taṃ puṭṭhopi na pātukaroti,​ ko pana vādo apuṭṭhassa. Puṭṭho kho pana pañhābhinīto hāpetvā lambetvā aparipūraṃ <span pts_page #​pts.078>​[PTS page 078]</​span>​ avitthārena parassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Veditabbametaṃ bhikkhave sappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave sappuriso yo hoti parassa vaṇṇo, taṃ apuṭṭhopi pātukaroti,​ ko pana vādo puṭṭhassa. Puṭṭho kho pana pañhābhinīto ahāpetvā alambetvā paripūraṃ vitthārena parassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Veditabbametaṃ bhikkhave sappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave sappuriso yo hoti attano avaṇṇo, taṃ apuṭṭhopi pātukaroti,​ ko pana vādo puṭṭhassa. Puṭṭho kho pana pañhābhinīto ahāpetvā alambetvā paripūraṃ vitthārena attano avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Veditabbametaṃ bhikkhave sappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave sappuriso yo hoti attano vaṇṇo, taṃ puṭṭhopi na pātukaroti,​ ko pana vādo apuṭṭhassa. Puṭṭho kho pana pañhābhinīto hāpetvā lambetvā aparipūraṃ avitthārena attano vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Veditabbametaṃ bhikkhave sappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti. ​
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato sappuriso veditabbo. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave vadhukā yaññadeva rattiṃ vā divasaṃ((Divaṃ vā  machasaṃ.)) vā ānītā hoti. Tāvadevassā tibbaṃ hirottappaṃ paccupaṭṭhitaṃ hoti sassuyāpi sasurepi sāmikepi antamaso dāsakammakaraporisesu. Sā aparena samayena saṃvāsamanvāya vissāsamanvāya sassumpi sasurampi sāmikampi evamāha: apetha, kiṃ pana tumhe jānāthāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.148>​[BJT page 148]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Evameva kho bhikkhave idhekacco bhikkhu yaññadeva rattiṃ vā divasaṃ vā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajito hoti, tāvadevassa tibbaṃ hirottappaṃ paccupaṭṭhitaṃ hoti bhikkhusu bhikkhunīsu upāsakesu upāsikāsu antamaso ārāmikasamaṇuddesesu. So aparena samayena saṃvāsamanvāya vissāsamanvāya ācariyampi upajjhāyampi evamāha: apetha, kiṃ pana tumhe jānāthāti. ​
 +
 +Tasmātiha bhikkhave evaṃ sikkhitabbaṃ:​ adhunāgatavadhukāsamena cetasā
 +
 +Viharissāmāti. Evaṃ hi vo bhikkhave sikkhitabbanti. ​
 +
 +==== (4. Paṭhamaaggasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.3.4>​[4.2.3.4]</​span>​ 24. <span pts_page #​pts.079>​[PTS page 079]</​span>​ cattārimāni bhikkhave aggāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Sīlaggaṃ,​ samādhaggaṃ,​((Samādhiggaṃ ​ machasaṃ.)) paññaggaṃ,​ vimuttaggaṃ. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri aggānīti. ​
 +
 +==== (5. Dutiyaaggasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.3.5>​[4.2.3.5]</​span>​ 25. Cattārimāni bhikkhave aggāni, katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Rūpaggaṃ,​ vedanaggaṃ,​ saññaggaṃ,​ bhavaggaṃ. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri aggānīti. ​
 +
 +==== (6. Kusinārāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.3.6>​[4.2.3.6]</​span>​ 26. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā kusinārāyaṃ viharati upavattane mallānaṃ sālavane, antarena yamakasālānaṃ parinibbāṇasamaye. Tatra kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi bhikkhavoti. Bhadanteti te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca:
 +
 +Siyā kho pana bhikkhave ekabhikkhussapi kaṅkhā vā vimati vā buddhe vā dhamme vā saṅghe vā magge vā paṭipadāya vā, pucchatha bhikkhave, mā pacchā vippaṭisārino ahuvattha ‘‘ sammukhībhūto no satthā ahosi, nāsakkhimha bhagavantaṃ sammukhā paṭipucchitunti. ‘‘ Evaṃ vutte te bhikkhū tuṇhī ahesuṃ. ​
 +
 +Dutiyampi kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: siyā kho pana bhikkhave ekabhikkhussapi kaṅkhā vā vimati vā buddhe vā dhamme vā saṅghe vā magge vā paṭipadāya vā, pucchatha bhikkhave, mā pacchā vippaṭisārino ahuvattha ‘‘sammukhībhūto no satthā ahosi, nāsakkhimha bhagavantaṃ sammukhā paṭipucchitunti. ‘‘ Dutiyampi kho te bhikkhū tuṇhī ahesuṃ. <span bjt_page #​bjt.150>​[BJT page 150]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Tatiyampi kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: siyā kho pana bhikkhave
 +
 +Ekabhikkhussapi kaṅkhā vā vimati vā buddhe vā dhamme vā saṅghe vā magge vā paṭipadāya vā, pucchatha bhikkhave, mā pacchā vippaṭisārino ahuvattha ‘‘ sammukhībhūto no satthā ahosi, nāsakkhimha bhagavantaṃ sammukhā paṭipucchitunti. ‘‘ Tatiyampi kho te bhikkhū tuṇhī ahesuṃ. ​
 +
 +Atha kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi. Siyā kho pana bhikkhave
 +
 +Satthugāravenāpi na puccheyyātha,​ sahāyakopi bhikkhave sahāyakassa ārocetū ti. Evaṃ vutte te bhikkhū tuṇhī ahesuṃ. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.080>​[PTS page 080]</​span>​ atha kho āyasmā ānando bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: acchariyaṃ bhante, abbhutaṃ bhante. Evaṃ pasanno ahaṃ bhante imasmiṃ bhikkhusaṅghe,​ natthi imasmiṃ bhikkhusaṅghe ekabhikkhussapi kaṅkhā vā vimati vā buddhe vā dhamme vā saṅghe vā magge vā paṭipadāya vāti. ​
 +
 +Pasādā kho tvaṃ ānanda vadesi. Ñāṇameva((Ñātameva ​ katthaci.)) hettha ānanda
 +
 +Tathāgatassa,​ natthi imasmiṃ bhikkhusaṅghe ekabhikkhussapi kaṅkhā vā vimati vā buddhe vā dhamme vā saṅghe vā magge vā paṭipadāya vā. 
 +
 +Imesaṃ hi ānanda pañcannaṃ bhikkhusatānaṃ yo pacchimako bhikkhu, so sotāpanno avinipātadhammo niyato sambodhiparāyanoti. ​
 +
 +==== (7. Acinteyyasuttaṃ) ====
 +<span para #​para_4.2.3.7>​[4.2.3.7]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ:​) 27. Cattārimāni bhikkhave acinteyyāni na cintetabbāni,​ yāni cintento ummādassa vighātassa bhāgī assa. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Buddhānaṃ bhikkhave buddhavisayo acinteyyo na cintetabbo, yaṃ cintento ummādassa vighātassa bhāgī assa. 
 +
 +Jhāyissa bhikkhave jhānavisayo acinteyyo na cintetabbo, yaṃ cintento ummādassa vighātassa bhāgī assa. 
 +
 +Kammavipāko bhikkhave acinteyyo na cintetabbo, yaṃ cintento ummādassa vighātassa bhāgī assa. 
 +
 +Lokacintā bhikkhave acinteyyā na cintetabbā,​ yaṃ cintento ummādassa vighātassa bhāgī assa. 
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri acinteyyāni na cintetabbāni,​ yāni cintento ummādassa vighātassa bhāgī assāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.152>​[BJT page 152]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (8. Dakkhiṇāvisuddhisuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.3.8>​[4.2.3.8]</​span>​ 28. Catasso imā bhikkhave dakkhiṇāvisuddhiyo. Katamā catasso?
 +
 +Atthi bhikkhave dakkhiṇā dāyakato visujjhati no paṭiggāhakato. Atthi bhikkhave dakkhiṇā paṭiggāhakato visujjhati no dāyakato. Atthi bhikkhave dakkhiṇā neva dāyakato visujjhati no paṭiggāhakato. Atthi bhikkhave dakkhiṇā dāyakato ceva visujjhati paṭiggāhakato ca. 
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.081>​[PTS page 081]</​span>​ kathañca bhikkhave dakkhiṇā dāyakato visujjhati no paṭiggāhakato?​ Idha bhikkhave dāyako hoti sīlavā kalyāṇadhammo,​ paṭiggāhakā honti dussīlā pāpadhammā.((Paṭiggāhako hoti dussīlo pāpadhammosyā)) Evaṃ kho bhikkhave dakkhiṇā dāyakato visujjhati no paṭiggāhakato. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave dakkhiṇā paṭiggāhakato visujjhati no dāyakato? Idha bhikkhave dāyako hoti dussīlo pāpadhammo,​ paṭiggāhakā honti sīlavanto kalyāṇadhammā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave dakkhiṇā paṭiggāhakato visujjhati no dāyakato. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave dakkhiṇā neva dāyakato visujjhati no paṭiggāhakato?​ Idha bhikkhave dāyako hoti dussīlo pāpadhammo,​ paṭiggāhakāpi honti dussīlā pāpadhammā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave dakkhiṇā neva dāyakato visujjhati no paṭiggāhakato. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave dakkhiṇā dāyakato ceva visujjhati paṭiggāhakato ca? Idha bhikkhave dāyako hoti sīlavā kalyāṇadhammo,​ paṭiggāhakāpi honti sīlavanto kalyāṇadhammā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave dakkhiṇā dāyakato ceva visujjhati paṭiggāhakato ca. 
 +
 +Imā kho bhikkhave catasso dakkhiṇā visuddhiyoti. ​
 +
 +==== (9. Vaṇijjāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.3.9>​[4.2.3.9]</​span>​ 29. Atha kho āyasmā sāriputto yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi, ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā sāriputto bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +Ko nu kho bhante hetu, ko paccayo, yena midhekaccassa tādisāva vaṇijjā payuttā chedagāminī hoti? Ko pana bhante hetu, ko paccayo yena midhekaccassa tādisāva vaṇijjā payuttā na yathādhippāyaṃ hoti? <span bjt_page #​bjt.154>​[BJT page 154]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Ko nu kho bhante hetu ko paccayo, yena midhekaccassa tādisāva vaṇijjā payuttā yathādhippāyaṃ hoti? Ko pana bhante hetu, ko paccayo, yena midhekaccassa tādisāva vaṇijjā payuttā parādhippāyā hotīti?
 +
 +Idha sāriputta ekacco samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā upasaṅkamitvā pavāreti: vada bhante paccayenāti. So <span pts_page #​pts.082>​[PTS page 082]</​span>​ yena pavāreti, taṃ na deti. So ce tato cuto itthattaṃ āgacchati. So yaññadeva vaṇijjaṃ payojeti, sāssa hoti chedagāminī. ​
 +
 +Idha pana sāriputta ekacco samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā upasaṅkamitvā pavāreti: vada bhante paccayenāti. So yena pavāreti. Taṃ na yathādhippāyaṃ deti. So ce tato cuto itthattaṃ āgacchati, so yaññadeva vaṇijjaṃ payojeti, sāssa hoti na yathādhippāyā. ​
 +
 +Idha pana sāriputta ekacco samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā upasaṅkamitvā pavāreti: vada bhante paccayenāti. So yena pavāreti, taṃ yathādhippāyaṃ deti. So ce tato cuto itthattaṃ āgacchati. So yaññadeva vaṇijjaṃ payojeti, sāssa hoti yathādhippāyā. ​
 +
 +Idha pana sāriputta ekacco samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā upasaṅkamitvā pavāreti: vada bhante paccayenāti. So yena pavāreti, taṃ parādhippāyaṃ deti. So ce tato cuto itthattaṃ āgacchati. So yaññadeva vaṇijjaṃ payojeti, sāssa hoti parādhippāyā.((Parādhippāyaṃ ​ machasaṃ. Sīmu. ))
 +
 +Ayaṃ kho sāriputta hetu, ayaṃ paccayo, yena midhekaccassa tādisāva vaṇijjā payuttā chedagāminī hoti. 
 +
 +Ayaṃ pana sāriputta hetu, ayaṃ paccayo, yena midhekaccassa tādisāva vaṇijjā payuttā na yathādhippāyā hoti. 
 +
 +Ayaṃ kho sāriputta hetu, ayaṃ paccayo, yena midhekaccassa tādisā vaṇijjā payuttā yathādhippāyā hoti. 
 +
 +Ayaṃ pana sāriputta hetu, ayaṃ paccayo, yena midhekaccassa tādisāva vaṇijjā payuttā parādhippāyā hotīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.156>​[BJT page 156]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (10. Kambojasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.3.10>​[4.2.3.10]</​span>​ 30. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā kosambiyaṃ viharati ghositārāme. Atha kho āyasmā ānando yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā ānando bhagavantaṃ etadavoca. ​
 +
 +Ko nu kho bhante hetu, ko paccayo, yena mātugāmo neva sabhāyaṃ nisīdati, na kammantaṃ payojeti, na kambojaṃ gacchatīti?​
 +
 +Kodhano ānanda mātugāmo, issukī ānanda mātugāmo, <span pts_page #​pts.083>​[PTS page 083]</​span>​ maccharī ānanda mātugāmo, duppañño ānanda mātugāmo. ​
 +
 +Ayaṃ kho ānanda hetu, ayaṃ paccayo, yena mātugāmo neva sabhāyaṃ nisīdati, na kammantaṃ payojeti, na kambojaṃ gacchatīti. ​
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Apaṇṇakavaggo tatiyo.
 +
 +**Tassuddānaṃ:​**
 +
 +Padhāna diṭṭhi'​sappurisa ​ vadhukā dve ca honti aggāni,
 +
 +Kusinārā acintitaṃ dakkhiṇāya vaṇijjakambojena vaggo'​ti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.158>​[BJT page 158]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +===== 4. Macalavaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.2.4>​[4.2.4]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v04>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v04]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v04_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Pāṇātipātīsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.4.1>​[4.2.4.1]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ) 31. Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ niraye. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Pāṇātipātī hoti, adinnādāyī hoti, kāmesu micchācārī hoti, musāvādī hoti. 
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ niraye. ​
 +
 +Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ sagge. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Pāṇātipātā paṭivirato hoti, adinnādānā paṭivirato hoti, kāmesu micchācārā paṭivirato hoti, musāvādā paṭivirato hoti. 
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ sagge'​ti
 +
 +==== (2.  Musāvādīsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.4.2>​[4.2.4.2]</​span>​ 32. Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ niraye. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Musāvādī hoti, pisunāvāco hoti, pharusāvāco hoti, samphappalāpī hoti. 
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ niraye. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.084>​[PTS page 084]</​span>​ catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ sagge. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Musāvādā paṭivirato hoti, pisunāvācā paṭivirato hoti, pharusāvācā paṭivirato hoti, samphappalāpā paṭivirato hoti. 
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ sagge'​ti. ​
 +
 +==== (3. Vaṇṇasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.4.3>​[4.2.4.3]</​span>​ 33. Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ niraye. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Ananuvicca apariyogāhetvā avaṇṇārahassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsati. Ananuvicca apariyogāhetvā vaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsati. Ananuvicca apariyogāhetvā appasādanīye ṭhāne pasādaṃ upadaṃseti. Ananuvicca apariyogāhetvā pasādanīye ṭhāne appasādaṃ upadaṃseti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.160>​[BJT page 160]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ niraye. ​
 +
 +Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ sagge. Katamehi catūhi? ​
 +
 +Anuvicca pariyogāhetvā avaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsati. Anuvicca pariyogāhetvā vaṇṇārahassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsati. Anuvicca pariyogāhetvā appasādanīye ṭhāne appasādaṃ upadaṃseti. Anuvicca pariyogāhetvā pasādanīye ṭhāne pasādaṃ upadaṃseti. ​
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ sagge'​ti. ​
 +
 +==== (4. Kodhagarusuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.4.4>​[4.2.4.4]</​span>​ 34. Catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ niraye. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Kodhagaru hoti na saddhammagaru,​ makkhagaru hoti na saddhammagaru,​ lābhagaru hoti na saddhammagaru,​ sakkāragaru hoti na saddhammagaru. ​
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ niraye. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.085>​[PTS page 085]</​span>​ catūhi bhikkhave dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ sagge. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Saddhammagaru hoti na kodhagaru, saddhammagaru hoti na makkhagaru, saddhammagaru hoti na lābhagaru, saddhammagaru hoti na sakkāragaru. ​
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ saggeti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.162>​[BJT page 162]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (5.  Tamotamaparāyanasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.4.5>​[4.2.4.5]</​span>​ 35. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Tamotamaparāyano,​ tamojotiparāyano,​ jotitamaparāyano,​ jotijotiparāyano. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo tamo hoti tamaparāyano?​ Idha bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo nīce kule paccājāto hoti caṇḍālakule vā veṇakule vā nesādakule vā rathakārakule vā pukkusakule vā daḷidde appannapānabhojane kasiravuttike yattha kasirena ghāsacchādo labbhati. So ca hoti dubbaṇṇo duddasiko okoṭimako bavhābādho kāṇo vā kuṇī vā khañjo vā pakkhahato vā, na lābhī annassa pānassa vatthassa yānassa mālāgandhavilepanassa seyyāvasathapadīpeyyassa. So kāyena duccaritaṃ carati, vācāya duccaritaṃ carati, manasā duccaritaṃ carati. So kāyena duccaritaṃ caritvā vācāya duccaritaṃ caritvā manasā duccaritaṃ caritvā kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo tamo hoti tamaparāyano. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo tamo hoti jotiparāyano?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo nīce kule paccājāto hoti caṇḍālakule vā veṇakule vā nesādakule vā rathakārakule vā pukkusakule vā daḷidde appannapānabhojane kasiravuttike yattha kasirena ghāsacchādo labbhati. So ca hoti dubbaṇṇo duddasiko okoṭimako bavhābādho kāṇo vā kuṇī vā khañjo vā pakkhahato vā, na lābhī annassa pānassa vatthassa yānassa mālāgandhavilepanassa seyyāvasathapadīpeyyassa. So kāyena sucaritaṃ carati, vācāya sucaritaṃ carati, manasā sucaritaṃ carati. So kāyena sucaritaṃ caritvā vācāya sucaritaṃ caritvā manasā sucaritaṃ caritvā kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapajjati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo tamo hoti jotiparāyano. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo joti hoti tamaparāyano?​ <span pts_page #​pts.086>​[PTS page 086]</​span>​ idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo ucce kule paccājāto hoti khattiyamahāsālakule vā brāhmaṇamahāsālakule vā gahapatimahāsālakule vā aḍḍhe mahaddhane mahābhoge pahūtajātarūparajate pahūtavittupakaraṇe pahūtadhanadhaññe. So ca hoti abhirūpo dassanīyo pāsādiko paramāya vaṇṇapokkharatāya samannāgato. Lābhī annassa pānassa vatthassa yānassa mālāgandhavilepanassa seyyāvasathapadīpeyyassa. So kāyena duccaritaṃ carati, vācāya duccaritaṃ carati, manasā duccaritaṃ carati. So kāyena duccaritaṃ caritvā, vācāya duccaritaṃ caritvā, manasā duccaritaṃ caritvā, kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo joti hoti tamaparāyano:​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.164>​[BJT page 164]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo joti hoti jotiparāyano?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo ucce kule paccājāto hoti khattiyamahāsālakule vā brāhmaṇamahāsālakule vā gahapatimahāsālakule vā aḍḍhe mahaddhane mahābhoge pahūtajātarūparajate pahūtavittupakaraṇe pahūtadhanadhaññe. So ca hoti abhirūpo dassanīyo pāsādiko paramāya vaṇṇapokkharatāya samannāgato,​ lābhī annassa pānassa vatthassa yānassa mālāgandhavilepanassa seyyāvasathapadīpeyyassa. So kāyena sucaritaṃ carati, vācāya sucaritaṃ carati, manasā sucaritaṃ carati. So kāyena sucaritaṃ caritvā vācāya sucaritaṃ caritvā manasā sucaritaṃ caritvā kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapajjati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo joti hoti joti parāyano. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (6. Onatonata suttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.4.6>​[4.2.4.6]</​span>​ 36. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Onatonato, onatunnato, unnatonato, unnatunnato. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo onatonato hoti? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo nīce kule paccājāto hoti caṇḍālakule vā veṇakule vā nesādakule vā rathakārakule vā pukkusakule vā daḷidde appannapānabhojane kasiravuttike yattha kasirena ghāsacchādo labbhati. So va hoti dubbaṇṇo duddasiko
 +
 +Kasirena ghāsacchādo labbhati. So ca hoti dubbaṇṇo duddasiko okoṭimako bavhābādho kāṇo vā kuṇī vā khañjo vā pakkhahato vā, na lābhī annassa pānassa vatthassa yānassa mālāgandhavilepanassa seyyāvasathapadīpeyyassa. So
 +
 +Kāyena duccaritaṃ carati, vācāya duccaritaṃ carati, manasā duccaritaṃ carati. So kāyena duccaritaṃ caritvā vācāya duccaritaṃ caritvā manasā duccaritaṃ caritvā kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo onatonato hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo onatunnato hoti? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo nīce kule paccājāto hoti caṇḍālakule vā veṇakule vā nesādakule vā rathakārakule vā pukkusakule vā daḷidde appannapānabhojane kasiravuttike yattha kasirena ghāsacchādo labbhati. So ca hoti dubbaṇṇo duddasiko okoṭimako bavhābādho kāṇo vā kuṇī vā khañjo vā pakkhahato vā, na lābhī annassa pānassa vatthassa yānassa mālāgandhavilepanassa seyyāvasathapadīpeyyassa. So kāyena sucaritaṃ carati, vācāya sucaritaṃ carati, manasā sucaritaṃ carati. So kāyena sucaritaṃ caritvā vācāya sucaritaṃ caritvā manasā sucaritaṃ caritvā kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapajjati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo onatunnato hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo unnatonato hoti? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo uccekule paccājāto hoti khattiyamahāsālakule vā brāhmaṇamahāsālakule vā gahapatimahāsālakule vā aḍḍhe mahaddhane mahābhoge pahūtajātarūparajate pahūtavittupakaraṇe pahūtadhanadhaññe. So ca hoti abhirūpo dassanīyo pāsādiko paramāya vaṇṇapokkharatāya samannāgato. Lābhī annassa pānassa vatthassa yānassa mālāgandhavilepanassa seyyāvasathapadīpeyyassa. So kāyena duccaritaṃ carati, vācāya duccaritaṃ carati, manasā duccaritaṃ carati. So kāyena duccaritaṃ caritvā manasā duccaritaṃ caritvā kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo unnatonato hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo unnatunnato hoti? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo ucce kule paccājāto hoti khattiyamahāsālakule vā brāhmaṇamahāsālakule vā gahapatimahāsālakule vā aḍḍhe mahaddhane mahābhoge pahūtajātarūparajate pahūtavittupakaraṇe pahūtadhanadhaññe. So ca hoti abhirūpo dassanīyo pāsādiko paramāya vaṇṇapokkharatāya samannāgato,​ lābhī annassa pānassa vatthassa yānassa mālāgandhavilepanassa seyyāvasathapadīpeyyassa. So kāyena sucaritaṃ caritvā vācāya sucaritaṃ caritvā kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapajjati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo unnatunnato hoti. 
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.166>​[BJT page 166]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (7. Samaṇamacala ​ puttasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.4.7>​[4.2.4.7]</​span>​ 37. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Samaṇamacalo,​ samaṇapuṇḍarīko,​ samaṇapadumo,​ samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo samaṇamacalo hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu sekho hoti paṭipado anuttaraṃ yogakkhemaṃ patthayamāno viharati. Seyyathāpi bhikkhave <span pts_page #​pts.087>​[PTS page 087]</​span>​ rañño khattiyassa muddhāvasittassa jeṭṭho putto ābhiseko anabhisitto macalappatto,​ evameva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu sekho hoti paṭipado anuttaraṃ yogakkhemaṃ patthayamāno viharati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo samaṇamacalo hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo samaṇapuṇḍarīko hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. No ca kho aṭṭhavimokkhe kāyena phassitvā viharati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo samaṇapuṇḍarīko hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo samaṇapadumo hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭhevadhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Aṭṭha ca vimokkhe kāyena phassitvā viharati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo samaṇapadumo hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu yācitova bahulaṃ cīvaraṃ paribhuñjati,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ piṇḍapātaṃ paribhuñjati,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ senāsanaṃ paribhuñjati,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ gilānapaccayabhesajjaparikkhāraṃ paribhuñjati,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yehi kho pana sabrahmacārīhi saddhiṃ viharati, tyāssa manāpeneva bahulaṃ kāyakammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpeneva bahulaṃ vacīkammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpeneva bahulaṃ manokammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpaññeva bahulaṃ upahāraṃ upaharanti, appaṃ amanāpaṃ. Yāni kho pana tāni vedayitāni pittasamuṭṭhānāni vā semhasamuṭṭhānāni vā vātasamuṭṭhānāni vā sannipātikāni vā utuparināmajāni vā visama parihārajāni vā opakkamikāni vā kammavipākajāni vā, tānassa((Tāni me na bahudeva machasaṃ.)) na bahudeva uppajjanti. Appābādho hoti. Catunnaṃ jhānānaṃ ābhicetasikānaṃ diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārānaṃ nikāmalābhī hoti akicchalābhī akasiralābhī. Āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ <span pts_page #​pts.088>​[PTS page 088]</​span>​ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo hoti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.168>​[BJT page 168]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Yaṃ hi taṃ bhikkhave sammā vadamāno vadeyya '​samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo'​ ti. Mameva taṃ bhikkhave sammā vadamāno vadeyya '​samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo'​ti. Ahaṃ hi bhikkhave yācitova bahulaṃ cīvaraṃ paribhuñjāmi,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ piṇḍapātaṃ paribhuñjāmi,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ senāsanaṃ paribhuñjāmi,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ gilānapaccayabhesajjaparikkhāraṃ paribhuñjāmi,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yehi kho pana bhikkhūhi saddhiṃ viharāmi, te((Me ​ machasaṃ.)) maṃ manāpeneva bahulaṃ kāyakammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpeneva bahulaṃ vacīkammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpeneva bahulaṃ manokammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpaṃ yeva bahulaṃ upahāraṃ upaharanti, appaṃ amanāpaṃ. Yāni pana((Yāni kho  machasaṃ.)) tāni vedayitāni pittasamuṭṭhānāni vā semhasamuṭṭhānāni vā vātasamuṭṭhānāni vā sannipātikāni vā utuparināmajāni vā visamaparihārajāni vā opakkamikāni vā kammavipākajāni vā, tāni me na bahudeva uppajjanti appābādhohamasmi. Catunnaṃ kho pana jhānānaṃ ābhicetasikānaṃ diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārānaṃ nikāmalābhī akicchalābhī akasiralābhī. Āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharāmi. ​
 +
 +Yaṃ hi taṃ bhikkhave sammā vadamāno vadeyya '​samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo'​ti. Mameva taṃ bhikkhave sammā vadamāno vadeyya '​samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo'​ ti. 
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (8. Samaṇamacala ​ saññojana suttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.4.8>​[4.2.4.8]</​span>​ 38. Cattāro'​ me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ katame cattāro?
 +
 +Samaṇamacalo,​ samaṇapuṇḍarīko,​ samaṇapadumo,​ samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo samaṇamacalo hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu tiṇṇaṃ saññojanānaṃ parikkhayā <span pts_page #​pts.089>​[PTS page 089]</​span>​ sotāpanno hoti avinipātadhammo,​ niyato sambodhiparāyaṇo. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo samaṇamacalo hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo samaṇapuṇḍarīko hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu tiṇṇaṃ saññojanānaṃ parikkhayā rāgadosamohānaṃ tanuttā sakadāgāmī hoti, sakideva imaṃ lokaṃ āgantvā dukkhassantaṃ karoti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo samaṇapuṇḍarīko hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo samaṇapadumo hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu pañcannaṃ orambhāgiyānaṃ saññojanānaṃ parikkhayā opapātiko hoti tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo samaṇapadumo hoti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.170>​[BJT page 170]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo hoti. 
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (9. Samaṇamacala ​ diṭṭhisuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.4.9>​[4.2.4.9]</​span>​ 39. Cattārome bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Samaṇamacalo,​ samaṇapuṇḍarīko,​ samaṇapadumo,​ samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo samaṇamacalo hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu sammādiṭṭhiko hoti, sammāsaṅkappo hoti, sammāvāco hoti, sammākammanto hoti, sammāājīvo hoti, sammāvāyāmo hoti, sammāsatī hoti, sammāsamādhī hoti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo samaṇamacalo hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo samaṇapuṇḍarīko hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu sammādiṭhiko hoti, sammāsaṅkappo hoti, sammāvāco hoti, sammākammanto hoti, sammāājīvo hoti, sammāvāyāmo hoti, sammāsatī hoti, sammāsamādhī hoti, sammāñāṇī hoti, sammāvimuttī hoti. No ca kho aṭṭhavimokkhe kāyena phassitvā <span pts_page #​pts.090>​[PTS page 090]</​span>​ viharati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo samaṇapuṇḍarīko hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo samaṇapadumo hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu sammādiṭṭhiko hoti, sammāsaṅkappo hoti, sammāvāco hoti, sammākammanto hoti, sammāājīvo hoti, sammāvāyāmo hoti, sammāsatī hoti, sammāsamādhī hoti. Sammāñāṇī hoti, sammāvimuttī hoti, aṭṭha ca vimokkhe kāyena phassitvā viharati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo samaṇapadumo hoti:
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu yācitova bahulaṃ cīvaraṃ paribhuñjati,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ piṇḍapātaṃ paribhuñjati,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ senāsanaṃ paribhuñjati,​ appaṃ ayācito, yācitova bahulaṃ gilānapaccayabhesajjaparikkhāraṃ paribhuñjati,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yehi kho pana sabrahmacārīhi saddhiṃ viharati, tyāssa manāpeneva bahulaṃ kāyakammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpeneva bahulaṃ vacīkammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpeneva bahulaṃ manokammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpaññeva bahulaṃ upahāraṃ upaharanti, appaṃ amanāpaṃ. Yāni kho pana tāni vedayitāni pittasamuṭṭhānāni vā semhasamuṭṭhānāni vā vātasamuṭṭhānāni vā sannipātikāni vā utuparināmajāni vā visama parihārajāni vā opakkamikāni vā kammavipākajāni vā tānassa na bahudeva uppajjanti. Appābādho hoti. Catunnaṃ jhānānaṃ ābhicetasikānaṃ diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārānaṃ nikāmalābhī hoti akicchalābhī akasiralābhī. Āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo hoti.
 +
 +Yaṃ hi taṃ bhikkhave sammā vadamāno vadeyya ' samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo'​ ti mameva taṃ bhikkhave sammā vadamāno vadeyya ' samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo 'ti. Ahaṃ hi bhikkhave yācitova bahulaṃ cīvaraṃ paribhuñjāmi,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ piṇḍapātaṃ paribhuñjāmi appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ senāsanaṃ paribhuñjāmi,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ gilānapaccayabhesajjaparikkhāraṃ paribhuñjāmi,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yehi kho pana bhikkhūhi saddhiṃ viharāmi, te maṃ manāpenema bahulaṃ kāyakammena samudācaranti. Appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpeneva bahulaṃ vacīkammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpeneva bahulaṃ manokammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpaṃ yeva bahulaṃ upahāraṃ upaharanti, appaṃ amanāpaṃ. Yāni pana tāni vedayitāni pittasamuṭṭhānāni vā semhasamuṭṭhānāni vā vātasamuṭṭhānāni vā sannipātikāni vā utuparināmajāni vā visamaparihārajāni vā opakkamikāni vā kammavipākajāni vā, tāni me na bahudeva uppajjanti appādhohamasmi. Catunnaṃ kho pana jhānānaṃ ābhicetasikānaṃ diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārānaṃ nikāmalābhī akicchalābhī akasiralābhī. Ānavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharāmi. Yaṃ hi taṃ bhikkhave sammā vadamāno vadeyya '​samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo'​ti mameva taṃ bhikkhave sammā vadamāno vadeyya '​samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo'​ti. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.172>​[BJT page 172]</​span>  ​
 +
 +//1. Phusitvā ​ machasaṃ. [No anchor for footnote]//
 +
 +==== (10. Samaṇamacala ​ khandhasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.4.10>​[4.2.4.10]</​span>​ 40. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Samaṇamacalo,​ samaṇapuṇḍarīko,​ samaṇapadumo,​ samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo samaṇamacalo hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu sekho hoti appattamānaso,​ anuttaraṃ yogakkhemaṃ patthayamāno viharati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo samaṇamacalo hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo samaṇapuṇḍarīko hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu pañcasupādānakkhandhesu udayabbayānupassī viharati: iti rūpaṃ, iti rūpassa samudayo, iti rūpassa atthagamo. Iti vedanā, iti vedanāya samudayo, iti vedanāya atthagamo. Iti saññā, iti saññāya samudayo, iti saññāya atthagamo. Iti saṅkhārā,​ iti saṅkhārānaṃ samudayo, iti saṅkhārānaṃ atthagamo. Iti viññāṇaṃ,​ iti viññāṇassa samudayo, iti viññāṇassa atthagamoti. No ca kho aṭṭhavimokkhe kāyena phassitvā((Phusitvā ​ machasaṃ. )) viharati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo samaṇapuṇḍarīko hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo samaṇapadumo hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu pañcasupādānakkhandhesu udayabbayānupassī viharati: iti rūpaṃ, iti rūpassa samudayo, iti rūpassa atthagamo. Iti vedanā, iti vedanāya samudayo, iti vedanāya atthagamo. Iti saññā iti saññāya samudayo, iti saññāya atthagamo. Iti saṅkhārā,​ iti saṅkhārānaṃ samudayo, iti saṅkhārānaṃ atthagamo. Iti viññāṇaṃ,​ iti viññāṇassa samudayo, iti viññāṇassa <span pts_page #​pts.091>​[PTS page 091]</​span>​ atthagamoti. Aṭṭha ca vimokkhe kāyena phassitvā viharati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo samaṇapadumo hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu yācitova bahulaṃ cīvaraṃ paribhuñjati,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ piṇḍapātaṃ paribhuñjati,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ senāsanaṃ paribhuñjati,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ gilānapaccayabhesajjaparikkhāraṃ paribhuñjati,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yehi kho pana sabrahmacārīhi saddhiṃ viharati, tyāssa manāpeneva bahulaṃ kāyakammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpeneva bahulaṃ vacīkammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpeneva bahulaṃ manokammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpaññeva bahulaṃ upahāraṃ upaharanti, appaṃ amanāpaṃ. Yāni kho pana tāni vedayitāni pittasamuṭṭhānāni vā semhasamuṭṭhānāni vā vātasamuṭṭhānāni vā sannipātikāni vā utuparināmajāni vā visama parihārajāni vā opakkamikāni vā kammavipākajāni vā, tānassa na bahudeva uppajjanti. Appābādho hoti. Catunnaṃ jhānānaṃ ābhicetasikānaṃ diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārānaṃ nikāmalābhī hoti akicchalābhī akasiralābhī. Āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo hoti.
 +
 +Yaṃ hi taṃ bhikkhave sammā vadamāno vadeyya ' samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo ' ti. Mameva taṃ bhikkhave sammā vadamāno vadeyya ' samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo'​ ti. Ahaṃ hi bhikkhave yācitova bahulaṃ cīvaraṃ paribhuñjāmi,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ piṇḍapātaṃ paribhuñjāmi,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ senāsanaṃ paribhuñjāmi,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yācitova bahulaṃ gilānapaccayabhesajjaparikkhāraṃ paribhuñjāmi,​ appaṃ ayācito. Yehi kho pana bhikkhūhi saddhiṃ viharāmi, te maṃ manāpeneva bahulaṃ kāyakammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpeneva bahulaṃ vacīkammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpeneva bahulaṃ manokammena samudācaranti,​ appaṃ amanāpena. Manāpaṃ yeva bahulaṃ upahāraṃ upaharanti, appaṃ amanāpaṃ. Yāni pana tāni vedayitāni pittasamuṭṭhānāni vā semhasamuṭṭhānāni vā vātasamuṭṭhānāni vā sannipātikāni vā utuparināmajāni vā visamaparihārajāni vā opakkamikāni vā kammavipākajāni vā, tāni me na bahudeva uppajjanti appābādhohamasmi. Catunnaṃ kho pana jhānānaṃ ābhicetasikānaṃ diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārānaṃ nikāmalābhī akicchalābhī akasiralābhī. Āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharāmi.
 +
 +Yaṃ hi taṃ bhikkhave sammāvadamāno vadeyya '​samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo'​ ti mameva taṃ bhikkhave sammā vadamāno vadeyya '​samaṇesu samaṇasukhumālo'​ ti. 
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Macalavaggo catuttho. ​
 +
 +**Tassuddānaṃ:​**
 +
 +Pāṇātipāto ca musā vaṇṇakodhatamonatā,​
 +
 +Putto saññojanaṃ ceva diṭṭhikhandhena te dasāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.174>​[BJT page 174]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +===== 5. Asuravaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.2.5>​[4.2.5]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v05>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v05]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v05_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Asurasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.5.1>​[4.2.5.1]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ)
 +
 +41. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Asuro asuraparivāro,​ asuro devaparivāro,​ devo asuraparivāro,​ devo devaparivāro. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo asuro hoti asuraparivāro?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo dussīlo hoti pāpadhammo. Parisāpissa dussīlā hoti pāpadhammā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo asuro hoti asuraparivāro. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo asuro hoti devaparivāro?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo dussīlo hoti pāpadhammo. Parisā ca khvassa hoti sīlavatī kalyāṇadhammā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo asuro hoti devaparivāro. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo devo hoti asuraparivāro?​ <span pts_page #​pts.092>​[PTS page 092]</​span>​ idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo sīlavā hoti kalyāṇadhammo. Parisā ca khvassa hoti dussīlā pāpadhammā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo devo hoti asuraparivāro. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo devo hoti devaparivāro?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo sīlavā hoti kalyāṇadhammo. Parisā pissa hoti sīlavatī kalyāṇadhammā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo devo hoti devaparivāro. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (2. Paṭhamasamādhisuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.5.2>​[4.2.5.2]</​span>​ Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo lābhī hoti ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ na lābhī adhipaññādhammavipassanāya. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo lābhī hoti adhipaññādhammavipassanāya,​ na lābhī ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa. <span bjt_page #​bjt.176>​[BJT page 176]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo neva lābhī hoti ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ na lābhī adhipaññādhammavipassanāya. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo lābhī ceva hoti ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ lābhī ca adhipaññādhammavipassanāya. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (3. Dutiyasamādhisuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.5.3>​[4.2.5.3]</​span>​ 43. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo lābhī hoti ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ na lābhī adhipaññādhammavipassanāya. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo lābhī hoti adhipaññādhammavipassanāya,​ na lābhī ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo neva lābhī hoti ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ na lābhī adhipaññādhammavipassanāya. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo lābhī ceva hoti ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ lābhī ca adhipaññādhammavipassanāya. ​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yvāyaṃ puggalo lābhī hoti ajjhattaṃ <span pts_page #​pts.093>​[PTS page 093]</​span>​ cetosamathassa,​ na lābhī adhipaññādhammavipassanāya,​ tena bhikkhave puggalena ajjhattaṃ cetosamathe patiṭṭhāya adhipaññādhammavipassanāya yogo karaṇīyo. So aparena samayena lābhī ceva hoti ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ lābhī ca adhipaññādhammavipassanāya. ​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yvāyaṃ puggalo lābhī adhipaññādhammavipassanāya,​ na lābhī ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa. Tena bhikkhave puggalena adhipaññādhammavipassanāya patiṭṭhāya ajjhattaṃ cetosamathe yogo karaṇīyo. So aparena samayena lābhī ce va hoti adhipaññā dhammavipassanāya,​ lābhī ca ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa. ​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yvāyaṃ puggalo neva lābhī ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ na lābhī adhipaññādhammavipassanāya. Tena bhikkhave puggalena tesaṃ yeva kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ paṭilābhāya adhimatto chando ca vāyāmo ca ussāho ca ussoḷhī ca appaṭivānī ca sati ca sampajaññaṃ ca karaṇīyaṃ. <span bjt_page #​bjt.178>​[BJT page 178]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave ādittacelo vā ādittasīso vā tassa tasseva celassa vā sīsassa vā nibbāpanāya adhimattaṃ chandañca vāyāmañca ussāhañca ussoḷhiñca appaṭivāniñca satiñca sampajaññaṃ ca kareyya, evameva kho bhikkhave tena puggalena tesaṃyeva kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ paṭilābhāya adhimatto chando ca vāyāmo ca ussāho ca ussoḷhī ca appaṭivāni ca sati ca sampajaññaṃ ca karaṇīyaṃ. So aparena samayena lābhī ceva hoti ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ lābhī ca adhipaññādhammavipassanāya. ​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yvāyaṃ puggalo lābhī ceva hoti ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ lābhī ca adhipaññādhammavipassanāya,​ tena bhikkhave puggalena tesu yeva kusalesu dhammesu patiṭṭhāya uttariṃ āsavānaṃ khayāya yogo karaṇīyo. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (4.  Tatiyasamādhisuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.5.4>​[4.2.5.4]</​span>​ )
 +
 +44. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo lābhī hoti ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ na lābhī adhipaññādhammavipassanāya. ​
 +
 +Idha <span pts_page #​pts.094>​[PTS page 094]</​span>​ pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo lābhī hoti adhipaññādhammavipassanāya,​ na lābhī ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo neva lābhī hoti ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ na lābhī adhipaññādhammavipassanāya. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo lābhī ceva hoti ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ lābhī ca adhipaññādhammavipassanāya. ​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yvāyaṃ puggalo lābhī ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ na lābhī adhipaññādhammavipassanāya,​ tena bhikkhave puggalena yvāyaṃ puggalo lābhī adhipaññā dhammavipassanāya,​ so upasaṅkamitvā evamassa vacanīyo: kathaṃnu kho āvuso saṅkhārā daṭṭhabbā?​ Kathaṃ saṅkhārā sammasitabbā?​ Kathaṃ saṅkhārā vipassitabbāti?​ Tassa so yathādiṭṭhaṃ yathāviditaṃ vyākaroti: evaṃ kho āvuso saṅkhārā daṭṭhabbā,​ evaṃ saṅkhārā sammasitabbā,​ evaṃ saṅkhārā vipassitabbāti. ​
 +
 +So aparena samayena lābhī ceva hoti ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ lābhī ca adhipaññādhammavipassanāya. <span bjt_page #​bjt.180>​[BJT page 180]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yvāyaṃ puggalo lābhī adhipaññādhammavipassanāya,​ na lābhī ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa. Tena bhikkhave puggalena yvāyaṃ puggalo lābhī ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ so upasaṅkamitvā evamassa vacanīyo: "​kathaṃ nu kho āvuso cittaṃ saṇṭhapetabbaṃ?​ Kathaṃ cittaṃ sannisādetabbaṃ?​ Kathaṃ cittaṃ ekodikattabbaṃ?​ Kathaṃ cittaṃ samādahātabbanti?​. " Tassa so yathādiṭṭhaṃ yathāviditaṃ vyākaroti: "​evaṃ kho āvuso cittaṃ saṇṭhapetabbaṃ,​ evaṃ cittaṃ sannisādetabbaṃ,​ evaṃ cittaṃ ekodikattabbaṃ,​ evaṃ cittaṃ samādahātabbanti. "
 +
 +So aparena samayena lābhī ceva hoti adhipaññādhammavipassanāya,​ lābhī ca ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa. ​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yvāyaṃ puggalo neva lābhī ca ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ na lābhī adhipaññādhammavipassanāya,​ tena bhikkhave puggalena yvāyaṃ puggalo lābhī ceva ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ lābhī ca adhipaññādhammavipassanāya. So upasaṅkamitvā evamassa vacanīyo: "​kathaṃnu kho āvuso cittaṃ saṇṭhapetabbaṃ?​ Kathaṃ cittaṃ sannisādetabbaṃ?​ Kathaṃ cittaṃ ekodikattabbaṃ?​ Kathaṃ cittaṃ samādahātabbaṃ?​ Kathaṃ saṅkhārā daṭṭhabbā?​ Kathaṃ saṅkhārā sammasitabbā?​ Kathaṃ saṅkhārā vipassitabbā?"​ Ti. Tassa so yathādiṭṭhaṃ yathāviditaṃ vyākaroti: "​evaṃ kho āvuso cittaṃ saṇṭhapetabbaṃ,​ evaṃ cittaṃ sannisādetabbaṃ,​ evaṃ cittaṃ ekodikattabbaṃ,​ evaṃ cittaṃ samādahātabbaṃ,​ evaṃ saṅkhārā daṭṭhabbā,​ evaṃ saṅkhārā sammasitabbā evaṃ saṅkhārā vipassitabbā"​ ti. 
 +
 +So aparena <span pts_page #​pts.095>​[PTS page 095]</​span>​ samayena lābhī ceva hoti ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ lābhī ca Adhipaññādhammavipassanāya. ​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yvāyaṃ puggalo lābhī ceva hoti ajjhattaṃ cetosamathassa,​ lābhī ca adhipaññādhammavipassanāya,​ tena bhikkhave puggalena tesu yeva kusalesu dhammesu patiṭṭhāya uttariṃ āsavānaṃ khayāya yogo karaṇīyo. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (6.  Chavālātasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.5.6>​[4.2.5.6]</​span>​ )
 +
 +45. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Nevattahitāya paṭipanno no parahitāya. Parahitāya paṭipanno no attahitāya. Attahitāya paṭipanno no parahitāya. Attahitāya ca paṭipanno parahitāya ca.  <span bjt_page #​bjt.182>​[BJT page 182]</​span>  ​
 +
 +//1. Ceva  machasaṃ. [No anchor for the footnote]//
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave chavālātaṃ ubhato padittaṃ majjhe gūthagataṃ neva gāme kaṭṭhatthaṃ pharati na araññe. Tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi yvāyaṃ puggalo nevattahitāya paṭipanno no parahitāya. ​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yvāyaṃ puggalo parahitāya paṭipanno no attahitāya,​ ayaṃ imesaṃ dvinnaṃ puggalānaṃ abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro ca. 
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yvāyaṃ puggalo attahitāya paṭipanno no parahitāya,​ ayaṃ imesaṃ tiṇṇaṃ puggalānaṃ abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro ca. 
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yvāyaṃ puggalo attahitāya ca paṭipanno parahitāya ca, ayaṃ imesaṃ catunnaṃ puggalānaṃ aggo ca seṭṭho ca pāmokkho ca uttamo ca pavaro ca. 
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave gavā khīraṃ, khīramhā dadhi, dadhimhā navanītaṃ,​ navanītamhā sappi, sappimhā sappimaṇḍo,​ sappimaṇḍo tattha aggamakkhāyati,​ evameva kho bhikkhave yvāyaṃ puggalo attahitāya ca paṭipanno parahitāya ca, ayaṃ imesaṃ catunnaṃ puggalānaṃ aggo ca seṭṭho ca pāmokkho ca uttamo ca pavaro ca. 
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.096>​[PTS page 096]</​span>​ ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (6.  Rāgavinayasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.5.6>​[4.2.5.6]</​span>​ 46. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ, katame cattāro?
 +
 +Attahitāya paṭipanno no parahitāya. Parahitāya paṭipanno no attahitāya. Neva attahitāya paṭipanno no parahitāya. Attahitāya ca paṭipanno parahitāya ca. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo attahitāya paṭipanno no parahitāya?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo attanā rāgavinayāya paṭipanno hoti, no paraṃ rāgavinayāya samādapeti. Attanā dosavinayāya paṭipanno hoti, no paraṃ dosavinayāya samādapeti. Attanā mohavinayāya paṭipanno hoti, no paraṃ mohavinayāya samādapeti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo attahitāya paṭipanno hoti no parahitāya. <span bjt_page #​bjt.184>​[BJT page 184]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo parahitāya paṭipanno hoti, no attahitāya?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo attanā na rāgavinayāya paṭipanno hoti, paraṃ rāgavinayāya samādapeti. Attanā na dosavinayāya paṭipanno hoti, paraṃ dosavinayāya samādapeti. Attanā na mohavinayāya paṭipanno hoti, paraṃ mohavinayāya samādapeti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo parahitāya paṭipanno hoti no attahitāya. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo nevattahitāya paṭipanno hoti, no parahitāya?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo attanā na rāgavinayāya paṭipanno hoti, no paraṃ rāgavinayāya samādapeti. Attanā na dosavinayāya paṭipanno hoti, no paraṃ dosavinayāya samādapeti. Attanā na mohavinayāya paṭipanno hoti, no paraṃ mohavinayāya samādapeti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo nevattahitāya paṭipanno hoti no parahitāya. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo attahitāya ca paṭipanno hoti, parahitāya ca? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo attanā ca rāgavinayāya paṭipanno hoti, parañca rāgavinayāya samādapeti. Attanā ca dosavinayāya paṭipanno hoti, parañca dosavinayāya samādapeti. Attanā ca mohavinayāya paṭipanno hoti, parañca <span pts_page #​pts.097>​[PTS page 097]</​span>​ mohavinayāya samādapeti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo attahitāya ca paṭipanno hoti, parahitāya ca. 
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (7. Khippanisantisuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.5.7>​[4.2.5.7]</​span>​ 47. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Attahitāya paṭipanno no parahitāya. Parahitāya paṭipanno no attahitāya. Nevattahitāya paṭipanno no parahitāya. Attahitāya ca paṭipanno parahitāya ca. <span bjt_page #​bjt.186>​[BJT page 186]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo attahitāya paṭipanno hoti no parahitāya?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo khippanisantī ca hoti kusalesu dhammesu. Sutānaṃ ca dhammānaṃ dhārakajātiko hoti. Dhatānaṃ ca dhammānaṃ atthūpaparikkhī hoti. Atthamaññāya dhammamaññāya dhammānudhammapaṭipanno hoti. No ca kalyāṇavāco hoti kalyāṇavākkaraṇo poriyā vācāya samannāgato vissaṭṭhāya anelagalāya atthassa viññāpaniyā. No ca sandassako samādapako samuttejako sampahaṃsako sabrahmacārīnaṃ. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo attahitāya paṭipanno hoti no parahitāya. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo parahitāya paṭipanno hoti no attahitāya?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo na heva kho khippanisantī hoti kusalesu dhammesu no ca sutānaṃ dhammānaṃ dhārakajātiko hoti. No ca dhatānaṃ dhammānaṃ atthūpaparikkhī hoti. No ca atthamaññāya dhammamaññāya dhammānudhammapaṭipanno hoti. Kalyāṇavāco ca hoti kalyāṇavākkaraṇo poriyā vācāya samannāgato vissaṭṭhāya anelagalāya atthassa viññāpaniyā. Sandassako ca hoti samādapako samuttejako sampahaṃsako sabrahmacārīnaṃ. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo parahitāya paṭipanno hoti no attahitāya. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.098>​[PTS page 098]</​span>​ kathañca bhikkhave puggalo nevattahitāya paṭipanno hoti no parahitāya?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo na heva kho khippanisantī hoti kusalesu dhammesu. No ca sutānaṃ dhammānaṃ dhārakajātiko hoti. No ca dhatānaṃ dhammānaṃ atthūpaparikkhī hoti. No ca atthamaññāya dhammamaññāya dhammānudhammapaṭipanno hoti. No ca kalyāṇavāco hoti kalyāṇavākkaraṇo poriyā vācāya samannāgato vissaṭṭhāya anelagalāya atthassa viññāpaniyā. No ca sandassako hoti samādapako samuttejako sampahaṃsako sabrahmacārīnaṃ. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo nevattahitāya paṭipanno hoti no parahitāya. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo attahitāya ca paṭipanno hoti parahitāya ca? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo khippanisantī ca hoti kusalesu dhammesu. Sutānañca dhammānaṃ dhārakajātiko hoti. Dhatānañca dhammānaṃ atthūpaparikkhī hoti. Atthamaññāya dhammamaññāya dhammānudhammapaṭipanno hoti. Kalyāṇavāco hoti kalyāṇavākkaraṇo. Poriyā vācāya samannāgato vissaṭṭhāya anelagalāya atthassa viññāpaniyā. Sandassako ca hoti samādapako samuttejako sampahaṃsako sabrahmacārīnaṃ. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo attahitāya ca paṭipanno hoti parahitāya ca. 
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.188>​[BJT page 188]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (8.  Attahitasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.5.8>​[4.2.5.8]</​span>​ 48. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Attahitāya paṭipanno no parahitāya. Parahitāya paṭipanno neva attahitāya. Neva attahitāya ca paṭipanno no parahitāya. Attahitāya ca paṭipanno parahitāya ca. 
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave, cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (9. Sikkhāpadasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.5.9>​[4.2.5.9]</​span>​ 49. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro? ​
 +
 +Attahitāya paṭipanno <span pts_page #​pts.099>​[PTS page 099]</​span>​ no parahitāya. Parahitāya paṭipanno no attahitāya. Neva attahitāya ca paṭipanno no parahitāya. Attahitāya ca paṭipanno parahitāya ca. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo attahitāya paṭipanno hoti no parahitāya?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo attanā pāṇātipātā paṭivirato hoti, no ca paraṃ pāṇātipātā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Attanā adinnādānā paṭivirato hoti, no paraṃ adinnādānā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Attanā kāmesu micchācārā paṭivirato hoti, no paraṃ kāmesu micchācārā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Attanā musāvādā paṭivirato hoti, no paraṃ musāvādā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Attanā surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhānā paṭivirato hoti, no paraṃ surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhānā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo attahitāya paṭipanno hoti no parahitāya. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo parahitāya paṭipanno hoti no attahitāya?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo attanā pāṇātipātā appaṭivirato hoti, paraṃ pāṇātipātā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Attanā adinnādānā appaṭivirato hoti, paraṃ adinnādānā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Attanā kāmesu micchācārā appaṭivirato hoti, paraṃ kāmesu micchācārā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Attanā musāvādā appaṭivirato hoti, paraṃ musāvādā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Attanā surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhānā appaṭivirato hoti, paraṃ surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhānā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.190>​[BJT page 190]</​span>  ​
 +
 +//No paraṃ ​ machasaṃ. [anchor fn ?]//
 +
 +Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo parahitāya paṭipanno hoti no attahitāya. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo nevattahitāya paṭipanno hoti no parahitāya?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo attanā pāṇātipātā appaṭivirato hoti, no paraṃ pāṇātipātā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Attanā adinnādānā appaṭivirato hoti, no paraṃ adinnādānā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Attanā kāmesu micchācārā appaṭivirato hoti, no paraṃ kāmesu micchācārā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Attanā musāvādā appaṭivirato hoti, no paraṃ musāvādā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Attanā surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhānā appaṭivirato hoti, no paraṃ surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhānā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo nevattahitāya paṭipanno hoti, no parahitāya. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo attahitāya ca paṭipanno hoti parahitāya ca? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo attanā ca pāṇātipātā paṭivirato hoti, parañca pāṇātipātā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Attanā ca adinnādānā paṭivirato hoti, parañca adinnādānā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Attanā ca kāmesu micchācārā paṭivirato hoti, parañca kāmesu micchācārā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Attanā ca musāvādā paṭivirato hoti, parañca musāvādā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Attanā ca surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhānā paṭivirato hoti, parañca surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhānā veramaṇiyā samādapeti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo attahitāya ca paṭipanno hoti parahitāya ca. 
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (10. Potaliyasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.2.5.10>​[4.2.5.10]</​span>​ 50. <span pts_page #​pts.100>​[PTS page 100]</​span>​ atha kho potaliyo paribbājako yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ((Sāraṇīyaṃ ​ machasaṃ.)) vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinnaṃ kho potaliyaṃ paribbājakaṃ bhagavā etadavoca:
 +
 +Cattāro'​me potaliya, puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha potaliya, ekacco puggalo avaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, no ca kho vaṇṇārahassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena.
 +
 +Idha pana potaliya, ekacco puggalo vaṇṇārahassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, no ca kho avaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. ​
 +
 +Idha pana potaliya, ekacco puggalo neva avaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, nopi((No ca  machasaṃ.)) vaṇṇārahassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. <span bjt_page #​bjt.192>​[BJT page 192]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Idha pana potaliya, ekacco puggalo avaṇṇārahassa ca avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, vaṇṇārahassa ca vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. ​
 +
 +Ime kho potaliya, cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Imesaṃ kho potaliya, catunnaṃ puggalānaṃ katamo te puggalo khamati abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cāti?
 +
 +Cattāro'​me bho gotama, puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bho gotama, ekacco puggalo avaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, no ca kho vaṇṇārahassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bho gotama, ekacco puggalo vaṇṇārahassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, no ca kho avaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bho gotama, ekacco puggalo neva avaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, nopi vaṇṇārahassa ca vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bho gotama, ekacco puggalo avaṇṇārahassa ca avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, vaṇṇārahassa ca vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bho gotama, cattāro puggalā <span pts_page #​pts.101>​[PTS page 101]</​span>​ santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Imesaṃ bho gotama, catunnaṃ puggalānaṃ yvāyaṃ puggalo neva avaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, nopi vaṇṇārahassa ca vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. Ayaṃ me puggalo khamati imesaṃ catunnaṃ puggalānaṃ abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro ca. Taṃ kissa hetu? Abhikkantā hesā bho gotama yadidaṃ upekkhā'​ ti. 
 +
 +Cattāro ' me potaliya, puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha pana potaliya, ekacco puggalo avaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, no ca kho vaṇṇārahassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. ​
 +
 +Idha pana potaliya, ekacco puggalo vaṇṇārahassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, no ca kho avaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. ​
 +
 +Idha pana potaliya, ekacco puggalo neva avaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, nopi vaṇṇārahassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. ​
 +
 +Idha pana potaliya, ekacco puggalo avaṇṇārahassa ca avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, vaṇṇārahassa ca vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. ​
 +
 +Ime kho potaliya, cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Imesaṃ kho potaliya, catunnaṃ puggalānaṃ yvāyaṃ puggalo avaṇṇārahassa ca avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, vaṇṇārahassa ca vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. Ayaṃ imesaṃ catunnaṃ puggalānaṃ abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro ca. Taṃ kissa hetu? Abhikkantā hesā potaliya yadidaṃ tattha tattha kālaññutāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.194>​[BJT page 194]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Cattāro'​me bho gotama puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bho gotama, ekacco puggalo avaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, nopi vaṇṇārahassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bho gotama, ekacco puggalo vaṇṇārahassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, no ca kho avaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bho gotama, ekacco puggalo neva avaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, nopi vaṇṇārahassa ca vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bho gotama, ekacco puggalo avaṇṇārahassa ca avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, vaṇṇārahassa ca vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bho gotama cattāro puggalo santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Imesaṃ bho gotama, catunnaṃ puggalānaṃ yvāyaṃ puggalo avaṇṇārahassa avaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, vaṇṇārahassa ca vaṇṇaṃ bhāsitā bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ kālena, ayaṃ me puggalo khamati imesaṃ catunnaṃ puggalānaṃ abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro ca. Taṃ kissa hetu? Abhikkantā hesā bho gotama yadidaṃ tattha tattha kālaññutāti. ​
 +
 +Abhikkantaṃ bho gotama, abhikkantaṃ bho gotama. Seyyathāpi bho gotama, nikkujjitaṃ vā ukkujjeyya, paṭicchannaṃ vā vivareyya, mūḷhassa vā maggaṃ ācikkheyya,​ andhakāre vā telapajjotaṃ dhāreyya cakkhumanto rūpāni dakkhintīti,​ evameva bhotā gotamena anekapariyāyena dhammo pakāsito. Esāhaṃ bhagavantaṃ gotamaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi dhammaṃ ca bhikkhusaṅghaṃ ca. Upāsakaṃ maṃ bhavaṃ gotamo dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaṃ saraṇaṃ gatanti. ​
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Asuravaggo pañcamo. ​
 +
 +**Tassuddānaṃ:​**
 +
 +Asuro tayo samādhi chavālātena pañcamaṃ,​
 +
 +Rāgānaṃ santi attahitāya sikkhapotalikena cā ti. 
 +
 +Dutiyo paṇṇāsako niṭṭhito. <span bjt_page #​bjt.196>​[BJT page 196]</​span></​div>  ​
 +
 +====== 3. Tatiyo paṇṇāsako ======
 +
 +===== 1. Valāhakavaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.3.1>​[4.3.1]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v01>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v01]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v01_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Paṭhamavalāhakasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.1.1>​[4.3.1.1]</​span>​ 1. <span pts_page #​pts.102>​[PTS page 102]</​span>​ ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme. Tatra kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi bhikkhavoti. Bhadanteti te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca:
 +
 +Cattārome bhikkhave valāhakā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Gajjitā no vassitā, vassitā no gajjitā, neva gajjitā no vassitā, gajjitā ca vassitā ca. Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro valāhakā. ​
 +
 +Evameva kho bhikkhave cattāro'​me valāhakūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Gajjitā no vassitā, vassitā no gajjitā, neva gajjitā no vassitā, gajjitā ca vassitā ca. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo gajjitā hoti no vassitā? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo bhāsitā hoti no kattā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo gajjitā hoti no vassitā. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave valāhako gajjitā no vassitā, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo vassitā hoti no gajjitā? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo kattā hoti no bhāsitā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo vassitā hoti no gajjitā. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave valāhako vassitā no gajjitā, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo neva gajjitā hoti no vassitā? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo neva bhāsitā hoti no kattā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo neva gajjitā hoti no vassitā. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave valāhako neva gajjitā hoti no vassitā, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. <span bjt_page #​bjt.198>​[BJT page 198]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo gajjitā ca hoti vassitā ca? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo bhāsitā ca hoti kattā ca. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo gajjitā ca hoti vassitā ca. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave valāhako gajjitā ca vassitā ca, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro valāhakūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (2. Dutiyavalāhakasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.1.2>​[4.3.1.2]</​span>​ <span pts_page #​pts.103>​[PTS page 103]</​span>​ 2. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave valāhakā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Gajjitā no vassitā, vassitā no gajjitā, neva gajjitā no vassitā, gajjitā ca vassitā ca. Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro valāhakā. ​
 +
 +Evameva kho bhikkhave cattāro'​me valāhakūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Gajjitā no vassitā, vassitā no gajjitā, neva gajjitā no vassitā, gajjitā ca vassitā ca. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo gajjitā hoti no vassitā? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo dhammaṃ pariyāpuṇāti:​ suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthaṃ udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo gajjitā hoti no vassitā. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave valāhako gajjitā no vassitā, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo vassitā hoti no gajjitā? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo neva dhammaṃ pariyāpuṇāti:​ suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthaṃ udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo vassitā hoti no gajjitā. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave valāhako vassitā no gajjitā, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. <span bjt_page #​bjt.200>​[BJT page 200]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo neva gajjitā hoti no vassitā? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo dhammaṃ na pariyāpuṇāti:​ suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthaṃ udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo neva gajjitā hoti no vassitā. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave valāhako neva gajjitā no vassitā, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo gajjitā ca hoti vassitā ca? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo dhammaṃ pariyāpuṇāti:​ suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthaṃ udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo gajjitā ca hoti vassitā ca. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave valāhako gajjitā ca vassitā ca, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. <span pts_page #​pts.104>​[PTS page 104]</​span>​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro valāhakūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (3.  Kumbhasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.1.3>​[4.3.1.3]</​span>​ 3. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave kumbhā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Tuccho pihito, pūro vivaṭo, tuccho vivaṭo, pūro pihito. Ime kho cattāro kumbhā. ​
 +
 +Evameva kho bhikkhave cattāro'​me kumbhūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Tuccho pihito, pūro vivaṭo, tuccho vivaṭo, pūro pihito. <span bjt_page #​bjt.202>​[BJT page 202]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo tuccho hoti pihito? Idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa pāsādikaṃ hoti abhikkantaṃ paṭikkantaṃ ālokitaṃ vilokitaṃ sammiñjitaṃ pasāritaṃ saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkha samudayoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo tuccho hoti pihito. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave kumbho tuccho pihito, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo pūro hoti vivaṭo? Idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa na pāsādikaṃ hoti abhikkantaṃ paṭikkantaṃ ālokitaṃ vilokitaṃ sammiñjitaṃ pasāritaṃ saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkha samudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo pūro hoti vivaṭo. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave kumbho pūro vivaṭo, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo tuccho hoti vivaṭo? Idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa na pāsādikaṃ hoti abhikkantaṃ paṭikkantaṃ ālokitaṃ vilokitaṃ sammiñjitaṃ pasāritaṃ saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo tuccho hoti vivaṭo. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave kumbho tuccho vivaṭo, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo pūro hoti pihito? Idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa pāsādikaṃ hoti abhikkantaṃ paṭikkantaṃ ālokitaṃ vilokitaṃ sammiñjitaṃ pasāritaṃ saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇaṃ. So idaṃ <span pts_page #​pts.105>​[PTS page 105]</​span>​ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkha samudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo pūro hoti pihito. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave kumbho pūro pihito, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro kumbhūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.204>​[BJT page 204]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (4. Udakarahadasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.1.4>​[4.3.1.4]</​span>​ 4. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave udakarahadā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Uttāno gambhīrobhāso,​ gambhīro uttānobhāso,​ uttāno uttānobhāso,​ gambhīro gambhīrobhāso. Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro udakarahadā. ​
 +
 +Evameva kho bhikkhave cattāro'​me udakarahadūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Uttāno gambhīrobhāso,​ gambhīro uttānobhāso,​ uttāno uttānobhāso,​ gambhīro gambhīrobhāso. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo uttāno hoti gambhīrobhāso?​ Idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa pāsādikaṃ hoti abhikkantaṃ paṭikkantaṃ ālokitaṃ vilokitaṃ sammiñjitaṃ pasāritaṃ saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo uttāno hoti gambhīrobhāso. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave udakarahado uttāno gambhīrobhāso,​ tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo gambhīro hoti uttānobhāso?​ Idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa na pāsādikaṃ hoti abhikkantaṃ paṭikkantaṃ ālokitaṃ vilokitaṃ sammiñjitaṃ pasāritaṃ saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo gambhīro hoti uttānobhāso. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave udakarahado gambhīro uttānobhāso,​ tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo uttāno hoti uttānobhāso?​ Idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa na pāsādikaṃ hoti abhikkantaṃ paṭikkantaṃ ālokitaṃ vilokitaṃ sammiñjitaṃ pasāritaṃ saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo uttāno hoti uttānobhāso. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave udakarahado uttāno uttānobhāso,​ tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +<span bjt_page #​bjt.206>​[BJT page 206]</​span>​ <span pts_page #​pts.106>​[PTS page 106]</​span>​ kathañca bhikkhave puggalo gambhīro hoti. Gambhīrobhāso?​ Idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa pāsādikaṃ hoti abhikkantaṃ paṭikkantaṃ ālokitaṃ vilokitaṃ sammiñjitaṃ pasāritaṃ saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo gambhīro hoti gambhīrobhāso. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave udakarahado gambhīro gambhīrobhāso,​ tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro udakarahadūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (5. Ambasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.1.5>​[4.3.1.5]</​span>​ 5. Cattārimāni bhikkhave ambāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Āmaṃ pakkavaṇṇī,​ pakkaṃ āmavaṇṇi,​ āmaṃ āmavaṇṇi,​ pakkaṃ pakkavaṇṇī. Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri ambāni. ​
 +
 +Evameva kho bhikkhave cattāro'​me ambūpamā.((Cattāro ambūpamā ​ machasaṃ.)) Puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro ​
 +
 +Āmo pakkavaṇṇī,​ pakko āmavaṇṇi,​ āmo āmavaṇṇi,​ pakko pakkavaṇṇī. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo āmo hoti pakkavaṇṇī. <span pts_page #​pts.107>​[PTS page 107]</​span>​ idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa pāsādikaṃ hoti abhikkantaṃ paṭikkantaṃ ālokitaṃ vilokitaṃ sammiñjitaṃ pasāritaṃ saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo āmo hoti pakkavaṇṇī. Seyyathāpi taṃ bhikkhave ambaṃ āmaṃ pakkavaṇṇī,​ tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo pakko hoti āmavaṇṇī?​ Idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa na pāsādikaṃ hoti abhikkantaṃ paṭikkantaṃ ālokitaṃ vilokitaṃ sammiñjitaṃ pasāritaṃ saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo pakko hoti āmavaṇṇī. Seyyathāpi taṃ bhikkhave ambaṃ pakkaṃ āmavaṇṇī,​ tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. <span bjt_page #​bjt.208>​[BJT page 208]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo āmo hoti āmavaṇṇī?​ Idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa na pāsādikaṃ hoti abhikkantaṃ paṭikkantaṃ ālokitaṃ vilokitaṃ sammiñjitaṃ pasāritaṃ saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo āmo hoti āmavaṇṇī seyyathāpi taṃ bhikkhave ambaṃ āmaṃ āmavaṇṇī,​ tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo pakko hoti pakkavaṇṇī?​ Idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa pāsādikaṃ hoti abhikkantaṃ paṭikkantaṃ ālokitaṃ vilokitaṃ sammiñjitaṃ pasāritaṃ saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo pakko hoti pakkavaṇṇī. Seyyathāpi taṃ bhikkhave ambaṃ pakkaṃ pakkavaṇṇī,​ tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro ambūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (6.) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.1.6>​[4.3.1.6]</​span> ​ ((* Chaṭṭhaṃ uttānatthamevāti'​aṭṭhakathāyaṃ dissati. Pāḷiyampana chaṭṭhaṃ suttaṃ na dissati.))
 +
 +==== (7. Mūsikāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.1.7>​[4.3.1.7]</​span>​ 7. Catasso imā bhikkhave mūsikā. Katamā catasso?
 +
 +Gādhaṃ kattā no vasitā, vasitā no gādhaṃ kattā, neva gādhaṃ kattā no vasitā, gādhaṃ kattā ca vasitā ca. Imā kho bhikkhave catasso mūsikā. ​
 +
 +Evameva kho bhikkhave cattāro'​me mūsikūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Gādhaṃ kattā no vasitā, vasitā no gādhaṃ kattā, neva gādhaṃ kattā no vasitā, gādhaṃ kattā ca vasitā ca. 
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.108>​[PTS page 108]</​span>​ kathañca bhikkhave puggalo gādhaṃ kattā hoti vasitā? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo dhammaṃ pariyāpuṇāti:​ suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthaṃ udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo gādhaṃ kattā hoti no vasitā. Seyyathāpi sā bhikkhave mūsikā gādhaṃ kattā no vasitā, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. <span bjt_page #​bjt.210>​[BJT page 210]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo vasitā hoti no gādhaṃ kattā? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo dhammaṃ na pariyāpuṇāti suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthaṃ udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo vasitā hoti no gādhaṃ kattā. Seyyathāpi sā bhikkhave mūsikā vasitā no gādhaṃ kattā. Tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo neva gādhaṃ kattā hoti no vasitā? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo dhammaṃ na pariyāpuṇāti suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthaṃ udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo neva gādhaṃ kattā hoti no vasitā. Seyyathāpi sā bhikkhave mūsikā neva gādhaṃ kattā no vasitā, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo gādhaṃ kattā ca hoti vasitā ca? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo dhammaṃ pariyāpuṇāti suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthaṃ udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo gādhaṃ kattā ca hoti vasitā ca. Seyyathāpi sā bhikkhave mūsikā gādhaṃ kattā ca vasitā, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro mūsikūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (8. Balivaddasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.1.8>​[4.3.1.8]</​span>​ 8. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave balivaddā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.109>​[PTS page 109]</​span>​ sagavacaṇḍo no paragavacaṇḍo,​ paragavacaṇḍo no sagavacaṇḍo,​ sagavacaṇḍo ca paragavacaṇḍo ca, neva sagavacaṇḍo no paragavacaṇḍo. Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro balivaddā. ​
 +
 +Evameva kho bhikkhave cattāro'​me balivaddūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. <span bjt_page #​bjt.212>​[BJT page 212]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Katame cattāro? Sagavacaṇḍo no paragavacaṇḍo,​ paragavacaṇḍo no sagavacaṇḍo,​ sagavacaṇḍo ca paragavacaṇḍo ca, neva sagavacaṇḍo no paragavacaṇḍo. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo sagavacaṇḍo hoti no paragavacaṇḍo?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo sakaṃ parisaṃ((Sakaparisaṃ ​ machasaṃ. Syā.)) ubbejetā hoti, no paraparisaṃ. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo sagavacaṇḍo hoti no paragavacaṇḍo. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave balivaddo sagavacaṇḍo no paragavacaṇḍo,​ tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo paragavacaṇḍo hoti no sagavacaṇḍo?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo paraparisaṃ ubbejetā hoti no sakaparisaṃ. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo paragavacaṇḍo hoti no sagavacaṇḍo. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave balivaddo paragavacaṇḍo no sagavacaṇḍo,​ tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo sagavacaṇḍo ca hoti paragavacaṇḍo?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo sakaparisañca ubbejetā hoti paraparisañca. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo sagavacaṇḍo ca hoti paragavacaṇḍo ca. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave balivaddo sagavacaṇḍo ca paragavacaṇḍo ca, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo neva sagavacaṇḍo hoti no paragavacaṇḍo?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo neva sakaparisaṃ ubbejetā hoti no paraparisaṃ. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo neva sagavacaṇḍo hoti no paragavacaṇḍo. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave balivaddo neva sagavacaṇḍo no paragavacaṇḍo,​ tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro balivaddūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.214>​[BJT page 214]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (9. Rukkhasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.1.9>​[4.3.1.9]</​span>​ 9. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave rukkhā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.110>​[PTS page 110]</​span>​ pheggu phegguparivāro,​ pheggu sāraparivāro,​ sāro phegguparivāro,​ sāro sāraparivāro. Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro rukkhā. ​
 +
 +Evameva kho bhikkhave cattāro'​me rukkhūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Pheggu phegguparivāro,​ pheggu sāraparivāro,​ sāro phegguparivāro,​ sāro sāraparivāro. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo pheggu hoti phegguparivāro?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo dussīlo hoti pāpadhammo. Parisāpissa hoti dussīlā pāpadhammā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo pheggu hoti phegguparivāro. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave rukkho pheggu phegguparivāro,​ tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo pheggu hoti sāraparivāro?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo dussīlo hoti pāpadhammo,​ parisā ca khvassa hoti sīlavatī kalyāṇadhammā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo pheggu hoti sāraparivāro. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave rukkho pheggu sāraparivāro,​ tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo sāro hoti phegguparivāro?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo sīlavā hoti kalyāṇadhammo. Parisā ca khvassa hoti dussīlā pāpadhammā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo sāro hoti phegguparivāro,​ tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo sāro hoti sāraparivāro?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo sīlavā hoti kalyāṇadhammo. Parisāpissa hoti sīlavatī kalyāṇadhammā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo sāro hoti sāraparivāro. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave rukkho sāro sāraparivāro,​ tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro rukkhūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.216>​[BJT page 216]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (10. Āsivisasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.1.10>​[4.3.1.10]</​span>​ 10. Cattāro'​me bhikkhave āsivisā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Āgataviso na ghoraviso, ghoraviso na āgataviso, āgataviso ca ghoraviso ca, nevāgataviso na ghoraviso. Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro āsivisā. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.111>​[PTS page 111]</​span>​ evameva kho bhikkhave cattāro'​me āsivisūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Āgataviso na ghoraviso, ghoraviso na āgataviso, āgataviso ca ghoraviso ca, neva āgataviso na ghoraviso. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo āgataviso hoti na ghoraviso? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo abhiṇhaṃ kujjhati. So ca khvassa kodho na dīgharattaṃ anuseti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo āgataviso hoti na ghoraviso. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave āsiviso āgataviso na ghoraviso, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo ghoraviso hoti na āgataviso? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo na heva kho abhiṇhaṃ kujjhati. So ca khvassa kodho dīgharattaṃ anuseti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo ghoraviso hoti na āgataviso. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave āsiviso ghoraviso na āgataviso, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo āgataviso ca hoti ghoraviso ca? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo abhiṇhaṃ kujjhati. So ca khvassa kodho dīgharattaṃ anuseti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo āgataviso ca hoti ghoraviso ca. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave āsiviso āgataviso ca ghoraviso ca, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo nevāgataviso hoti na ghoraviso? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo na heva kho abhiṇhaṃ kujjhati. So ca khvassa kodho na dīgharattaṃ anuseti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo nevāgataviso na ghoraviso, seyyathāpi so bhikkhave āsiviso nevāgataviso na ghoraviso, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ puggalaṃ vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro āsivisūpamā puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Valāhaka vaggo paṭhamo. ​
 +
 +**Tassuddānaṃ:​**
 +
 +Dve valāhakā ca kumbha udakarahadā dve honti  ambāni mūsikā balivaddā rukkhā āsivisena te dasāti.((* Etthā pi suttamekaṃ ūnaṃ.)) <span bjt_page #​bjt.218>​[BJT page 218]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +===== 2. Kesivaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.3.2>​[4.3.2]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v02>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v02]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v02_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Kesisuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.2.1>​[4.3.2.1]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ) 11. Atha <span pts_page #​pts.112>​[PTS page 112]</​span>​ kho kesi assadammasārathī yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinnaṃ kho kesiṃ assadammasārathiṃ bhagavā etadavoca:
 +
 +Tvaṃ ca khvāsi,​((Tvaṃ khosi: machasaṃ.)) kesi, saññāto((Paññāto machasaṃ.)) assadammasārathi. Kathaṃ pana tvaṃ kesī, assadammaṃ vinesīti?
 +
 +Ahaṃ kho bhante assadammaṃ saṇhenapi vinemi, pharusenapi vinemi, saṇhapharusenapi vinemīti. ​
 +
 +Sace te kesi, assadammo saṇhenapi vinayaṃ na upeti, pharusenapi vinayaṃ na upeti, saṇhapharusenapi vinayaṃ na upeti, kinti naṃ karosīti?
 +
 +Sace me bhante assadammo saṇhenapi vinayaṃ na upeti, pharusenapi vinayaṃ na upeti, saṇhapharusenapi vinayaṃ na upeti, hanāmi naṃ bhante. Taṃ kissa hetu? Mā me ācariyakulassa avaṇṇo ahosīti. ​
 +
 +Bhagavā pana bhante anuttaro purisadammasārathī,​ kathaṃ pana bhante bhagavā purisadammaṃ vinetīti?​((Dametīti ​ aṭṭhakathā.))
 +
 +Ahaṃ kho kesi, purisadammaṃ saṇhenapi vinemi, pharusenapi vinemi, saṇhapharusenapi vinemi. Tatiradaṃ kesi, saṇhasmiṃ:​ iti kāyasucaritaṃ,​ iti kāyasucaritassa vipāko. Iti vacīsucaritaṃ,​ iti vacīsucaritassa vipāko. Iti manosucaritaṃ,​ iti manosucaritassa vipāko. Iti devā, iti manussā. ​
 +
 +Tatiradaṃ kesi, pharusasmiṃ:​ iti kāyaduccaritaṃ,​ iti kāyaduccaritassa vipāko. Iti vacīduccaritaṃ,​ iti vacīduccaritassa vipāko. Iti manoduccaritaṃ iti manoduccaritassa vipāko. Iti nirayo, iti tiracchānayoni,​ iti pettivisayo. ​
 +
 +Tatiradaṃ kesi, saṇhapharusasmiṃ. Iti kāyasucaritaṃ,​ iti kāyasucaritassa vipāko. Iti kāyaduccaritaṃ,​ iti kāyaduccaritassa vipāko. Iti vacīsucaritaṃ,​ iti vacīsucaritassa vipāko. Iti vacīduccaritaṃ,​ iti vacīduccaritassa vipāko. Iti manosucaritaṃ,​ iti manosucaritassa vipāko. Iti manoduccaritaṃ,​ iti manoduccaritassa vipāko. Iti devā, iti manussā, iti nirayo, iti tiracchānayoni,​ iti pettivisayoti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.220>​[BJT page 220]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Sace te bhante purisadammo saṇhena vinayaṃ na upeti, <span pts_page #​pts.113>​[PTS page 113]</​span>​ pharusena vinayaṃ na upeti, saṇhapharusena vinayaṃ na upeti, kinti naṃ bhagavā karotīti?
 +
 +Sace me kesi, purisadammo saṇhena vinayaṃ na upeti, pharusena vinayaṃ na upeti, saṇhapharusena vinayaṃ na upeti, hanāmi naṃ kesīti. ​
 +
 +Na kho bhante bhagavato pāṇātipāto kappati. Atha ca pana bhagavā evamāha: hanāmi naṃ kesīti. ​
 +
 +Saccaṃ kesi, na tathāgatassa pāṇātipāto kappati. Api ca so purisadammo saṇhena vinayaṃ na upeti, pharusena vinayaṃ na upeti, saṇhapharusena vinayaṃ na upeti, na tathāgato vattabbaṃ anusāsitabbaṃ maññati. Napi viññū sabrahmacārī vattabbaṃ anusāsitabbaṃ maññanti. Vadho hesa kesi, ariyassa vinaye yaṃ na tathāgato vattabbaṃ anusāsitabbaṃ maññati. Napi viññū sabrahmacārī vattabbaṃ anusāsitabbaṃ maññantīti. ​
 +
 +So hi nūna bhante suvadho hoti yaṃ na tathāgato vattabbaṃ anusāsitabbaṃ maññati. Napi viññū sabrahmacārī vattabbaṃ anusāsitabbaṃ maññantīti. ​
 +
 +Abhikkantaṃ bhante, abhikkantaṃ bhante, seyyathāpi bhante, nikkujjitaṃ vā ukkujjeyya, paṭicchannaṃ vā vivareyya, mūḷhassa vā maggaṃ ācikkheyya,​ andhakāre vā telapajjotaṃ dhāreyya, cakkhumanto rūpāni dakkhintīti. Evamevaṃ bhagavatā anekapariyāyena dhammo pakāsito, esāhaṃ bhagavantaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi dhammaṃ ca bhikkhusaṃghaṃ ca. Upāsakaṃ maṃ bhante bhagavā dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaṃ saraṇaṃ gatanti. ​
 +
 +==== (2. Assājānīyajava suttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.2.2>​[4.3.2.2]</​span>​ 12. Catūhi bhikkhave aṅgehi samannāgato rañño bhadro assājānīyo rājāraho hoti rāja bhoggo. Rañño aṅgantveva saṅkhaṃ gacchati. ​
 +
 +Katamehi catūhi? Ajjavena, javena, khantiyā, soraccena. ​
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi aṅgehi samannāgato rañño bhadro assājānīyo rājāraho hoti rājabhoggo. Rañño aṅgantveva saṅkhaṃ gacchati. ​
 +
 +Evameva kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu āhuneyyo hoti pāhuṇeyyo,​ dakkhiṇeyyo,​ añjalikaraṇīyo anuttaraṃ puññakkhettaṃ lokassa. ​
 +
 +Katamehi catūhi? Ajjavena javena khantiyā soraccena. ​
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato <span pts_page #​pts.114>​[PTS page 114]</​span>​ bhikkhu āhuneyyo hoti pāhuṇeyyo,​ dakkhiṇeyyo,​ añjalikaraṇīyo anuttaraṃ puññakkhettaṃ lokassāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.222>​[BJT page 222]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (3. Assājānīyapatodasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.2.3>​[4.3.2.3]</​span>​ 13. Cattārome bhikkhave bhadrā assājānīyā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekacco bhadro assājānīyo patodacchāyaṃ disvā saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati: "​kiṃnu kho maṃ ajja assadammasārathī kāraṇaṃ kāressati, kimassāhaṃ patikaromī"​ti. Eva rūpopi bhikkhave idhekacco bhadro assājāniyo hoti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave paṭhamo bhadro assājānīyo santo saṃvijjamāno lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco bhadro assājānīyo naheva kho patodacchāyaṃ disvā saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati, api ca kho lomavedhaviddho saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati: "​kiṃnu kho maṃ ajja assadammasārathī kāraṇaṃ kāressati, kimassāhaṃ patikaromī"​ti. Evarūpopi bhikkhave idhekacco bhadro assājānīyo hoti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave dutiyo bhadro assājānīyo santo saṃvijjamāno lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco bhadro assājānīyo naheva kho patodacchāyaṃ disvā saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati, napi lomavedhaviddho saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati. Api ca kho cammavedhaviddho saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati: "​kiṃnu kho maṃ ajja assadammasārathī kāraṇaṃ kāressati, kimassāhaṃ patikaromī"​ti. Evarūpopi bhikkhave idhekacco bhadro assājānīyo hoti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave tatiyo bhadro assājānīyo santo saṃvijjamāno lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco bhadro assājānīyo naheva kho patodacchāyaṃ disvā saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati, napi lomavedhaviddho saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati. Napi cammavedhaviddho saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati. Api ca kho aṭṭhivedhaviddho saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati: <span pts_page #​pts.115>​[PTS page 115]</​span>​ "​kiṃnu kho maṃ ajja assadammasārathī kāraṇaṃ kāressati, kimassāhaṃ patikaromī"​ti. Evarūpopi bhikkhave idhekacco bhadro assājānīyo hoti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave catuttho bhadro assājānīyo santo saṃvijjamāno lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro bhadrā assājānīyā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Evameva kho bhikkhave cattārome bhadrā purisājānīyā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro? <span bjt_page #​bjt.224>​[BJT page 224]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekacco bhadro purisājānīyo suṇāti amukasmiṃ nāma gāme vā nigame vā itthī vā puriso vā dukkhito vā kālakato vāti. So tena saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati. Saṃviggo yoniso padahati. Pahitatto kāyena ceva paramasaccaṃ sacchikaroti,​ paññāya ca ativijjha passati. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave bhadro assājāniyo patodacchāyaṃ disvā saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ bhadraṃ purisājānīyaṃ vadāmi. Evarūpopi bhikkhave idhekacco bhadro purisājānīyo hoti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave paṭhamo bhadro purisājānīyo santo saṃvijjamāno lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco bhadro purisājānīyo naheva kho suṇāti amukasmiṃ nāma gāme vā nigame vā itthī vā puriso vā dukkhito vā kālakato vā ti. Api ca kho sāmaṃ passati. Itthiṃ vā purisaṃ vā dukkhitaṃ vā kālakataṃ vā. So tena saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati. Saṃviggo yoniso padahati. Pahitatto kāyena ceva paramasaccaṃ sacchikaroti,​ paññāya ca ativijjha passati. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave bhadro assājānīyo lomavedhaviddho saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ bhadraṃ purisājānīyaṃ vadāmi. Evarūpopi bhikkhave idhekacco bhadro purisājānīyo hoti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave dutiyo bhadro purisājānīyo santo saṃvijjamāno lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco bhadro purisājānīyo naheva kho suṇāti amukasmiṃ nāma gāme vā nigame vā itthī vā puriso vā dukkhito vā kālakato vā ti, napi sāmaṃ passati. Itthiṃ vā purisaṃ vā dukkhitaṃ vā kālakataṃ vā. Api ca khvassa ñāti vā sālohito vā dukkhito vā hoti kālakato vā. So tena saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati. <span pts_page #​pts.116>​[PTS page 116]</​span>​ saṃviggo yoniso padahati. Pahitatto kāyena ceva paramasaccaṃ sacchikaroti,​ paññāya ca ativijjha passati. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave bhadro assājānīyo cammavedhaviddho saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ bhadraṃ purisājānīyaṃ vadāmi, evarūpopi bhikkhave idhekacco bhadro purisājānīyo hoti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave tatiyo bhadro purisājānīyo santo saṃvijjamāno lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco bhadro purisājānīyo naheva kho suṇāti amukasmiṃ nāma gāme vā nigame vā itthī vā puriso vā dukkhito vā kālakato vā ti. Napi sāmaṃ passati itthiṃ vā purisaṃ vā dukkhitaṃ vā kālakataṃ vā. Napissa ñāti vā sālohito vā dukkhito vā hoti kālakato vā. Api ca kho sāmaññeva phuṭṭho hoti sārīrikāhi vedanāhi dukkhāhi tibbāhi kharāhi kaṭukāhi asātāhi amanāpāhi pāṇaharāhi. So tena saṃvijjati,​ saṃvegaṃ āpajjati, saṃviggo yoniso padahati. Pahitatto kāyena ceva paramasaccaṃ sacchikaroti,​ paññāya ca ativijjha passati. Seyyathāpi so bhikkhave bhadro assājānīyo aṭṭhivedhaviddho saṃvijjati saṃvegaṃ āpajjati, tathūpamāhaṃ bhikkhave imaṃ bhadraṃ purisājānīyaṃ vadāmi, evarūpopi bhikkhave idhekacco bhadro purisājānīyo hoti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave catuttho bhadro purisājānīyo santo saṃvijjamāno lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro bhadrā purisājānīyā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.226>​[BJT page 226]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (4. Nāgasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.2.4>​[4.3.2.4]</​span>​ 14. Catūhi bhikkhave aṅgehi samannāgato rañño nāgo rājāraho hoti rājabhoggo. Rañño aṅgantveva saṅkhaṃ gacchati. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave rañño nāgo sotā ca hoti hantā ca khantā ca gantā ca. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave rañño nāgo sotā hoti, idha bhikkhave rañño nāgo yamenaṃ hatthidammasārathī kāraṇaṃ kāreti yadi vā katapubbaṃ yadi vā akatapubbaṃ,​ taṃ aṭṭhikatvā((Aṭṭhiṃ katvāmachasaṃ.)) manasi katvā sabbaṃ cetaso((Sabbacetasāmachasaṃ.)) samannāharitvā ohitasoto suṇāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave rañño nāgo sotā hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave rañño nāgo hantā hoti? Idha bhikkhave rañño nāgo saṅgāmagato hatthimpi hanti((Āhantimachasaṃ.)) hatthāruhampi hanti((Āhantimachasaṃ.)) assampi hanti assāruhampi <span pts_page #​pts.117>​[PTS page 117]</​span>​ hanti rathampi hanti rathikampi hanti pattikampi hanti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave rañño nāgo hantā hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave rañño nāgo khantā hoti? Idha bhikkhave rañño nāgo saṅgāmagato khamo hoti sattippahārānaṃ usuppahārānaṃ((Asippahārānaṃ usupahārānaṃmachasaṃ)) asippahārānaṃ pharasuppahārānaṃ bheripaṇavasaṅkhatiṇavaninnādasaddānaṃ. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave rañño nāgo khantā hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave rañño nāgo gantā hoti? Idha bhikkhave rañño nāgo yamenaṃ hatthidammasārathī disaṃ peseti yadi vā gatapubbaṃ yadi vā agatapubbaṃ,​ taṃ khippaññeva((Khippamevamachasaṃ.)) gantā hoti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave rañño nāgo gantā hoti. 
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi aṅgehi samannāgato rañño nāgo rājāraho hoti rājabhoggo. Rañño aṅgantveva saṅkhaṃ gacchati. ​
 +
 +Evameva kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu āhuneyyo hoti pāhuṇeyyo,​ dakkhiṇeyyo,​ añjalikaraṇīyo,​ anuttaraṃ puññakkhettaṃ lokassa. ​
 +
 +Katamehi catūhi? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu sotā ca hoti hantā ca khantā ca gantā ca. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave bhikkhu sotā hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu tathāgatappavedite dhammavinaye desiyamāne aṭṭhikatvā manasi katvā sabbaṃ cetaso((2 ? missing)) samannāharitvā ohitasoto dhammaṃ suṇāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu sotā hoti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.228>​[BJT page 228]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave bhikkhu hantā hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu uppannaṃ kāmavitakkaṃ nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti((Vinodeti hanti  machasaṃ.)) vyantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Uppannaṃ vyāpādavitakkaṃ nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti vyantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Uppannaṃ vihiṃsāvitakkaṃ nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti vyantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Uppannuppanne pāpake akusale dhamme nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti vyantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu hantā hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave bhikkhu khantā hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu khamo hoti sītassa uṇhassa jighacchāya pipāsāya ḍaṃsamakasavātātapasiriṃsapasamphassānaṃ duruttānaṃ durāgatānaṃ vacanapathānaṃ,​ <span pts_page #​pts.118>​[PTS page 118]</​span>​ uppannānaṃ sārīrikānaṃ vedanānaṃ dukkhānaṃ tibbānaṃ kharānaṃ kaṭukānaṃ asātānaṃ amanāpānaṃ pāṇaharānaṃ adhivāsikajātiko hoti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu khantā hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave bhikkhu gantā hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu yā disā agatapubbā iminā dīghena addhunā yadidaṃ sabbasaṅkhārasamatho sabbūpadhipaṭinissaggo taṇhakkhayo virāgo nirodho nibbānaṃ,​ taṃ khippaññeva gantā hoti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu gantā hoti. 
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu āhuneyyo hoti pāhuṇeyyo,​ dakkhiṇeyyo,​ añjalikaraṇīyo,​ anuttaraṃ puññakkhettaṃ lokassāti. ​
 +
 +==== (5. Ṭhānasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.2.5>​[4.3.2.5]</​span>​ 15. Cattārimāni bhikkhave ṭhānāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Atthi bhikkhave ṭhānaṃ amanāpaṃ kātuṃ, tañca kayiramānaṃ anatthāya saṃvattati. Atthi bhikkhave ṭhānaṃ amanāpaṃ kātuṃ, tañca kayiramānaṃ atthāya saṃvattati. Atthi bhikkhave ṭhānaṃ manāpaṃ kātuṃ, tañca kayiramānaṃ anatthāya saṃvattati. Atthi bhikkhave ṭhānaṃ manāpaṃ kātuṃ, tañca kayiramānaṃ atthāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yamidaṃ ṭhānaṃ amanāpaṃ kātuṃ, tañca kayiramānaṃ anatthāya saṃvattati,​ idaṃ bhikkhave ṭhānaṃ ubhayeneva na kattabbaṃ maññati. Yampidaṃ ṭhānaṃ amanāpaṃ kātuṃ, imināpi taṃ na kattabbaṃ maññati. Yampidaṃ ṭhānaṃ kayiramānaṃ anatthāya saṃvattati,​ imināpi na kattabbaṃ maññati. Idaṃ bhikkhave ṭhānaṃ ubhayeneva na kattabbaṃ maññati. ​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yamidaṃ ṭhānaṃ amanāpaṃ kātuṃ, tañca kayiramānaṃ atthāya saṃvattati,​ imasmiṃ bhikkhave ṭhāne bālo ca paṇḍito ca veditabbo purisatthāme purisaviriye purisaparakkame. Na bhikkhave bālo iti paṭisañcikkhati,​ '​kiñcāpi kho idaṃ ṭhānaṃ amanāpaṃ kātuṃ, atha carahidaṃ ṭhānaṃ kayiramānaṃ atthāya saṃvattatī'​ti. So taṃ ṭhānaṃ na karoti. Tassa taṃ ṭhānaṃ akayiramānaṃ anatthāya saṃvattati. Paṇḍito ca kho bhikkhave iti paṭisaṃcikkhati:​ '​kiñcāpi kho idaṃ ṭhānaṃ amanāpaṃ kātuṃ, atha <span pts_page #​pts.119>​[PTS page 119]</​span>​ carahidaṃ ṭhānaṃ kayiramānaṃ atthāya saṃvattatī'​ti. So taṃ ṭhānaṃ karoti. Tassa taṃ ṭhānaṃ kayiramānaṃ atthāya saṃvattatīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.230>​[BJT page 230]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yamidaṃ ṭhānaṃ manāpaṃ kātuṃ, tañca kayiramānaṃ anatthāya saṃvattati. Imasmimpi bhikkhave ṭhāne bālo ca paṇḍito ca veditabbo purisatthāme purisaviriye purisaparakkame. Na bhikkhave bālo iti paṭisaṃcikkhati:​ '​kiñcāpi kho idaṃ ṭhānaṃ manāpaṃ kātuṃ, atha carahidaṃ ṭhānaṃ kayiramānaṃ anatthāya saṃvattatī'​ti. So taṃ ṭhānaṃ karoti. Tassa taṃ ṭhānaṃ kayiramānaṃ anatthāya saṃvattati. Paṇḍito ca kho bhikkhave iti paṭisaṃcikkhati:​ '​kiñcāpi kho idaṃ ṭhānaṃ manāpaṃ kātuṃ, atha carahidaṃ ṭhānaṃ kayiramānaṃ anatthāya saṃvattatī'​ti. So taṃ ṭhānaṃ na karoti. Tassa taṃ ṭhānaṃ akayiramānaṃ atthāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yamidaṃ ṭhānaṃ manāpaṃ kātuṃ, tañca kayiramānaṃ atthāya saṃvattati,​ idaṃ bhikkhave ṭhānaṃ ubhayeneva kattabbaṃ maññati. Yampidaṃ ṭhānaṃ manāpaṃ kātuṃ, imināpi taṃ kattabbaṃ maññati. Yampidaṃ ṭhānaṃ kayiramānaṃ atthāya saṃvattati,​ imināpi taṃ kattabbaṃ maññati. Idaṃ bhikkhave ṭhānaṃ ubhayeneva kattabbaṃ maññati. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri ṭhānānīti. ​
 +
 +==== (6. Appamādasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.2.6>​[4.3.2.6]</​span>​ 16. Catūhi bhikkhave ṭhānehi appamādo karaṇīyo. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Kāyaduccaritaṃ bhikkhave pajahatha. Kāyasucaritaṃ bhāvetha. Tattha ca mā pamādattha. Vacīduccaritaṃ bhikkhave pajahatha. Vacīsucaritaṃ bhāvetha. Tattha ca mā pamādattha. Manoduccaritaṃ bhikkhave pajahatha. Manosucaritaṃ bhāvetha. Tattha ca mā pamādattha. Micchādiṭṭhiṃ bhikkhave pajahatha. Sammādiṭṭhiṃ bhāvetha. Tattha ca mā pamādattha. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.120>​[PTS page 120]</​span>​ yato kho bhikkhave bhikkhuno kāyaduccaritaṃ pahīṇaṃ hoti, kāyasucaritaṃ bhāvitaṃ. Vacīduccaritaṃ pahīṇaṃ hoti, vacīsucaritaṃ bhāvitaṃ. Manoduccaritaṃ pahīṇaṃ hoti, manosucaritaṃ bhāvitaṃ. Micchādiṭṭhi pahīṇā hoti, sammādiṭṭhi bhāvitā. So na bhāyati samparāyikassa maraṇassāti.<​span bjt_page #​bjt.232>​[BJT page 232]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (7. Ārakkhasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.2.7>​[4.3.2.7]</​span>​ 17. Catusu bhikkhave ṭhānesu attarūpena appamādo saticetaso ārakkho karaṇīyo. Katamesu catusu?
 +
 +Mā me rajanīyesu dhammesu cittaṃ rajjīti attarūpena appamādo saticetaso ārakkho karaṇīyo. ​
 +
 +Mā me dosanīyesu dhammesu cittaṃ dussīti attarūpena appamādo saticetaso ārakkho karaṇīyo. ​
 +
 +Mā me mohanīyesu dhammesu cittaṃ muyhīti attarūpena appamādo saticetaso ārakkho karaṇīyo. ​
 +
 +Mā me madanīyesu dhammesu cittaṃ majjīti attarūpena appamādo saticetaso ārakkho karaṇīyo. ​
 +
 +Yato kho bhikkhave bhikkhuno rajanīyesu dhammesu cittaṃ na rajjati vītarāgattā,​ dosanīyesu dhammesu cittaṃ na dussati vītadosattā,​ mohanīyesu dhammesu cittaṃ na muyhati vītamohattā,​ madanīyesu dhammesu cittaṃ na majjati vītamadattā,​ so nacchambhati,​ na kampati, na vedhati, na santāsaṃ āpajjati. Na ca pana samaṇavacanahetūpi gacchatīti. ​
 +
 +==== (8. Saṃvejanīyasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.2.8>​[4.3.2.8]</​span>​ 18. Cattārimāni bhikkhave saddhassa kulaputtassa dassanīyāni saṃvejanīyāni ṭhānāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Idha tathāgato jātoti bhikkhave saddhassa kulaputtassa dassanīyaṃ saṃvejanīyaṃ ṭhānaṃ. ​
 +
 +Idha tathāgato anuttaraṃ sammāsambodhiṃ abhisambuddhoti bhikkhave saddhassa kulaputtassa dassanīyaṃ saṃvejanīyaṃ ṭhānaṃ. ​
 +
 +Idha tathāgato anuttaraṃ dhammacakkaṃ pavattesīti bhikkhave saddhassa kulaputtassa dassanīyaṃ saṃvejanīyaṃ ṭhānaṃ. ​
 +
 +Idha tathāgato anupādisesāya nibbānadhātuyā parinibbutoti bhikkhave saddhassa kulaputtassa dassanīyaṃ saṃvejanīyaṃ ṭhānaṃ. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.121>​[PTS page 121]</​span>​ imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri saddhassa kulaputtassa dassanīyāni saṃvejanīyāni ṭhānānīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.234>​[BJT page 234]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (9. Bhayasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.2.9>​[4.3.2.9]</​span>​ 19. Cattārimāni bhikkhave bhayāni. Katamāni cattāri? Jātibhayaṃ jarābhayaṃ vyādhibhayaṃ maraṇabhayaṃ. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri bhayānīti. ​
 +
 +==== (10. Dutiyabhayasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.2.10>​[4.3.2.10]</​span>​ 20. Cattārimāni bhikkhave bhayāni. Katamāni cattāri? Aggibhayaṃ udakabhayaṃ rājabhayaṃ corabhayaṃ. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri bhayānīti. ​
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Kesīvaggo dutiyo((* **Tassuddānaṃ:​**
 +
 +kesī chavo patodo ca nāgo ṭhānena pañcamī
 +
 +Appamādo ca ārakkho saṃvejanīyañca dve bhayānīti. ​ Machasaṃ.))</​div>​
 +
 +===== 3. Bhayavaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.3.3>​[4.3.3]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v03>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v03]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v03_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Bhayasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.3.1>​[4.3.3.1]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ) 21. Cattārimāni bhikkhave bhayāni. Katamāni cattāri? Attānuvādabhayaṃ parānuvādabhayaṃ daṇḍabhayaṃ duggatibhayaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamañca bhikkhave attānuvādabhayaṃ?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco iti paṭisaṃcikkhati:​ "​ahaṃ ceva kho pana kāyena duccaritaṃ careyyaṃ. Vācāya duccaritaṃ careyyaṃ, manasā duccaritaṃ careyyaṃ, kiñca taṃ maṃ((Yaṃ maṃ  machasaṃ.)) attā sīlato na upavadeyyā"​ ti. So attānuvādabhayassa bhīto kāyaduccaritaṃ pahāya kāyasucaritaṃ bhāveti. Vacīduccaritaṃ pahāya vacīsucaritaṃ bhāveti. Manoduccaritaṃ pahāya manosucaritaṃ bhāveti. Suddhaṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave attānuvādabhayaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamañca bhikkhave parānuvādabhayaṃ?​ <span pts_page #​pts.122>​[PTS page 122]</​span>​ idha bhikkhave ekacco iti paṭisaṃcikkhati:​ ahañceva kho pana kāyena duccaritaṃ careyyaṃ, vācāya duccaritaṃ careyyaṃ, manasā duccaritaṃ careyyaṃ, kiṃ ca taṃ maṃ((1. ? missing)) pare sīlato na upavadeyyunti. So parānuvādabhayassa bhīto kāyaduccaritaṃ pahāya kāyasucaritaṃ bhāveti. Vacīduccaritaṃ pahāya vacīsucaritaṃ bhāveti. Manoduccaritaṃ pahāya manosucaritaṃ bhāveti. Suddhaṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave parānuvādabhayaṃ. <span bjt_page #​bjt.236>​[BJT page 236]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Katamañca bhikkhave daṇḍabhayaṃ?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco passati coraṃ āgucāriṃ rājāno gahetvā vividhā kammakāraṇā((Kammakaraṇā ​ machasaṃ.)) kārente ​ kasāhipi tāḷente, vettehipi tāḷente, addhadaṇḍakehipi tāḷente, hatthampi chindante, pādampi chindante, kaṇṇampi chindante, nāsampi chindante, kaṇṇanāsampi chindante, bilaṅgathālikampi karonte, saṅkhamuṇḍikampi karonte, rāhumukhampi karonte, jotimālikampi karonte, hatthapajjotikampi karonte, erakavattikampi karonte, cīrakavāsikampi karonte, eṇeyyakampi karonte, balisamaṃsikampi karonte, kahāpaṇakampi karonte, khārāpatacchikampi karonte, palighaparivattikampi karonte, palālapīṭhakampi karonte, tattenapi telena osiñcante, sunakhehipi khādāpente,​ jīvantampi sūle uttāsente, asināpi sīsaṃ chindante. ​
 +
 +Tassa evaṃ hoti "​yathārūpānaṃ kho pāpakānaṃ kammānaṃ hetu coraṃ āgucāriṃ rājāno gahetvā vividhā kammakāraṇā kārenti: kasāhipi tāḷenti, vettehipi tāḷenti, addhadaṇḍakehipi tāḷenti, hatthampi chindanti, pādampi chindanti, hatthapādampi chindanti, kaṇṇampi chindanti, nāsampi chindanti, kaṇṇanāsampi chindanti, bilaṅgathālikampi karonti, saṅkhamuṇḍikampi karonti, rāhumukhampi karonti, jotimālikampi karonti, hatthapajjotikampi karonti, erakavattikampi karonti, cīrakavāsikampi karonti, eṇeyyakampi karonti, balisamaṃsikampi karonti, kahāpaṇakampi karonti, khārāpatacchikampi karonti, palighaparivattikampi karonti, palālapīṭhakampi karonti, tattenapi telena osiñcanti, sunakhehipi khādāpenti,​ jīvantampi sūle uttāsenti, asināpi sīsaṃ chindanti. Ahaṃ ceva kho pana evarūpaṃ pāpakaṃ kammaṃ kareyyaṃ, mampi rājāno gahetvā evarūpā vividhā kammakāraṇā kāreyyuṃ:​ kasāhipi tāḷeyyuṃ,​ vettehipi tāḷeyyuṃ,​ addhadaṇḍakehipi tāḷeyyuṃ,​ hatthampi chindeyyuṃ,​ pādampi chindeyyuṃ,​ hatthapādampi chindeyyuṃ,​ kaṇṇampi chindeyyuṃ,​ nāsampi chindeyyuṃ,​ kaṇṇanāsampi chindeyyuṃ,​ bilaṅgathālikampi kareyyuṃ, saṅkhamuṇḍikampi kareyyuṃ, rāhumukhampi kareyyuṃ, jotimālikampi kareyyuṃ, hatthapajjotikampi kareyyuṃ, erakavattikampi kareyyuṃ, cīrakavāsikampi kareyyuṃ, eṇeyyakampi kareyyuṃ, balisamaṃsikampi kareyyuṃ, kahāpaṇakampi kareyyuṃ, khārāpatacchikampi kareyyuṃ, palighaparivattikampi kareyyuṃ, palālapīṭhakampi kareyyuṃ, tattenapi telena osiñceyyuṃ,​ sunakhehipi khādāpeyyuṃ,​ jīvantampi sūle uttāseyyuṃ,​ asināpi sīsaṃ chindeyyu"​nti. So daṇḍabhayassa bhīto na paresaṃ pābhataṃ palumpanto vicarati. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave daṇḍabhayaṃ. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.123>​[PTS page 123]</​span>​ katamañca bhikkhave duggatibhayaṃ?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco iti paṭisaṃcikkhati:​ kāyaduccaritassa kho pāpako vipāko abhisamparāyaṃ. Vacīduccaritassa pāpako vipāko abhisamparāyaṃ. Manoduccaritassa pāpako vipāko abhisamparāyaṃ. Ahaṃ ceva kho pana kāyena duccaritaṃ careyyaṃ, vācāya duccaritaṃ careyyaṃ, manasā duccaritaṃ careyyaṃ, kiñca taṃ sāhaṃ na kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjeyyanti. So duggatibhayassa bhīto kāyaduccaritaṃ pahāya kāyasucaritaṃ bhāveti. Vacīduccaritaṃ pahāya vacīsucaritaṃ bhāveti. Manoduccaritaṃ pahāya manosucaritaṃ bhāveti. Suddhaṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave duggatibhayaṃ. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri bhayānīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.238>​[BJT page 238]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (2. Udakorohabhayasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.3.2>​[4.3.3.2]</​span>​ 22. Cattārimāni bhikkhave bhayāni udakorohantassa pāṭikaṅkhitabbāni katamāni cattāri? Ūmibhayaṃ,​ kumbhīlabhayaṃ,​ āvaṭṭabhayaṃ,​ susukābhayaṃ,​ imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri bhayāni udakorohantassa pāṭikaṅkhitabbāni. ​
 +
 +Evameva kho bhikkhave idhekaccassa kulaputtassa imasmiṃ dhammavinaye saddhā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajito cattārimāni bhayāni pāṭikaṅkhitabbāni. Katamāni cattāri? Ūmibhayaṃ,​ kumbhīlabhayaṃ,​ āvaṭṭabhayaṃ,​ susukābhayaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamañca bhikkhave ūmibhayaṃ?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco kulaputto saddhā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajito hoti "​otiṇṇomhi jātiyā jarā, maraṇena, sokehi paridevehi dukkhehi domanassehi upāyāsehi,​ dukkhotiṇṇo dukkhapareto,​ appevanāma imassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa antakiriyā paññāyethā"​ ti. 
 +
 +Tamenaṃ tathā pabbajitaṃ samānaṃ sabrahmacārī ovadanti anusāsanti:​ "​evaṃ te abhikkamitabbaṃ. Evaṃ te paṭikkamitabbaṃ. Evaṃ te <span pts_page #​pts.124>​[PTS page 124]</​span>​ āloketabbaṃ. Evaṃ te viloketabbaṃ. Evaṃ te sammiñjitabbaṃ. Evaṃ te pasāritabbaṃ. Evaṃ te saṅghāṭipattacīvaraṃ dhāretabbanti. "
 +
 +Tassa evaṃ hoti: "​mayaṃ kho pubbe agāriyabhūtā samānā aññe ovadāmapi anusāsāmapi. Ime panamhākaṃ puttamattā maññe, nattamattā maññe, ovaditabbaṃ anusāsitabbaṃ maññantī"​ ti. So kupito anattamano sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattati. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave bhikkhu ūmibhayassa bhīto sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvatto. Ūmibhayanti kho bhikkhave kodhupāyāsassetaṃ adhivacanaṃ. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave ūmibhayaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamañca bhikkhave kumbhīlabhayaṃ:​ idha bhikkhave ekacco kulaputto saddhā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajito hoti "​otiṇṇomhi jātiyā jarā((Jarāya ​ machasaṃ.)) maraṇena, sokehi paridevehi dukkhehi domanassehi upāyāsehi,​ dukkhotiṇṇo dukkhapareto,​ appevanāma imassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa antakiriyā paññāyethā"​ ti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.240>​[BJT page 240]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Tamenaṃ tathā pabbajitaṃ samānaṃ sabrahmacārī ovadanti anusāsanti:​ "​idaṃ te khāditabbaṃ,​ idaṃ te na khāditabbaṃ,​ idaṃ te bhuñjitabbaṃ,​ idaṃ te na bhuñjitabbaṃ,​ idaṃ te sāyitabbaṃ,​ idaṃ te na sāyitabbaṃ,​ idaṃ te pātabbaṃ,​ idaṃ te na pātabbaṃ. Kappiyaṃ te khāditabbaṃ,​ akappiyaṃ te na khāditabbaṃ,​ kappiyaṃ te bhuñjitabbaṃ,​ akappiyaṃ te na bhuñjitabbaṃ,​ kappiyaṃ te sāyitabbaṃ,​ akappiyaṃ te na sāyitabbaṃ,​ kappiyaṃ te pātabbaṃ,​ akappiyaṃ te na pātabbaṃ,​ kāle te pātabbaṃ,​ vikāle te na pātabbaṃ,​ kāle te khāditabbaṃ. Vikāle te na khāditabbaṃ,​ kāle te bhuñjitabbaṃ,​ vikāle te na bhuñjitabbaṃ,​ kāle te sāyitabbaṃ,​ vikāle te na sāyitabbanti"​. ​
 +
 +Tassa evaṃ hoti: "​mayaṃ kho pubbe agāriyabhūtā samānā yaṃ icchāma taṃ khādāma, yaṃ na icchāma taṃ na khādāma, yaṃ icchāma taṃ bhuñjāma, yaṃ na icchāma taṃ na bhuñjāma, yaṃ icchāma taṃ sāyāma. Yaṃ na icchāma na taṃ sāyāma, yaṃ icchāma taṃ pibāma, yaṃ na icchāma taṃ na pibāma, kappiyampi khādāma, akappiyampi khādāma, kappiyampi bhuñjāma, akappiyampi bhuñjāma, kappiyampi sāyāma, akappiyampi sāyāma, kappiyampi pibāma, akappiyampi pibāma, kālepi khādāma, vikālepi khādāma, kālepi bhuñjāma, vikālepi bhuñjāma, kālepi sāyāma, vikālepi sāyāma, kālepi <span pts_page #​pts.125>​[PTS page 125]</​span>​ pibāma, vikālepi pibāma. Yampi no saddhā gahapatikā divā vikāle paṇītaṃ khādanīyaṃ vā bhojanīyaṃ vā denti, tatrāpime mukhāvaraṇaṃ maññe karontī"​ti. So kupito anattamano sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattati. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave bhikkhu kumbhīlabhayassa bhīto sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvatto. Kumbhīlabhayanti kho bhikkhave odarikattassetaṃ adhivacanaṃ. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave kumbhīlabhayaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamañca bhikkhave āvaṭṭabhayaṃ?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco kulaputto saddhā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajito hoti "​otiṇṇomhi jātiyā jarāmaraṇena,​ sokehi paridevehi dukkhehi domanassehi upāyāsehi,​ dukkhotiṇṇo dukkhapareto. Appevanāma imassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa antakiriyā paññāyethā"​ ti. So evaṃ pabbajito samāno pubbanhasamayaṃ nivāsetvā pattacīvaraṃ ādāya gāmaṃ vā nigamaṃ vā piṇḍāya pavisati arakkhiteneva kāyena arakkhitāya vācāya arakkhitena cittena anupaṭṭhitāya satiyā asaṃvutehi indriyehi. So tattha passati gahapatiṃ vā gahapatiputtaṃ vā pañcahi kāmaguṇehi samappitaṃ samaṅgibhūtaṃ paricārayamānaṃ. Tassa evaṃ hoti: "​mayaṃ kho pubbe agāriyabhūtā samānā pañcahi kāmaguṇehi samappitā samaṅgibhūtā paricārimha. Saṃvijjante kho pana me kule bhogā, sakkā bhoge ca bhuñjituṃ puññāni ca kātuṃ. Yannūnāhaṃ sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattitvā bhoge ca bhuñjeyyaṃ puññāni ca kareyyanti. " So sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattati. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave bhikkhu āvaṭṭabhayassa bhīto sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvatto. Āvaṭṭabhayanti kho bhikkhave pañcannetaṃ kāmaguṇānaṃ adhivacanaṃ. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave āvaṭṭabhayaṃ. <span bjt_page #​bjt.242>​[BJT page 242]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Katamañca bhikkhave susukābhayaṃ?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco kulaputto saddhā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajito hoti " otiṇṇomhi jātiyā jarāmaraṇena sokehi paridevehi dukkhehi domanassehi upāyāsehi,​ dukkhotiṇṇo dukkhapareto. Appevanāma imassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa antakiriyā paññāyethā"​ ti. So evaṃ pabbajito samāno pubbanhasamayaṃ nivāsetvā pattacīvaraṃ ādāya gāmaṃ vā nigamaṃ vā piṇḍāya <span pts_page #​pts.126>​[PTS page 126]</​span>​ pavisati arakkhiteneva kāyena arakkhitāya vācāya arakkhitena cittena anupaṭṭhitāya satiyā asaṃvutehi indriyehi. So tattha passati mātugāmaṃ dunnivatthaṃ vā duppārutaṃ vā. Tassa mātugāmaṃ disvā dunnivatthaṃ vā duppārutaṃ vā rāgo cittaṃ anuddhaṃseti. So rāgānuddhaṃsena cittena sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattati. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave bhikkhu susukābhayassa bhīto sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvatto. Susukābhayanti kho bhikkhave mātugāmassetaṃ adhivacanaṃ. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave susukābhayaṃ. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri bhayāni idhekaccassa kulaputtassa imasmiṃ dhammavinaye saddhā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajitassa pāṭikaṅkhitabbānīti. ​
 +
 +==== (3. Puggalasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.3.3>​[4.3.3.3]</​span>​ 23. Cattārome bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So tadassādeti. Tannikāmeti. Tena ca vittiṃ āpajja ti. Tattha ṭhito tadadhimutto tabbahulavihārī aparihīno kālaṃ kurumāno brahmakāyikānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. Brahmakāyikānaṃ bhikkhave devānaṃ kappo āyuppamāṇaṃ. Tattha puthujjano yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā nirayampi gacchati. Tiracchānayonimpi gacchati. Pettivisayampi gacchati. Bhagavato pana sāvako tattha yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā tasmiṃyeva bhave parinibbāyati. Ayaṃ kho bhikkhave viseso, ayaṃ adhippāyo, idaṃ nānākaraṇaṃ sutavato ariyasāvakassa assutavatā puthujjanena yadidaṃ gatiyā upapattiyā sati. 
 +
 +<span bjt_page #​bjt.244>​[BJT page 244]</​span>​ <span pts_page #​pts.127>​[PTS page 127]</​span>​ puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco puggalo vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So tadassādeti. Tannikāmeti. Tena ca vittiṃ āpajjati. Tattha ṭhito tadadhimutto tabbahulavihārī aparihīno kālaṃ kurumāno ābhassarānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. Ābhassarānaṃ bhikkhave devānāṃ dve kappā āyuppamāṇaṃ. Tattha puthujjano yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā nirayampi gacchati tiracchānayonimpi gacchati pettivisayampi gacchati. Bhagavato pana sāvako tattha yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā tasmiṃ yeva bhave parinibbāyati. Ayaṃ kho bhikkhave viseso. Ayaṃ adhippāyo. Idaṃ nānākaraṇaṃ sutavato ariyasāvakassa assutavatā puthujjanena yadidaṃ gatiyā upapattiyā sati. 
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco puggalo pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampajāno sukhaṃ ca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti yaṃ taṃ ariyā ācikkhanti upekkhako satimā sukhavihārīti tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So tadassādeti tannikāmeti tena ca vittiṃ āpajjati. Tattha <span pts_page #​pts.128>​[PTS page 128]</​span>​ ṭhito tadadhimutto tabbahulavihārī aparihīno kālaṃ kurumāno subhakiṇhānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. Subhakiṇhānaṃ bhikkhave devānaṃ cattāro kappā āyuppamāṇaṃ. Tattha puthujjano yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā nirayampi gacchati tiracchānayonimpi gacchati pettivisayampi gacchati. Bhagavato pana sāvako tattha yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā tasmiṃ yeva bhave parinibbāyati. Ayaṃ kho bhikkhave viseso, ayaṃ adhippāyo, idaṃ nānākaraṇaṃ sutavato ariyasāvakassa assutavatā puthujjanena yadidaṃ gatiyā upapattiyā sati. 
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco puggalo sukhassa ca pahāṇā dukkhassa ca pahāṇā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthagamā adukkhaṃ asukhaṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So tadassādeti. Tannikāmeti. Tena ca vittiṃ āpajjati. Tattha ṭhito tadadhimutto tabbahulavihārī aparihīno kālaṃ kurumāno vehapphalānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. Vehapphalānaṃ bhikkhave devānaṃ pañcakappasatāni āyuppamāṇaṃ tattha puthujjano yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā nirayampi gacchati tiracchānayonimpi gacchati pettivisayampi gacchati. Bhagavato pana sāvako tattha yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā tasmiṃ yeva bhave parinibbāyati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.246>​[BJT page 246]</​span>​
 +
 +Ayaṃ kho bhikkhave viseso, ayaṃ adhippāyo, idaṃ nānākaraṇaṃ sutavato ariyasāvakassa assutavatā puthujjanena yadidaṃ gatiyā upapattiyā sati. 
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (4. Dutiyapuggalasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.3.4>​[4.3.3.4]</​span>​ 24. Cattārome bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So yadeva tattha hoti rūpagataṃ vedanāgataṃ saññāgataṃ saṅkhāragataṃ viññāṇagataṃ,​ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati. So kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā suddhāvāsānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. Ayaṃ bhikkhave asādhāraṇā puthujjanehi. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco puggalo vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So yadeva tattha hoti rūpagataṃ vedanāgataṃ saññāgataṃ saṅkhāragataṃ viññāṇagataṃ,​ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati. So kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā suddhāvāsānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. Ayaṃ bhikkhave upapajjati. Ayaṃ bhikkhave upapatti asādhāraṇā puthujjanehi. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco puggalo pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampajāno. Sukhaṃ ca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti. Yantaṃ ariyā ācikkhanti upekkhako satimā sukhavihārīti tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So yadeva tattha hoti rūpagataṃ vedanāgataṃ saññāgataṃ saṅkhāragataṃ viññāṇagataṃ. Te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati. So kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā suddhāvāsānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. Ayaṃ bhikkhave upapajjati. Ayaṃ bhikkhave upapatti asādhāraṇā puthujjanehi. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco puggalo sukhassa ca pahāṇā dukkhassa ca pahāṇā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthaṃgamā adukkhaṃ asukhaṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So yadeva tattha hoti rūpagataṃ vedanāgataṃ saññāgataṃ saṅkhāragataṃ viññāṇagataṃ,​ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati. So kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā suddhāvāsānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. Ayaṃ bhikkhave upapatti asādhāraṇā puthujjanehi.
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (5. Tatiyapuggalasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.3.5>​[4.3.3.5]</​span>​ 25. Cattārome bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo mettāsahagatena cetasā <span pts_page #​pts.129>​[PTS page 129]</​span>​ ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati ​ tathā dutiyaṃ ​ tathā tatiyaṃ ​ tathā catutthiṃ,​ iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ mettāsahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati. So tadassādeti taṃ nikāmeti tena ca vittiṃ āpajjati. Tattha ṭhito tadadhimutto tabbahulavihārī aparihīno kālaṃ kurumāno brahmakāyikānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. Brahmakāyikānaṃ bhikkhave devānaṃ kappo āyuppamāṇaṃ. Tattha puthujjano yāvatāyukā ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā nirayampi gacchati. Tiracchānayonimpi gacchati. Pettivisayampi gacchati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.248>​[BJT page 248]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Bhagavato pana sāvako tattha yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānāṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā tasmiṃ yeva bhave parinibbāyati. Ayaṃ kho bhikkhave viseso ayaṃ adhippāyo idaṃ nānākaraṇaṃ sutavato ariyasāvakassa assutavatā puthujjanena yadidaṃ gatiyā upapattiyā sati. 
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco puggalo karuṇāsahagatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati, tathā dutiyaṃ ​ tathā tatiyaṃ ​ tathā catutthiṃ ​ iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ karuṇāsahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati. So tadassādeti taṃ nikāmeti tena ca vittiṃ āpajjati. Tattha ṭhito tadadhimutto tabbahulavihārī aparihīno kālaṃ kurumāno ābhassarānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. Ābhassarānaṃ bhikkhave devānaṃ dve kappā āyuppamāṇaṃ. Taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā nirayampi gacchati. Tiracchānayonimpi gacchati. Pettivisayampi gacchati. Bhagavato pana sāvako tattha yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā tasmiṃ. Yeva bhave parinibbāyati. Ayaṃ kho bhikkhave viseso ayaṃ adhippāyo idaṃ nānākaraṇaṃ sutavato ariyasāvakassa assutavatā puthujjanena yadidaṃ gatiyā upapattiyā sati. 
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco puggalo muditāsahagatena cetasā ekaṃ disā paritvā viharati ​ tathā dutiyaṃ ​ tathā tatiyaṃ ​ tathā catutthiṃ,​ iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ muditā sahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati. So tadassādeti taṃ nikāmeti tena ca vittaṃ āpajjati. Tattha ṭhito tadadhimutto tabbahulavihārī aparihīno kālaṃ kurumāno subhakiṇhānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. Subhakiṇhānaṃ bhikkhave devānaṃ cattāro kappā āyuppamāṇaṃ. Tattha puthujjano yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā nirayampi gacchati. Tiracchānayonimpi gacchati. Pettivisayampi gacchati. Bhagavato pana sāvako tattha yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā tasmiṃ yeva bhave parinibbāyati. Ayaṃ kho bhikkhave viseso, ayaṃ adhippāyo. Idaṃ nānākaraṇaṃ sutavato ariyasāvakassa assutavatā puthujjanena yadidaṃ gatiyā upapattiyā sati. 
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco puggalo upekkhāsahagatena* cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati ​ tathā dutiyaṃ ​ tathā tatiyaṃ ​ tathā catutthiṃ,​ iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ upekkhāsahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati. So tadassādeti taṃ nikāmeti tena ca vittiṃ āpajjati. Tattha ṭhito tadadhimutto tabbahulavihārī aparihīno kālaṃ kurumāno vehapphalānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. Vehapphalānaṃ bhikkhave devānaṃ pañcakappasatāni āyuppamāṇaṃ. Tattha puthujjano yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā nirayampi gacchati. Tiracchānayonimpi gacchati. Pettivisayampi gacchati. Bhagavato pana sāvako tattha yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā tasmiṃ yeva bhave parinibbāyati. Ayaṃ kho bhikkhave viseso ayaṃ adhippāyo. Idaṃ nānākaraṇaṃ sutavato ariyasāvakassa assutavatā puthujjanena yadidaṃ gatiyā upapattiyā sati. 
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (6. Catutthapuggalasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.3.6>​[4.3.3.6]</​span>​ <span pts_page #​pts.130>​[PTS page 130]</​span>​26. Cattārome bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo mettāsahagatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati. Tathā dutiyaṃ ​ tathā tatiyaṃ ​ tathā catutthiṃ ​ iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ mettāsahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati. So yadeva tattha hoti rūpagataṃ vedanāgataṃ saññāgataṃ saṅkhāragataṃ viññāṇagataṃ,​ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati. So kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā suddhāvāsānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. Ayaṃ kho bhikkhave upapattī asādhāraṇā puthujjanehi.
 +
 +Imesaṃ suttappadesānaṃ peyyālamukhānī '​sīmu,​ machasaṃ, potthakesu aṭṭhānapatitāni dissanti.
 +
 +Syāmapotthake suttaṃ sampuṇṇameva dissati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.250>​[BJT page 250]</​span>​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco puggalo karuṇāsahagatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati. Tathā dutiyaṃ ​ tathā tatiyaṃ ​ tathā catutthiṃ iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ karuṇāsahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati. So yadeva tattha hoti rūpagataṃ vedanāgataṃ saññāgataṃ saṅkhāragataṃ viññāṇagataṃ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati. So kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā suddhāvāsānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. Ayaṃ bhikkhave upapatti asādhāraṇā puthujjanehi. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco puggalo muditāsahagatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati. Tathā dutiyaṃ ​ tathā tatiyaṃ ​ tathā catutthiṃ ​ iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ muditāsahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati. So yadeva tattha hoti rūpagataṃ vedanāgataṃ saññāgataṃ saṅkhāragataṃ viññāṇagataṃ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati. So kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā suddhāvāsānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. Ayaṃ bhikkhave upapatti asādhāraṇā puthujjanehi. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave idhekacco puggalo upekkhāsahagatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati. Tathā dutiyaṃ ​ tathā tatiyaṃ ​ tathā catutthiṃ ​ iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ upekkhāsahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati. So yadeva tattha hoti rūpagataṃ vedanāgataṃ saññāgataṃ saṅkhāragataṃ viññāṇagataṃ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati. So kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā suddhāvāsānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ uppajjati. Ayaṃ bhikkhave upapatti asādhāraṇā puthujjanehi. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (7. Tathāgata acchariyasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.3.7>​[4.3.3.7]</​span>​ 27. Tathāgatassa bhikkhave arahato sammāsambuddhassa pātubhāvā cattāro acchariyā abbhutā dhammā pātubhavanti. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Yadā bhikkhave bodhisatto tusitā kāyā cavitvā sato sampajāno mātukucchiṃ okkamati, atha sadevake loke samārake sabrahmake, sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya appamāṇo uḷāro obhāso pātubhavati atikkammeva devānaṃ devānubhāvaṃ. Yāpi tā lokantarikā aghā asaṃvutā andhakārā andhakāratimisā yatthimesaṃ candimasuriyānaṃ evaṃ mahiddhikānaṃ evaṃ mahānubhāvānaṃ ābhā nānubhonti,​ tatthapi appamāṇo uḷāro obhāso pātubhavati atikkammeva devānaṃ devānubhāvaṃ. Yepi tattha sattā upapannā tepi tenobhāsena aññamaññaṃ sañjānanti "​aññepi kira bho santi sattā idhūpapannā"​ ti. 
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.131>​[PTS page 131]</​span>​ tathāgatassa bhikkhave arahato sammāsambuddhassa pātubhāvā ayaṃ paṭhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo pātubhavati. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave yadā bodhisatto sato sampajāno mātukucchismā nikkhamati, atha sadevake loke samārake sabrahmake, sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya appamāṇo uḷāro obhāso pātubhavati. Atikkammeva devānaṃ devānubhāvaṃ. Yāpi tā lokantarikā aghā asaṃvutā andhakārā andhakāratimisā yatthimesaṃ candimasuriyānaṃ evaṃ mahiddhikānaṃ evaṃ mahānubhāvānaṃ ābhā nānubhonti,​ tatthapi appamāṇo uḷāro obhāso pātubhavati atikkammeva devānāṃ devānubhāvaṃ. Yepi tattha sattā upapannā, tepi tenobhāsena aññamaññaṃ sañjānanti "​aññepi kira bho santi sattā idhūpapannā"​ ti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.252>​[BJT page 252]</​span>​
 +
 +Tathāgatassa bhikkhave arahato sammāsambuddhassa pātubhāvā ayaṃ dutiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo pātubhavati.
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave yadā tathāgato anuttaraṃ sammāsambodhiṃ abhisambujjhati,​ atha sadevake loke samārake sabrahmake, sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya appamāṇo uḷāro obhāso pātubhavati atikkammeva devānaṃ devānubhāvaṃ yāpi tā lokantarikā aghā asaṃvutā andhakārā andhakāratimisā yatthimesaṃ candimasuriyānaṃ evaṃ mahiddhikānaṃ evaṃ mahānubhāvānaṃ ābhā nānubhonti,​ tatthapi appamāṇo uḷāro obhāso pātubhavati atikkammeva devānaṃ devānubhāvaṃ. Yepi tattha sattā upapannā tepi tenobhāsena aññamaññaṃ sañjānanti. "​Aññepi kira bho santi sattā idhūpapannā"​ ti. 
 +
 +Tathāgatassa bhikkhave arahato sammāsambuddhassa pātubhāvā ayaṃ tatiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo pātubhavati. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave yadā tathāgato anuttaraṃ dhammacakkaṃ pavatteti, atha sadevake loke samārake sabrahmake, sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya appamāṇo uḷāro obhāso pātubhavati atikkammeva devānaṃ devānubhāvaṃ. Yāpi tā lokantarikā aghā asaṃvutā andhakārā andhakāratimisā yatthimesaṃ candimasuriyānaṃ evaṃ mahiddhikānaṃ evaṃ mahānubhāvānaṃ ābhā nānubhonti,​ tatthapi appamāṇo uḷāro obhāso pātubhavati atikkammeva devānaṃ devānubhāvaṃ. Yepi tattha sattā upapannā tepi tenobhāsena aññamaññaṃ sañjānanti "​aññepi kira bho santi sattā idhūpapannā"​ ti. 
 +
 +Tathāgatassa bhikkhave arahato sammāsambuddhassa pātubhāvā ayaṃ catuttho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo pātubhavati. ​
 +
 +Tathāgatassa bhikkhave arahato sammāsambuddhassa pātubhāvā ime cattāro acchariyā abbhutā dhammā pātubhavantīti. ​
 +
 +==== (8. Dutiyatathāgatacchariyasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.3.8>​[4.3.3.8]</​span>​ 28. Tathāgatassa bhikkhave arahato sammāsambuddhassa pātubhāvā cattāro acchariyā abbhutā dhammā pātubhavanti. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Ālayārāmā bhikkhave pajā ālayaratā ālayasammuditā sā tathāgatena anālaye dhamme desiyamāne sussūsati. Sotaṃ odahati. Aññācittaṃ upaṭṭhapeti. ​
 +
 +Tathāgatassa bhikkhave arahato sammāsambuddhassa pātubhāvā ayaṃ paṭhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo pātubhavati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.254>​[BJT page 254]</​span>​
 +
 +Mānārāmā bhikkhave pajā mānaratā mānasammuditā. Sā <span pts_page #​pts.132>​[PTS page 132]</​span>​ tathāgatena mānavinaye dhamme desiyamāne sussūsati. Sotaṃ odahati. Aññācittaṃ upaṭṭhapeti.
 +
 +Tathāgatassa bhikkhave arahato sammāsambuddhassa pātubhāvā ayaṃ dutiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo pātubhavati.
 +
 +Anupasamārāmā bhikkhave pajā anupasamaratā anupasamasammuditā. Sā tathāgatena opasamike dhamme desiyamāne sussūsati. Sotaṃ odahati. Aññācittaṃ upaṭṭhapeti. ​
 +
 +Tathāgatassa bhikkhave arahato sammāsambuddhassa pātubhāvā ayaṃ tatiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo pātubhavati.
 +
 +Avijjāgatā bhikkhave pajā aṇḍabhūtā1. Pariyonaddhā sā tathāgatena avijjāvinaye dhamme desiyamāne sussūsati. Sotaṃ odahati. Aññācittaṃ upaṭṭhapeti. Tathāgatassa bhikkhave arahato sammāsambuddhassa pātubhāvā ayaṃ catuttho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo pātubhavati. ​
 +
 +Tathāgatassa bhikkhave arahato sammā sambuddhassa pātubhāvā ime cattāro acchariyā abbhutā dhammā pātubhavantīti. ​
 +
 +==== (9. Ānandacchariyasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.3.9>​[4.3.3.9]</​span>​ 29. Cattārome bhikkhave acchariyā abbhutā dhammā ānande. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Sace bhikkhave bhikkhuparisā ānandaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati,​ dassanena sā attamanā hoti. Tattha ce ānando dhammaṃ bhāsati, bhāsitenapi sā attamanā hoti. Atittāva bhikkhave bhikkhuparisā hoti. Atha ānando tuṇhī bhavati. ​
 +
 +Sace bhikkhave bhikkhunīparisā ānandaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati,​ dassanena sā attamanā hoti. Tattha ce ānando dhammaṃ bhāsati, bhāsitenapi sā attamanā hoti. Atittāva bhikkhave bhikkhunīparisā hoti. Atha ānando tuṇhī bhavati. ​
 +
 +Sace bhikkhave upāsakaparisā ānandaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati,​ dassanena sā attamanā hoti. Tattha ve ānando dhammaṃ bhāsati, bhāsitenapi sā attamanā hoti. Atittāva bhikkhave upāsakaparisā hoti. Atha ānando tuṇhī bhavati. ​
 +
 +Sace bhikkhave upāsikāparisā ānandaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati,​ dassanena sā attamanā hoti. Tattha ce ānando dhamma bhāsati, bhāsitenapi sā attamanā hoti. Atittāva bhikkhave upāsikāparisā hoti. Atha ānando tuṇhī bhavati.
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro acchariyā abbhutā dhammā ānandeti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.256>​[BJT page 256]</​span>​
 +
 +//1. Andhabhūtā ​ sīmu. [anchor of fn ?]//
 +
 +==== (10. Cakkavattiacchariyasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.3.10>​[4.3.3.10]</​span>​ 30. <span pts_page #​pts.133>​[PTS page 133]</​span>​ cattārome bhikkhave acchariyā abbhutā dhammā raññe cakkavattimhi. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Sace bhikkhave khattiyaparisā rājānaṃ cakkavattiṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati. Dassanena sā attamanā hoti. Tattha.((Tatra ​ machasaṃ.)) Ce rājā cakkavattī bhāsati, bhāsitenapi sā attamanā hoti. Atittāva bhikkhave khattiyaparisā hoti. Atha rājā cakkavattī tuṇhī bhavati. ​
 +
 +Sace bhikkhave brāhmaṇaparisā rājānaṃ cakkavattiṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati,​ dassanena sā attamanā hoti. Tattha ce rājā cakkavattī bhāsati, bhāsitenapi sā attamanā hoti. Atittāva bhikkhave brāhmaṇaparisā hoti. Atha rājā cakkavattī tuṇhī bhavati. ​
 +
 +Sace bhikkhave gahapatiparisā rājānaṃ cakkavattiṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati. Dassanena sā attamanā hoti. Tattha ce rājā cakkavattī bhāsati, bhāsitenapi sā attamanā hoti. Atittāva bhikkhave gahapatiparisā hoti. Atha rājā cakkavattī tuṇhī bhavati. ​
 +
 +Sace bhikkhave samaṇaparisā rājānaṃ cakkavattiṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati dassanena sā attamanā hoti. Tattha ce rājā cakkavattī bhāsati, bhāsitenapi sā attamanā hoti. Atittāva bhikkhave samaṇaparisā hoti. Atha rājā cakkavattī tuṇhī bhavati. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro acchariyā abbhutā dhammā raññe cakkavattimhi. ​
 +
 +Evameva kho bhikkhave cattāro acchariyā abbhutā dhammā ānande. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Sace bhikkhave bhikkhuparisā ānandaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati,​ dassanena sā attamanā hoti. Tattha ce ānando dhammaṃ bhāsati, bhāsitenapi sā attamanā hoti. Atittāva bhikkhave bhikkhuparisā hoti. Atha ānando tuṇhī bhavati. ​
 +
 +Sace bhikkhave bhikkhunīparisā ānandaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati,​ dassanena sā attamanā hoti. Tattha ce ānando dhammaṃ bhāsati bhāsitenapi sā attamanā hoti. Atittāva bhikkhave bhikkhunīparisā hoti. Atha ānando tuṇhī bhavati, ​
 +
 +Sace bhikkhave upāsakaparisā ānandaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati,​ dassanena sā attamanā hoti. Tattha ce ānando dhammaṃ bhāsati bhāsitenapi sā attamanā hoti. Atittāva bhikkhave upāsakaparisā hoti. Atha ānando tuṇhī bhavati. ​
 +
 +Sace bhikkhave upāsikaparisā ānandaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati,​ dassanena sā attamanā hoti. Tattha ce ānando dhammaṃ bhāsati, bhāsitenapi sā attamanā hoti. Atittāva bhikkhave upāsikaparisā hoti. Atha ānando tuṇhī bhavati. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro acchariyā abbhutā dhammā ānandeti. ​
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Bhayavaggo tatiyo((* **Tassuddānaṃ:​**
 +
 +attānuvāda ūmi ca  dve ca nānā dve ca honti.
 +
 +Mettā dve ca acchariyā ​ aparā ca tathā duveti.)) <span bjt_page #​bjt.258>​[BJT page 258]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +===== 4. Puggalavaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.3.4>​[4.3.4]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v04>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v04]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v04_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Saṃyojanapuggalasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.4.1>​[4.3.4.1]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ) 51. Cattārome bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa orambhāgiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni honti. Upapattipaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni honti. Bhavapaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni honti. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.134>​[PTS page 134]</​span>​ idha pana bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa orambhāgiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni honti. Upapattipaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni honti. Bhavapaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni honti. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa orambhāgiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni honti. Upapattipaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni honti. Bhavapaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni honti. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave ekaccassa puggalassa orambhāgiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni honti. Upapattipaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni honti. Bhavapaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni honti. ​
 +
 +Katamassa bhikkhave puggalassa orambhāgiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni,​ upapattipaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni,​ bhavapaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni?​ Sakadāgāmissa.((Sakadāgāmikassa ​ sīmu.)) Imassa kho bhikkhave puggalassa orambhāgiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni upapattipaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni. Bhavapaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni. ​
 +
 +Katamassa bhikkhave puggalassa orambhāgiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāti,​ upapattipaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni,​ bhavapaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni?​ Uddhaṃsotassa akaniṭṭhagāmino. Imassa kho bhikkhave puggalassa orambhāgiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni. Upapattipaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni. Bhavapaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni. ​
 +
 +Katamassa bhikkhave puggalassa orambhāgiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni,​ upapattipaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni,​ bhavapaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni?​ Antarāparinibbāyissa. Imassa kho bhikkhave puggalassa orambhāgiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni. Upapattipaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni. Bhavapaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni appahīṇāni. <span bjt_page #​bjt.260>​[BJT page 260]</​span>​
 +
 +Katamassa bhikkhave puggalassa orambhāgiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni,​ upapattipaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni,​ bhavapaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni?​ Arahato. Imassa kho bhikkhave puggalassa orambhāgiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni. Upapattipaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni. Bhavapaṭilābhiyāni saṃyojanāni pahīṇāni. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (2. Paṭibhānapuggalasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.4.2>​[4.3.4.2]</​span>​ 32. <span pts_page #​pts.135>​[PTS page 135]</​span>​ cattārome bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Yuttapaṭibhāno.((Yuttappaṭibhāno na muttappaṭibhāno ​ machasaṃ.)) Na muttapaṭibhāno,​ muttapaṭibhāno na yuttapaṭibhāno,​ yuttapaṭibhāno ca muttapaṭibhāno ca, neva yuttapaṭibhāno neva muttapaṭibhāno. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (3. Neyyapuggalasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.4.3>​[4.3.4.3]</​span>​ 33. Cattārome bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Ugghaṭitaññū,​ vipacitaññū,​ neyyo, padaparamo.
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (4. Phalupajivīpuggalasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.4.4>​[4.3.4.4]</​span>​ 34. Cattārome bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Uṭṭhānaphalupajīvī.((Uṭṭhānaphalupajīvī ceva  machasaṃ.)) Na kammaphalupajīvī,​ kammaphalupajīvī na uṭṭhānaphalupajīvī,​ uṭṭhānaphalupajīvī ca kammaphalupajivī ca nevuṭṭhānaphalupajīvi neva kammaphalupajīvī.
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.262>​[BJT page 262]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (5. Vajjapuggalasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.4.5>​[4.3.4.5]</​span>​ 35. Cattārome bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Sāvajjo, vajjabahulo,​ appavajjo, anavajjo. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo sāvajjo hoti? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo sāvajjena kāyakammena samannāgato hoti, sāvajjena vacīkammena samannāgato hoti, sāvajjena manokammena samannāgato hoti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo sāvajjo hoti. 
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.136>​[PTS page 136]</​span>​ kathañca bhikkhave puggalo vajjabahulo hoti? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo sāvajjena bahulaṃ kāyakammena samannāgato hoti, appaṃ anavajjena. Sāvajjena bahulaṃ vacīkammena samannāgato hoti, appaṃ anavajjena. Sāvajjena bahulaṃ manokammena samannāgato hoti, appaṃ anavajjena. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo vajjabahulo hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo appavajjo hoti? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo anavajjena bahulaṃ kāyakammena samannāgato hoti, appaṃ sāvajjena. Anavajjena bahulaṃ vacīkammena samannāgato hoti, appaṃ sāvajjena. Anavajjena bahulaṃ manokammena samannāgato hoti, appaṃ sāvajjena. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo appavajjo hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo anavajjo hoti? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo anavajjena kāyakammena samannāgato hoti, anavajjena vacīkammena samannāgato hoti, anavajjena manokammena samannāgato hoti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo anavajjo hoti. 
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (6. Paripūrakāripuggalasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.4.6>​[4.3.4.6]</​span>​ 36. Cattārome bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo sīlesu na paripūrakārī hoti, samādhismiṃ na paripūrakārī,​ paññāya na paripūrakārī. Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo sīlesu paripūrakārī hoti, samādhismiṃ na paripūrakārī,​ paññāya na paripūrakārī idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo sīlesu paripūrakārī hoti, samādhismiṃ paripūrakārī,​ paññāya na paripūrakārī. Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo sīlesu paripūrakārī hoti, samādhismiṃ paripūrakārī,​ paññāya paripūrakārī. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.264>​[BJT page 264]</​span>​
 +
 +==== (7. Garupuggalasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.4.7>​[4.3.4.7]</​span>​ 37. Cattārome bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.137>​[PTS page 137]</​span>​ idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo na sīlagaru hoti na sīlādhipateyyo. Na samādhigaru hoti na samādhādhipateyyo. Na paññāgaru hoti na paññādhipateyyo. Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo sīlagaru hoti sīlādhipateyyo. Na samādhigaru hoti na samādhādhipateyyo. Na paññāgaru hoti na paññādhipateyyo. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo sīlagaru hoti sīlādhipateyyo. Samādhigaru hoti samādhādhipateyyo. Na paññāgaru hoti na paññādhipateyyo. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo sīlagaru hoti sīlādhipateyyo. Samādhigaru hoti samādhādhipateyyo. Paññāgaru hoti paññādhipateyyo. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (8. Nikaṭṭhapuggalasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.4.8>​[4.3.4.8]</​span>​ 38. Cattārome bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Nikaṭṭhakāyo anikaṭṭhacitto. Anikaṭṭhakāyo nikaṭṭhacitto. Anikaṭṭhakāyo ca anikaṭṭhacitto ca. Nikaṭṭhakāyo ca nikaṭṭhacitto ca.
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo nikaṭṭhakāyo hoti anikaṭṭhacitto?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo araññe vanapatthāni.((Araññavanapatthāni,​ machasaṃ.)) Pantāni senāsanāni paṭisevati. So tattha kāmavitakkampi vitakketi, vyāpādavitakkampi vitakketi, vihiṃsāvitakkampi vitakketi. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo nikaṭṭhakāyo hoti anikaṭṭhacitto. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo anikaṭṭhakāyo hoti nikaṭṭhacitto. Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo naheva kho araññe vanapatthāni pantāni senāsanāni paṭisevati. So tattha nekkhammavitakkampi vitakketi, abyāpādavitakkampi vitakketi, avihiṃsāvitakkampi vitakketi. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo anikaṭṭhakāyo hoti nikaṭṭhacitto. <span bjt_page #​bjt.266>​[BJT page 266]</​span>​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo anikaṭṭhakāyo ca hoti anikaṭṭhacitto ca? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo na heva kho araññe vanapatthāni.((Araññavanapatthāni ​ machasaṃ.)) Pantāni senāsanāni <span pts_page #​pts.138>​[PTS page 138]</​span>​ paṭisevati. So tattha kāmavitakkampi vitakketi, byāpādavitakkampi vitakketi, vihiṃsāvitakkampi vitakketi. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo anikaṭṭhakāyo ca hoti anikaṭṭhacitto ca. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo nikaṭṭhakāyo ca hoti nikaṭṭhacitto ca? Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo araññe vanapatthāni pantāni senāsanāni paṭisevati. So tattha nekkhammavitakkampi vitakketi, abyāpādavitakkampi vitakketi, avihiṃsāvitakkampi vitakketi. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo nikaṭṭhakāyo ca hoti nikaṭṭhacitto ca. 
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (9. Dhammakathikasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.4.9>​[4.3.4.9]</​span>​ 39. Cattārome bhikkhave dhammakathikā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekacco dhammakathiko appaṃ ca bhāsati asahitañca parisā ca.((Parisāvassa ​ machasaṃ.)) Na kusalā hoti sahitāsahitassa. Evarūpo bhikkhave dhammakathiko evarūpāya parisāya dhammakathikotveva saṅkhaṃ gacchati. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco dhammakathiko appañca bhāsati sahitañca, parisā ca kusalā hoti sahitāsahitassa. Evarūpo bhikkhave dhammakathiko evarūpāya parisāya dhammakathikotveva saṅkhaṃ gacchati. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco dhammakathiko bahuñca bhāsati asahitañca. Parisā ca na kusalā hoti sahitāsahitassa. Evarūpo bhikkhave dhammakathiko evarūpāya parisāya dhammakathikotveva saṅkhaṃ gacchati. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco dhammakathiko bahuñca bhāsati sahitañca parisā ca((Parisāvassa ​ machasaṃ.)) kusalā hoti sahitāsahitassa evarūpo bhikkhave dhammakathiko evarūpāya parisāya dhammakathikotveva saṅkhaṃ gacchati. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro dhammakathikāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.268>​[BJT page 268]</​span>​
 +
 +==== (10. Vādīsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.4.10>​[4.3.4.10]</​span>​ 40. Cattārome bhikkhave vādī. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.139>​[PTS page 139]</​span>​ atthi bhikkhave vādī atthato pariyādānaṃ gacchati no vyañjanato. Atthi bhikkhave vādī vyañjanato pariyādānaṃ gacchati no atthato. Atthi bhikkhave vādī atthato ca vyañjanato ca pariyādānaṃ gacchati. Atthi bhikkhave vādī nevatthato no byañjanato pariyādānaṃ gacchati. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro vādī, aṭṭhānametaṃ bhikkhave anavakāso, yaṃ catūhi paṭisambhidāhi samannāgato bhikkhu atthato ca vyañjanato ca pariyādānaṃ gaccheyyāti. ​
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Puggalavaggo catuttho.((**Tassuddānaṃ:​**
 +
 +saññojanaṃ paṭibhāno ​ ugghaṭitaññū uṭṭhānaṃ
 +
 +Sāvajjo dve ca sīlāni ​ nikaṭṭha dhammavādī cāti  machasaṃ. ))</​div>​
 +
 +===== 5. Ābhāvaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.3.5>​[4.3.5]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v05>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v05]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v05_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Ābhāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.5.1>​[4.3.5.1]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ) 41. Catasso imā bhikkhave ābhā. Katamā catasso?
 +
 +Candābhā, suriyābhā,​ aggābhā, paññābhā. ​
 +
 +Imā kho bhikkhave catasso ābhā. Etadaggaṃ bhikkhave imāsaṃ catassannaṃ ābhānaṃ yadidaṃ paññābhāti. ​
 +
 +==== (2. Pabhāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.5.2>​[4.3.5.2]</​span>​ 42. Catasso imā bhikkhave pabhā. Katamā catasso?
 +
 +Candappabhā,​ suriyappabhā aggippabhā,​ paññāppabhā. ​
 +
 +Imā kho bhikkhave catasso pabhā. Etadaggaṃ bhikkhave imāsaṃ catassannaṃ pabhānaṃ yadidaṃ paññāppabhāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.270>​[BJT page 270]</​span>​
 +
 +==== (3. Ālokasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.5.3>​[4.3.5.3]</​span>​ 43. Cattārome bhikkhave ālokā. Katame cattāro:
 +
 +Candāloko, suriyāloko,​ aggāloko, paññāloko. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro ālokā. Etadaggaṃ bhikkhave imesaṃ catunnaṃ ālokānaṃ yadidaṃ paññālokoti. ​
 +
 +==== (4. Obhāsasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.5.4>​[4.3.5.4]</​span>​ 44. Cattārome bhikkhave obhāsā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Candobhāso,​ suriyobhāso,​ aggobhāso, paññobhāso.
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.140>​[PTS page 140]</​span>​ ime kho bhikkhave cattāro obhāsā. Etadaggaṃ bhikkhave imesaṃ catunnaṃ obhāsānaṃ yadidaṃ paññobhāsoti. ​
 +
 +==== (5. Pajjotasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.5.5>​[4.3.5.5]</​span>​ 45. Cattārome bhikkhave pajjotā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Candapajjoto,​ suriyapajjoto,​ aggipajjoto,​ paññāpajjoto.
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro pajjotā. Etadaggaṃ bhikkhave imesaṃ catunnaṃ pajjotānaṃ yadidaṃ paññāpajjototi. ​
 +
 +==== (6. Kālasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.5.6>​[4.3.5.6]</​span>​ 46. Cattārome bhikkhave kālā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Kālena dhammasavaṇaṃ,​ kālena dhammasākacchā,​ kālena samatho, kālena vipassanā. Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro kālāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.272>​[BJT page 272]</​span>​
 +
 +==== (7. Dutiyakālasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.5.7>​[4.3.5.7]</​span>​ 47. Cattārome bhikkhave kālā sammā bhāviyamānā sammā anuparivattiyamānā anupubbena āsavānaṃ khayaṃ pāpenti. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Kālena dhammasavaṇaṃ,​ kālena dhammasākacchā,​ kālena samatho,​((Sammasanā ​ machasaṃ.)) Kālena vipassanā.
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro kālā sammā bhāviyamānā sammā anuparivattiyamānā anupubbena āsavānaṃ khayaṃ pāpenti. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave uparipabbate thullaphusitake deve vassante taṃ udakaṃ yathā ninnaṃ pavattamānaṃ pabbatakandarapadarasākhā paripūreti. Pabbatakandarapadarasākhā paripūrā kussubbhe.((Kusobbhe ​ machasaṃ.)) Paripūrenti. Kussubbhā.((Kusobbhe ​ machasaṃ.)) Paripūrā mahāsobbhe paripūrenti. Mahāsobbhā paripūrā kunnadiyo paripūrenti. Kunnadiyo paripūrā mahānadiyo paripūrenti. Mahānadiyo paripūrā samuddaṃ.((Samudda sāgaraṃ ​ syākaṃ.)) Sāgaraṃ paripūrenti. Evameva kho bhikkhave ime cattāro kālā sammā bhāviyamānā sammā anuparivattiyamānā anupubbena āsavānaṃ khayaṃ pāpentīti. ​
 +
 +==== (8. Vacīduccaritasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.5.8>​[4.3.5.8]</​span>​ 48. <span pts_page #​pts.141>​[PTS page 141]</​span>​ cattārimāni bhikkhave vacīduccaritāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Musāvādo, pisunāvācā,​ pharusāvācā,​ samphappalāpo.
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri vacīduccaritāni. ​
 +
 +==== (9. Vacīsucaritasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.5.9>​[4.3.5.9]</​span>​ 49. Cattārimāni bhikkhave vacīsucaritāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Saccavācā,​ apisunavācā.((Apisunāvācā.)) Saṇhavācā.((Saṇhāvācā.)) Mantābhāsā.
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri vacīsucaritānīti. ​
 +
 +==== (10. Sārasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.3.5.10>​[4.3.5.10]</​span>​ 50. Cattārome bhikkhave sārā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Sīlasāro, samādhisāro,​ paññāsāro,​ vimuttisāro.
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro sārāti.
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Ābhāvaggo pañcamo.((* **Tassuddānaṃ:​** ​
 +
 +ābhā pabhā ca ālokaṃ ​ obhāsā ceva pajjotā
 +
 +Dve kālā caritā dve ca  honti sārena te dasāti ​ machasaṃ. ))
 +
 +Tatiyo paṇṇāsako. <span bjt_page #​bjt.274>​[BJT page 274]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +
 +====== 4. Catuttho paṇṇāsako ======
 +
 +===== 1. Indriyavaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.4.1>​[4.4.1]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v01>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v01]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v01_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Indriyasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.1.1>​[4.4.1.1]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ) 1. Cattārimāni bhikkhave indriyāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Saddhindriyaṃ,​ viriyindriyaṃ,​ satindriyaṃ,​ samādhindriyaṃ.
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri indriyānīti. ​
 +
 +==== (2. Balasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.1.2>​[4.4.1.2]</​span>​ 2. <span pts_page #​pts.142>​[PTS page 142]</​span>​ cattārimāni bhikkhave balāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Saddhābalaṃ,​ viriyabalaṃ,​ satibalaṃ,​ samādhibalaṃ.
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri balānīti. ​
 +
 +==== (3. Dutiyabalasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.1.3>​[4.4.1.3]</​span>​ 3. Cattārimāni bhikkhave balāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Paññābalaṃ,​ viriyabalaṃ,​ anavajjabalaṃ,​ saṃgāhabalaṃ.
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri balānīti. ​
 +
 +==== (4. Tatiyabalasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.1.4>​[4.4.1.4]</​span>​ 4. Cattārimāni bhikkhave balāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Satibalaṃ,​ samādhibalaṃ,​ anavajjabalaṃ,​ saṃgāhabalaṃ.
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri balānīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.276>​[BJT page 276]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (5. Catuttha balasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.1.5>​[4.4.1.5]</​span>​ 5. Cattārimāni bhikkhave balāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Paṭisaṅkhānabalaṃ,​ bhāvanābalaṃ,​ anavajjabalaṃ,​ saṅgāhabalaṃ.
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri balānīti. ​
 +
 +==== (6. Asaṅkheyya suttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.1.6>​[4.4.1.6]</​span>​ 6. Cattārimāni bhikkhave kappassa asaṅkheyyāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Yadā bhikkhave kappo saṃvaṭṭati,​ taṃ na sukaraṃ saṅkhātuṃ ettakāni vassānīti vā ettakānī vassasatānīti vā ettakāni vassasahassānīti vā ettakāni vassasatasahassānīti vā. 
 +
 +Yadā bhikkhave kappo saṃvaṭṭo tiṭṭhati,​ taṃ na sukaraṃ saṅkhātuṃ ettakāni vassānīti vā ettakāni vassasatānīti vā ettakāni vassasahassānīti vā ettakāni vassasata sahassānīti vā. 
 +
 +Yadā bhikkhave kappo vivaṭṭati. Taṃ na sukaraṃ saṅkhātuṃ ettakāni vassānīti vā ettakāni vassasatānīti vā ettakāni vassasahassānīti vā ettakāni vassasatasahassānīti vā. 
 +
 +Yadā bhikkhave kappo vivaṭṭo tiṭṭhati. Taṃ na sukaraṃ saṅkhātuṃ ettakāni vassānīti vā ettakāni vassasatānīti vā ettakāni vassasahassānīti vā ettakāni vassasatasahassānīti vā. 
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri kappassa asaṅkheyyānīti. ​
 +
 +==== (7. Rogasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.1.7>​[4.4.1.7]</​span>​ 7. Dveme bhikkhave rogā. Katame dve?
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.143>​[PTS page 143]</​span>​ kāyiko ca rogo. Cetasiko ca rogo. 
 +
 +Dissanti bhikkhave sattā kāyikena rogena ekampi vassaṃ ārogyaṃ paṭijānamānā. Dvepi vassāni ārogyaṃ paṭijānamānā. Tīṇipi vassāni ārogyaṃ paṭijānamānā. Cattāripi vassāni ārogyaṃ paṭijānamānā. Pañcapi vassāni ārogyaṃ paṭijānamānā. Dasapi vassāni ārogyaṃ paṭijānamānā. Vīsatimpi vassāni ārogyaṃ paṭijānamānā. Tiṃsampi vassāni ārogyaṃ paṭijānamānā. Cattārīsampi vassāni ārogyaṃ paṭijānamānā. Paññāsampi vassāni ārogyaṃ paṭijānamānā. Vassasatampi. Ārogyaṃ paṭijānamānā. <span bjt_page #​bjt.278>​[BJT page 278]</​span>​
 +
 +Te bhikkhave sattā dullabhā.((Sudullabhā ​ machasaṃ.)) Lokasmiṃ ye cetasikena rogena muhuttampi ārogyaṃ paṭijānanti,​ aññatra khīṇāsavehi. ​
 +
 +Cattārome bhikkhave pabbajitassa rogā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu mahiccho hoti vighātavā asantuṭṭho itarītaracīvarapiṇḍapātasenāsanagilānapaccayabhesajjaparikkhārena. So mahiccho samāno vighātavā asantuṭṭho itarītaracīvarapiṇḍapātasenāsanagilānapaccayabhesajjaparikkhārena pāpikaṃ icchaṃ panidahati anavaññapaṭilābhāya,​((Anavaññappaṭilābhāya ​ machasaṃ.)) Lābhasakkārasilokapaṭilābhāya. So uṭṭhahati ghaṭeti vāyamati anavaññapaṭilābhāya,​ lābhasakkārasilokapaṭilābhāya. So saṅkhāya kulāni upasaṅkamati,​ saṅkhāya nisīdati, saṅkhāya dhammaṃ bhāsati, saṅkhāya uccārapassāvaṃ sandhāreti. Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro pabbajitassa rogā. ​
 +
 +Tasamātiha bhikkhave evaṃ sikkhitabbaṃ:​ na mahicchā bhavissāma vighāta vanto asantuṭṭhā itarītaracīvarapiṇḍapātasenāsanagilānapaccayabhesajjaparikkhārena,​ na pāpikaṃ icchaṃ panidahissāma anavaññapaṭilābhāya,​ lābhasakkārasilokapaṭilābhāya,​ na uṭṭhahissāma na ghaṭissāma na vāyamissāma anavaññapaṭilābhāya lābhasakkārasilokapaṭilābhāya. Na khamā bhavissāma sītassa uṇhassa jighacchāya pipāsāya ḍaṃsamakasavātātapasiriṃsa((Sarisapa ​ machasaṃ.))pasamphassānaṃ duruttānaṃ durāgatānaṃ vacanapathānaṃ uppannānaṃ sārīrikānaṃ vedanānaṃ dukkhānaṃ tibbānaṃ kharānaṃ kaṭukānaṃ asātānaṃ amanāpānaṃ pāṇaharānaṃ adhivāsikajātikā bhavissāmāti. Evaṃ hi vo bhikkhave sikkhitabbanti. ​
 +
 +==== (8. Parihāṇisuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.1.8>​[4.4.1.8]</​span>​ 8. Tatra kho āyasmā sāriputto bhikkhu āmantesi āvuso <span pts_page #​pts.144>​[PTS page 144]</​span>​ bhikkhavoti. Āvusoti kho te bhikkhū āyasmato sāriputtassa paccassosuṃ. Āyasmā sāriputto etadavoca:
 +
 +Yo hi ko ci āvuso bhikkhu vā bhikkhunī vā cattāro dhamme attanisamanupassati,​ niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ parihāyāmi kusalehi dhammehi. Parihānametaṃ vuttaṃ bhagavatā katame cattāro?
 +
 +Rāgavepullataṃ.((Rāgavepullattaṃ ​ machasaṃ.)) Dosavepullataṃ,​ mohavepullataṃ,​ gambhīresu kho panassa ṭhānāṭhānesu paññācakkhuṃ na kamati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.280>​[BJT page 280]</​span>​
 +
 +Yo hi koci āvuso bhikkhu vā bhikkhunī vā ime cattāro dhamme attani samanupassati,​ niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ parihāyāmi kusalehi dhammehi, parihānametaṃ vuttaṃ bhagavatā. ​
 +
 +Yo hi ko ci āvuso bhikkhu vā bhikkhunī vā cattāro dhamme attani samanupassati,​ niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ na parihāyāmi kusalehi dhammehi, aparihānametaṃ vuttaṃ bhagavatā katame cattāro?
 +
 +Rāgatanuttaṃ,​ dosatanuttaṃ,​ mohatanuttaṃ,​ gambhīresu kho panassa ṭhānāṭhānesu paññācakkhuṃ kamati. ​
 +
 +Yo hi ko ci āvuso bhikkhu vā bhikkhunī vā ime cattāro dhamme attani samanupassati,​ niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ aparihāyāmi kusalehi dhammehi aparihānametaṃ vuttaṃ bhagavatāti. ​
 +
 +==== (9. Bhikkhunīsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.1.9>​[4.4.1.9]</​span>​ 9. Ekaṃ samayaṃ āyasmā ānando kosambiyaṃ viharati ghositārāme. Atha kho aññatarā bhikkhunī aññataraṃ purisaṃ āmantesi: ehi tvaṃ ambho purisa, yena ayyo ānando tenupasaṅkama,​ upasaṅkamitvā mama vacanena ayyassa ānandassa pāde sirasā vanda, itthannāmā bhante bhikkhunī ābādhikinī dukkhitā bāḷhagilānā,​ sā ayyassa ānandassa pāde sirasā vandatīti evaṃ ca vadehi: sādhu kira bhante ayyo ānando yena bhikkhunūpassayo yena sā bhikkhunī tenupasaṅkamatu anukampaṃ upādāyāti. ​
 +
 +Evaṃ ayyeti kho so puriso tassā bhikkhuniyā paṭissutvā yenāyasmā ānando tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā <span pts_page #​pts.145>​[PTS page 145]</​span>​ āyasmantaṃ ānandaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho so puriso āyasmantaṃ ānandaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +Itthannāmā bhante bhikkhunī ābādhikinī dukkhitā bāḷhagilānā,​ sā āyasmato ānandassa pāde sirasā vandati, evaṃ ca vadeti: sādhu kira bhante āyasmā ānando yena bhikkhunūpassayo yena sā bhikkhunī tenupasaṅkamatu anukampaṃ upādāyāti. ​
 +
 +Adhivāsesi kho āyasmā ānando tuṇhībhāvena. Atha kho āyasmā ānando nivāsetvā pattacīvaraṃ ādāya yena bhikkhunūpassayo tenupasaṅkami addasā kho sā bhikkhunī āyasmantaṃ ānandaṃ dūratova āgacchantaṃ. Disvā sasīsaṃ pārupitvā mañcake nipajji. Atha kho āyasmā ānando yena sā bhikkhunī tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi. Nisajja kho āyasmā ānando taṃ bhikkhuniṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +Āhārasambhūto ayaṃ bhagini kāyo. Āhāraṃ nissāya āhāro pahātabbo. Taṇhāsambhuto ayaṃ bhagini.((Idha bhagini ​ machasaṃ.)) Kāyo taṇhaṃ nissāya taṇhā pahātabbā mānasambhūto ayaṃ bhagini kāyo. Mānaṃ nissāya māno pahātabbo. Methuna sambhūto ayaṃ bhagini kāyo. Methune ca setughāto.((Methuno pahātabbo methune setughāto"​ ti  syā.)) Vutto bhagavatā. <span bjt_page #​bjt.282>​[BJT page 282]</​span>​
 +
 +"​Āhārasambhūto ayaṃ bhagini kāyo, āhāraṃ nissāya āhāro pahātabbo"​ti iti kho panetaṃ vuttaṃ kiñcetaṃ paṭicca vuttaṃ? Idha pana bhagini bhikkhu paṭisaṅkhāyoniso āhāraṃ āhāreti: neva davāya na madāya na maṇḍanāya na vibhūsanāya yāvadeva imassa kāyassa ṭhitiyā yāpanāya vihiṃsūparatiyā brahmacariyānuggahāya,​ iti purāṇaṃ ca vedanaṃ paṭihaṅkhāmi,​ navaṃ ca vedanaṃ na uppādessāmi,​ yātrā ca me bhavissati anavajjatā ca phāsuvihāro cāti. So aparena samayena āhāraṃ nissāya āhāraṃ pajahati. "​Āhārasambhūto ayaṃ bhagini kāyo, āhāraṃ nissāya āhāro pahātabbo"​ ti iti yantaṃ vuttaṃ idametaṃ paṭicca vuttaṃ. ​
 +
 +"​Taṇhāsambhuto ayaṃ bhagini kāyo, taṇhaṃ nissāya taṇhā pahātabbā"​ ti iti kho panetaṃ.((Iti yantaṃ ​ sīmu.)) Vuttaṃ. Kiñcetaṃ <span pts_page #​pts.146>​[PTS page 146]</​span>​ paṭicca vuttaṃ? Idha bhagini bhikkhu suṇāti itthannāmo kira bhikkhu āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharatīti. Tassa evaṃ hoti: kudassunāma ahampi āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharissāmīti. So aparena samayena taṇhaṃ nissāya taṇhaṃ pajahati, "​taṇhāsambhuto ayaṃ bhagini kāyo, taṇhaṃ nissāya taṇhā pahātabbā"​ ti iti yantaṃ vuttaṃ, idametaṃ paṭicca vuttaṃ. ​
 +
 +"​Mānasambhūto ayaṃ bhagini kāyo, mānaṃ nissāya māno pahātabbo"​ ti. Iti kho panetaṃ vuttaṃ. Kiñcetaṃ paṭicca vuttaṃ? Idha bhagini bhikkhu suṇāti itthannāmo kira bhikkhu āsavānaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharatīti. Tassa evaṃ hoti: so hi nāma āyasmā āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati, kimaṅgapanāhanti. So aparena samayena mānaṃ nissāya mānaṃ pajahati. "​Mānasambhūto ayaṃ bhagini kāyo, mānaṃ nissāya māno pahātabbo"​ ti, iti yantaṃ vuttaṃ idametaṃ paṭicca vuttaṃ. ​
 +
 +"​Methunasambhūto ayaṃ bhagini kāyo, methune ca setughāto vutto bhagavatā"​ ti. 
 +
 +Atha kho sā bhikkhunī mañcā uṭṭhahitvā ekaṃsaṃ uttarāsaṅgaṃ karitvā āyasmato ānandassa pādesu sirasā nipatitvā āyasmantaṃ ānandaṃ etadavoca: accayo maṃ bhante accagamā yathābālaṃ yathāmūḷhaṃ yathā akusalaṃ yāhaṃ evamakāsiṃ. Tassā me bhante ayyo ānando accayaṃ accayato patigaṇhātu āyatiṃ saṃvarāyāti. ​
 +
 +Taggha taṃ bhagini accayo accagamā yathābālaṃ yathāmūḷhaṃ yathāakusalaṃ yā tvaṃ evamakāsi. Yato ca kho tvaṃ bhagini accayaṃ accayato disvā yathādhammaṃ paṭikarosi,​ taṃ te mayaṃ patigaṇhāma. Vuddhi hesā bhagini ariyassa vinaye yā accayaṃ accayato disvā yathādhammaṃ paṭikaroti. Āyatiṃ saṃvaraṃ āpajjatīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.284>​[BJT page 284]</​span>​
 +
 +==== (10. Sugatavinayasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.1.10>​[4.4.1.10]</​span>​ 10. <span pts_page #​pts.147>​[PTS page 147]</​span>​ sugato vā bhikkhave loke tiṭṭhamāno sugatavinayo vā tadassa bahujanahitāya bahujanasukhāya lokānukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya devamanussānaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamo ca bhikkhave sugato? Idha bhikkhave tathāgato loke uppajjati arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vijjācaraṇasampanno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisadammasārathī satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā. Ayaṃ bhikkhave sugato. ​
 +
 +Katamo ca bhikkhave sugatavinayo?​ So dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pariyosānakalyāṇaṃ sātthaṃ savyañjanaṃ kevalaparipuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave sugatavinayo. ​
 +
 +Evaṃ sugato vā bhikkhave loke tiṭṭhamāno sugatavinayo vā tadassa bahujanahitāya bahujanasukhāya lokānukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya devamanussānanti. ​
 +
 +Cattārome bhikkhave dhammā saddhammassa sammosāya antaradhānāya saṃvattanti. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu duggahītaṃ suttantaṃ pariyāpuṇanti dunnikkhittehi padabyañjanehi. Dunnikkhittassa bhikkhave padabyañjanassa attho'​pi dunnayo hoti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave paṭhamo dhammo saddhammassa sammosāya antaradhānāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave bhikkhu dubbacā honti dovacassakaraṇehi dhammehi samannāgatā akkhamā appadakkhiṇaggāhino anusāsaniṃ. Ayaṃ bhikkhave dutiyo dhammo saddhammassa sammosāya antaradhānāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave ye te bhikkhū bahussutā āgatāgamā dhammadharā vinayadharā mātikādharā. Te na sakkaccaṃ suttantaṃ paraṃ vācenti tesaṃ accayena chinnamūlako suttanto hoti, appaṭisaraṇo ayaṃ bhikkhave tatiyo dhammo saddhammassa sammosāya antaradhānāya saṃvattati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.286>​[BJT page 286]</​span>​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave therā bhikkhu bāhulikā <span pts_page #​pts.148>​[PTS page 148]</​span>​ honti sāthalikā okkamane pubbaṅgamā paviveke nikkhittadhurā. Na viriyaṃ ārabhanti appattassa pattiyā anadhigatassa adhigamāya asacchikatassa sacchikiriyāya. Tesaṃ pacchimā janatā diṭṭhānugatiṃ āpajjati. Sāpi hoti sāthalikā bāhulikā okkamane pubbaṅgamā paviveke nikkhittadhurā. Na viriyaṃ ārabhati appattassa pattiyā anadhigatassa adhigamāya asacchikatassa sacchikiriyāya. Ayaṃ bhikkhave catuttho dhammo saddhammassa sammosāya antaradhānāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro dhammā saddhammassa sammosāya antaradhānāya saṃvattantī ti. 
 +
 +Cattāro me bhikkhave dhammā saddhammassa ṭhitiyā asammosāya anantaradhānāya saṃvattanti. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu suggahītaṃ suttantaṃ pariyāpuṇanti sunikkhittehi padabyañjanehi. Sunikkhittassa bhikkhave padabyañjanassa atthopi sunayo hoti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave paṭhamo dhammo saddhammassa ṭhitiyā asammosāya anantaradhānāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave bhikkhu subbacā honti sovacassakaraṇehi dhammehi samannāgatā khamā padakkhiṇaggāhino anusāsaniṃ. Ayaṃ bhikkhave dutiyo dhammo saddhammassa ṭhitiyā asammosāya anantaradhānāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave ye te bhikkhu bahussutā āgatāgamā dhammadharā vinayadharā mātikādharā. Te sakkaccaṃ suttantaṃ paraṃ vāventi. Tesaṃ accayena nacchinnamūlako suttanto hoti sappaṭisaraṇo. Ayaṃ bhikkhave tatiyo dhammo saddhammassa ṭhitiyā asammosāya anantaradhānāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave therā bhikkhu na bāhulikā honti na sāthalikā okkamane nikkhittadhurā paviveke pubbaṅgamā. Viriyaṃ ārabhanti appattassa pattiyā anadhigatassa adhigamāya asacchikatassa sacchikiriyāya. Tesaṃ pacchimā janatā diṭṭhānugatiṃ āpajjati. Sāpi hoti na bāhulikā na sāthalikā okkamane nikkhittadhurā paviveke pubbaṅgamā. Viriyaṃ ārabhati appattassa pattiyā anadhigatassa adhigamāya asacchikatassa sacchikiriyāya. Ayaṃ bhikkhave catuttho dhammo saddhammassa ṭhitiyā asammosāya anantaradhānāya saṃvattati. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.149>​[PTS page 149]</​span>​ ime kho bhikkhave cattāro dhammā saddhammassa ṭhitiyā asammosāya anantaradhānāya saṃvattantī ti. 
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Indriyavaggo paṭhamo. ​
 +
 +**Tassuddānaṃ:​**
 +
 + ​indriyānī saddhā paññā ​ satisaṃkhāna pañcamaṃ
 +
 +Kappo rogo parihānī bhikkhunī sugatena cāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.288>​[BJT page 288]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +===== 2. Paṭipadāvaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.4.2>​[4.4.2]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v02>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v02]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v02_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Paṭipadāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.2.1>​[4.4.2.1]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ) 11. Catasso imā bhikkhave paṭipadā,​ katamā catasso?
 +
 +Dukkhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā,​ dukkhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā,​ sukhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā,​ sukhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā. Imā kho bhikkhave catasso paṭipadāti. ​
 +
 +==== (2. Dutiyapaṭipadāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.2.2>​[4.4.2.2]</​span>​ 12. Catasso imā bhikkhave paṭipadā. Katamā catasso?
 +
 +Dukkhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā,​ dukkhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā,​ sukhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā,​ sukhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā, ​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave dukkhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco pakatiyāpi tibbarāgajātiko hoti. Abhikkhaṇaṃ rāgajaṃ dukkhaṃ domanassaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. Pakatiyāpi tibbadosajātiko hoti. Abhikkhaṇaṃ dosajaṃ dukkhaṃ domanassaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. Pakatiyāpi tibbamohajātiko hoti. Abhikkhaṇaṃ mohajaṃ dukkhaṃ domanassaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. Tassimāni pañcindriyāni mudunī pātubhavanti:​ saddhindriyaṃ viriyindriyaṃ satindriyaṃ samādhindriyaṃ paññindriyaṃ so ca imesaṃ pañcannaṃ indriyānaṃ muduttā dandhaṃ ānantariyaṃ pāpuṇāti āsavānaṃ khayāya. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave dukkhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā. ​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave dukkhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco pakatiyāpi tibbarāgajātiko hoti. Abhikkhaṇaṃ rāgajaṃ dukkhaṃ domanassaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. Pakatiyāpi tibbadosajātiko hoti. Abhikkhaṇaṃ dosajaṃ dukkhaṃ domanassaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. Pakatiyāpi tibbamohajātiko hoti. Abhikkhaṇaṃ mohajaṃ dukkhaṃ domanassaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. Tassimāni pañcindriyāni adhimattāni <span pts_page #​pts.150>​[PTS page 150]</​span>​ pātubhavanti:​ saddhindirayaṃ viriyindriyaṃ satindriyaṃ samādhindriyaṃ paññindriyaṃ. So ca imesaṃ pañcannaṃ indriyānaṃ adhimattattā khippaṃ ānantariyaṃ pāpuṇāti āsavānaṃ khayāya. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave dukkhā paṭipadā khippābhiññā. <span bjt_page #​bjt.290>​[BJT page 290]</​span>​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave sukhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco pakatiyāpi na tibbarāgajātiko hoti. Nābhikkhaṇaṃ rāgajaṃ dukkhaṃ domanassaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. Pakatiyāpi na tibbadosajātiko hoti. Nābhikkhaṇaṃ dosajaṃ dukkhaṃ domanassaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. Pakatiyāpi na tibbamohajātiko hoti. Nābhikkhaṇaṃ mohajaṃ dukkhaṃ domanassaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. Tassimāni pañcindriyāni mudunī pātubhavanti:​ saddhindriyaṃ viriyindriyaṃ satindriyaṃ samādhindriyaṃ paññindriyaṃ. So imesaṃ pañcannaṃ indriyānaṃ muduttā dandhaṃ ānantariyaṃ pāpuṇāti āsavānaṃ khayāya. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave sukhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā. ​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave sukhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo pakatiyāpi na tibbarāgajātiko hoti. Nābhikkhaṇaṃ rāgajaṃ dukkhaṃ domanassaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. Pakatiyāpi na tibbadosajātiko hoti. Nābhikkhaṇaṃ dosajaṃ dukkhaṃ domanassaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti,​ pakatiyāpi na tibbamohajātiko hoti. Nābhikkhaṇaṃ mohajaṃ dukkhaṃ domanassaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. Tassimāni pañcindriyāni adhimattāni pātubhavanti:​ saddhindriyaṃ viriyindriyaṃ satindriyaṃ samādhindriyaṃ paññindriyaṃ. So imesaṃ pañcannaṃ indriyānaṃ adhimattattā khippaṃ ānantariyaṃ pāpuṇāti āsavānaṃ khayāya ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave sukhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā. ​
 +
 +Imā kho bhikkhave catasso paṭipadāti. ​
 +
 +==== (3. Tatiyapaṭipadāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.2.3>​[4.4.2.3]</​span>​ 13. Catasso imā bhikkhave paṭipadā. Katamā catasso?
 +
 +Dukkhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā,​ dukkhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā,​ sukhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā,​ sukhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā. ​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave dukkhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā?​ Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu asubhānupassī kāye viharati āhāre paṭikkūlasaññī sabbaloke anabhiratasaññī sabbasaṅkhāresu aniccānupassī. Maraṇasaññā kho panassa ajjhattaṃ sūpaṭṭhitā hoti. So imāni pañca sekhabalāni upanissāya viharati: saddhābalaṃ hiribalaṃ ottappabalaṃ <span pts_page #​pts.151>​[PTS page 151]</​span>​ viriyabalaṃ paññābalaṃ. Tassimāni pañcindriyāni mudunī pātubhavanti:​ saddhindriyaṃ viriyindriyaṃ satindriyaṃ samādhindriyaṃ paññindriyaṃ. So imesaṃ pañcannaṃ indriyānaṃ muduttā dandhaṃ ānantariyaṃ pāpuṇāti āsavānaṃ khayāya. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave dukkhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā. <span bjt_page #​bjt.292>​[BJT page 292]</​span>​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave dukkhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā?​ Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu asubhānupassī kāye viharati āhāre paṭikkūlasaññī sabbaloke anabhiratasaññī sabbasaṅkhāresu aniccānupassī. Maraṇasaññā kho panassa ajjhattaṃ sūpaṭṭhitā hoti. So imāni pañca sekhabalāni upanissāya viharati: saddhābalaṃ hiribalaṃ ottappabalaṃ viriyabalaṃ paññābalaṃ. Tassimāni pañcindriyāni adhimattāni pātubhavanti:​ saddhindriyaṃ viriyindriyaṃ satindriyaṃ samādhindriyaṃ paññindriyaṃ. So imesaṃ pañcannaṃ indriyānaṃ adhimattattā khippaṃ ānantariyaṃ pāpuṇāti āsavānaṃ khayāya. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave dukkhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā. ​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave sukhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā?​ Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati. Sato ca sampajāno, sukhañca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti yaṃ taṃ ariyā ācikkhanti '​upekkhako satimā sukhavihārī'​ ti tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Sukhassa ca pahāṇā dukkhassa ca pahānā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthagamā adukkhaṃ asukhaṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So imāni pañca sekhabalāni upanissāya viharati: saddhābalaṃ hiribalaṃ ottappabalaṃ viriyabalaṃ paññābalaṃ. Tassimāni pañcindriyāni muduni pātubhavanti:​ saddhindriyaṃ satindriyaṃ samādhindriyaṃ paññindriyaṃ. So imesaṃ pañcannaṃ indriyānaṃ muduttā dandhaṃ ānantariyā pāpuṇāti āsavānaṃ khayāya. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave sukhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā. ​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave sukhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā?​ Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampajāno, sukhañca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti yaṃ taṃ ariyā ācikkhanti '​upekkhako satimā sukhavihārī'​ ti tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Sukhassa ca pahāṇā dukkhassa ca pahānā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthagamā adukkhaṃ asukhaṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ <span pts_page #​pts.152>​[PTS page 152]</​span>​ upasampajja viharati. So imāni pañca sekhabalāni upanissāya viharati: saddhābalaṃ hiribalaṃ ottappabalaṃ viriyabalaṃ paññābalaṃ. Tassimāni pañcindriyāni adhimattāni pātubhavanti:​ saddhindriyaṃ viriyindriyaṃ satindriyaṃ samādhindriyaṃ paññindriyaṃ. So imesaṃ pañcannaṃ indriyānaṃ adhimattattā khippaṃ ānantariyaṃ pāpuṇāti āsavānaṃ khayāya. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave sukhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā. ​
 +
 +Imā kho bhikkhave catasso paṭipadāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.294>​[BJT page 294]</​span>  ​
 +
 +==== (4. Catutthapaṭipadāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.2.4>​[4.4.2.4]</​span>​ 14. Catasso imā bhikkhave paṭipadā. Katamā catasso?
 +
 +Akkhamā paṭipadā,​ khamā paṭipadā,​ damā paṭipadā,​ samā paṭipadā. ​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave akkhamā paṭipadā?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo akkosantaṃ paccakkosati. Rosantaṃ paṭirosati. Bhaṇḍantaṃ paṭibhaṇḍati. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave akkhamā paṭipadā. ​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave khamā paṭipadā?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo akkosantaṃ na paccakkosati. Rosantaṃ na paṭirosati. Bhaṇḍantaṃ na paṭibhaṇḍati. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave khamā paṭipadā. ​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave damā paṭipadā?​ Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā na nimittaggāhī hoti, nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ cakkhundriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati cakkhundriyaṃ. Cakkhundriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Sotena saddaṃ sutvā na nimittaggāhī hoti, nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ sotindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati sotindriyaṃ,​ sotindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Ghāṇena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti, nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ ghāṇindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati ghāṇindriyaṃ. Ghāṇindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Jivhāya rasaṃ sāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti, nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ jivhindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati jivhindriyaṃ jivhindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Kāyena phoṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti, nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ kāyindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā pāpakā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati kāyindriyaṃ manasā dhammaṃ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti, nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ manindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya <span pts_page #​pts.153>​[PTS page 153]</​span>​ paṭipajjati. Rakkhati manindriyaṃ. Manindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave damā paṭipadā. ​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave samā paṭipadā?​ Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu uppannaṃ kāmavitakkaṃ nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti sameti byantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Uppannaṃ byāpādavitakkaṃ nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti sameti byantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Uppannaṃ vihiṃsā vitakkaṃ nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti sameti byantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Uppannuppanne pāpake akusale dhamme nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti sameti vyantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave samā paṭipadā. ​
 +
 +Imā kho bhikkhave catasso paṭipadāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.296>​[BJT page 296]</​span>​
 +
 +==== (5. Pañcamapaṭipadāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.2.5>​[4.4.2.5]</​span>​ 15. Catasso imā bhikkhave paṭipadā. Katamā catasso? Akkhamā paṭipadā,​ khamā paṭipadā,​ damā paṭipadā,​ samā paṭipadā.
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave akkhamā paṭipadā?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco akkhamo hoti sītassa uṇhassa jighacchāya pipāsāya ḍaṃsamakasavātātapasiriṃsapasamphassānaṃ. Duruttānaṃ durāgatānaṃ vacanapathānaṃ,​ uppannānaṃ sārīrikānaṃ vedanānaṃ dukkhānaṃ tibbānaṃ kharānaṃ kaṭukānaṃ asātānaṃ amanāpānaṃ pāṇaharānaṃ anadhivāsikajātiko hoti. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave akkhamā paṭipadā. ​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave khamā paṭipadā?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco khamo hoti sītassa uṇhassa jighacchāya pipāsāya ḍaṃsamakasavātātapasiriṃsapasamphassānaṃ duruttānaṃ durāgatānaṃ vacanapathānaṃ,​ uppannānaṃ sārīrikānaṃ vedanānaṃ dukkhānaṃ tibbānaṃ kharānaṃ kaṭukānaṃ asātānaṃ amanāpānaṃ pāṇaharānaṃ adhivāsikajātiko hoti. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave khamā paṭipadā. ​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave damā paṭipadā?​ Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī,​ yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ cakkhundriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati,​ rakkhati cakkhundriyaṃ,​ cakkhundriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Sotena saddaṃ sutvā na nimittaggāhī hoti, nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ sotindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati sotindriyaṃ,​ sotindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. ​ Ghāṇena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti, nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ ghāṇindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati ghāṇindriyaṃ ghāṇindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. ​ Jivhāya rasaṃ sāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti, nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ jivhindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ. Tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati jivhindriyaṃ jivhindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. ​ Kāyena phoṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti, nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ kāyindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ. Tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati kāyindriyaṃ,​ kāyindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. ​ Manasā dhammaṃ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ manindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati manindriyaṃ. Manindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave damā paṭipadā. ​
 +
 +Katamā ca bhikkhave samā paṭipadā?​ Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu uppannaṃ kāmavitakkaṃ nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti sameti byantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Uppannaṃ byāpādavitakkaṃ nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti sameti byantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Uppannaṃ vihiṃsā vitakkaṃ nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti sameti byantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Uppannuppanne pāpake akusale dhamme nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti sameti byantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave samā paṭipadā. ​
 +
 +Imā kho bhikkhave catasso paṭipadāti. ​
 +
 +==== (6. Chaṭṭhapaṭipadāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.2.6>​[4.4.2.6]</​span>​ 16. <span pts_page #​pts.154>​[PTS page 154]</​span>​ catasso imā bhikkhave paṭipadā. Katamā catasso?
 +
 +Dukkhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā,​ dukkhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā,​ sukhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā,​ sukhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā. <span bjt_page #​bjt.298>​[BJT page 298]</​span>​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yāyaṃ paṭipadā dukkhā dandhābhiññā,​ ayaṃ bhikkhave paṭipadā ubhayeneva hīnā akkhāyati. Yampāyaṃ paṭipadā dukkhā, imināpayaṃ hīnā akkhāyati. Yampāyaṃ paṭipadā dandhā, imināpayaṃ hīnā akkhāyati. Ayaṃ bhikkhave paṭipadā ubhayeneva hīnā akkhāyati. ​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yāyaṃ paṭipadā dukkhā khippābhiññā,​ ayaṃ bhikkhave paṭipadā dukkhattā hīnā akkhāyati. ​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yāyaṃ paṭipadā sukhā dandhābhiññā,​ ayaṃ bhikkhave paṭipadā dandhattā hīnā akkhāyati. ​
 +
 +Tatra bhikkhave yāyaṃ paṭipadā sukhā khippābhiññā,​ ayaṃ bhikkhave paṭipadā ubhayeneva paṇītā akkhāyati. Yampāyaṃ paṭipadā sukhā, imināpayaṃ paṇītā akkhāyati. Yampāyaṃ paṭipadā khippā, imināpayaṃ paṇītā akkhāyati. Ayaṃ bhikkhave paṭipadā ubhayeneva paṇītā akkhāyati. ​
 +
 +Imā kho bhikkhave catasso paṭipadāti. ​
 +
 +==== (7. Moggallānapaṭipadāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.2.7>​[4.4.2.7]</​span>​ 17. Atha kho āyasmā sāriputto yenāyasmā mahāmoggallāno tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā āyasmatā mahāmoggallānena saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā sāriputto āyasmantaṃ mahāmoggallānaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +Catasso imā āvuso moggallāna paṭipadā. Katamā catasso?
 +
 +Dukkhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā,​ dukkhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā,​ sukhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā,​ sukhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā. Imā kho āvuso catasso paṭipadā. ​
 +
 +Imāsaṃ āvuso catassannaṃ paṭipadānaṃ katamaṃ te paṭipadaṃ āgamma āsavehi cittaṃ vimuttanti?
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.155>​[PTS page 155]</​span>​ catasso imā āvuso sāriputta paṭipadā. Katamā catasso?
 +
 +Dukkhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā,​ dukkhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā,​ sukhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā,​ sukhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā. Imā kho āvuso catasso paṭipadā. ​
 +
 +Imāsaṃ āvuso catassannaṃ paṭipadānaṃ yāyaṃ paṭipadā dukkhā khippābhiññā,​ imaṃ me paṭipadaṃ āgamma anupādāya āsavehi cittaṃ vimuttanti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.300>​[BJT page 300]</​span>​
 +
 +==== (8. Sāriputtapaṭipadāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.2.8>​[4.4.2.8]</​span>​ 18. Atha kho āyasmā mahāmoggallāno yenāyasmā sāriputto tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā āyasmatā sāriputtena saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kataṃ sārāṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā mahāmoggallāno āyasmantaṃ sāriputtaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +Catasso imā āvuso sāriputta paṭipadā katamā catasso:
 +
 +Dukkhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā,​ dukkhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā,​ sukhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā,​ sukhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā,​ imā kho āvuso sāriputta catasso paṭipadā. ​
 +
 +Imāsaṃ kho āvuso catassannaṃ paṭipadānaṃ katamaṃ te paṭipadaṃ āgamma anupādāya āsavehi cittaṃ vimuttanti?
 +
 +Catasso imā āvuso moggallāna paṭipadā. Katamā catasso:
 +
 +Dukkhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā,​ dukkhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā,​ sukhāpaṭipadā dandhābhiññā,​ sukhāpaṭipadā khippābhiññā. Imā kho āvuso catasso paṭipadā. ​
 +
 +Imāsaṃ kho āvuso catassannaṃ paṭipadānaṃ yāyaṃ paṭipadā sukhā khippābhiññā. Imaṃ me paṭipadaṃ āgamma anupādāya āsavehi cittaṃ vimuttanti. ​
 +
 +==== (9. Kilesaparinibbānasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.2.9>​[4.4.2.9]</​span>​ 19. Cattārome bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo diṭṭheva dhamme sasaṅkhāraparinibbāyī hoti. Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo kāyassa bhedā sasaṅkhāraparinibbāyī hoti. Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo diṭṭheva dhamme asaṅkhāraparinibbāyī hoti. Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo kāyassa bhedā asaṅkhāraparinibbāyī hoti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.302>​[BJT page 302]</​span>​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo diṭṭheva dhamme sasaṅkhāraparinibbāyī hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu asubhānupassī kāye viharati. Āhāre paṭikkūlasaññī. Sabbaloke anabhiratasaññī.((Anabhiratisaññi ​ machasaṃ.)) Sabbasaṅkhāresu aniccānupassī. Maraṇasaññā kho panassa <span pts_page #​pts.156>​[PTS page 156]</​span>​ ajjhattaṃ sūpaṭṭhitā hoti. So imāni pañcasekhabalāni upanissāya viharati: saddhābalaṃ hiribalaṃ ottappabalaṃ viriyabalaṃ paññābalaṃ. Tassimāni pañcindriyāni adhimattāni pātubhavanti:​ saddhindriyaṃ viriyindriyaṃ satindriyaṃ paññindriyaṃ. So imesaṃ pañcannaṃ indriyānaṃ adhimattattā diṭṭheva dhamme sasaṅkhāraparinibbāyī hoti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo diṭṭheva dhamme sasaṅkhāraparinibbāyī hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo kāyassa bhedā sasaṅkhāraparinibbāyī hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu asubhānupassī kāye viharati. Āhāre paṭikkūlasaññī. Sabbaloke anabhiratasaññī sabbasaṅkhāresu aniccānupassī. Maraṇasaññā kho panassa ajjhattaṃ sūpaṭṭhitā hoti. So imāni pañcasekhabalāni upanissāya viharati: saddhābalaṃ hiribalaṃ ottappabalaṃ viriyabalaṃ paññābalaṃ. Tassimāni pañcindriyāni muduni pātubhavanti:​ saddhindriyaṃ viriyindriyaṃ satindriyaṃ samādhindriyaṃ paññindriyaṃ. So imesaṃ pañcannaṃ indriyānaṃ muduttā kāyassa bhedā sasaṅkhāraparinibbāyī hoti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo kāyassa bhedā sasaṅkhāraparinibbāyī hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo diṭṭheva dhamme asaṅkhāraparinibbāyī hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati. Sato ca sampajāno, sukhañca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti yaṃ taṃ ariyā ācikkhanti '​upekkhako satimā sukhavihārī'​ ti tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Sukhassa ca pahāṇā dukkhassa ca pahānā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthagamā adukkhaṃ asukhaṃ upekkhāsati pārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So imāni pañcasekhabalāni upanissāya viharati: saddhābalaṃ hiribalaṃ ottappabalaṃ viriyabalaṃ paññābalaṃ. Tassimāni pañcindriyāni adhimattāni pātubhavanti:​ saddhindriyaṃ viriyindriyaṃ satindriyaṃ samādhindriyaṃ paññindriyaṃ. So imesaṃ pañcannaṃ indriyānaṃ adhimattattā diṭṭheva dhamme asaṅkhāraparinibbāyī hoti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo diṭṭheva dhamme asaṅkhāraparinibbāyī hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo kāyassa bhedā asaṅkhāraparinibbāyī hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati. Sato ca sampajāno, sukhañca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti yaṃ taṃ ariyā ācikkhanti '​upekkhako satimā sukhavihārī'​ ti tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Sukhassa ca pahāṇā dukkhassa ca pahānā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthagamā adukkhaṃ asukhaṃ upekkhāsati pārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So imāni pañcasekhabalāni upanissāya viharati: saddhābalaṃ hiribalaṃ ottappabalaṃ viriyabalaṃ paññābalaṃ. Tassimāni pañcindriyāni muduni pātubhavanti:​ saddhindriyaṃ viriyindriyaṃ satindriyaṃ samādhindriyaṃ paññindriyaṃ. So imesaṃ pañcannaṃ indriyānaṃ muduttā kāyassa bhedā asaṅkhāraparinibbāyī hoti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo kāyassa bhedā asaṅkhāraparinibbāyī hoti. 
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti: <span bjt_page #​bjt.304>​[BJT page 304]</​span>​
 +
 +==== (10. Arahattappattisuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.2.10>​[4.4.2.10]</​span>​ 20. Ekaṃ samayaṃ āyasmā ānando kosambiyaṃ viharati ghositārāme. Tatra kho āyasmā ānando bhikkhū āmantesi; āvuso bhikkhavoti. Āvusoti kho te bhikkhū āyasmato ānandassa paccassosuṃ. Āyasmā ānando etadavoca:
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.157>​[PTS page 157]</​span>​ yo hi ko ci āvuso bhikkhu vā bhikkhunī vā mama santike arahattappattiṃ vyākaroti. Sabbo so catūhi maggehi, etesaṃ vā aññatarena. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Idha āvuso bhikkhu samathapubbaṅgamaṃ vipassanaṃ bhāveti. Tassa samathapubbaṅgamaṃ vipassanaṃ bhāvayato maggo sañjāyati. So taṃ maggaṃ āsevati bhāveti bahulīkaroti. Tassa taṃ maggaṃ āsevato bhāvayato bahulīkaroto saññojanā pahīyanti. Anusayā vyantīhonti. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ āvuso bhikkhu vipassanāpubbaṅgamaṃ samathaṃ bhāveti, tassa vipassanāpubbaṅgamaṃ samathaṃ bhāvayato maggo sañjāyati. So taṃ maggaṃ āsevati bhāveti bahulīkaroti. Tassa taṃ maggaṃ āsevato bhāvayato bahulīkaroto saññojanā pahīyanti. Anusayā vyantīhonti. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ āvuso bhikkhu samathavipassanaṃ yuganaddhaṃ bhāveti. Tassa samathavipassanaṃ yuganaddhaṃ bhāvayato maggo sañjāyati. So taṃ maggaṃ āsevati bhāveti bahulīkaroti. Tassa taṃ maggaṃ āsevato bhāvayato bahulīkaroto saññojanā pahīyanti. Anusayā vyantīhonti. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ āvuso bhikkhuno dhammuddhaccaviggahītaṃ mānaṃ hoti. So āvuso samayo yantaṃ cittaṃ ajjhattaṃyeva santiṭṭhati sannisīdati ekodihoti samādhiyati. Tassa maggo sañjāyati. So taṃ maggaṃ āsevati bhāveti bahulīkaroti. Tassa taṃ maggaṃ āsevato bhāvayato bahulīkaroto saññojanā pahīyanti. Anusayā vyantīhonti. ​
 +
 +Yo hi ko vi āvuso bhikkhu vā bhikkhunī vā mama santike arahattappattiṃ vyākaroti, sabbo so imehi catūhi maggehi, etesaṃ vā aññatarenāti. ​
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Paṭipadāvaggo dutiyo. <span bjt_page #​bjt.306>​[BJT page 306]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +===== 3. Sañcetaniyavaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.4.3>​[4.4.3]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v03>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v03]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v03_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Sañcetanāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.3.1>​[4.4.3.1]</​span>​ (Sāvatthiyaṃ) 21. Kāye vā bhikkhave sati kāyasañcetanāhetu uppajjati <span pts_page #​pts.158>​[PTS page 158]</​span>​ ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. Vācāya vā bhikkhave sati vacīsañcetanāhetu uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. Mane vā bhikkhave sati manosañcatanāhetu uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. Avijjāpaccayā va. 
 +
 +Sāmaṃ vā taṃ bhikkhave kāyasaṅkhāraṃ abhisaṅkharoti,​ yaṃ paccayāssa taṃ uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. Pare vāssa taṃ bhikkhave kāyasaṅkhāraṃ abhisaṅkharonti,​ yaṃ paccayāssa taṃ uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. Sampajāno vā taṃ bhikkhave kāyasaṅkhāraṃ abhisaṅkharoti,​ yaṃ paccayāssa taṃ uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. Asampajāno vā taṃ bhikkhave kāyasaṅkhāraṃ abhisaṅkharoti,​ yaṃ paccayāssa taṃ uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. ​
 +
 +Sāmaṃ vā taṃ bhikkhave vacīsaṅkhāraṃ abhisaṅkharoti,​ yaṃ paccayāssa taṃ uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. Pare vāssa taṃ bhikkhave vacīsaṅkhāraṃ abhisaṅkharonti,​ yaṃ paccayāssa taṃ uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. Sampajāno vā taṃ bhikkhave vacīsaṅkhāraṃ abhisaṅkharoti,​ yaṃ paccayāssa taṃ uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. Asampajāno vā taṃ bhikkhave vacīsaṅkhāraṃ abhisaṅkharoti,​ yaṃ paccayāssa taṃ uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. ​
 +
 +Sāmaṃ vā taṃ bhikkhave manosaṅkhāraṃ abhisaṅkharoti,​ yaṃ paccayāssa taṃ uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. Pare vāssa taṃ bhikkhave manosaṅkhāraṃ abhisaṅkharonti,​ yaṃ paccayāssa taṃ uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. Sampajāno vā taṃ bhikkhave manosaṅkhāraṃ abhisaṅkharoti,​ yaṃ paccayāssa taṃ uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. Asampajāno vā taṃ bhikkhave manosaṅkhāraṃ abhisaṅkharoti,​ yaṃ paccayāssa taṃ uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. ​
 +
 +Imesu bhikkhave dhammesu avijjā anupatitā. Avijjāyatveva asesavirāganirodhā so kāyo na hoti, yaṃ paccayāssa taṃ uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. Sā vācā na hoti, yaṃ paccayāssa taṃ uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ.So mano na hoti,yaṃ paccayāssa taṃ uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhaṃ. <span bjt_page #​bjt.308>​[BJT page 308]</​span>​
 +
 +Khettaṃ taṃ na hoti, vatthuṃ <span pts_page #​pts.159>​[PTS page 159]</​span>​ taṃ na hoti, āyatanaṃ taṃ na hoti, adhikaraṇaṃ taṃ na hoti, yaṃ paccayāssa taṃ uppajjati ajjhattaṃ sukhadukkhanti. ​
 +
 +Cattārome bhikkhave attabhāvapaṭilābhā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Atthi bhikkhave attabhāvapaṭilābho,​ yasmiṃ attabhāvapaṭilābhe attasañcetanā,​ kamati no parasañcetanā. Atthi bhikkhave attabhāvapaṭilābho,​ yasmiṃ attabhāvapaṭilābhe parasañcetanā kamati no attasañcetanā. Atthi bhikkhave attabhāvapaṭilābho,​ yasmiṃ attabhāvapaṭilābhe attasañcetanā ca kamati parasañcetanā ca. Atthi bhikkhave attabhāvapaṭilābho,​ yasmiṃ attabhāvapaṭilābhe neva attasañcetanā kamati no parasañcetanā. Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro attabhāvapaṭilābhāti. ​
 +
 +Evaṃ vutte āyasmā sāriputto bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: imassa kho ahaṃ bhante bhagavatā saṅkhittena bhāsitassa evaṃ vitthārena atthaṃ ājānāmi:
 +
 +Tatra bhante yvāyaṃ attabhāvapaṭilābho,​ yasmiṃ attabhāvapaṭilābhe attasañcetanā kamati no parasañcetanā. Attasañcetanāhetu tesaṃ sattānaṃ tamhā kāyā cuti hoti. 
 +
 +Tatra bhante yvāyaṃ attabhāvapaṭilābho,​ yasmiṃ attabhāvapaṭilābhe parasañcetanā kamati no attasañcetanā. Parasañcetanāhetu tesaṃ sattānaṃ tamhā kāyā cuti hoti. 
 +
 +Tatra bhante yvāyaṃ attabhāvapaṭilābho,​ yasmiṃ attabhāvapaṭilābhe attasañcetanā ca kamati parasañcetanā ca. Attasañcetanā ca parasañcetanā ca hetu tesaṃ sattānaṃ tamhā kāyā cuti hoti. 
 +
 +Tatra bhante yvāyaṃ attabhāvapaṭilābho,​ yasmiṃ attabhāvapaṭilābhe neva attasañcetanā kamati no parasañcetanā. Katame tena devā daṭṭhabbāti?​ "​Nevasaññānāsaññāyatanūpagā sāriputta devā tena daṭṭhabbā"​ ti. 
 +
 +Ko nu kho bhante hetu ko paccayo yena <span pts_page #​pts.160>​[PTS page 160]</​span>​ midhekacce sattā tamhā kāyā cutā āgāmino honti āgantāro itthattaṃ?​ Ko pana bhante hetu ko paccayo yena midhekacce sattā tamhā kāyā cutā anāgāmino honti anāgantāro itthattanti?​
 +
 +Idha sāriputta ekaccassa puggalassa orambhāgiyāni saññojanāni appahīṇāni honti. So diṭṭheva dhamme nevasaññānāsaññāyatanaṃ upasampajja viharati. So tadassādeti. Tannikāmeti,​ tena ca vittiṃ āpajjati. Tattha ṭhito tadadhimutto tabbahulavihārī. Aparihīno kālaṃ kurumāno nevasaññānāsaññāyatanūpagānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. So tato cuto āgāmī hoti āgantā itthattaṃ. <span bjt_page #​bjt.310>​[BJT page 310]</​span>​
 +
 +Idha pana sāriputta ekaccassa puggalassa orambhāgiyāni saññojanāni pahīnāni honti. So diṭṭheva dhamme nevasaññānāsaññāyatanaṃ upasampajja viharati. So tadassādeti. Tannikāmeti,​ tena ca vittiṃ āpajjati. Tattha ṭhito tadadhimutto tabbahulavihārī. Aparihīno kālaṃ kurumāno nevasaññānāsaññāyatanūpagānaṃ devānaṃ sahavyataṃ upapajjati. So tato cuto anāgāmī hoti anāgantā itthattaṃ. ​
 +
 +Ayaṃ kho sāriputta hetu ayaṃ paccayo, yena midhekacce sattā tamhā kāyā cutā āgāmino honti āgantāro itthattaṃ. Ayaṃ pana sāriputta hetu ayaṃ paccayo, yenamidhekacce sattā tamhā kāyā cutā anāgāmino honti anāgantāro itthattanti. ​
 +
 +==== (2. Sāriputta ​ paṭisamhidāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.3.2>​[4.4.3.2]</​span>​ 22. Tatra kho āyasmā sāriputto bhikkhū āmantesi, āvuso bhikkhavoti. Āvusoti kho te bhikkhū āyasmato sāriputtassa paccassosuṃ. Āyasmā sāriputto etadavoca:
 +
 +Addhamāsūpasampannena me āvuso atthapaṭisambhidā sacchikatā odhiso vyañjanaso. Tamahaṃ anekapariyāyena ācikkhāmi desemi paññāpemi paṭṭhapemi vivarāmi vibhajāmi uttānī karomi. Yassa kho panassa kaṅkhā vā vimati vā so maṃ pañhena, ahaṃ veyyākaraṇena. Sammukhībhūto no satthā, yo no dhammānaṃ sukusalo. ​
 +
 +Addhamāsūpasampannena me āvuso dhammapaṭisambhidā sacchikatā odhiso vyañjanaso,​ tamahaṃ anekapariyāyena ācikkhāmi desemi paññāpemi paṭṭhapemi vivarāmi vibhajāmi uttānī karomi. Yassa kho panassa kaṅkhā vā vimati vā so maṃ pañhena, ahaṃ veyyākaraṇena. Sammukhībhūto no satthā, yo no dhammānaṃ sukusaloti. ​
 +
 +Addhamāsūpasampannena me āvuso niruttipaṭisambhidā sacchikatā odhiso vyañjanaso. Tamahaṃ anekapariyāyena ācikkhāmi desemi paññāpemi paṭṭhapemi vivarāmi vibhajāmi uttānī karomi. Yassa kho panassa kaṅkhā vā vimati vā so maṃ pañhena, ahaṃ veyyākaraṇena. Sammukhībhūto no satthā, yo no dhammānaṃ sukusaloti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.312>​[BJT page 312]</​span>​
 +
 +Addhamāsūpasampannena me āvuso paṭibhānapaṭisambhidā sacchikatā odhiso vyañjanaso. Tamahaṃ anekapariyāyena ācikkhāmi desemi paññāpemi paṭṭhapemi vivarāmi vibhajāmi uttānī karomi. Yassa kho panassa kaṅkhā vā vimati vā so maṃ pañhena, ahaṃ veyyākaraṇena. Sammukhībhūto no satthā, yo no dhammānaṃ sukusaloti. ​
 +
 +==== (3. Mahākoṭṭhitasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.3.3>​[4.4.3.3]</​span>​ 23. <span pts_page #​pts.161>​[PTS page 161]</​span>​ atha kho āyasmā mahākoṭṭhito yenāyasmā sāriputto tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā āyasmatā sāriputtena saddhiṃ sammodi sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā mahākoṭṭhito āyasmantaṃ sāriputtaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā atthaññaṃ kiñcīti? Māhevaṃ āvuso. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā natthaññaṃ kiñcīti? Māhevaṃ āvuso. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā atthi ca natthi caññaṃ kiñcīti? Māhevaṃ āvuso. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā nevatthi no natthaññaṃ kiñcīti? Māhevaṃ āvuso. ​
 +
 +Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā atthaññaṃ kiñcīti iti puṭṭho samāno māhevaṃ āvusoti vadesi. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā natthaññaṃ kiñcīti iti puṭṭho samāno māhevaṃ āvusoti vadesi. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā atthi ca natthi caññaṃ kiñcīti iti puṭṭho samāno māhevaṃ āvusoti vadesi. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā nevatthi no natthaññaṃ kiñcīti iti puṭṭho samāno māhevaṃ āvusoti vadesi. Yathā kathampanāvuso imassa bhāsitassa attho daṭṭhabboti?​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.314>​[BJT page 314]</​span>​
 +
 +Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā atthaññaṃ kiñcīti iti vadaṃ appapañcaṃ papañceti. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā natthaññaṃ kiñcīti iti vadaṃ appapañcaṃ papañceti. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā atthi ca natthi caññaṃ kiñcīti iti vadaṃ appapañcaṃ papañceti channaṃ. Āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā nevatthi no natthaññaṃ kiñcīti iti vadaṃ appapañcaṃ papañceti. ​
 +
 +Yāvatā āvuso channaṃ phassāyatanānaṃ gati tāvatā papañcassa gati. Yāvatā papañcassa gati <span pts_page #​pts.162>​[PTS page 162]</​span>​ tāvatā channaṃ phassāyatanānaṃ gati. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā papañcanirodho,​ papañcanirodhā papañcavūpasamoti. ​
 +
 +==== (4. Ānandasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.3.4>​[4.4.3.4]</​span>​ 24. Atha kho āyasmā ānando yenāyasmā mahākoṭṭhito tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā āyasmatā mahākoṭṭhitena saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā ānando āyasmantaṃ mahākoṭṭhitaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā atthaññaṃ kiñcīti? Māhevaṃ āvuso. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā natthaññaṃ kiñcīti? Māhevaṃ āvuso. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā atthi ca natthi caññaṃ kiñcīti? Māhevaṃ āvuso. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā nevatthi no natthaññaṃ kiñcīti? Māhevaṃ āvuso. ​
 +
 +Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā atthaññaṃ kiñcīti iti puṭṭho samāno māhevaṃ āvusoti vadesi. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā natthaññaṃ kiñcīti iti puṭṭho samāno māhevaṃ āvusoti vadesi. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā atthi ca natthi caññaṃ kiñcīti iti puṭṭho samāno māhevaṃ āvusoti vadesi. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā nevatthi no natthaññaṃ kiñcīti iti puṭṭho samāno māhevaṃ āvusoti vadesi. Yathākathampanāvuso imassa bhāsitassa attho daṭṭhabboti?​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.316>​[BJT page 316]</​span>​
 +
 +Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā atthaññaṃ kiñcīti iti vadaṃ appapañcaṃ papañceti. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā natthaññaṃ kiñcīti iti vadaṃ appapañcaṃ papañceti. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā atthi ca natthi caññaṃ kiñcīti iti vadaṃ appapañcaṃ papañceti. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā nevatthi no natthaññaṃ kiñcīti iti vadaṃ appapañcaṃ papañceti. ​
 +
 +Yāvatā āvuso channaṃ phassāyatanānaṃ gati, tāvatā papañcassa gati. Yāvatā papañcassa gati, tāvatā channaṃ <span pts_page #​pts.163>​[PTS page 163]</​span>​ phassāyatanānaṃ gati. Channaṃ āvuso phassāyatanānaṃ asesavirāganirodhā papañcanirodho. Papañcanirodhā papañcavūpasamoti. ​
 +
 +==== (5. Upavānasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.3.5>​[4.4.3.5]</​span>​ 25. Atha kho āyasmā upavāno yenāyasmā sāriputto tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā āyasmatā sāriputtena saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā upavāno āyasmantaṃ sāriputtaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +Kinnu kho āvuso sāriputta vijjāyantakaro hotīti? No hidaṃ āvuso. Kimpanāvuso sāriputta caraṇenantakaro hotīti? No hidaṃ āvuso. Kinnu kho āvuso sāriputta vijjācaraṇenantakaro hotīti? No hidaṃ āvuso. Kimpanāvuso sāriputta aññatra vijjācaraṇenantakaro hotīti? No hidaṃ āvuso. ​
 +
 +Kinnu kho āvuso sāriputta vijjāyantakaro hotīti. Iti puṭṭho samāno no hidaṃ āvusoti vadesi. Kimpanāvuso sāriputta caraṇenantakaro hotīti iti puṭṭho samāno no hidaṃ āvusoti vadesi. Kimpanāvuso sāriputta vijjācaraṇenantakaro hotīti iti puṭṭho samāno no hidaṃ āvusoti vadesi. Kimpanāvuso sāriputta aññatra vijjācaraṇenantakaro hotīti iti puṭṭho samāno no hidaṃ āvusoti vadesi. Yathākathampanāvuso antakaro hotīti? <span bjt_page #​bjt.318>​[BJT page 318]</​span>​
 +
 +Vijjāya ce āvuso antakaro abhavissa, savupādānova samāno antakaro abhavissa. Caraṇena ce āvuso antakaro abhavissa, savupādānova samāno antakaro abhavissa. Vijjācaraṇena ce āvuso antakaro abhavissa, savupādānova samāno antakaro abhavissa. Aññatra vijjācaraṇena ce āvuso antakaro abhavissa, puthujjano antakaro abhavissa. Puthujjano hi āvuso aññatra vijjācaraṇena. Caraṇavipanno kho āvuso yathābhūtaṃ na jānāti na passati. Caraṇasampanno yathābhūtaṃ <span pts_page #​pts.164>​[PTS page 164]</​span>​ jānāti passati. Yathābhūtaṃ jānaṃ passaṃ antakaro hotīti. ​
 +
 +==== (6. Āyācamānasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.3.6>​[4.4.3.6]</​span>​ 26. Saddho bhikkhave bhikkhu evaṃ sammā āyācamāno āyāceyya: tādiso homi yādisā sāriputtamoggallānāti. Esā bhikkhave tulā, etaṃ pamāṇaṃ mama sāvakānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ yadidaṃ sāriputtamoggallānā. ​
 +
 +Saddhā bhikkhave bhikkhunī evaṃ sammā āyācamānā āyāceyya: tādisā homi yādisā khemā ca bhikkhunī uppalavaṇṇā vāti. Esā bhikkhave tulā, etaṃ pamāṇaṃ mama sāvikānaṃ bhikkhunīnaṃ yadidaṃ khemā ca bhikkhunī uppalavaṇṇā ca. 
 +
 +Saddho bhikkhave upāsako evaṃ sammā āyācamāno āyāceyya: tādiso homi yādiso citto ca gahapati hatthako ca ālavakoti. Esā bhikkhave tulā, etaṃ pamāṇaṃ mama sāvakānaṃ upāsakānaṃ yadidaṃ citto ca gahapati hatthako ca ālavako. ​
 +
 +Saddhā bhikkhave upāsikā evaṃ sammā āyācamānā āyāceyya: tādisā homi yādisā khujjuttarā ca upāsikā velukaṇṭakiyā ca nandamātāti. Esā bhikkhave tulā, etaṃ pamāṇaṃ mama sāvikānaṃ upāsikānaṃ yadidaṃ khujjuttarā ca upāsikā velukaṇṭakiyā ca nandamātāti. ​
 +
 +==== (7. Rāhulasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.3.7>​[4.4.3.7]</​span>​ 27. Atha kho āyasmā rāhulo yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinnaṃ kho āyasmantaṃ rāhulaṃ bhagavā etadavoca; <span bjt_page #​bjt.320>​[BJT page 320]</​span>​
 +
 +Yā ca rāhula ajjhattikā paṭhavidhātu yā ca bāhirā paṭhavidhātu,​ paṭhavidhātu revesā. Naṃ "​netaṃ mama, nesohamasmi,​ na meso attā" ti, evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya daṭṭhabbaṃ. Evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya disvā paṭhavidhātuyā nibbindati. Paṭhavidhātuyā cittaṃ virājeti. ​
 +
 +Yā ca rāhula ajjhattikā āpodhātu yā ca bāhirā <span pts_page #​pts.165>​[PTS page 165]</​span>​ āpodhātu, āpodhāturevesā. Naṃ"​netaṃ mama neso hamasmi, na meso attā" ti, evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya daṭṭhabbaṃ. Evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya disvā āpodhātuyā nibbindati. Āpodhātuyā cittaṃ virājeti. ​
 +
 +Yā ca rāhula ajjhattikā tejodhātu yā ca bāhirā tejodhātu, tejodhāturevesā. Naṃ "​netaṃ mama, nesohamasmi,​ na me so attā" ti, evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya daṭṭhabbaṃ. Evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya disvā tejodhātuyā nibbindati tejodhātuyā cittaṃ virājeti. ​
 +
 +Yā ca rāhula ajjhattikā vāyodhātu yā ca bāhirā vāyodhātu,​ vāyodhāturevesā. Naṃ "​netaṃ mama, nesohamasmi,​ na me so attā" ti, evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya daṭṭhabbaṃ. Evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya disvā vāyodhātuyā nibbindati. Vāyodhātuyā cittaṃ virājeti. ​
 +
 +Yato kho rāhula bhikkhu imāsu catusu dhātusu neva attānaṃ na attaniyaṃ samanupassati. Ayaṃ vuccati rāhula bhikkhu acchecchi taṇhaṃ, vāvattayi saṃyojanaṃ,​ sammā mānābhisamayā antamakāsi dukkhassāti. ​
 +
 +==== (8. Cetovimuttisuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.3.8>​[4.4.3.8]</​span>​ 28. Cattārome bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro:
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu aññataraṃ santaṃ cetovimuttiṃ upasampajja viharati. So sakkāyanirodhaṃ manasi karoti. Tassa sakkāyanirodhaṃ manasi karoto sakkāyanirodhe cittaṃ na pakkhandati,​ nappasīdati,​ na santiṭṭhati nādhimuccati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.322>​[BJT page 322]</​span>​
 +
 +Tassa kho etaṃ bhikkhave bhikkhuno na sakkāyanirodho pāṭikaṅkho. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave puriso lasagatena.((Lepagatena ​ machasaṃ.)) Hatthena sākhaṃ gaṇheyya, tassa so hattho sajjeyyāpi gaṇheyyāpi khajjeyyāpi. Evameva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu aññataraṃ santaṃ cetovimuttiṃ upasampajja viharati. So sakkāyanirodhaṃ manasi karoti. Tassa sakkāyanirodhaṃ manasi karoto sakkāyanirodhe cittaṃ na pakkhandati nappasīdati na santiṭṭhati nādhimuccati. Tassa kho etaṃ bhikkhave bhikkhuno na sakkāyanirodho pāṭikaṅkho.
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu aññataraṃ santaṃ cetovimuttiṃ upasampajja viharati, so sakkāya nirodhaṃ manasi karoti. Tassa sakkāyanirodhaṃ manasi karoto sakkāyanirodhe cittaṃ pakkhandati pasīdati santiṭṭhati adhimuccati. Tassa kho etaṃ bhikkhave bhikkhuno sakkāyanirodho pāṭikaṅkho. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave puriso suddhena hatthena sākhaṃ gaṇheyya, tassa so hattho neva sajjeyya na gaṇheyya na khajjeyya. Evameva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu aññataraṃ santaṃ cetovimuttiṃ upasampajja viharati. So sakkāyanirodhaṃ <span pts_page #​pts.166>​[PTS page 166]</​span>​ manasi karoti. Tassa sakkāyanirodhaṃ manasi karoto sakkāyanirodhe cittaṃ pakkhandati pasīdati santiṭṭhati adhimuccati. Tassa kho etaṃ bhikkhave bhikkhuno sakkāyanirodho pāṭikaṅkho. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu aññataraṃ santaṃ cetovimuttiṃ upasampajja viharati. So avijjāppabhedaṃ manasi karoti. Tassa avijjāppabhedaṃ manasikaroto avijjāppabhede cittaṃ na pakkhandati na ppasīdati na santiṭṭhati nādhimuccati. Tassa kho etaṃ bhikkhave bhikkhuno na avijjāppabhedo pāṭikaṅkho. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave jambāli anekavassagaṇikā,​ tassā puriso yāni ceva āyamukhāni tāni pidaheyya, yāni ca apāyamukhāni tāni vivareyya, devo ca sammādhāraṃ nānuppaveccheyya,​ evaṃ hi tassā bhikkhave jambāliyā na pālippabhedo((Ālippabhedo,​ sīmu.)) Pāṭikaṅkho. Evameva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu aññataraṃ santaṃ cetovimuttiṃ upasampajja viharati. So avijjāppabhedaṃ manasi karoti. Tassa avijjāppabhedaṃ manasi karoto avijjāppabhede cittaṃ na pakkhandati nappasīdati na santiṭṭhati nādhimuccati. Tassa kho etaṃ bhikkhave bhikkhuno na avijjāppabhedo pāṭikaṅkho. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu aññataraṃ santaṃ cetovimuttiṃ upasampajja viharati. So avijjāppabhedaṃ manasi karoti. Tassa avijjāppabhedaṃ manasi karoto avijjāppabhede cittaṃ pakkhandati pasīdati santiṭṭhati adhimuccati. Tassa kho etaṃ bhikkhave bhikkhuno avijjāppabhedo pāṭikaṅkho. <span bjt_page #​bjt.324>​[BJT page 324]</​span>​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave jambāli anekavassagaṇikā,​ tassā puriso yāni ceva āyamukhāni tāni vivareyya, yāni ca apāyamukhāni tāni pidaheyya, devo ca sammādhāraṃ anuppaveccheyya. Evaṃ hi tassā bhikkhave jambāliyā pālippabhedo pāṭikaṅkho. Evameva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu aññataraṃ santaṃ cetovimuttiṃ upasampajja viharati. So avijjāppabhedaṃ manasi karoti. Tassa <span pts_page #​pts.167>​[PTS page 167]</​span>​ avijjāppabhedaṃ manasi karoto avijjāppabhede cittaṃ pakkhandati pasīdati santiṭṭhati adhimuccati. Tassa kho etaṃ bhikkhave bhikkhuno avijjāppabhedo pāṭikaṅkho. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (9. Parinibbānahetusuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.3.9>​[4.4.3.9]</​span>​ 29. Atha kho āyasmā ānando yenāyasmā sāriputto tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā āyasmatā sāriputtena saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā ānando āyasmantaṃ sāriputtaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +Ko nu kho āvuso sāriputta hetu ko paccayo yenamidhekacce sattā diṭṭheva dhamme na parinibbāyantīti?​
 +
 +Idhāvuso ānanda sattā imā hānabhāgiyā saññāti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānanti. Imā ṭhitibhāgiyā saññāti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānanti. Imā visesabhāgiyā saññāti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānanti. Imā nibbedhabhāgiyā saññāti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānanti. Ayaṃ kho āvuso ānanda hetu ayaṃ paccayo yena midhekacce sattā diṭṭheva dhamme na parinibbāyantīti. ​
 +
 +Ko panāvuso sāriputta hetu ko paccayo yena midhekacce sattā diṭṭheva dhamme parinibbāyantīti?​
 +
 +Idhāvuso ānanda sattā imā hānabhāgiyā saññāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānanti. Imā ṭhitibhāgiyā saññāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānanti. Imā visesabhāgiyā saññāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānanti. Imā nibbedhabhāgiyā saññāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānanti. Ayaṃ kho āvuso ānanda hetu aya paccayo yena midhekacce sattā diṭṭheva dhamme parinibbāyantīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.326>​[BJT page 326]</​span>​
 +
 +==== (10. Mahāpadesadesanāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.3.10>​[4.4.3.10]</​span>​ 30. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā bhoganagare viharati ānandacetiye. Tatra kho bhagavā bhikkhu āmantesi bhikkhavoti. Bhadanteti te bhikkhu bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca:
 +
 +Cattārome bhikkhave mahāpadese desessāmi. Taṃ <span pts_page #​pts.168>​[PTS page 168]</​span>​ suṇātha sādhukaṃ manasi karotha bhāsissāmīti. Evaṃ bhanteti kho te bhikkhu bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca: ​
 +
 +Katame ca bhikkhave cattāro mahāpadesā?​
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu evaṃ vadeyya: "​sammukhā metaṃ āvuso bhagavato sutaṃ sammukhā paṭiggahītaṃ ayaṃ dhammo ayaṃ vinayo idaṃ satthusāsana"​ nti. 
 +
 +Tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhāsitaṃ neva abhinanditabbaṃ. Na paṭikkositabbaṃ. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā tāni padabyañjanāni sādhukaṃ uggahetvā sutte otāretabbāni. Vinaye sandassetabbāni tāni ce sutte otāriyamānāni vinaye sandassiyamānāni na ceva sutte otaranti na vinaye sandissanti,​ niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ:​ addhā idaṃ na ceva tassa bhagavato vacanaṃ arahato sammāsambuddhassa. Imassa ca bhikkhuno duggahītanti iti idaṃ bhikkhave chaḍḍheyyātha. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu evaṃ vadeyya: "​sammukhā metaṃ āvuso bhagavato sutaṃ sammukhā paṭiggahītaṃ ayaṃ dhammo ayaṃ vinayo idaṃ satthusāsana"​ nti. 
 +
 +Tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhāsitaṃ neva abhinanditabbaṃ na paṭikkositabbaṃ. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā tāni padabyañjanāni sādhukaṃ uggahetvā sutte otāretabbāni. Vinaye sandassetabbāni. Tāni ce sutte otāriyamānāni vinaye sandassiyamānāni na ceva sutte otaranti na vinaye sandissanti,​ niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ:​ addhā idaṃ tassa bhagavato vacanaṃ arahato sammāsambuddhassa. Imassa ca bhikkhuno suggahītanti. Imaṃ bhikkhave paṭhamaṃ mahāpadesaṃ dhāreyyātha. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu evaṃ vadeyya: "​amukasmiṃ nāma āvāse saṅgho viharati sathero sapāmokkho. Tassa me saṅghassa sammukhā sutaṃ sammukhā paṭiggahītaṃ ayaṃ dhammo ayaṃ vinayo idaṃ satthusāsana"​ nti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.328>​[BJT page 328]</​span>​
 +
 +Tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhāsitaṃ neva abhinanditabbaṃ. Na paṭikkositabbaṃ. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā tāni padabyañjanāni. Sādhukaṃ uggahetvā sutte otāretabbāni. Vinaye sandassetabbāni. Tāni ce sutte otāriyamānāni vinaye sandassiyamānāni na ceva sutte otaranti, na vinaye sandissanti,​ niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ:​ addhā idaṃ na ceva tassa bhagavato vacanaṃ arahato <span pts_page #​pts.169>​[PTS page 169]</​span>​ sammāsambuddhassa tassa ca saṅghassa duggahītanti. Iti hidaṃ.((Itihetaṃ ​ machasaṃ. )) Bhikkhave chaḍḍheyyātha. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu evaṃ vadeyya: "​amukasmiṃ nāma āvāse saṅgho viharati sathero sapāmokkho. Tassa me saṅghassa sammukhā sutaṃ sammukhā paṭiggahītaṃ ayaṃ dhammo ayaṃ vinayo idaṃ satthusāsananti"​. ​
 +
 +Tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhāsitaṃ neva abhinanditabbaṃ. Na paṭikkositabbaṃ. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā tāni padabyañjanāni sādhukaṃ uggahetvā sutte otāretabbāni. Vinaye sandassetabbāni. Tāni ce sutte otāriyamānāni vinaye sandassiyamānāni sutte ceva otaranti, vinaye va sandissanti,​ niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ:​ addhā idaṃ tassa bhagavato vacanaṃ arahato sammāsambuddhassa. Tassa ca saṅghassa suggahītanti. Idaṃ bhikkhave dutiyaṃ mahāpadesaṃ dhāreyyātha. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu evaṃ vadeyya: "​amukasmiṃ nāma āvāse sambahulā therā bhikkhū viharanti bahussutā āgatāgamā dhammadharā vinayadharā mātikādharā. Tesaṃ me therānaṃ sammukhā sutaṃ sammukhā paṭiggahītaṃ ayaṃ dhammo ayaṃ vinayo idaṃ satthusāsana"​ nti. 
 +
 +Tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhāsitaṃ neva abhinanditabbaṃ. Na paṭikkositabbaṃ. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā tāni padabyañjanāni sādhukaṃ uggahetvā sutte otāretabbāni. Vinaye sandassetabbāni. Tāni ce sutte otāriyamānāni vinaye sandassiyamānāni na ceva sutte otaranti, na vinaye sandissanti,​ niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ:​ addhā idaṃ na ceva tassa bhagavato vacanaṃ arahato sammāsambuddhassa. Tesañca therānaṃ duggahītanti. Iti hidaṃ bhikkhave chaḍḍheyyātha. <span bjt_page #​bjt.330>​[BJT page 330]</​span>​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu evaṃ vadeyya: "​amukasmiṃ nāma āvāse sambahulā therā bhikkhu viharanti bahussutā āgatāgamā dhammadharā vinayadharā mātikādharā tesaṃ. Me therānaṃ sammukhā sutaṃ sammukhā paṭiggahītaṃ ayaṃ dhammo ayaṃ vinayo idaṃ satthusāsana"​ nti. 
 +
 +Tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhāsitaṃ neva abhinanditabbaṃ na paṭikkositabbaṃ. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā tāni padabyañjanāni sādhukaṃ uggahetvā sutte otāretabbāni. Vinaye sandassetabbāni. Tāni ce sutte otāriyamānāni vinaye sandassiyamānāni sutte ceva otaranti, vinaye ca sandissanti,​ niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ:​ '​addhā idaṃ tassa bhagavato vacanaṃ arahato sammāsambuddhassa. Tesañca therānaṃ suggahīta'​ nti. Idaṃ bhikkhave tatiyaṃ mahāpadesaṃ dhāreyyātha. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu evaṃ vadeyya: "​amukasmiṃ nāma āvāse eko thero bhikkhu viharati <span pts_page #​pts.170>​[PTS page 170]</​span>​ bahussuto āgatāgamo dhammadharo vinayadharo mātikādharo. Tassa me therassa sammukhā sutaṃ sammukhā paṭiggahītaṃ ayaṃ dhammo ayaṃ vinayo idaṃ satthusāsana"​ nti. 
 +
 +Tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhāsitaṃ neva abhinanditabbaṃ. Na paṭikkositabbaṃ. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā tāni padabyañjanāni sādhukaṃ uggahetvā sutte otāretabbāni. Vinaye sandassetabbāni. Tāni ce sutte otāriyamānāni vinaye sandassiyamānāni na ceva sutte otaranti, na vinaye sandissanti,​ niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ:​ '​addhā idaṃ na ceva tassa bhagavato vacanaṃ arahato sammāsambuddhassa. Tassa ca therassa duggahīta'​ nti. Iti hidaṃ bhikkhave chaḍḍheyyātha. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu evaṃ vadeyya: "​amukasmiṃ nāma āvāse eko thero bhikkhu viharati bahussuto āgatāgamo dhammadharo vinayadharo mātikādharo. Tassa me therassa sammukhā sutaṃ sammukhā paṭiggahītaṃ ayaṃ dhammo ayaṃ vinayo idaṃ satthusāsana"​ nti. 
 +
 +Tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhāsitaṃ neva abhinanditabbaṃ. Na paṭikkositabbaṃ anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā tāni padabyañjanāni sādhukaṃ uggahetvā sutte otāretabbāni. Vinaye sandassetabbāni tāni ce sutte otāriyamānāni vinaye sandassiyamānāni sutte ceva otaranti, vinaye ca sandissanti,​ niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ:​ "​addhā idaṃ tassa bhagavato vacanaṃ arahato sammāsambuddhassa,​ tassa ca therassa sugahīta"​ nti. Idaṃ bhikkhave catutthaṃ mahāpadesaṃ dhāreyyātha. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro mahāpadesāti.
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Sañcetaniyavaggo tatiyo.((* *8Tassuddānaṃ:​** cetanā vibhantikoṭṭhito
 +
 +Ānando upavāna pañcamaṃ
 +
 +Āyācana rāhula jambāli
 +
 +Nibbānaṃ mahāpadesenāti. )) <span bjt_page #​bjt.332>​[BJT page 332]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +===== 4. Brāhmaṇavaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.4.4>​[4.4.4]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v04>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v04]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v04_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Yodhājīvasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.4.1>​[4.4.4.1]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ) 31. Catūhi bhikkhave aṅgehi samannāgato yodhājīvo rājāraho hoti rājabhoggo rañño aṅgantveva saṅkhaṃ gacchati. Katamehi catūhi?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave yodhājīvo ṭhānakusalo ca hoti, dūre pākī ca, akkhaṇavedhī ca, mahato ca kāyassa padāletā. Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi aṅgehi samannāgato yodhājīvo rājāraho hoti rājabhoggo rañño aṅgantveva saṅkhaṃ gacchati.
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.171>​[PTS page 171]</​span>​ evameva kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu āhuneyyo hoti pāhuṇeyyo,​ dakkhiṇeyyo,​ añjalikaraṇīyo,​ anuttaraṃ puññakkhettaṃ lokassa. Katamehi catūhi: idha bhikkhave bhikkhu ṭhānakusalo ca hoti, dūre pātī ca, akkhaṇavedhī ca, mahato ca kāyassa padāletā. ​
 +
 +Katañca bhikkhave bhikkhu ṭhānakusalo hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu sīlavā hoti pātimokkhasaṃvarasaṃvuto viharati ācāragocarasampanno aṇumattesu vajjesu bhayadassāvī samādāya sikkhati sikkhāpadesu. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu ṭhānakusalo hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave bhikkhu dūre pātī hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu yaṃ kiñci rūpaṃ atītānāgatapaccuppannaṃ ajjhattaṃ vā bahiddhā vā oḷārikaṃ vā sukhumaṃ vā hīnaṃ vā paṇītaṃ vā yaṃ dūre santike vā, sabbaṃ rūpaṃ netaṃ mama, nesohamasmi,​ na me so attāti, evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passati yā kā ci vedanā atītānāgatapaccuppannā ajjhattikā vā bahiddhā vā olārikā vā sukhumā vā hīnā vā paṇītā vā yā dūre vā santike vā sabbaṃ vedanaṃ "​netaṃ mama, nesohamasmi,​ na meso attā" ti evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passati. Yā kāci saññā atītānāgatapaccuppannā ajjhattā vā bahiddhā vā olārikā vā sukhumā vā hīnā vā paṇītā vā yā dūre santike vā sabbaṃ saññaṃ "​netaṃ mama, nesohamasmi,​ na me so attā'​ti evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passati. Ye keci saṅkhārā atītānāgatapaccuppannā ajjhattikā vā bahiddhā vā olārikā vā sukhumā vā hīnā vā paṇītā vā ye dūre vā santike vā sabbe saṅkhārā "​netaṃ mama, nesohamasmi,​ na meso attā" ti evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passati. Yaṃ kiñci viññāṇaṃ atītānāgatapaccuppannaṃ ajjhattaṃ vā bahiddhā vā oḷārikaṃ vā sukhumaṃ vā hīnaṃ vā paṇītaṃ vā yaṃ dūre santike vā, sabbaṃ viññāṇaṃ netaṃ mama, nesohamasmi,​ na meso attāti. Evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu dūre pātī hoti. 
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave bhikkhu akkhaṇavedhī hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ayaṃ dukkhasamudayo'​ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ayaṃ dukkhanirodho'​ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadā'​ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu akkhaṇavedhī hoti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.334>​[BJT page 334]</​span>​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave bhikkhu mahato ca kāyassa padāletā hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu mahantaṃ avijjākkhandhaṃ padāleti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu mahato kāyassa padāletā hoti. 
 +
 +Imehi kho bhikkhave catūhi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu āhuneyyo hoti pāhuṇeyyo,​ dakkhiṇeyyo,​ añjalikaraṇīyo,​ anuttaraṃ puññakkhettaṃ lokassāti. ​
 +
 +==== (2. Pāṭibhogasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.4.2>​[4.4.4.2]</​span>​ 32. <span pts_page #​pts.172>​[PTS page 172]</​span>​ catunnaṃ bhikkhave dhammānaṃ natthi ko ci pāṭibhogo samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā devo vā māro vā brahmā vā koci vā lokasmiṃ katamesaṃ catunnaṃ?
 +
 +Jarādhammaṃ mā jīriti natthi ko ci pāṭibhogo samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā devo vā māro vā brahmā vā ko ci vā lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Vyādhidhammaṃ mā vyādhīyīti natthi ko ci pāṭibhogo samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā devo vā māro vā brahmā vā ko ci vā lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Maraṇadhammaṃ mā mīyīti natthi ko ci pāṭibhogo samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā devo vā māro vā brahmā vā ko ci vā lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Yāni kho pana tāni pāpakāni kammāni saṃkilesikāni ponobhavikāni sadarāni dukkhavipākāni āyatiṃ jātijarāmaraṇikāni. Tesaṃ vipāko mā nibbattīti natthi ko ci pāṭibhogo samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā devo vā māro vā brahmā vā ko ci vā lokasmiṃ. ​
 +
 +Imesaṃ kho bhikkhave catunnaṃ dhammānaṃ natthi ko ci pāṭibhogo samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā devo vā māro vā brahmā vā ko ci vā lokasminnī. ​
 +
 +==== (3. Vassakārasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.4.3>​[4.4.4.3]</​span>​ 33. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā rājagahe viharati veḷuvane kalandakanivāpe. Atha kho vassakāro brāhmaṇo magadhamahāmatto yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho vassakāro brāhmaṇo magadhamahāmatto bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: ​
 +
 +Ahaṃ hi bho gotama evaṃvādī evaṃdiṭṭhī:​ "yo ko ci diṭṭhaṃ bhāsati '​evaṃ me diṭṭhanti'​ natthi tato doso, yo ko ci sutaṃ bhāsati '​evaṃ me sutanti'​ natthi tato doso, yo ko ci mutaṃ bhāsati '​evaṃ me mutanti'​ natthi tato doso, yo ko ci viññātaṃ bhāsati '​evaṃ me viññātanti'​ natthi tato dosoti"​ <span bjt_page #​bjt.336>​[BJT page 336]</​span>​
 +
 +Nāhaṃ brāhmaṇa sabbaṃ diṭṭhaṃ bhāsitabbanti vadāmi. Na panāhaṃ brāhmaṇa sabbaṃ diṭṭhaṃ na bhāsitabbanti vadāmi. Nāhaṃ brāhmaṇa sabbaṃ sutaṃ bhāsitabbanti vadāmi. Na panāhaṃ brāhmaṇa sabbaṃ sutaṃ na <span pts_page #​pts.173>​[PTS page 173]</​span>​ bhāsitabbanti vadāmi. Nāhaṃ brāhmaṇa sabbaṃ mutaṃ bhāsitabbanti vadāmi. Na panāhaṃ brāhmaṇa sabbaṃ mutaṃ na bhāsitabbanti vadāmi. Nāhaṃ brāhmaṇa sabbaṃ viññātaṃ bhāsitabbanti vadāmi. Na panāhaṃ brāhmaṇa sabbaṃ viññātaṃ na bhāsitabbanti vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Yaṃ hi brāhmaṇa diṭṭhaṃ bhāsato akusalā dhammā abhivaḍḍhanti,​ kusalā dhammā parihāyanti,​ evarūpaṃ diṭṭhaṃ na bhāsitabbanti vadāmi. Yaṃ ca khvāssa brāhmaṇa diṭṭhaṃ bhāsato akusalā dhammā parihāyanti,​ kusalā dhammā abhivaḍḍhanti,​ evarūpaṃ diṭṭhaṃ bhāsitabbanti vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Yaṃ hi brāhmaṇa sutaṃ bhāsato akusalā dhammā abhivaḍḍhanti,​ kusalā dhammā parihāyanti,​ evarūpaṃ sutaṃ na bhāsitabbanti vadāmi. Yaṃ ca khvāssa brāhmaṇa sutaṃ bhāsato akusalā dhammā parihāyanti,​ kusalā dhammā abhivaḍḍhanti,​ evarūpaṃ sutaṃ bhāsitabbanti vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Yaṃ hi brāhmaṇa mutaṃ bhāsato akusalā dhammā abhivaḍḍhanti,​ kusalā dhammā parihāyanti,​ evarūpaṃ mutaṃ na bhāsitabbanti vadāmi. Yaṃ ca khvāssa brāhmaṇa mutaṃ bhāsato akusalā dhammā parihāyanti. Kusalā dhammā abhivaḍḍhanti,​ evarūpaṃ mutaṃ bhāsitabbanti vadāmi. ​
 +
 +Yaṃ hi brāhmaṇa viññātaṃ bhāsato akusalā dhammā abhivaḍḍhanti,​ kusalā dhammā parihāyanti,​ evarūpaṃ viññātaṃ na bhāsitabbanti vadāmi. Yaṃ ca khvāssa brāhmaṇa viññātaṃ bhāsato akusalā dhammā parihāyanti,​ kusalā dhammā abhivaḍḍhanti,​ evarūpaṃ viññātaṃ bhāsitabbanti vadāmī ti. 
 +
 +Atha kho vassakāro brāhmaṇo magadhamahāmatto bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinanditvā uṭṭhāyāsanā pakkāmīti. ​
 +
 +==== (4. Jāṇussonīsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.4.4>​[4.4.4.4]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ)
 +
 +34. Atha kho jāṇussonī brāhmaṇo yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodī. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho jāṇussonī brāhmaṇo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +Ahaṃ hi bho gotama evaṃvādī evaṃdiṭṭhī:​ "​natthi yo so maraṇadhammo samāno na bhāyati. Na santāsaṃ āpajjati maraṇassā"​ ti. 
 +
 +Atthi brāhmaṇa maraṇadhammo samāno bhāyati, santāsaṃ āpajjati. Maraṇassa. Atthi pana brāhmaṇa maraṇadhammo samāno na bhāyati, na santāsaṃ āpajjati maraṇassa. <span bjt_page #​bjt.338>​[BJT page 338]</​span>​
 +
 +Katamo ca brāhmaṇa maraṇadhammo samāno bhāyati, santāsaṃ āpajjati maraṇassa?​
 +
 +Idha brāhmaṇa ekacco kāmesu avītarāgo hoti <span pts_page #​pts.174>​[PTS page 174]</​span>​ avigatachando avigatapemo avigatapipāso avigatapariḷāho avigatataṇho,​ tamenaññataro gāḷho rogātaṅko phusati. Tassaññatarena gāḷhena rogātaṅkena phuṭṭhassa evaṃ hoti: piyā vata maṃ kāmā jahissanti, piye vāhaṃ kāme jahissāmīti. So socati kilamati paridevati urattāḷiṃ kandati. Sammohaṃ āpajjati. Ayaṃ kho brāhmaṇa maraṇadhammo samāno bhāyati, santāsaṃ āpajjati maraṇassa. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ brāhmaṇa idhekacco kāye avītarāgo hoti avigatachando avigatapemo avigatapipāso avigatapariḷāho avigatataṇho. Tamenaññataro gāḷho rogātaṅko phusati. Tassaññatarena gāḷhena rogātaṅkena phuṭṭhassa evaṃ hoti: piyo vata maṃ kāyo jahissati. Piyaṃ cāhaṃ kāyaṃ jahissāmīti. So socati kilamati paridevati urattāḷiṃ kandati sammohaṃ āpajjati. Ayampi kho brāhmaṇa maraṇadhammo samāno bhāyati, santāsaṃ āpajjati maraṇassa. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ brāhmaṇa idhekacco akatakalyāṇo hoti akatakusalo akatabhīruttāṇo. Katapāpo kataluddo katakibbiso. Tamenaññataro gāḷho rogātaṅko phusati. Tassaññatarena gāḷhena rogātaṅkena phuṭṭhassa evaṃ hoti: akataṃ vata me kalyāṇaṃ,​ akataṃ kusalā, akataṃ bhīruttāṇaṃ. Kataṃ pāpaṃ, kataṃ luddaṃ, kataṃ kibbisaṃ. Yāvatā bho akatakalyāṇānaṃ akatakusalānaṃ akatabhīruttāṇānaṃ katapāpānaṃ kataluddānaṃ katakibbisānaṃ gati, taṃ gatiṃ pecca gacchāmīti. So socati kilamatī paridevati urattāḷiṃ kandati sammohaṃ āpajjati. Ayampi kho brāhmaṇa maraṇadhammo samāno bhāyati, santāsaṃ āpajjati maraṇassa. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ brāhmaṇa idhekacco kaṅkhī hoti vecikicchi aniṭṭhaṃgato saddhamme. Tamenaññataro gāḷho rogātaṅko phusati. Tassaññatarena gāḷhena rogātaṅkena phuṭṭhassa evaṃ hoti: kaṅkhī vatamhi vecikicchi aniṭṭhaṃgato saddhammo'​ti. So socati kilamati paridevati urattāḷiṃ kandati sammohaṃ āpajjati. Ayampi kho brāhmaṇa maraṇadhammo samāno bhāyati, santāsaṃ āpajjati maraṇassa. ​
 +
 +Ime kho brāhmaṇa. Cattāro maraṇadhammā samānā bhāyati, santāsaṃ āpajjanti maraṇassa. ​
 +
 +<span bjt_page #​bjt.340>​[BJT page 340]</​span>​ <span pts_page #​pts.175>​[PTS page 175]</​span>​ katamo ca brāhmaṇa maraṇadhammo samāno na bhāyati, na santāsaṃ āpajjati maraṇassa?​ Idha brāhmaṇa ekacco kāmesu vītarāgo hoti vigatacchando vigatapemo vigatapipāso vigatapariḷāho vigatataṇho. Tamenaññataro gāḷho rogataṅkho phusati. Tassaññatarena gāḷhena rogātaṅkena phuṭṭhassa na evaṃ hoti: piyā vata maṃ kāmā jahissanti, piye vāhaṃ kāme jahissāmīti. So na socati na kilamati na paridevati na urattāḷiṃ kandati na sammohaṃ āpajjati. Ayaṃ kho brāhmaṇa maraṇadhammo samāno na bhāyati na santāsaṃ āpajjati maraṇassa. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ brāhmaṇa idhekacco kāye vītarāgo hoti vigatacchando vigatapemo vigatapipāso vigatapariḷāho vigatataṇho tamenaññataro gāḷho rogātaṅko phusati. Tassaññatarena gāḷhena rogātaṅkena phuṭṭhassa na evaṃ hoti: piyo vata maṃ kāyo jahissati, piyaṃ cāhaṃ kāyaṃ jahissāmīti. So na socati na kilamati na paridevati na urattāḷiṃ kandati na sammohaṃ āpajjati. Ayampi kho brāhmaṇa maraṇadhammo samāno na bhāyati, na santāsaṃ āpajjati maraṇassa. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ brāhmaṇa idhekacco akatapāpo hoti akataluddo, akatakibbiso. Katakalyāṇo hoti katakusalo katabhīruttāṇo. Tamenaññataro gāḷho rogātaṅko phusati. Tassaññatarena gāḷhena rogātaṅkena phuṭṭhassa evaṃ hoti: akataṃ vata me pāpaṃ, akataṃ luddaṃ, akataṃ kibbisaṃ, kataṃ kalyāṇaṃ,​ kataṃ kusalaṃ, kataṃ bhīruttāṇaṃ. Yāvatā bho akatapāpānaṃ akataluddānaṃ akatakibbisānaṃ katakalyāṇānaṃ kata kusalānaṃ katabhīruttāṇānaṃ gati taṃ gatiṃ pecca gacchāmī ti. So na socati na kilamati na paridevati na urattāḷiṃ kandati na sammohaṃ āpajjati. Ayampi kho brāhmaṇa maraṇadhammo samāno na bhāyati na santāsaṃ āpajjati maraṇassa. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ brāhmaṇa idhekacco akaṅkhī hoti avecikicchī niṭṭhaṃ gato saddhamme. Tamenaññataro gāḷho rogātaṅko phusati. Tassaññatarena gāḷhena rogātaṅkena phuṭṭhassa evaṃ hoti: akaṅkhī vatamhi avecikicchī niṭṭhaṃgato saddhammeti. So na socati na kilamati na paridevati na urattāḷiṃ kandati na sammohaṃ āpajjati. <span pts_page #​pts.176>​[PTS page 176]</​span>​ ayampi kho brāhmaṇa maraṇadhammo samāno na bhāyati, na santāsaṃ āpajjati maraṇassa. <span bjt_page #​bjt.342>​[BJT page 342]</​span>​
 +
 +Ime kho brāhmaṇa cattāro maraṇadhammā samānā na bhāyanti, na santāsaṃ āpajjati maraṇassāti. ​
 +
 +Abhikkantaṃ bho gotama, abhikkantaṃ bho gotama seyyathāpi bho gotama, nikkujjitaṃ vā ukkujjeyya, paṭicchannaṃ vā vivareyya, mūḷhassa vā maggaṃ ācikkheyya,​ andhakāre vā telapajjotaṃ dhāreyya cakkhumanto rūpāni dakkhintīti,​ evameva bhotā gotamena anekapariyāyena dhammo pakāsito. Esāhaṃ bhagavantaṃ gotamaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi dhammaṃ ca bhikkhusaṅghaṃ ca. Upāsakaṃ maṃ bhavaṃ gotamo dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaṃ saraṇaṃ gatanti. ​
 +
 +==== (5. Catukoṭikasuññatā suttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.4.5>​[4.4.4.5]</​span>​ 35. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā rājagahe viharati gijjhakūṭe,​ pabbate. Tena kho pana samayena sambahulā abhiññātā abhiññātā paribbājakā sappinikā tīre paribbājakārāme paṭivasanti. Seyyathīdaṃ:​ annahāro varadharo sakuladāyī ca paribbājako aññe ca abhiññātā abhiññātā paribbājakā. Atha kho bhagavā sāyanhasamayaṃ patisallānā vuṭṭhito yena sappinikātīre paribbājakārāmo tenupasaṅkami. ​
 +
 +Tena kho pana samayena tesaṃ aññatitthiyānaṃ paribbājakānaṃ sannisinnānaṃ sannipatitānaṃ ayamantarā kathā udapādi: itipi brāhmaṇasaccāni,​ itipi brāhmaṇasaccānī ti. 
 +
 +Atha kho bhagavā yena te paribbājakā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi. Nisajja kho bhagavā te paribbājake etadavoca: kāya nuttha paribbājakā etarahi kathāya sannisinnā,​ kā ca pana vo antarā kathā vippakatāti. ​
 +
 +Idha bho gotama amhākaṃ sannisinnānaṃ sannipatitānaṃ ayamantarā kathā udapādi: itipi brāhmaṇasaccāni,​ itipi brāhmaṇasaccānī ti. 
 +
 +Cattārimāni paribbājakā brāhmaṇasaccāni mayā sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā paveditāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Idha paribbājakā brāhmaṇo evamāha: sabbe pāṇā avajjhāti. Iti vadaṃ brāhmaṇo saccaṃ āha, no musā. So tena na samaṇoti maññati. Na brāhmaṇoti maññati na seyyohamasmīti maññati. Na sadisohamasmīti maññati. Na hīnohamasmīti maññati. Api ca yadeva tattha saccaṃ, tadabhiññāya pāṇānaṃ yeva anuddayāya anukampāya paṭipanno hoti. 
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ paribbājakā brāhmaṇo evamāha: <span pts_page #​pts.177>​[PTS page 177]</​span>​ sabbe kāmā aniccā dukkhā vipariṇāmadhammāti. Iti vadaṃ brāhmaṇo saccaṃ āha, no musā. So tena na samaṇo'​ti maññati, na brāhmaṇo'​ti maññati. Na seyyohamasmīti maññati. Na hīnohamasmīti maññati. Api ca yadeva tattha saccaṃ, tadabhiññāya kāmānaṃ yeva nibbidāya virāgāya nirodhāya paṭipanno hoti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.344>​[BJT page 344]</​span>​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ paribbājakā brāhmaṇo evamāha: sabbe bhavā aniccā dukkhā vipariṇāmadhammāti. Iti vadaṃ brāhmaṇo,​ saccaṃ āha, no musā. So tena na samaṇo'​ti maññati. Na brāhmaṇo'​ti maññati. Na seyyohamasmīti maññati. Na sadisohamasmīti maññati. Na hīnohamasmīti maññati. Api ca yadeva tattha saccaṃ, tadabhiññāya bhavānaṃ yeva nibbidāya virāgāya nirodhāya paṭipanno hoti. 
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ paribbājakā brāhmaṇo evamāha: nāhaṃ kvacana, kassaci kiñcanatasmiṃ,​ na ca mama kvacana, katthaci kiñcanatātthīti. Iti vadaṃ brāhmaṇo saccaṃ āha, no musā. So tena na samaṇo'​ti maññati. Na brāhmaṇoti maññati. Na seyyohamasmīti maññati. Na sadisohamasmīti maññati. Na hīnohamasmīti maññati. Api ca yadeva tattha saccaṃ, tadabhiññāya ākiñcaññaṃ yeva paṭipadaṃ paṭipanno hoti. 
 +
 +Imāni kho paribbājakā cattāri brāhmaṇasaccāni mayā sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā paveditānīti. ​
 +
 +==== (6. Bahussutasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.4.6>​[4.4.4.6]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ) 36. Atha kho aññataro bhikkhu yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho so bhikkhu bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +Kena nu kho bhante loko nīyati, kena loko parikissati,​ kassa ca uppannassa vasaṃ gacchatīti?​
 +
 +Sādhu sādhu bhikkhu, bhaddako te bhikkhu ummaggo, bhaddakaṃ paṭibhānaṃ,​ kalyāṇī paripucchā. Evaṃ hi tvaṃ bhikkhu paripucchasi:​ kena nu kho bhante loko nīyati, kena loko parikissati,​ kassa ca uppannassa vasaṃ gacchatīti. Evaṃ bhante. ​
 +
 +Cittena kho bhikkhu loko nīyati, cittena parikissati,​ cittassa uppannassa vasaṃ gacchati. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.178>​[PTS page 178]</​span>​ sādhu bhanteti kho so bhikkhu bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinanditvā anumoditvā bhagavantaṃ uttariṃ pañhaṃ āpucchi: bahussuto dhammadharo,​ bahussuto dhammadharoti vuccati. Kittāvatā nu kho bhante bahussuto dhammadharo hotīti?
 +
 +Sādhu sādhu bhikkhu, bhaddako te bhikkhu ummaggo, bhaddakaṃ paṭibhānaṃ,​ kalyāṇī paripucchā. Evaṃ hi tvaṃ bhikkhu pucchasi: bahussuto dhammadharo,​ bahussuto dhammadharoti bhante vuccati, kittāvatā nu kho bhante bahussuto dhammadharo hotīti. Evaṃ bhante. <span bjt_page #​bjt.346>​[BJT page 346]</​span>​
 +
 +Bahu kho bhikkhu mayā dhammā desitā: suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthā udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. Catuppadāya cepi bhikkhu gāthāya atthamaññāya dhammamaññāya dhammānudhammapaṭipanno hoti, bahussuto dhammadharoti alaṃ vacanāyāti. ​
 +
 +Sādhu bhanteti kho so bhikkhu bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinanditvā anumoditvā bhagavantaṃ uttariṃ pañhaṃ āpucchi: sutavā nibbedhikapañño,​ sutavā nibbedhikapaññoti bhante vuccati. Kittāvatā nu kho bhante sutavā nibbedhikapañño hotīti?
 +
 +Sādhu sādhu bhikkhu, bhaddako kho te bhikkhu ummaggo, bhaddakaṃ paṭibhāṇaṃ,​ kalyāṇī paripucchā. Evaṃ hi tvaṃ bhikkhu pucchasi: sutavā nibbedhikapañño,​ sutavā nibbedhikapañño,​ ti bhante vuccati. Kittāvatā nu kho bhante sutavā nibbedhikapañño hotīti? Evaṃ bhante. ​
 +
 +Idha bhikkhu bhikkhuno idaṃ dukkhanti sutaṃ hoti, paññāya cassa atthaṃ ativijjha passati. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayo'​ti sutaṃ hoti, paññāya cassa atthaṃ ativijjha passati. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodho'​ti sutaṃ hoti, paññāya cassa atthaṃ ativijjha passati. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadā'​ ti sutaṃ hoti, paññāya cassa atthaṃ ativijjha passati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhu sutavā nibbedhikapañño hotīti. ​
 +
 +Sādhu bhante'​ti kho so bhikkhu bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinanditvā anumoditvā bhagavantaṃ uttariṃ pañhaṃ āpucchi: paṇḍito mahāpañño,​ paṇḍito mahāpañño'​ti bhante vuccati. Kittāvatā nu kho bhante paṇḍito hotīti?
 +
 +Sādhu <span pts_page #​pts.179>​[PTS page 179]</​span>​ sādhu bhikkhu bhaddako kho te bhikkhu ummaggo, bhaddakaṃ paṭibhānaṃ,​ kalyāṇī paripucchā. Evaṃ hi tvaṃ bhikkhu pucchasi: paṇḍito mahāpañño,​ paṇḍito mahāpañño'​ti bhante vuccati, kittāvatā nu kho bhante vuccati, kittāvatā nu kho bhante paṇḍito mahāpañño hotīti? Evaṃ bhante. ​
 +
 +Idha bhikkhu paṇḍito mahāpañño nevattavyābādhāya ceteti, na paravyābādhāya ceteti, na ubhayavyābādhāya ceteti. Attahitaṃ parahitaṃ ubhayahitaṃ sabbalokahitameva cintayamāno cinteti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhu paṇḍito mahāpañño hotīti. ​
 +
 +==== (7. Dutiyavassakārasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.4.7>​[4.4.4.7]</​span>​ 37. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā rājagahe viharati veḷuvane kalandakanivāpe. Atha kho vassakāro brāhmaṇo magadhamahāmatto yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho vassakāro brāhmaṇo magadhamahāmatto bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: <span bjt_page #​bjt.348>​[BJT page 348]</​span>​
 +
 +Jāneyya nu kho bho gotama asappuriso asappurisaṃ "​asappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti"? ​
 +
 +Aṭṭhānaṃ kho etaṃ brāhmaṇa anavakāso yaṃ asappuriso asappurisaṃ jāneyya "​asappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti"​
 +
 +Jāneyya pana bho gotama asappuriso sappurisaṃ "​sappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti?
 +
 +Etampi kho brāhmaṇa aṭṭhānaṃ anavakāso yaṃ asappuriso sappurisaṃ jāneyya "​sappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti"​
 +
 +Jāneyya, pana bho gotama sappuriso sappurisaṃ "​sappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti?
 +
 +Ṭhānaṃ kho etaṃ brāhmaṇa vijjati, yaṃ sappuriso sappurisaṃ jāneyya "​sappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti"​
 +
 +Jāneyya, pana bho gotama sappuriso asappurisaṃ '​asappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti'?​
 +
 +Etampi kho brāhmaṇa ṭhānaṃ vijjati, yaṃ sappuriso asappurisaṃ jāneyya '​asappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti'​ . 
 +
 +Acchariyaṃ bho gotama, abbhutaṃ bho gotama, yāva <span pts_page #​pts.180>​[PTS page 180]</​span>​ subhāsitaṃ cidaṃ bhotā gotamena: "​aṭṭhānaṃ kho etaṃ brāhmaṇa anavakāso yaṃ asappuriso asappurisaṃ jāneyya '​asappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti. ' Etampi kho brāhmaṇa aṭṭhānaṃ anavakāso, yaṃ asappuriso sappurisaṃ jāneyya '​sappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti'​. Ṭhānaṃ kho etaṃ brāhmaṇa vijjati yaṃ sappuriso sappurisaṃ jāneyya '​sappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti. ' Etampi kho brāhmaṇa ṭhānaṃ vijjati, yaṃ sappuriso asappurisaṃ jāneyya'​ asappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti. '
 +
 +Ekamidaṃ bho gotama samayaṃ todeyyassa brāhmaṇassa parisatiṃ parūpārambhaṃ vattenti: bālo ayaṃ rājā eleyyo yo samaṇe rāmaputte abhippasanno,​ samaṇe ca pana rāmaputte evarūpaṃ paramanipaccākāraṃ karoti: yadidaṃ abhivādanaṃ paccuṭṭhānaṃ añjalikammaṃ sāmīcikammanti. Imepi rañño eleyyassa parihārakā bālā, yamako moggallo uggo nāvindakī gandhabbo aggivesso, ye samaṇe rāmaputte abhippasannā,​ samaṇe ca pana rāmaputte evarūpaṃ paramanipaccākāraṃ karonti: yadidaṃ abhivādanaṃ paccuṭṭhānaṃ añjalikammaṃ sāmīcikammanti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.350>​[BJT page 350]</​span>​
 +
 +Tyāssudaṃ todeyyo brāhmaṇo iminā nayena neti: taṃ kiṃ maññanti bhonto paṇḍito rājā eleyyo karaṇīyādhikaraṇīyesu vacanīyādhivacanīyesu alamatthadasatarehi alamatthadasataroti. ​
 +
 +Evaṃ bho, paṇḍito rājā eleyyo karaṇīyādhikaraṇīyesu vacanīyādhivacanīyesu alamatthadasatarehī alamatthadasataroti. ​
 +
 +Yasmā ca kho bhonto samaṇo rāmaputto raññā elayyena paṇḍitena paṇḍitataro karaṇīyādhikaraṇīyesu vacanīyādhivacanīyesu alamatthadasatarena alamatthadasataro,​ tasmā rājā eleyyo samaṇe rāmaputte abhippasanno,​ samaṇe va pana rāmaputte evarūpaṃ paramanipaccākāraṃ karoti: yadidaṃ abhivādanaṃ paccuṭṭhānaṃ añjalikammaṃ sāmīcikammaṃ. ​
 +
 +Taṃ kiṃ maññanti bhonto, paṇḍitā rañño eleyyassa parihārakā,​ yamako moggallo <span pts_page #​pts.181>​[PTS page 181]</​span>​ uggo nāvindakī gandhabbo aggivesso, karaṇīyādhikaraṇīyesu vacanīyādhivacanīyesu alamatthadasatarehi alamatthadasatarāti. ​
 +
 +Evaṃ bho. Paṇḍitā rañño eleyyassa parihārakā,​ yamako moggallo uggo nāvindakī gandhabbo aggivesso, karaṇīyādhikaraṇīyesu vacanīyādhivacanīyesu alamatthadasatarehi alamatthadasatarāti. ​
 +
 +Yasmā kho bho, samaṇo rāmaputto rañño eleyyassa parihārakehi paṇḍitehi paṇḍitataro karaṇīyādhikaraṇīyesu vacanīyādhivacanīyesu alamatthadasatarehi alamatthadasataro. Tasmā rañño eleyyassa parihārakā samaṇe rāmaputte abhippasannā samaṇe ca pana rāmaputte evarūpaṃ paramanipaccākāraṃ karonti: yadidaṃ abhivādanaṃ paccuṭṭhānaṃ añjalikammaṃ sāmīcikammanti. ​
 +
 +Acchariyaṃ bho gotama abbhutaṃ bho gotama yāva subhāsitamidaṃ bhotā gotamena: "​aṭṭhānaṃ kho etaṃ brāhmaṇa anavakāso, yaṃ asappuriso asappurisaṃ jāneyya asappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti. Etampi kho brāhmaṇa aṭṭhānaṃ anavakāso yaṃ asappuriso sappurisaṃ jāneyya sappuriso ayaṃ bhavanni, ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ brāhmaṇa vijjati, yaṃ sappuriso sappurisaṃ jāneyya sappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti. Etampi kho brāhmaṇa ṭhānaṃ vijjati yaṃ sappuriso asappurisaṃ jāneyya asappuriso ayaṃ bhavanti. "
 +
 +Handa cadāni mayaṃ bho gotama gacchāma, bahukicchā mayaṃ bahukaraṇīyāti. ​
 +
 +Yassadāni tvaṃ brāhmaṇa kālaṃ maññasīti. ​
 +
 +Atha kho vassakāro brāhmaṇo magadhamahāmatto bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinanditvā anumoditvā uṭṭhāyāsanā pakkāmīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.352>​[BJT page 352]</​span>​
 +
 +==== (8. Upakasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.4.8>​[4.4.4.8]</​span>​ 38. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā rājagahe viharati gijjhakūṭe pabbate. Atha kho upako maṇḍikāputto yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho upako maṇḍikāputto bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: ​
 +
 +Ahaṃ hi bhante evaṃvādī evaṃdiṭṭhī:​ yo ko ci parūpārambhaṃ vatteti. Parūpārambhaṃ vattento sabbo so.((Sabbaso.)) Na upapādeti,​((Uppādeti.)) <span pts_page #​pts.182>​[PTS page 182]</​span>​ anupapādento gārayho hoti upavajjoti.
 +
 +Parūpārambhaṃ ce upaka vatteti, parūpārambhaṃ vattento na upapādeti, anupapādento gārayho hoti upavajjo. Tvaṃ kho upaka parūpārambhaṃ vattesi. Parūpārambhaṃ vattento na upapādesi. Anupapādento gārayho hosi upavajjoti. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhante ummujjamānakaṃ yeva mahatā pāsena bandheyya, evameva kho ahaṃ bhante ummujjamānako yeva bhagavatā mahatā vādapāsena baddho'​ti. ​
 +
 +Idaṃ akusalanti kho upaka mayā paññattaṃ. Tattha aparimāṇā padā, aparimāṇā byañjanā, aparimāṇā tathāgatassa dhammadesanā itipidaṃ akusalanti. ​
 +
 +Taṃ kho panidaṃ akusalaṃ pahātabbanti kho upaka mayā paññattaṃ tattha aparimāṇā padā, aparimāṇā byañjanā, aparimāṇā tathāgatassa dhammadesanā itipidaṃ akusalaṃ pahātabbanti. ​
 +
 +Idaṃ kusalanti kho upaka mayā paññattaṃ. Tattha aparimāṇā padā, aparimāṇā byañjanā, aparimāṇā tathāgatassa dhammadesanā itipidaṃ kusalanti. ​
 +
 +Taṃ kho panidaṃ kusalaṃ bhāvetabbanti kho upaka mayā paññattaṃ. Tattha aparimāṇā padā aparimāṇā byañjanā, aparimāṇā tathāgatassa dhammadesanā itipidaṃ kusalaṃ bhāvetabbanti. ​
 +
 +Atha kho upako maṇḍikāputto bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinanditvā anumoditvā uṭṭhāyāsanā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā yena rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā yāvatako ahosi bhagavatā saddhiṃ kathāsallāpo. Taṃ sabbaṃ rañño māgadhassa ajātasattussa vedehiputtassa ārocesi. ​
 +
 +Evaṃ vutte rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto kupito anattamano upakaṃ maṇḍikāputtaṃ etadavoca: yāvadhaṃsi cāyaṃ loṇakārakadārako,​ yāvamukharo yāvapagabbho,​ yatra hi nāma taṃ bhagavantaṃ arahantaṃ sammāsambuddhaṃ āsādetabbaṃ maññissati apehi tvaṃ upaka, vinassa, mā tvaṃ addasanti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.354>​[BJT page 354]</​span>​
 +
 +//4. Vatāyaṃ ​ machasaṃ. [anchor for fn ?]//
 +
 +==== (9. Sacchikaraṇīyasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.4.9>​[4.4.4.9]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ) 39. Cattārome bhikkhave sacchikaraṇīyā dhammā katame cattāro?
 +
 +Atthi <span pts_page #​pts.183>​[PTS page 183]</​span>​ bhikkhave dhammā kāyena sacchikaraṇīyā. Atthi bhikkhave dhammā satiyā sacchikaraṇīyā. Atthi bhikkhave dhammā cakkhunā sacchikaraṇīyā. Atthi bhikkhave dhammā paññāya sacchikaraṇīyā. ​
 +
 +Katame ca bhikkhave dhammā kāyena sacchikaraṇīyā. Aṭṭha vimokkhā bhikkhave kāyena sacchikaraṇīyā. ​
 +
 +Katame ca bhikkhave dhammā satiyā sacchikaraṇīyā?​ Pubbenivāso bhikkhave satiyā sacchikaraṇīyo. ​
 +
 +Katame ca bhikkhave dhammā cakkhunā sacchikaraṇīyā?​ Sattānaṃ cutūpapāto bhikkhave cakkhunā sacchikaraṇīyo. ​
 +
 +Katame ca bhikkhave dhammā paññāya sacchikaraṇīyā?​ Āsavānaṃ khayo bhikkhave paññāya sacchikaraṇīyo. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro sacchikaraṇīyā dhammāti. ​
 +
 +==== (10. Bhikkhusaṅghathomana suttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.4.10>​[4.4.4.10]</​span>​ 40. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati pubbārāme migāramātupāsāde. Tena kho pana samayena bhagavā tadahuposathe bhikkhusaṅghaparivuto nisinno hoti. Atha kho bhagavā tuṇhībhūtaṃ tuṇhībhūtaṃ bhikkhusaṅghaṃ anuviloketvā bhikkhū āmantesi:
 +
 +Apalāpāyaṃ bhikkhave parisā. Nippalāpāyaṃ bhikkhave parisā suddhā sāre patiṭṭhitā. Tathārūpo ayaṃ bhikkhave bhikkhusaṅgho. Tathārūpāyaṃ bhikkhave parisā yathārūpā parisā dullabhā dassanāyapi lokasmiṃ. Tathārūpo ayaṃ bhikkhave bhikkhusaṅgho. Tathārūpāyaṃ bhikkhave parisā āhuneyyā pāhuṇeyyā dakkhiṇeyyā añjalikaraṇīyā anuttaraṃ puññakkhettaṃ lokassa. Tathārūpo ayaṃ bhikkhave bhikkhusaṅgho. <span bjt_page #​bjt.356>​[BJT page 356]</​span>​
 +
 +Tathārūpāyaṃ bhikkhave parisā yathārūpāyaṃ parisā appampi dinnaṃ bahuṃ hoti, bahuṃ dinnaṃ bahutaraṃ. Tathārūpo ayaṃ bhikkhave bhikkhusaṅgho tathārūpāyaṃ bhikkhave parisā yathārūpaṃ parisaṃ alaṃ yojanagaṇanānipi dassanāya gantuṃ apipuṭaṃsenāpi. Tathārūpo ayaṃ bhikkhave bhikkhusaṅgho. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.184>​[PTS page 184]</​span>​ santi bhikkhave bhikkhū imasmiṃ bhikkhusaṅghe devappattā viharanti. Santi bhikkhave bhikkhū imasmiṃ bhikkhusaṅghe brahmappattā viharanti. Santi bhikkhave bhikkhū imasmiṃ bhikkhusaṅghe āneñjappattā viharanti. Santi bhikkhave bhikkhū imasmiṃ bhikkhusaṅghe ariyappattā viharanti. ​
 +
 +Kataṃ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu devappatto hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati. Sato ca sampajāno, sukhañca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti yaṃ taṃ ariyā ācikkhanti '​upekkhako satimā sukhavihārī'​ ti tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Sukhassa ca pahāṇā dukkhassa ca pahānā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthagamā adukkhaṃ asukhaṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu devappatto hoti. 
 +
 +Kathaṃ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu brahmappatto hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu mettāsahagatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati. Tathā dutiyaṃ ​ tathā tatiyaṃ ​ tathā catutthiṃ ​ . Iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ mettāsahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati. Karuṇāsahagatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati. Tathā dutiyaṃ ​ tathā tatiyaṃ ​ tathā catutthi. Iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ karuṇāsahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati. Muditāsahagatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati. Tathā dutiyaṃ ​ tathā tatiyaṃ ​ tathā catutthiṃ. Iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ muditāsahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati. Upekkhāsahagatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati. Tathā dutiyaṃ disaṃ paritvā viharati. Tathā tatiyaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati. Tathā catutthiṃ disaṃ paritvā viharati. Iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ upekkhāsahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu brahmappatto hoti. 
 +
 +Kathaṃ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu āneñjappatto hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu sabbaso rūpasaññānaṃ samatikkamā paṭighasaññānaṃ atthagamā nānattasaññānaṃ amanasikārā ananto ākāsoti ākāsānañcāyatanaṃ upasampajja viharati. Sabbaso ākāsānañcāyatanaṃ samatikkamma anantaṃ viññāṇanti viññāṇañcāyatanaṃ upasampajja viharati. Sabbaso viññāṇañcāyatanaṃ samatikkamma natthi kiñcīti ākiñcaññāyatanaṃ upasampajja viharati. Sabbaso ākiñcaññāyatanaṃ samatikkamma nevasaññānāsaññāyatanaṃ upasampajja viharati. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu āneñjappatto hoti. 
 +
 +Kathaṃ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu ariyappatto hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu idaṃ dukkhantī yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu ariyappatto hotīti.
 +
 +<div centeralign>​Brāhmaṇavaggo((Yodhājīvavaggo sīmu; syā.)). Catuttho <span pts_page #​pts.185>​[PTS page 185]</​span>​((tassuddānaṃ : yodhā pāṭibhogasutaṃ abhayaṃ samaṇasaccena pañcamaṃ.
 +
 +Ummagga vassakāro upako sacchikiriyā ca uposathoti ​ machasaṃ. )) <span bjt_page #​bjt.358>​[BJT page 358]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +===== 5. Mahāvaggo =====
 +<span para #​para_4.4.5>​[4.4.5]</​span>​
 +<div ref_source><​span sang_id #​sut.an.04.v05>​[[:​cs-rm:​tipitaka:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v05]] | [[:​cs-rm:​atthakatha:​sut:​an:​04:​sut.an.04.v05_att|att]]</​span></​div>​
 +
 +==== (1. Sotānudhatasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.5.1>​[4.4.5.1]</​span>​ (Sāvatthinidānaṃ) 41. Sotānudhatānaṃ.((Sotānugatānaṃ ​ machasaṃ.)) Bhikkhave dhammānaṃ vacasā paricitānaṃ manasānupekkhitānaṃ diṭṭhiyā suppaṭividdhānaṃ cattāro ānisaṃsā pāṭikaṅkhā. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammaṃ pariyāpuṇāti:​ suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthā.((Gāthaṃ ​ machasaṃ.)) Udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ ababhūtadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. Tassa te dhammā sotānudhatā.((Sotānugatānaṃ ​ machasaṃ.)) Honti vacasā paricitā manasānupekkhitā diṭṭhiyā suppaṭividdhā. So muṭṭhassati kālaṃ kurumāno aññataraṃ devanikāyaṃ upapajjati, tassa tattha sukhino dhammapadāpilapanti.((Palavanti ​ machasaṃ.)) Dandho bhikkhave satuppādo. Atha so satto khippaṃ yeva visesagāmī hoti. Sotānudhatānaṃ bhikkhave dhammānaṃ vacasā paricitānaṃ manasānupekkhitānaṃ diṭṭhiyā suppaṭividdhānaṃ ayaṃ paṭhamo ānisaṃso pāṭikaṅkho. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammaṃ pariyāpuṇāti:​ suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthā udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. Tassa te dhammā sotānudhatā honti vacasā paricitā manasānupekkhitā diṭṭhiyā suppaṭividdhā. So muṭṭhassati kālaṃ kurumāno aññataraṃ devanikāyaṃ upapajjati. Tassa tattha na heva kho sukhino dhammapadāpilapanti. Api ca kho bhikkhu iddhimā cetovasippatto devaparisāyaṃ dhammaṃ deseti. Tassa evaṃ hoti: ayaṃ vā so dhammavinayo yatthāhaṃ pubbe brahmacariyaṃ acari'​nti. Dandho bhikkhave satuppādo. Atha so satto khippaṃ yeva visesagāmī hoti. 
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave puriso kusalo bherisaddassa. So addhānamagga paṭipanno bherisaddaṃ suṇeyya, tassa naheva kho assa kaṅkhā vā vimati vā bherisaddo nu kho na nu kho bherisaddoti. Atha kho bherisaddotveva niṭṭhaṃ gaccheyya. Evameva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammaṃ <span pts_page #​pts.186>​[PTS page 186]</​span>​ pariyāpuṇāti:​ suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthā udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. Tassa te dhammā sotānudhatā honti. Vacasā paricitā manasānupekkhitā diṭṭhiyā suppaṭividdhā. So muṭṭhassati kālaṃ kurumāno aññataraṃ devanikāyaṃ upapajjati. Tassa tattha naheva kho sukhino dhammapadāpilapanti. Api ca kho bhikkhu iddhimā cetovasippatto devaparisāyaṃ dhammaṃ deseti. Tassa evaṃ hoti: ayaṃ vā so dhammavinayo yatthāhaṃ pubabe brahmacariyaṃ acarinti. Dandho bhikkhave satuppādo. Atha so satto khippaṃ yeva visesagāmī hoti. Sotānudhatānaṃ bhikkhave dhammānaṃ vacasā paricitānaṃ manasānupekkhitānaṃ diṭṭhiyā suppaṭividdhānaṃ ayaṃ dutiyo ānisaṃso pāṭikaṅkho. <span bjt_page #​bjt.360>​[BJT page 360]</​span>​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammaṃ pariyāpuṇāti:​ suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthā udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. Tassa te dhammā sotānudhatā honti vacasā paricitā manasānupekkhitā diṭṭhiyā suppaṭividdhā. So muṭṭhassati kālaṃ kurumāno aññataraṃ devanikāyaṃ upapajjati. Tassa tattha na heva kho sukhino dhammapadāpilapanti. Napi bhikkhu iddhimā cetovasippatto devaparisāyaṃ dhammaṃ deseti. Api ca kho devaputto devaparisāyaṃ dhammaṃ deseti. Tassa evaṃ hoti: ayaṃ vā so dhammavinayo yatthāhaṃ pubbe brahmacariyaṃ acarinti. Dandho bhikkhave satuppādo. Atha so satto khippaṃ yeva visesagāmī hoti. 
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave puriso kusalo saṅkhasaddassa so addhānamaggapaṭipanno saṅkhasaddaṃ suṇeyya, tassa na heva kho assa kaṅkhā vā vimati vā saṅkhasaddo nu kho na nu kho saṅkhasaddoti. Atha kho saṅkhasaddotveva niṭṭhaṃ gaccheyya. Evameva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammaṃ pariyāpuṇāti:​ suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthā udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. Tassa te dhammā sotānudhatā honti vacasā paricitā manasānupekkhitā diṭṭhiyā suppaṭividdhā. So muṭṭhassati kālaṃ kurumāno aññataraṃ devanikāyaṃ upapajjati. Tassa tattha na heva kho sukhino dhammapadāpilapanti,​ na pi bhikkhu iddhimā cetovasippatto devaparisāyaṃ dhammaṃ deseti, api ca kho devaputto devaparisāyaṃ dhammaṃ deseti. Tassa evaṃ hoti: ayaṃ vā so dhammavinayo yatthāhaṃ pubbe brahmacariyaṃ acarinti. Dandho bhikkhave satuppādo atha so satto khippaṃ yeva visesagāmī hoti. Sotānudhatānaṃ bhikkhave dhammānaṃ vacasā paricitānaṃ manasānupekkhitānaṃ diṭṭhiyā suppaṭividdhānaṃ ayaṃ tatiyo ānisaṃso pāṭikaṅkho. ​
 +
 +Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammaṃ pariyāpuṇāti:​ suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthā udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. Tassa te dhammā sotānudhatā honti vacasā paricitā manasānupekkhitā diṭṭhiyā suppaṭividdhā. So muṭṭhassati kālaṃ kurumāno aññataraṃ devanikāyaṃ upapajjati, tassa tattha na heva kho sukhino dhammapadāpilapanti,​ na pi bhikkhu iddhimā ceto vasippatto devaparisāyaṃ dhammaṃ deseti. Napi devaputto devaparisāyaṃ dhammaṃ deseti. Api ca kho opapātiko opapātikaṃ sāreti: sarasi tvaṃ mārisa yattha mayaṃ pubbe brahmacariyaṃ acarimhāti. So evamāha: sarāmi mārisa sarāmi mārisāti. Dandho bhikkhave satuppādo. Atha so satto khippaṃ yeva visesagāmī hoti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.362>​[BJT page 362]</​span>​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave dve sahāyakā sahapaṃsukīḷikā,​ te kadāci karahaci aññamaññaṃ samāgaccheyyuṃ,​ tamenaṃ sahāyako sahāyakaṃ evaṃ vadeyya: itipi samma sarasīti. So evaṃ vadeyya: <span pts_page #​pts.187>​[PTS page 187]</​span>​ sarāmi samma idampi samma sarasīti. So evaṃ vadeyya: sarāmi sammāti. Evameva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammaṃ pariyāpuṇāti:​ suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthā udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. Tassa te dhammā sotānudhatā honti vacasā paricitā manasānupekkhitā diṭṭhiyā suppaṭividdhā. So muṭṭhassati kālaṃ kurumāno aññataraṃ devanikāyaṃ upapajjati. Tassa tattha sukhino dhammapadāpilapanti. Napi bhikkhu iddhimā cetovasippatto devaparisāyaṃ dhammaṃ deseti. Napi devaputto devaparisāyaṃ dhammaṃ deseti. Api ca kho opapātiko opapātikaṃ sāreti: sarasi tvaṃ mārisa, yattha mayaṃ pubbe brahmacariyaṃ acarimhāti. So evamāha: sarāmi mārisāti, dandho bhikkhave satuppādo. Atha so satto khippaṃyeva visesagāmī hoti sotānudhatānaṃ bhikkhave dhammānaṃ vacasā paricitānaṃ manasānupekkhitānaṃ bhikkhave dhammānaṃ vacasā paricitānaṃ manasānupekkhitānaṃ diṭaṭhiyā suppaṭividdhānaṃ ayaṃ catuttho ānisaṃso pāṭikaṅkho. ​
 +
 +Sotānudhatānaṃ bhikkhave dhammānaṃ vacasā parivitānaṃ manasānupekkhitānaṃ diṭṭhiyā suppaṭividdhānaṃ ime cattāro ānisaṃsā pāṭikaṅkhāti. ​
 +
 +==== (2. Ṭhānasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.5.2>​[4.4.5.2]</​span>​ 42. Cattārimāni bhikkhave ṭhānāni catūhi ṭhānehi veditabbāni. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Saṃvāsena bhikkhave sīlaṃ veditabbaṃ. Tañca kho dīghena addhunā na ittaraṃ. Manasikarotā no amanasikārā. Paññavatā no duppaññena. ​
 +
 +Saṃvohārena bhikkhave soceyyaṃ veditabbaṃ. Tañca kho dīghena addhunā na ittaraṃ. Manasikarotā no amanasikārā. Paññavatā no duppaññena. ​
 +
 +Āpadāsu bhikkhave thāmo veditabbo. So ca kho dīghena addhunā na ittaraṃ. Manasikarotā no amanasikārā. Paññavatā no duppaññena. ​
 +
 +Sākacchāya bhikkhave paññā veditabbā. Sā ca kho dīghena addhunā na ittaraṃ. Manasikarotā no amanasikārā. Paññavatā no duppaññena. <span bjt_page #​bjt.364>​[BJT page 364]</​span>​
 +
 +Saṃvāsena bhikkhave sīlaṃ veditabbaṃ. Tañca kho dīghena addhunā na ittaraṃ. Manasikarotā no amanasikārā. Paññavatā no duppaññenāti iti kho panetaṃ vuttaṃ, kiñcetaṃ paṭicca vuttaṃ?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave puggalo puggalena saddhiṃ vasamāno evaṃ jānāti: dīgharattaṃ kho ayamāyasmā khaṇḍakārī chiddakārī sabalakārī kammāsakārī na santatakārī na santatavuttī sīlesu. Dussīlo ayamāyasmā. Nāyamāyasmā sīlavāti. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave puggalo puggalena saddhiṃ vasamāne evaṃ jānāti: digharattaṃ kho ayamāyasmā akhaṇḍakārī acchiddakārī asabalakārī akammāsakārī <span pts_page #​pts.188>​[PTS page 188]</​span>​ santatakārī santatavuttī sīlesu. Sīlavā cāyamāyasmā. Nāyamāyasmā dussīloti. ​
 +
 +Saṃvāsena bhikkhave sīlaṃ veditabbaṃ,​ tañca kho dīghena addhunā na ittaraṃ, manasikarotā no amanasikārā. Paññavatā no duppaññenāti iti yantaṃ vuttaṃ, idametaṃ paṭicca vuttaṃ. ​
 +
 +Saṃvohārena bhikkhave soceyyaṃ veditabbaṃ. Tañca kho dīghena addhunā na ittaraṃ. Manasikarotā no amanasikārā,​ paññavatā no duppaññenāti iti kho panetaṃ vuttaṃ, kiñcetaṃ paṭicca vuttaṃ?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave puggalo puggalena saddhiṃ saṃvohāramāno evaṃ jānāti: aññathā kho ayamāyasmā ekena eko voharati, aññathā dvīhi, aññathā tīhi, aññathā sambahulehi. Vokkamati ayamāyasmā purimavohārā pacchimavohāraṃ. Aparisuddhavohāro ayamāyasmā,​ nāyamāyasmā parisuddhavohāroti. ​
 +
 +Idha pana bhikkhave puggalo puggalena saddhiṃ saṃvohāramāno evaṃ jānāti: yatheva kho ayamāyasmā ekena eko voharati, tathā dvīhi, tathā tīhi, tathā sambahulehi. Nāyamāyasmā vokkamati purimavohārā pacchimavohāraṃ. Parisuddhavohāro ayamāyasmā,​ na aparisuddhavohāroti. ​
 +
 +Saṃvohārena bhikkhave soceyyaṃ veditabbaṃ,​ tañca kho dīghena addhunā na ittaraṃ, manasikarotā no amanasikārā,​ paññavatā no duppaññenāti iti yantaṃ vuttaṃ, idametaṃ paṭicca vuttaṃ. <span bjt_page #​bjt.366>​[BJT page 366]</​span>​
 +
 +Āpadāsu bhikkhave thāmo veditabbo, so ca kho dīghena addhunā na ittaraṃ, manasikarotā no amanasikārā paññavatā no duppaññenāti iti kho panetaṃ vuttaṃ, kiñcetaṃ paṭicca vuttaṃ?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekacco ñātivyasanena vā phuṭṭho samāno bhogavyasanena vā phuṭṭho samāno rogavyasanena vā phuṭṭho samāno na iti paṭisañcikkhati:​ tathābhūto kho ayaṃ lokasannivāso tathābhūto attabhāvapaṭilābho,​ yathābhūte lokasannivāse yathābhūte attabhāvapaṭilābhe aṭṭha lokadhammā lokaṃ anuparivattanti,​ loko ca aṭṭha lokadhamme anuparivattati:​ lābho ca alābho ca ayaso ca yaso ca nindā ca pasaṃsā ca sukhañca dukkhañcāti. So ñātivyasanena vā phuṭṭho samāno bhogavyasanena vā phuṭṭho samāno rogavyasanena vā phuṭṭho samāno socati kilamati paridevati urattāḷiṃ kandati sammohaṃ āpajjati. Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco ñātivyasanena vā phuṭṭho samāno bhogavyasanena vā phuṭṭho samāno <span pts_page #​pts.189>​[PTS page 189]</​span>​ rogavyasanena vā phuṭṭho samāno iti paṭisañcikkhati:​ tathābhūto kho ayaṃ lokasannivāso tathābhūto attabhāvapaṭilābho,​ yathābhūte lokasannivāse yathābhūte attabhāvapaṭilābhe aṭṭha lokadhammā lokaṃ anuparivattanti,​ loko ca aṭṭha lokadhamme anuparivattati:​ lābho ca alābho ca ayaso ca yaso ca nindā ca pasaṃsā ca sukhañca dukkhañcāti. So ñātivyasanena vā phuṭṭho samāno bhogavyasanena vā phuṭṭho samāno rogavyasanena vā phuṭṭho samāno na socati na kilamati na paridevati, na urattāḷiṃ kandati, na sammohaṃ āpajjati. Āpadāsu bhikkhave thāmo veditabbo, so ca kho dīghena addhunā na ittaraṃ. Manasikarotā no amanasikārā,​ paññavatā no duppaññenāti iti yantaṃ vuttaṃ idametaṃ paṭicca vuttaṃ. ​
 +
 +Sākacchāya bhikkhave paññā veditabbā, sā ca kho dīghena addhunā na ittaraṃ, manasikarotā no amanasikārā,​ paññavatā no duppaññenāti iti kho panetaṃ vuttaṃ, kiñcetaṃ paṭicca vuttaṃ?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave puggalo puggalena saddhiṃ sākacchāyamāno evaṃ jānāti: yathā kho imassa āyasmato ummaggo, yathā ca abhinīhāro,​ yathā pañhasamudācāro,​ duppañño ayamāyasmā nāyamāyasmā paññavā. Taṃ kissa hetu: tathā hi ayamāyasmā na ceva gambhīraṃ atthapadaṃ udāharati santaṃ paṇītaṃ atakkāvacaraṃ nipuṇaṃ paṇḍitavedanīyaṃ. Yañca ayamāyasmā dhammaṃ bhāsati, tassa ca na paṭibalo saṅkhittena vā vitthārena vā atthaṃ ācikkhituṃ desetuṃ paññapetuṃ paṭṭhapetuṃ vivarituṃ vibhajituṃ uttānīkātuṃ,​ duppañño ayamāyasmā nāyamāyasmā paññavā. <span bjt_page #​bjt.368>​[BJT page 368]</​span>​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave cakkhumā puriso udakarahadassa tīre ṭhito passeyya parittaṃ macchaṃ ummujjamānaṃ,​ tassa evamassa: yathā kho imassa macchassa ummaggo yathā ca ūmighāto yathā ca vegāyitattaṃ,​ paritto ayaṃ maccho, nāyaṃ maccho mahantoti. Evameva kho bhikkhave puggalo puggalena saddhiṃ sākacchāyamāno evaṃ jānāti: yathā kho imassa āyasmato ummaggo yathā ca abhinīhāro yathā ca pañhasamudācāro,​ duppañño ayamāyasmā,​ nāyamāyasmā paññavā. Taṃ kissa hetu: tathā hi ayamāyasmā na ceva gambhīraṃ atthapadaṃ udāharati santaṃ paṇītaṃ atakkāvacaraṃ nipuṇaṃ paṇḍitavedanīyaṃ. Yañca ayamāyasmā dhammaṃ bhāsati, tassa na paṭibalo saṅkhittena vā vitthārena vā atthaṃ ācikkhituṃ desetuṃ paññapetuṃ paṭṭhapetuṃ vivarituṃ vibhajituṃ uttānīkātuṃ. Duppañño ayamāyasmā,​ nāyamāyasmā paññavāti. ​
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave puggalo puggalena saddhiṃ sākacchāyamāno evaṃ jānāti: yathā kho imassa āyasmato ummaggo yathā ca abhinīhāro yathā ca pañhasamudācāro,​ paññavā ayamāyasmā,​ nāyamāyasmā duppañño. Taṃ kissa hetu: tathā hi ayamāyasmā gambhīraṃ ceva atthapadaṃ udāharati santaṃ paṇītaṃ atakkāvacaraṃ nipuṇaṃ paṇḍitavedanīyaṃ,​ yañca ayamāyasmā dhammaṃ bhāsati, tassa ca paṭibalo saṅkhittena vā vitthārena vā atthaṃ ācikkhituṃ. Desetuṃ paññapetuṃ paṭṭhapetuṃ vivarituṃ vibhajituṃ uttānīkātuṃ,​ paññavā ayamāyasmā,​ nāyamāyasmā duppañño. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi bhikkhave puriso udakarahadassa tīre ṭhito passeyya mahantaṃ macchaṃ ummujjamānaṃ,​ tassa <span pts_page #​pts.190>​[PTS page 190]</​span>​ evamassa: yathā kho imassa macchassa ummaggo yathā ca ūmighāto yathā ca vegāyitattaṃ,​ mahanto ayaṃ maccho nāyaṃ maccho parittoti. Evameva kho bhikkhave puggalo puggalena saddhiṃ sākacchāyamāno evaṃ jānāti: yathā kho imassa āyasmato ummaggo yathā ca abhinīhāro yathā ca pañhasamudācāro,​ paññavā ayamāyasmā,​ nāyamāyasmā duppañño taṃ kissa hetu: tathā hi ayamāyasmā gambhīraṃ ceva atthapadaṃ udāharati santaṃ paṇītaṃ atakkāvacaraṃ nipuṇaṃ paṇḍitavedanīyaṃ,​ yaṃ ca ayamāyasmā dhammaṃ bhāsati, tassa ca paṭibalo saṅkhittena vā vitthārena vā atthaṃ ācikkhituṃ desetuṃ paññapetuṃ paṭṭhapetuṃ vivarituṃ vibhajituṃ uttānīkātuṃ. Paññavā ayamāyasmā,​ nāyamāyasmā duppaññoti sākacchāya bhikkhave paññā veditabbā. Sā ca kho dīghena addhunā na ittaraṃ, manasikarotā no amanasikārā,​ paññavatā no duppaññenāti. Iti yantaṃ vuttaṃ, idametaṃ paṭicca vuttaṃ. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri ṭhānāni,​ imehi catūhi ṭhānehi veditabbānīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.370>​[BJT page 370]</​span>​
 +
 +==== (3. Bhaddiyasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.5.3>​[4.4.5.3]</​span>​ 43. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā vesāliyaṃ viharati mahāvane kūṭāgārasālāyaṃ. Atha kho bhaddiyo licchavi yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho bhaddiyo licchavi bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +Sutaṃ metaṃ bhante: māyāvī samaṇo gotamo āvaṭṭanīmāyaṃ jānāti, yāya aññatitthiyānaṃ sāvake āvaṭṭetīti. Ye te bhante evamāhaṃsu:​ "​māyāvī samaṇo gotamo āvaṭṭanīmāyaṃ jānāti, yāya aññatitthiyānaṃ sāvake āvaṭṭetī"​ ti. Kacci te bhante bhagavato vuttavādino,​ na ca bhagavantaṃ abhūtena abbhācikkhanti,​ dhammassa cānudhammaṃ byākaronti. Na ca koci sahadhammiko vādānupāto gārayhaṃ ṭhānaṃ āgacchati? Anabbhakkhātukāmā hi mayaṃ bhante bhagavantanti. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.191>​[PTS page 191]</​span>​ etha tumhe bhaddiya, mā anussavena, mā paramparāya,​ mā itikirāya, mā piṭakasampadānena,​ mā takkahetu, mā nayahetu, mā ākāraparivitakkena,​ mā diṭṭhinijjhānakkhantiyā,​ mā bhabbarūpatāya,​ mā samaṇo no garūti. Yadā tumhe bhaddiya attanāva jāneyyātha,​ ime dhammā akusalā, ime dhammā sāvajjā, ime dhammā viññūgarahitā,​ ime dhammā samattā samādinnā ahitāya dukkhāya saṃvattantīti. Atha tumhe bhaddiya pajaheyyātha. ​
 +
 +Taṃ kiṃ maññatha bhaddiya, lobho purisassa ajjhattaṃ uppajjamāno uppajjati hitāya vā ahitāya vāti? Ahitāya bhante. Luddho panāyaṃ bhaddiya, purisapuggalo lobhena abhibhūto pariyādinnacitto pāṇampi hanti, adinnampi ādiyati, paradārampi gacchati, musāpi bhaṇati, parampi tathattāya samādapeti. Yaṃ sa hoti dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāyāti?​ Evaṃ bhante. ​
 +
 +Taṃ kiṃ maññatha bhaddiya doso purisassa ajjhattaṃ uppajjamāno uppajjati hitāya vā ahitāya vāti? Ahitāya bhante. Duṭṭho panāyaṃ bhaddiya, purisapuggalo dosena abhibhūto pariyādinnacitto pāṇampi hanti, adinnampi ādiyati, paradārampi gacchati, musāpi bhaṇati, parampi tathattāya samādapeti. Yaṃ sa hoti dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāyāti?​ Evaṃ bhante. ​
 +
 +Taṃ kiṃ maññatha bhaddiya moho purisassa ajjhattaṃ uppajjamāno uppajjati hitāya vā ahitāya vāti? Ahitāya bhante. Mūḷho panāyaṃ bhaddiya, purisapuggalo mohena abhibhūto pariyādinnacitto pāṇampi hanti, adinnampi ādiyati, paradārampi gacchati, musāpi bhaṇati, parampi tathattāya samādapeti. Yaṃ sa hoti dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāyāti?​ Evaṃ bhante. ​
 +
 +Taṃ kiṃ maññatha bhaddiya, sārambho purisassa ajjhattaṃ uppajjamāno uppajjati hitāya vā ahitāya vāti? " Ahitāya bhante"​. Sārambho panāyaṃ bhaddiya, purisapuggalo sārambhena abhibhūto pariyādinnacitto pāṇampi hanti, adinnampi ādiyati, paradārampi gacchati, musāpi bhaṇati, parampi tathattāya samādapeti,​ yaṃ sa hoti dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāyāti?​ Evaṃ bhante. <span bjt_page #​bjt.372>​[BJT page 372]</​span>​
 +
 +//1. Āvaṭaṭaniṃ māyaṃ ​ machasaṃ. [anchor for fn ?]//
 +
 +Taṃ kiṃ maññatha bhaddiya, ime dhammā kusalā vā akusalā vāti? "​Akusalā bhante. " Sāvajjā vā anavajjā vāti? "​Sāvajjā bhante"​ viññūgarahitā vā viññuppasatthā vāti? "​Viññūgarahitā bhante"​ samattā samādinnā ahitāya dukkhāya saṃvattanti,​ no vā kathaṃ vā ettha hotīti? "​Samattā bhante samādinnā ahitāya dukkhāya saṃvattanti. Evaṃ no ettha hotī" ti. 
 +
 +Iti kho bhaddiya, yaṃ taṃ avocumha: etha tumhe bhaddiya, mā anussavena mā paramparāya,​ mā itikirāya, <span pts_page #​pts.192>​[PTS page 192]</​span>​ mā piṭakasampadānena,​ mā takkahetu, mā nayahetu, mā ākāraparivitakkena,​ mā diṭṭhinijjhānakkhantiyā,​ mā bhabbarūpatāya,​ mā samaṇo no garūti. Yadā tumhe bhaddiya attanāva jāneyyātha,​ ime dhammā akusalā, ime dhammā sāvajjā, ime dhammā viññūgarahitā,​ ime dhammā samattā samādinnā ahitāya dukkhāya saṃvattanti. Atha tumhe bhaddiya, pajaheyyāthāti iti yantaṃ vuttaṃ, idametaṃ paṭicca vuttaṃ. ​
 +
 +Etha tumhe bhaddiya, mā anussavena mā paramparāya mā itikirāya mā piṭakasampadānena mā takkahetu mā nayahetu mā ākāraparivitakkena mā diṭṭhinijjhānakkhantiyā mā bhabbarūpatāya mā samaṇo no garūti. Yadā tumhe bhaddiya, attanāva jāneyyātha:​ ime dhammā kusalā, ime dhammā anavajjā, ime dhammā viññuppasatthā,​ ime dhammā samattā samādinnā hitāya sukhāya saṃvattantīti atha tumhe bhaddiya, upasampajja vihareyyātha. ​
 +
 +Taṃ kiṃ maññatha bhaddiya, alobho purisassa ajjhattaṃ uppajjamāno uppajjati hitāya vā ahitāya vāti? "​Hitāya bhante"​. Aluddho panāyaṃ bhaddiya, purisapuggalo lobhena anabhibhūto apariyādinnacitto neva pāṇaṃ hanti. Na adinnaṃ ādiyati. Na paradāraṃ gacchati. Na musā bhaṇati. Parampi tathattāya samādapeti. Yaṃ sa hoti dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāyāti?​ "​Evaṃ bhante. "
 +
 +Kaṃ kiṃ maññatha bhaddiya, adoso purisassa ajjhattaṃ uppajjamāno uppajjati hitāya vā ahitāya vāti? "​Hitāya bhante."​ Aduṭṭho panāyaṃ bhaddiya, purisapuggalo dosena anabhibhūto apariyādinnacitto neva pāṇaṃ hanti. Na adinnaṃ ādiyati. Na paradāraṃ gacchati. Na musā bhaṇati. Parampi tathattāya samādapeti. Yaṃ sa hoti dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāya saṃvattatīti?​ "​Evambhante." ​
 +
 +Taṃ kiṃ maññatha bhaddiya, amoho purisassa ajjhattaṃ uppajjamāno uppajjati hitāya vā ahitāya vāti? "​Hitāya bhante."​ Amūḷho panāyaṃ bhaddiya, purisapuggalo mohena anabhibhūto apariyādinnacitto neva pāṇa hanti. Na adinnaṃ ādiyati. Na paradāraṃ gacchati. Na musā bhaṇati. Parampi tathattāya samādapeti. Yaṃ sa yoti dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāya saṃvattatīti?​ "​Evambhante."​.
 +
 +Taṃ kiṃ maññatha bhaddiya, asārambho purisassa ajjhattaṃ uppajjamāno uppajjati hitāya vā ahitāya vāti? "​Hitāya bhante"​ asārambho panāyaṃ bhaddiya, purisapuggalo sārambhena anabhibhūto apariyādinnacitto neva pāṇaṃ hanti. Na adinnaṃ ādiyati. Na paradāraṃ gacchati. Na musā bhaṇati. Parampi tathattāya samādapeti. Yaṃ sa hoti dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāya saṃvattatīti?​ "​Evambhante"'​. <span bjt_page #​bjt.374>​[BJT page 374]</​span>​
 +
 +Taṃ kiṃ maññatha bhaddiya, ime dhammā kusalā vā akusalā vāti? "​Kusalā bhante"​ sāvajjā vā anavajjā vāti? Anavajjā bhante. Viññūgarahitā vā viññuppasatthā vāti? "​Viññuppasatthā bhante"​ <span pts_page #​pts.193>​[PTS page 193]</​span>​ samattā samādinnā hitāya sukhāya saṃvattanti,​ no vā kathaṃ vā ettha hotīti? Samattā bhante samādinnā hitāya sukhāya saṃvattanti. Evaṃ no ettha hotī" ti. 
 +
 +Iti kho bhaddiya, yantaṃ avocumha "etha tumhe bhaddiya, mā anussavena mā paramparāya mā itikirāya mā piṭakasampadānena mā takkahetu mā nayahetu mā ākāraparivitakkena mā diṭṭhinijjhānakkhantiyā mā bhabbarūpatāya mā samaṇo no garūti. " Yadā tumhe bhaddiya, "​attanāva jāneyyātha ime dhammā anavajjā ime dhammā viññuppasatthā ime dhammā samattā samādinnā hitāya sukhāya saṃvattantīti"​. Atha tumhe bhaddiya, upasampajja vīhareyyāthā"​ ti iti yantaṃ vuttaṃ idametaṃ paṭicca vuttaṃ. ​
 +
 +Ye kho te bhaddiya, loke santo sappurisā, te sāvakaṃ evaṃ samādapenti:​ ehi tvaṃ ambho purisa, lobhaṃ vineyya vineyya viharāhi, lobhaṃ vineyya vineyya viharanto na lobhajaṃ kammaṃ karissasi, kāyena vācā manasā. Dosaṃ vineyya vineyya viharāhi, dosaṃ vineyya vineyya viharanto na dosajaṃ kammaṃ karissasi kāyena vācā manasā. Mohaṃ vineyya vineyya viharāhi, mohaṃ vineyya vineyya viharanto na mohajaṃ kammaṃ karissasi kāyena vācā manasā. Sārambhaṃ vineyya vineyya viharāhi, sārambhaṃ vineyya vineyya viharanto na sārambhajaṃ kammaṃ karissasi kāyena vācā manasāti. ​
 +
 +Evaṃ vutte bhaddiyo licchavi bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: abhikkantaṃ bhante, seyyathāpi bhante, nikkujjitaṃ vā ukkujjeyya, paṭicchannaṃ vā vivareyya, mūḷhassa vā maggaṃ ācikkheyya,​ andhakāre vā telapajjotaṃ dhāreyya cakkhumanto rūpāni dakkhintīti,​ evameva bhotā bhante anekapariyāyena dhammo pakāsito. Esāhaṃ bhagavantaṃ gotamaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi. Dhammaṃ ca bhikkhusaṅghaṃ ca. Upāsakaṃ maṃ bhante bhagavā dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaṃ saraṇaṃ gatanti. ​
 +
 +Api nu tāhaṃ bhaddiya, evaṃ avacaṃ: "ehi me tvaṃ bhaddiya sāvako hohi ahaṃ satthā bhavissāmī"​ ti no hetaṃ bhante. Evaṃ vādiṃ kho maṃ bhaddiya evamakkhāyiṃ eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā asatā tucchā musā abhūtena abbhācikkhanti:​ māyāvī samaṇo gotamo āvattanīmāyaṃ jānāti yāya aññatitthiyānaṃ sāvake āvaṭṭetīti. ​
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.194>​[PTS page 194]</​span>​ bhaddikā bhante āvaṭṭanīmāyā. Kalyāṇī bhante āvaṭṭanīmāyā. Piyā me bhante ñātisālohitā imāya āvaṭṭaniyā āvaṭṭeyyuṃ. Piyānampi me assa ñātisālohitānaṃ dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāya. Sabbe cepi bhante khattiyā imāya āvaṭṭaniyā āvaṭṭeyyuṃ,​ sabbesampassa khattiyānaṃ dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāya. Sabbe vepi bhante brāhmaṇā imāya āvaṭṭaniyā āvaṭṭeyyuṃ,​ sabbesampassa brāhmaṇānaṃ dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāya. Sabbe vepi bhante vessā imāya āvaṭṭaniyā āvaṭṭeyyuṃ,​ sabbesampassa vessānaṃ dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāya. Sabbe cepi bhante suddā imāya āvaṭṭaniyā āvaṭṭeyyuṃ,​ sabbesampassa suddānaṃ dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāyāti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.376>​[BJT page 376]</​span> ​
 +
 +Evametaṃ bhaddiya, evametaṃ bhaddiya, sabbecepi bhaddiya, khattiyā āvaṭṭeyyuṃ akusaladhammappahānāya kusaladhammūpasampadāya,​ sabbesampassa khattiyānaṃ dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāya. Sabbe cepi bhaddiya brāhmaṇā,​ āvaṭṭeyyuṃ akusaladhammappahānāya kusaladhammūpasampadāya,​ sabbesampassa brāhmaṇānaṃ dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāya. Sabbecepi bhaddiya vessā āvaṭṭeyyuṃ akusaladhammappahānāya kusaladhammūpasampadāya,​ sabbesampassa vessānaṃ dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāya. Sabbecepi suddā āvaṭṭeyyuṃ akusaladhammappahānāya kusaladhammūpasampadāya,​ sabbesampassa suddānaṃ dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāya. Sadevako cepi bhaddiya loko samārako sabrahmako, sassamaṇabrāhmaṇī pajā sadevamanussā āvaṭṭeyyuṃ akusaladhammappahānāya kusaladhammūpasampadāya,​ sadevakassa lokassa samārakassa sabrahmakassa sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāya. Ime cepi bhaddiya mahāsālā imāya āvaṭṭaniyā āvaṭṭeyyuṃ akusaladhammappahānāya kusaladhammūpasampadāya. Imesampassa mahāsālānaṃ dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāya sace ceteyyuṃ. Ko pana vādo manussabhūtassāti. ​
 +
 +==== (4. Sāpūgiyasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.5.4>​[4.4.5.4]</​span>​ 44. Ekaṃ samayaṃ āyasmā ānando koḷiyesu viharati sāpugannāma.((Sāmūgaṃ. Nāma, machasaṃ.)) Koḷiyānaṃ nigamo. Atha kho sambahulā sāpūgiyā koḷiyaputtā yena āyasmā ānando tenupasaṅkamiṃsu. Upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ ānandaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Ekamantaṃ nisinne kho sāpūgiye koḷiyaputte āyasmā ānando etadavoca:
 +
 +Cattārimāni byagghapajjā pārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgāni tena bhagavatā jānatā passatā arahatā <span pts_page #​pts.195>​[PTS page 195]</​span>​ sammāsambuddhena sammadakkhātāni sattānaṃ visuddhiyā sokapariddavānaṃ samatikkamāya dukkhadomanassānaṃ atthagamāya ñāyassa adhigamāya nibbānassa sacchikiriyāya. Katamāni cattāri?
 +
 +Sīlapārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgaṃ cittapārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgaṃ diṭṭhipārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgaṃ vimuttipārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamañca byagghapajjā sīlapārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgaṃ?​ Idha byagghapajjā bhikkhu sīlavā hoti pātimokkhasaṃvarasaṃvuto viharati ācāragocarasampanno aṇumattesu vajjesu bhayadassāvī samādāya sikkhati sikkhāpadesu. Ayaṃ vuccati byagghapajjā sīlapārisuddhi. Iti evarūpiṃ sīlapārisuddhiṃ aparipūriṃ vā paripūressāmi,​ paripūriṃ vā tattha tattha paññāya anuggahessāmīti,​ yo tattha chando ca vāyāmo ca ussāho ca ussoḷhi ca appaṭivānī ca sati ca sampajaññaṃ ca. Idaṃ vuccati byagghapajjā sīlapārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgaṃ.
 +
 +Katamañca byagghapajjā cittapārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgaṃ?​ Idha byagghapajjā bhikkhu vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampajāno. Sukhañca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti yantaṃ ariyā ācikkhanti upekkhako satimā sukhavihārīti tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Sukhassa ca pahāṇā dukkhassa ca pahāṇā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthagamā adukkhaṃ asukhaṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhi catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati byagghapajjā cittapārisuddhi. Iti evarūpiṃ cittapārisuddhiṃ aparipūriṃ vā paripūressāmi,​ paripūriṃ vā tattha tattha paññāya anuggahessāmīti. Yo tattha chando ca vāyāmo ca ussāho ca ussoḷhi ca appaṭivānī ca sati ca sampajaññaṃ ca. Idaṃ vuccati byagghapajjā cittapārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgaṃ. <span bjt_page #​bjt.378>​[BJT page 378]</​span>​
 +
 +Katamañca byagghapajjā diṭṭhipārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgaṃ?​ Idha byagghapajjā bhikkhu idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ vuccati byagghapajjā diṭṭhipārisuddhi. Iti evarūpiṃ diṭṭhipārisuddhiṃ aparipūriṃ vā paripūressāmi paripūriṃ vā tattha tattha paññāya anuggahessāmīti yo tattha chando va vāyāmo ca ussāho ca ussoḷhi ca appaṭivānī ca sati ca sampajaññaṃ ca. Idaṃ vuccati byagghapajjā diṭṭhipārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgaṃ. ​
 +
 +Katamañca byagghapajjā vimuttipārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgaṃ?​ Sa kho so byagghapajjā ariyasāvako iminā ca sīlapārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgena samannāgato iminā ca <span pts_page #​pts.196>​[PTS page 196]</​span>​ cittapārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgena samannāgato iminā ca diṭṭhipārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgena samannāgato rajanīyesu dhammesu cittaṃ virājeti, vimocanīyesu dhammesu cittaṃ vimocayati, so rajanīyesu dhammesu cittaṃ virājetvā vimocanīyesu dhammesu cittaṃ vimocetvā sammā vimuttiṃ phusati. Ayaṃ vuccati byagghapajjā vimuttipārisuddhi. Iti evarūpiṃ vimuttipārisuddhiṃ aparipūriṃ vā paripūressāmi paripūriṃ vā tattha tattha paññāya anuggahessāmīti yo tattha chando ca vāyāmo ca ussāho na ca ussoḷhi ca appaṭivānī ca sati ca sampajaññaṃ ca. Idaṃ vuccati byagghapajjā vimuttipārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgaṃ. ​
 +
 +Imāni kho byagghapajjā cattāri pārisuddhipadhāniyaṅgāni,​ tena bhagavatā jānatā passatā arahatā sammāsambuddhena sammadakkhātāni sattānaṃ visuddhiyā sokapariddavānaṃ samatikkamāya dukkhadomanassānaṃ atthagamāya ñāyassa adhigamāya nibbānassa sacchikiriyāyāti. ​
 +
 +==== (5. Vappasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.5.5>​[4.4.5.5]</​span>​ 45. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sakkesu viharati kapilavatthusmiṃ nigrodhārāme. Atha kho vappo sakko nigaṇṭhasāvako yena āyasmā mahāmoggallāno tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ mahāmoggallānaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinnaṃ kho vappaṃ sakkaṃ nigaṇṭhasāvakaṃ āyasmā mahāmoggallāno etadavoca: ​
 +
 +Idhassa vappa kāyena saṃvuto vācāya saṃvuto manasā saṃvuto avijjāvirāgā vijjuppādā. Passasi no tvaṃ vappa taṃ ṭhānaṃ yato nidānaṃ purisaṃ dukkhavedanīyā āsavā assaveyyuṃ abhisamparāyantī?​ Passāmahaṃ bhante taṃ ṭhānaṃ;​ idhassa bhante pubbe pāpakammaṃ kataṃ avipakkavipākaṃ tato nidānaṃ purisaṃ dukkhavedanīyā āsavā assaveyyuṃ abhisamparāyanti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.380>​[BJT page 380]</​span>​
 +
 +Ayañca kho panāyasmato mahāmoggallānassa vappena sakkena nigaṇṭhasāvakena saddhiṃ kathā vippakatā hoti. Atha kho bhagavā sāyanhasamayaṃ patisallānā <span pts_page #​pts.197>​[PTS page 197]</​span>​ vuṭṭhito yenupaṭṭhānasālā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi. Nisajja kho bhagavā āyasmantaṃ mahāmoggallānaṃ etadavoca: kāya nuttha moggallāna etarahi kathāya sannisinnā kā ca pana vo antarā kathā vippakatāti. ​
 +
 +Idāhaṃ bhante vappaṃ sakkaṃ nigaṇṭhasāvakaṃ etadavocaṃ:​ idhassa vappa kāyena saṃvuto vācāya saṃvuto manasā saṃvuto avijjāvirāgā vijjuppādā. Passasi no tvaṃ vappa taṃ ṭhānaṃ yato nidānaṃ purisaṃ dukkhavedanīyā āsavā assaveyyuṃ abhisamparāyanti?​ Evaṃ vutte bhante vappo sakko nigaṇṭhasāvako maṃ etadavoca: passāmahaṃ bhante taṃ ṭhānaṃ:​ idhassa bhante pubbe pāpakammaṃ kataṃ avipakkavipākaṃ tato nidānaṃ purisaṃ dukkhavedanīyā āsavā assaveyyuṃ abhisamparāyanti. Ayaṃ kho bhante vappena sakkena nigaṇṭhasāvakena saddhiṃ kathā vippakatā, atha bhagavā anuppattoti. ​
 +
 +Atha kho bhagavā vappaṃ sakkaṃ nigaṇṭhasāvakaṃ etadavoca: sace kho me tvaṃ vappa anuññeyyañceva anujāneyyāsi,​ paṭikkositabbañca paṭikkoseyyāsi,​ yassa ca me bhāsitassa atthaṃ na jāneyyāsi,​ mamevettha uttariṃ paṭipuccheyyāsi:​ idaṃ bhante kathaṃ, imassa ko attho?Ti siyā no ettha kathāsallāpoti. ​
 +
 +Anuññeyyaṃ cevāhaṃ bhante bhagavato anujānissāmi. Paṭikkositabbañca paṭikkosissāmi. Yassa cāhaṃ bhagavato bhāsitassa atthaṃ na jānissāmi,​ bhagavantaṃ yevettha uttariṃ paṭipucchissāmi:​ idaṃ bhante kathaṃ imassa kvatthoti? Hotu no ettha kathāsallāpoti. ​
 +
 +Taṃ kiṃ maññasi vappa, ye kāyasamārambhapaccayā uppajjanti āsavā vighātapariḷāhā kāyasamārambhā paṭiviratassa evaṃsa te āsavā vighātapariḷāhā na honti. So navañca kammaṃ na karoti. Purāṇañca kammaṃ phussa <span pts_page #​pts.198>​[PTS page 198]</​span>​ phussa byantīkaroti. Sandiṭṭhikā nijjarā akālikā ehipassikā opanayikā paccattaṃ veditabbā viññūhīti. Passasi no tvaṃ vappa taṃ ṭhānaṃ yato nidānaṃ purisaṃ dukkhavedanīyā āsavā assaveyyuṃ abhisamparāyanti?​ No hetaṃ bhante. ​
 +
 +Taṃ kiṃ maññasi vappa, ye vacīsamārambhapaccayā upapajjanti āsavā vighātapariḷāhā. Vacīsamārambhā paṭiviratassa evaṃsa te āsavā vighātapariḷāhā na honti. So navañca kammaṃ na karoti. Purāṇañca kammaṃ phussa phussa byantīkaroti. Sandiṭṭhikā nijjarā akālikā ehipassikā opanayikā paccattaṃ veditabbā viññūhīti. Passasi no tvaṃ vappa taṃ ṭhānaṃ yato nidānaṃ purisaṃ dukkhavedanīyā āsavā assaveyyuṃ abhisamparāyanti?​ No hetaṃ bhante. <span bjt_page #​bjt.382>​[BJT page 382]</​span>​
 +
 +Taṃ kiṃ maññasi vappa, ye manosamārambhapaccayā upapajjanti āsavā vighātapariḷāhā manosamārambhā paṭiviratassa evaṃsa te āsavā vighātapariḷāhā na honti. So navañca kammaṃ na karoti. Purāṇañca kammaṃ phussa phussa byantīkaroti. Sandiṭṭhikā nijjarā akālikā ehipassikā opanayikā paccattaṃ veditabbā viññūhīti. Passasi no tvaṃ vappa taṃ ṭhānaṃ yatho nidānaṃ purisaṃ dukkhavedanīyā āsavā assaveyyuṃ abhisamparāyanti?​ No hetaṃ bhante. ​
 +
 +Taṃ kiṃ maññasi vappa, ye avijjāpaccayā uppajjanti āsavā vighātapariḷāhā. Avijjāvirāgā vijjuppādā evaṃsa te āsavā vighātapariḷāhā na honti. So navañca kammaṃ na karoti. Purāṇañca kammaṃ phussa phussa byantīkaroti sandiṭṭhikā nijjarā akālikā ehipassikā opanayikā paccattaṃ veditabbā viññūhīti. Passasi no tvaṃ vappa taṃ ṭhānaṃ yato nidānaṃ purisaṃ dukkhavedanīyā āsavā assaveyyuṃ abhisamparāyanti?​ No hetaṃ bhante. ​
 +
 +Evaṃ sammā vimuttacittassa kho vappa bhikkhuno cha santatavihārā adhigatā honti. So cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā neva sumano hoti. Na dummano upekkhako viharati sato sampajāno. Sotena saddaṃ sutvā neva sumano hoti. Na dummano upekkhako viharati sato sampajāno. Ghānena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā neva sumano hoti. Na dummano upekkhako viharati sato sampajāno. Jivhāya rasaṃ sāyitvā neva sumano hoti, na dummano upekkhako viharati sato sampajāno. Kāyena poṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā neva sumano hoti.Na dummano upekkhako viharati sato sampajāno. Manasā dhammaṃ viññāya neva sumano hoti na dummano upekkhako viharati sato sampajāno. So kāyapariyantikaṃ vedanaṃ vediyamāno kāyapariyantikaṃ vedanaṃ vediyāmīti pajānāti. Jīvitapariyantikaṃ vedanaṃ vediyamāno jīvitapariyantikaṃ vedanaṃ vediyāmīti pajānāti. Kāyassa bhedā uddhaṃ jīvitapariyādānā idheva sabbavedayitāni anabhinanditāni sītibhavissantīti pajānāti. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi vappa thūṇaṃ paṭicca chāyā paññāyati. Atha <span pts_page #​pts.199>​[PTS page 199]</​span>​ puriso āgaccheyya kuddālapiṭakaṃ((Kudālapikaṃ ​ machasaṃ.)) ādāya. So taṃ thūṇaṃ mūle chindeyya. Mūle chetvā.((Mūle chinditvā ​ machasaṃ.)) Paḷikhaṇeyya. Paḷikhaṇitvā mūlānī uddhareyya. Antamaso usīranāḷa.((Usīranāḷimattānipi machasaṃ.)) Mattānipi. So taṃ thūṇaṃ khaṇḍākhaṇḍikaṃ chindeyya, khaṇḍākhaṇḍikaṃ chetvā phāleyya. Phāletvā sakalikaṃ sakalikaṃ kareyya. Sakalikaṃ sakalikaṃ karitvā.((Katvā ​ machasaṃ.)) Vātātape visoseyya. Vātātape visosetvā agginā ḍaheyya. Agginā ḍahitvā.((Ḍahetvā ​ machasaṃ.)) Masiṃ kareyya. Masiṃ karitvā mahāvāte vā opuneyya. Nadiyā vā sīghasotāya pavāheyya. Evaṃ hissa vappa yā thūṇaṃ paṭicca chāyā, sā ucchinnamūlā tālāvatthukatā anabhāvakatā āyatiṃ anuppādadhammā. ​
 +
 +Evameva kho vappa evaṃ sammā vimuttacittassa bhikkhuno cha santatavihārā adhigatā hontī: so cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā neva sumano hoti, na dummano upekkhako viharati sato sampajāno. So cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā neva sumano hoti. Na dummano upekkhako viharati sato sampajāno. Sotena saddaṃ sutvā neva sumano hoti. Na dummano upekkhako viharati sato sampajāno. Ghānena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā neva sumano hoti. Na dummano upekkhako viharati sato sampajāno. Jivhāya rasaṃ sāyitvā neva sumano hoti, na dummano upekkhako viharati sato sampajāno. Kāyena poṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā neva sumano hoti.Na dummano upekkhako viharati sato sampajāno manasā dhammaṃ viññāya neva sumano hoti na dummano upekkhako viharati sato sampajāno. So kāyapariyantikaṃ vedanaṃ vediyamāno kāyapariyantikaṃ vedanaṃ vediyāmīti pajānāti. Jīvitapariyantikaṃ vedanaṃ vediyamāno jīvitapariyantikaṃ vedanaṃ vediyāmīti pajānāti. Kāyassa bhedā uddhaṃ jīvitapariyādānā idheva sabbavedayitāni anabhinanditāni sītibhavissantīti pajānātīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.384>​[BJT page 384]</​span>​
 +
 +Evaṃ vutte vappo sakko nigaṇṭhasāvako bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: seyyathāpi bhante puriso udayatthiko assapaṇiyaṃ poseyya, so udayañceva na labheyya, uttariṃ ca kilamathassa vighātassa bhāgī assa. Evameva kho ahaṃ bhante udayatthiko bāle nigaṇṭhe payirupāsiṃ. Sohaṃ.((Svāhā.)) Udayañceva nādhigacchiṃ.((Machasaṃ.)) Uttariñca kilamathassa vighātassa bhāgī ahosiṃ. Esāhaṃ bhante ajjatagge yo me bālesu nigaṇṭhesu sampasādo, taṃ mahāvāte vā opunāmi, nadiyā vā sīghasotāya pavāhemi. Abhikkantaṃ bhante, abhikkantaṃ bhante, seyyathāpi bhante nikkujjitaṃ vā ukkujjeyya, paṭicchannaṃ vā vivareyya, mūlhassa vā maggaṃ ācikkheyya,​ andhakāre vā telapajjetaṃ dhareyya, cakkhumanto rūpāni evameva bhante bhagavatā anekapariyāyena dhammo pakāsito. Esāhaṃ bhante bhagavantaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi dhammañca bhikkhusaṅghañca. Upāsakaṃ maṃ <span pts_page #​pts.200>​[PTS page 200]</​span>​ bhante bhagavā dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaṃ saraṇaṃ gatanti. ​
 +
 +==== (6. Sāḷhasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.5.6>​[4.4.5.6]</​span>​ 46. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā vesāliyaṃ viharati mahāvane kūṭāgārasālāyaṃ. Atha kho sāḷho ca licchavi abhayo ca licchavi yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkamiṃsu. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho sāḷho licchavi bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: santi bhante eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā dvayena oghassa nittharaṇaṃ paññāpenti sīlavisuddhihetu ca tapojigucchāhetu ca. Idha bhante bhagavā kimāhāti?
 +
 +Sīlavisuddhiṃ kho ahaṃ sāḷhā aññataraṃ sāmaññaṅganti vadāmi. Ye te sāḷhā samaṇabrāhmaṇā tapojigucchāvādā tapojigucchāsārā tapojigucchaṃ allīnā viharanti, abhabbā te oghassa nittharaṇāya. Yepi te sāḷhā samaṇabrāhmaṇā aparisuddhakāyasamācārā aparisuddhavacīsamācārā aparisuddhamanosamācārā aparisuddhājīvā,​ abhabbā te ñāṇadassanāya anuttarāya sambodhāya. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi sāḷhā puriso nadiṃ taritukāmo tiṇhaṃ kuṭhāriṃ ādāya vanaṃ paviseyya, so tattha passeyya mahatiṃ sālalaṭṭhiṃ ujuṃ navaṃ akukkukajātaṃ.((Akukkuccajātaṃ ​ machasaṃ. Akukkuccakajātaṃ ​ syā.Nādhigacchesyaṃ,​ machasaṃ.)) Tamenaṃ mūle chindeyya, mūle chetvā agge chindeyya, agge chetvā sākhāpalāsaṃ suvisodhitaṃ visodheyya, sākhāpalāsaṃ suvisodhitaṃ visodhetvā kuṭhārīhi taccheyya, kuṭhārīhi taccheyya, kuṭhārīhi tacchetvā vāsīhi taccheyya, vāsīhi tacchetvā lekhaniyā likheyya, lekhaniyā likhitvā pāsāṇaguḷena dhopeyya.((Dhoveyya ​ machasaṃ.)) Pāsāṇaguḷena dhopetvā nadiṃ patāreyya. Taṃ kiṃ maññasi sāḷhā bhabbo nu kho so puriso nadiṃ taritunti "no hetaṃ bhante"​. Taṃ kissa hetu? Asu hi bhante sālalaṭṭhi bahiddhā <span pts_page #​pts.201>​[PTS page 201]</​span>​ suparikammakatā anto avisuddhā. Tassetaṃ pāṭikaṅkhaṃ:​ sālalaṭṭhi saṃsīdissati,​ puriso anayabyasanaṃ āpajjissatīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.386>​[BJT page 386]</​span>​
 +
 +Evameva kho sāḷhā ye te samaṇabrāhmaṇā tapojigucchāvādā tapojigucchāsārā tapojigucchaṃ allīnā viharanti, abhabbā te oghassa nittharaṇāya. Yepi te sāḷhā samaṇabrāhmaṇā aparisuddhakāyasamācārā aparisuddhavacīsamācārā aparisuddhamanosamācārā aparisuddhājīvā,​ abhabbā ñāṇadassanāya anuttarāya sambodhāya. ​
 +
 +Ye ca kho te sāḷhā samaṇabrāhmaṇā na tapojigucchāvādā na tapojigucchāsārā na tapojigucchaṃ allīnā viharanti, bhabbā te oghassa nittharaṇāya. Yepi te sāḷhā samaṇabrāhmaṇā parisuddhakāyasamācārā parisuddhavacīsamācārā parisuddhamanosamācārā parisuddhājīvā,​ bhabbā te ñāṇadassanāya anuttarāya sambodhāya. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi sāḷhā puriso nadiṃ taritukāmo tiṇhaṃ kuṭhāriṃ ādāya vanaṃ paviseyya, so tattha passeyya mahatiṃ sālalaṭṭhiṃ ujuṃ navaṃ akukkuccakajātaṃ((* '​Uju'​ navaṃ akukkukajāta'​nti majjhimāgamādisu kadalikkhandhādiṃ sandhāya bhāsitaṃ. )) tamenaṃ mūle chindeyya, mūle chetvā agge chindeyya, agge chetvā sākhāpalāsaṃ suvisodhitaṃ visodheyya, sākhāpalāsaṃ suvisodhitaṃ visodhetvā kuṭhārīhi taccheyya, kuṭhārīhi tacchetvā vāsīhi taccheyya, vāsīhi tacchetvā nikhādanaṃ ādāya anto suvisodhitaṃ visodheyya, anto suvisodhitaṃ visodhetvā lekhaniyā likheyya, lekhaniyā likhitvā pāsāṇaguḷena dhopeyya, pāsāṇaguḷena dhopetvā nāvaṃ kareyya, nāvaṃ karitvā piyārittaṃ bandheyya, piyārittaṃ bandhitvā nadiṃ patāreyya, taṃ kiṃ maññasi sāḷhā bhabbo nu kho so puriso nadiṃ taritunti? Evaṃ bhante. Taṃ kissa hetu? Asu hi bhante sālalaṭṭhi bahiddhā suparikammakatā anto susuddhā nāvā katā, piyārittaṃ baddhā. Tassetaṃ pāṭikaṅkhaṃ:​ nāvā na saṃsīdissati. Puriso sotthinā pāraṃ gamissatīti. ​
 +
 +Evameva kho sāḷhā ye te samaṇabrāhmaṇā na tapojigucchāvādā na tapojigucchāsārā na tapojigucchaṃ allīnā viharanti, bhabbā te oghassa nittharaṇāya. Yepi te sāḷhā samaṇabrāhmaṇā <span pts_page #​pts.202>​[PTS page 202]</​span>​ parisuddhakāyasamācārā parisuddhavacīsamācārā parisuddhamanosamācārā parisuddhājīvā,​ bhabbā te ñāṇadassanāya anuttarāya sambodhāya. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi sāḷhā yodhājīvo bahūnī cepi kaṇḍacittakāni jānāti, atha kho so tīhi ṭhānehi rājāraho hoti rājabhoggo. Rañño aṅgantveva saṅkhaṃ gacchati. Katamehi tīhi? Dūre pātī ca, akkhaṇavedhī ca, mahato ca kāyassa padāletā. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi sāḷhā yodhājīvo dūre pātī, evameva kho sāḷhā ariyasāvako sammāsamādhi hoti. Sammāsamādhi sāḷhā ariyasāvako yaṃ kiñci rūpaṃ atītānāgatapaccuppannaṃ ajjhattaṃ vā bahiddhā vā oḷārikaṃ vā sukhumaṃ vā hīnaṃ vā paṇītaṃ vā yaṃ dūre santike vā sabbaṃ rūpaṃ netaṃ mama nesohamasmi,​ na meso attāti, evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passati. Yā kāci vedanā atītānāgatapaccuppannaṃ ajjhattaṃ vā bahiddhā vā oḷārikaṃ vā sukhumaṃ vā hīnaṃ vā paṇītaṃ vā yaṃ dūre santike vā sabbā vedanā netaṃ mama nesohamasmi. Na meso attāti, evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passati. Yā kāci saññā atītānāgatapaccuppannaṃ ajjhattaṃ vā bahiddhā vā oḷārikaṃ vā sukhumaṃ vā hīnaṃ vā paṇītaṃ vā yaṃ dūre santike vā sabbā saññā netaṃ mama nesohamasmi,​ na meso attāti evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passati. Ye keci saṅkhārā atītānāgatapaccuppannaṃ ajjhattaṃ vā bahiddhā vā oḷārikaṃ vā sukhumaṃ vā hīnaṃ vā paṇītaṃ vā yaṃ dūre santike vā sabbā saṅkhārā netaṃ mama nesohamasmi. Na meso attāti evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passati. Yaṃ kiñci viññāṇaṃ atītānāgatapaccuppannaṃ ajjhattaṃ vā bahiddhā vā oḷārikaṃ vā sukhumaṃ vā hīnaṃ vā paṇītaṃ vā yaṃ dūre santike vā sabbaṃ viññāṇaṃ netaṃ mama, nesohamasmi,​ na meso attāti evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.388>​[BJT page 388]</​span>​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi sāḷhā yodhājīvo akkhaṇavedhī,​ evameva kho sāḷhā ariyasāvako sammādiṭṭhi hoti. Sammādiṭṭhī sāḷhā ariyasāvako '​idaṃ dukkha'​nti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayo'​ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. '​Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti'​ yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Sāḷhā ' ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadā'​ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. ​
 +
 +Seyyathāpi sāḷhā yodhājīvo mahato kāyassa padāletā, evameva kho sāḷhā ariyasāvako sammāvimuttī hoti. Sammāvimuttī sāḷhā ariyasāvako mahantaṃ avijjākkhandhaṃ padāletīti. ​
 +
 +==== (7. Mallikāsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.5.7>​[4.4.5.7]</​span>​ 47. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme. Atha kho mallikā devī yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinnā kho mallikā devī bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:
 +
 +<span pts_page #​pts.203>​[PTS page 203]</​span>​ ko nu kho bhante hetu ko paccayo, yena midhekacco mātugāmo dubbaṇṇā ca hoti durūpā supāpikā dassanāya, daḷiddā ca hoti appassakā appabhogā appesakkhā ca?
 +
 +Ko pana bhante hetu ko paccayo, yena midhekacco mātugāmo dubabaṇṇā ca hoti durūpā supāpikā dassanāya, aḍḍhā ca hoti mahaddhanā mahābhogā mahesakkhā ca?
 +
 +Ko nu kho bhante hetu ko paccayo, yena midhekacco mātugāmo abhirūpā hoti dassanīyā pāsādikā paramāya vaṇṇapokkharatāya samannāgatā,​ daḷiddā ca hoti appassakā appabhogā appesakkhā ca?
 +
 +Ko pana bhante hetu ko paccayo, yena midhekacco mātugāmo abhirūpā ca hoti dassanīyā pāsādikā paramāya vaṇṇapokkharatāya samannāgatā,​ aḍḍhā ca hoti mahaddhanā mahābhogā mahesakkhā cāti? ​
 +
 +Idha mallike ekacco mātugāmo kodhanā hoti upāyāsabahulā appampi vuttā samānā abhisajjati kuppati byāpajjati patitthīyati. Kopañca dosañca appaccayañca pātukaroti. Sā hoti na dātā samaṇassa vā brāhmaṇassa vā annaṃ pānaṃ vatthaṃ yānaṃ mālāgandhavilepanaṃ seyyāvasathapadīpeyyaṃ,​ issāmanikā kho pana hoti paralābhasakkāra garukāramānanavandanapūjanāsu. Issati upadussati issaṃ bandhati. Sā ce tato cutā itthattaṃ āgacchati. Sā yattha yattha paccājāyati,​ dubbaṇṇā ca hoti durūpā ca supāpikā dassanāya, daḷiddā ca hoti appassakā appabhogā appesakkhā ca. <span bjt_page #​bjt.390>​[BJT page 390]</​span>​
 +
 +Idha pana mallike ekacco mātugāmo kodhanā hoti upāyāsabahulā appampi vuttā samānā abhisajjati kuppati byāpajjati patitthīyati. Kopañca dosañca appaccayañca pātukaroti. Sā dātā hoti samaṇassa vā brāhmaṇassa vā annaṃ pānaṃ vatthaṃ yānaṃ mālāgandhavilepanaṃ seyyāvasathapadīpeyyaṃ. Anissāmanikā kho pana hoti paralābhasakkāragarukāramānanavandanapūjanāsu. Na issati na upadussati na issaṃ bandhati. Sā ce tato cutā itthattaṃ āgacchati, sā yattha yattha paccājāyati,​ dubbaṇṇā ca hoti durūpā supāpikā dassanāya. Aḍḍhā ca hoti mahaddhanā mahābhogā mahesakkhā ca. 
 +
 +Idha pana mallike ekacco mātugāmo akkodhanā hoti anupāyāsabahulā bahumpi vuttā samānā nābhisajjati na kuppati na byāpajjati na patitthīyati. Na kopañca dosañca appaccayañca pātukaroti. Sā na dātā hoti samaṇassa vā brāhmaṇassa vā annaṃ pānaṃ vatthaṃ yānaṃ mālāgandhavilepanaṃ seyyāvasathapadīpeyyaṃ. Issāmanikā kho pana hoti. Paralābhasakkāragarukāramānanavandanapūjanāsu. Issati upadussati issaṃ bandhati. Sā ce tato cutā itthattaṃ āgacchati, sā yattha <span pts_page #​pts.204>​[PTS page 204]</​span>​ yattha paccājāyati,​ abhirūpā ca hoti dassanīyā pāsādikā paramāya vaṇṇapokkharatāya samannāgatā. Daḷiddā ca hoti appassakā appabhogā appesakkhā ca. 
 +
 +Idha pana mallike ekacco mātugāmo akkodhanā hoti anupāyāsabahulā bahumpi vuttā samānā nābhisajjati na kuppati na byāpajjati na patitthīyati. Na kopañca dosañca appaccayañca pātukaroti. Sā dātā hoti samaṇassa vā brāhmaṇassa vā annaṃ pānaṃ vatthaṃ yānaṃ mālāgandhavilepanaṃ seyyāvasathapadīpeyyaṃ. Anissāmanikā kho pana hoti paralābhasakkāragarukāramānanavandanapūjanāsu na issati na upadussati na issaṃ bandhati. Sā ce tato cutā itthattaṃ āgacchati, sā yattha yattha paccājāyati abhirūpā ca hoti dassanīyā pāsādikā paramāya vaṇṇapokkharatāya samannāgatā. Aḍḍhā ca hoti mahaddhanā mahābhogā mahesakkhā ca. 
 +
 +Ayaṃ kho mallike hetu ayaṃ paccayo yena midhekacco mātugāmo dubbaṇṇā ca hoti durūpā supāpikā dassanāya, daḷiddā ca hoti appassakā appabhogā appesakkhā ca. 
 +
 +Ayaṃ pana mallike hetu ayaṃ paccayo yena midhekacco mātugāmo dubbaṇṇā ca hoti durūpā supāpikā dassanāya, aḍḍhā ca hoti mahaddhanā mahābhogā mahesakkhā ca. 
 +
 +Ayaṃ kho mallike hetu ayaṃ paccayo yena midhekacco mātugāmo abhirūpā ca hoti dassanīyā pāsādikā paramāya vaṇṇapokkharatāya samannāgatā. Daḷiddā ca hoti appassakā appabhogā appesakkhā ca. <span bjt_page #​bjt.392>​[BJT page 392]</​span>​
 +
 +Ayaṃ pana mallike hetu ayaṃ paccayo yena midhekacco mātugāmo abhirūpā ca hoti dassanīyā pāsādikā paramāya vaṇṇapokkharatāya samannāgatā,​ aḍḍhā ca hoti mahaddhanā mahābhogā mahesakkhā cāti. ​
 +
 +Evaṃ vutte mallikā devī bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: yā nūnāhaṃ bhante aññaṃ jātiṃ kodhanā ahosiṃ upāyāsabahulā,​ appampi vuttā samānā abhisajjiṃ kuppiṃ <span pts_page #​pts.205>​[PTS page 205]</​span>​ byāpajjiṃ patitthīyiṃ,​ kopañca dosañca appaccayañca pātvākāsiṃ,​ sāhaṃ bhante etarahi dubbaṇṇā durūpā supāpikā dassanāya. ​
 +
 +Yā nūnāhaṃ bhante aññaṃ jātiṃ adāsiṃ samaṇassa vā brāhmaṇassa vā annaṃ pānaṃ vatthaṃ yānaṃ malāgandhavilepanaṃ seyyāvasathapadīpeyyaṃ,​ sāhaṃ bhante etarahi aḍḍhā ca mahaddhanā mahābhogā. ​
 +
 +Yā nūnāhaṃ bhante aññaṃ jātiṃ anissāmanikā ahosiṃ paralābhasakkāragarukāramānanavandanapūjanāsu,​ na issiṃ na upadussiṃ na issaṃ bandhiṃ, sāhaṃ bhante etarahi mahesakkhā. Santi kho pana bhante, imasmiṃ rājakule khattiyakaññāpi brāhmaṇakaññāpi gahapatikaññāpi. Tāsāhaṃ issarādhipaccaṃ kāremi. ​
 +
 +Esāhaṃ bhante ajjatagge akkodhanā bhavissāmi anupāyāsabahulā. Bahumpi vuttā samānā nābhisajjissāmi na kuppissāmi na vyāpajjissāmi na patitthīyissāmi. Na kopañca dosañca appaccayañca pātukarissāmi. Dassāmi samaṇassa brāhmaṇassa annaṃ pānaṃ vatthaṃ yānaṃ mālāgandhavilepanaṃ seyyāvasathapadīpeyyaṃ. Anissāmanikā bhavissāmi paralābhasakkāragarukāramānanavandanapūjanāsu. Na ississāmi na upadussissāmi,​ na issaṃ bandhissāmi. ​
 +
 +Abhikkantaṃ bhante abhikkantaṃ bhante seyyathāpi bhante, nikkujjitaṃ vā ukkujjeyya, paṭicchannaṃ vā vivareyya, mūḷhassa vā maggaṃ ācikkheyya,​ andhakāre vā telapajjotaṃ dhāreyya, cakkhumanto rūpāni dakkhintīti,​ evamevaṃ bhante anekapariyāyena dhammo pakāsito. Esāhaṃ bhagavantaṃ gotamaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi dhammaṃ ca bhikkhusaṅghaṃ ca. Upāsikaṃ maṃ bhante bhagavā dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaṃ saraṇaṃ gatanti. ​
 +
 +==== (8. Tapasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.5.8>​[4.4.5.8]</​span>​ 48. Cattāro me bhikkhave puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro?
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo attantapo hoti attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto. Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo parantapo hoti paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto. Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo attantapo ca hoti attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto,​ parantapo ca hoti paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto. Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo neva attantapo hoti na attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto,​ <span pts_page #​pts.206>​[PTS page 206]</​span>​ na parantapo hoti na paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto. So anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītibhūto sukhapaṭisaṃvedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.394>​[BJT page 394]</​span>​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo attantapo hoti, attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto? ​
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo acelako hoti muttācāro hatthāpalekhano na ehi bhadantiko na tiṭṭhabhadantiko nābhihaṭaṃ na uddissakaṭaṃ na nimantanaṃ sādiyati. ​
 +
 +So na kumbhimukhā patigaṇhāti,​ na khaḷopimukhā patigaṇhāti,​ na phaḷakamantaraṃ na daṇḍamantaraṃ na musalamantaraṃ na dvinnaṃ bhuñjamānānaṃ na gabbhinīyā na pāyamānāya na purisantaragatāya na saṅkittīsu na yattha sā upaṭṭhito hoti, na yattha makkhikā saṇḍasaṇḍacāriṇī,​ na macchaṃ na maṃsaṃ, na suraṃ na merayaṃ na thusodakaṃ pivati. ​
 +
 +So ekāgāriko vā hoti ekālopiko. Dvāgāriko vā hoti dvālopiko sattāgāriko vā hoti sattālopiko. Ekissā pi dattiyā yāpeti, dvīhipi dattīhi yāpeti, sattahipi dattīhi yāpeti. Ekāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, dvāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, sattāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti. Iti evarūpaṃ addhamāsikampi pariyāyabhattabhojanānuyogamanuyutto viharati. ​
 +
 +So sākabhakkhopi hoti, sāmākabhakkhopi hoti, nīvārabhakkhopi hoti, daddulabhakkhopi hoti, haṭabhakkhopi hoti, kaṇabhakkhopi hoti, ācāmabhakkhopi hoti, piññākabhakkhopi hoti, tiṇabhakkhopi hoti, gomayabhakkhopi hoti. Vanamūlaphalāhāro yāpeti pavattaphalabhojī. ​
 +
 +So sāṇānipi dhāreti, masāṇānipi dhāreti, chavadussānipi dhāreti, paṃsukūlānipi dhāreti, tirīṭānipi dhāreti, ajinampi dhāreti, ajinakkhipampi dhāreti, kusacīrampi dhāreti, vākacīrampi dhāreti, phalakacīrampi dhāreti, kesakamabalampi dhāreti, vālakambalampi dhāreti, ulūkapakkhampi dhāreti. ​
 +
 +Kesamassulocako hoti kesamassulocanānuyogamanuyutto. Ubbaṭṭakopi hoti āsanapaṭikkhitto. Ukkuṭikopi hoti ukkuṭikappadhānamanuyutto. Kaṇṭakāpassayikopi hoti, kaṇṭakāpassaye seyyaṃ kappeti. Sāyatatiyakampi <span pts_page #​pts.207>​[PTS page 207]</​span>​ udakorohanānuyogamanuyutto viharati. Iti evarūpaṃ anekavihitaṃ kāyassa ātāpanaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto viharati. ​
 +
 +Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo attantapo hoti attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto. <span bjt_page #​bjt.396>​[BJT page 396]</​span>​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo parantapo hoti paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto?​ Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo orabbhiko hoti sūkariko sākuntiko māgaviko luddo macchaghātako coro coraghātako bandhanāgāriko,​ ye vā panaññepi ke ci kurūrakammantā. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo parantapo hoti paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo attantapo ca hoti attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto,​ parantapo ca hoti paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto?​
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo rājā vā hoti khattiyo muddhāvasitto brāhmaṇo vā mahāsālo, so puratthimena nagarassa navaṃ santhāgāraṃ kārāpetvā kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kharājinaṃ nivāsetvā sappitelena kāyaṃ abbhañjitvā migavisāṇena piṭṭhiṃ kaṇḍūvamāno santhāgāraṃ pavisati saddhiṃ mahesiyā brāhmaṇena ca purohitena. ​
 +
 +So tattha.((Anattharahitāya,​ aṭṭha.)) Anantarahitāya bhūmiyā haritupalittāya seyyaṃ kappeti. Ekissā gāviyā sarūpavacchāya yaṃ ekasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti, tena rājā yāpeti. Yaṃ dutiyasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti, tena mahesī yāpeti. Yaṃ tatiyasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti, tena brāhmaṇo purohito yāpeti. Yaṃ catutthasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti, tena aggiṃ juhanti. Avasesena vacchako yāpeti. So evamāha: ettakā usabhā haññantu yaññatthāya. Ettakā vacchatarā haññantu yaññatthāya. Ettakā vacchatariyo haññantu yaññatthāya. Ettakā ajā haññantu yaññatthāya. Ettakā urabbhā haññantu yaññatthāya. Ettakā rukkhā chijjantu yūpatthāya. Ettakā dabbā lūyantu barihisatthāyāti. <span pts_page #​pts.208>​[PTS page 208]</​span>​ yepissa te honti dāsāti vā pessāti vā kammakarāti vā, tepi daṇḍatajjitā bhayatajjitā assumukhā rudamānā parikammāni karonti. ​
 +
 +Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo attantapo ca hoti attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto. Parantapo ca hoti paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave puggalo nevattantapo hoti na attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto,​ na parantapo hoti na paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto,​ so anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītibhūto sukhapaṭisaṃvedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati? ​
 +
 +Idha bhikkhave tathāgato loke uppajjati arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vijjācaraṇasampanno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisadammasārathī satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā. So imaṃ lokaṃ sadevakaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ,​ sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiṃ pajaṃ sadevamanussaṃ sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā pavedeti. So dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pariyosānakalyāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ kevalaparipuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ. Brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.398>​[BJT page 398]</​span>​
 +
 +Taṃ dhammaṃ suṇāti gahapati vā gahapatiputto vā aññatarasmiṃ vā kulepaccājāto. So taṃ dhammaṃ sutvā tathāgate saddhaṃ paṭilabhati. So tena saddhāpaṭilābhena samannāgato iti paṭisañcikkhati:​ sambādho gharāvāso rajāpatho abbhokāso pabbajjā, nayidaṃ sukaraṃ agāraṃ ajjhāvasatā ekantaparipuṇṇaṃ ekantaparisuddhaṃ saṅkhalikhitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carituṃ. Yannūnāhaṃ kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajeyyanti. ​
 +
 +So aparena samayena appaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya mahantaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya appaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya mahantaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajati. ​
 +
 +So evaṃ pabbajito samāno bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhāsājīvasamāpanno,​ pāṇātipātaṃ pahāya pāṇātipātā paṭivirato hoti, nihitadaṇḍo nihitasattho lajjī dayāpanno sabbapāṇabhūtahitānukampī viharati. Adinnādānaṃ pahāya adinnādānā <span pts_page #​pts.209>​[PTS page 209]</​span>​ paṭivirato hoti, dinnādāyī dinnapāṭikaṅkhī athenena sucibhutena attanā viharati. Abrahmacariyaṃ pahāya brahmacārī hoti ārācārī virato methunā gāmadhammā. Musāvādaṃ pahāya musāvādā paṭivirato hoti saccavādī saccasandho theto paccayiko avisaṃvādako lokassa. Pisuṇaṃ vācaṃ pahāya pisuṇāvācā paṭivirato hoti: ito sutvā na amutra akkhātā imesaṃ bhedāya, amutra vā sutvā na imesaṃ akkhātā amusaṃ bhedāya, iti bhinnānaṃ vā sandhātā sahitānaṃ vā anuppadātā samaggārāmo samaggarato samagganandī samaggakaraṇiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Pharusaṃ vācaṃ pahāya pharusāvācā paṭivirato hoti: yā sā vācā nelā kaṇṇasukhā pemanīyā hadayaṅgamā porī bahujanakantā bahujanamanāpā,​ tathārūpiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Samphappalāpaṃ pahāya samphappalāpā paṭivirato hoti: kālavādī bhūtavādī atthavādī dhammavādī vinayavādī nidhānavatiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti kālena sāpadesaṃ pariyantavatiṃ atthasaṃhitaṃ. ​
 +
 +So bījagāmabhūtagāmasamārambhā paṭivirato hoti, ekabhattiko hoti rattuparato virato vikālabhojanā. Naccagītavāditavisūkadassanā paṭivirato hoti. Mālāgandhavilepanadhāraṇamaṇḍaṇavibhūsanaṭṭhānā paṭivirato hoti. Uccāsayanamahāsayanā paṭivirato hoti. Jātarūparajatapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Itthikumārikāpaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Dāsidāsapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Ajeḷakapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Kukkuṭasūkarapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Hatthigavāssavaḷavāpaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Khettavatthupaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti, dūteyyapahinagamanānuyogā paṭivirato hoti. Kayavikkayā paṭivirato hoti. Tulākūṭakaṃsakūṭamānakūṭā paṭivirato hoti. Ukkoṭanavañcananikatisāviyogā paṭivirato hoti. Chedanavadhabandhanaviparāmosaālopasahasākārā paṭivirato hoti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.400>​[BJT page 400]</​span>​
 +
 +So santuṭṭho hoti kāyaparihārikena cīvarena kucchiparihārikena piṇḍapātena. So yena yeneva pakkamati, samādāyeva pakkamati, seyyathāpi nāma pakkhi sakuṇo, yena <span pts_page #​pts.210>​[PTS page 210]</​span>​ yeneva ḍeti, sapattabhārova ḍeti. Evameva bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti kāyaparihārikena cīvarena kucchiparihārikena piṇḍapātena. So yena yeneva pakkamati samādāyeva pakkamati. So iminā ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato ajjhattaṃ anavajjasukhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. ​
 +
 +So cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī,​ yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ cakkhundriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati cakkhundriyaṃ cakkhundriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Sotena saddaṃ sutvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī,​ yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ sotindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati sotindriyaṃ sotindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Ghāṇena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī,​ yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ ghāṇindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati ghāṇindriyaṃ. Ghāṇindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Jivhāya rasaṃ ghāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī,​ yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ jivhindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati jivhindriyaṃ jivhindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Kāyena phoṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī,​ yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ kāyindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati kāyindriyaṃ. Kāyindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Manasā dhammaṃ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī,​ yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ manindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā, domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ,​ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati manindriyaṃ manindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. So iminā ariyena indriyasaṃvarena samannāgato ajjhattaṃ abyāsekasukhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. ​
 +
 +So abhikkante paṭikkante sampajānakārī hoti. Ālokite vilokite sampajānakārī hoti. Sammiñjite pasārite sampajānakārī hoti. Saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇe sampajānakārī hoti. Asite pīte khāyite sāyite sampajānakārī hoti. Uccārapassāvakamme sampajānakārī hoti. Gate ṭhite nisinne sutte jāgarite bhāsite tuṇhībhāve sampajānakārī hoti. 
 +
 +So iminā ca ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato iminā ca ariyena indriyasaṃvarena samannāgato iminā ca ariyena satisampajaññena samannāgato vivittaṃ senāsanaṃ bhajati araññaṃ rukkhamūlaṃ pabbataṃ kandaraṃ giriguhaṃ susānaṃ vanapatthaṃ abbhokāsaṃ palālapuñjaṃ. ​
 +
 +So pacchābhattaṃ piṇḍapātapaṭikkanto nisīdati pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā ujuṃ kāyaṃ paṇidhāya parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhapetvā. So abhijjhaṃ loke pahāya vigatābhijjhena cetasā viharati, abhijjhāya cittaṃ parisodheti. Byāpādapadosaṃ pahāya abyāpannacitto viharati, sabbapāṇabhūtahitānukampī,​ byāpādapadosā cittaṃ parisodheti. Thīnamiddhaṃ <span pts_page #​pts.211>​[PTS page 211]</​span>​ pahāya vigatathīnamiddho viharati ālokasaññī sato sampajāno, thīnamiddhā cittaṃ parisodheti. Uddhaccakukkuccaṃ pahāya anuddhato viharati ajjhattaṃ suvupasantacitto uddhaccakukkuccā cittaṃ parisodheti. Vicikicchaṃ pahāya tiṇṇavicikiccho viharati. Akathaṃkathī kusalesu dhammesu, vicikicchāya cittaṃ parisodheti. So ime pañcanīvaraṇe pahāya cetaso upakkilese paññāya dubbalīkaraṇe vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampajāno sukhañca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti. Yaṃ taṃ ariyā ācikkhanti upekkhako satimā sukhavihārī ti taṃ tatiyaṃ ​ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Sukhassa ca pahāṇā dukkhassa ca pahāṇā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamā adukkhaṃ asukhaṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. <span bjt_page #​bjt.402>​[BJT page 402]</​span>​
 +
 +So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte pubbenivāsānussatiñāṇāya cittaṃ abhininnāmeti. So anekavihitaṃ pubbenivāsaṃ anussarati. Seyyathīdaṃ:​ ekampi jātiṃ dvepi jātiyo tisso pi jātiyo catassopi jātiyo pañcapi jātiyo dasapi jātiyo vīsampi jātiyo tiṃsampi jātiyo cattārīsampi jātiyo paññāsampi jātiyo jātisatampi jātisahassampi jātisatasahassampi anekepi saṃvaṭṭakappe anekepi vivaṭṭakappe anekepi saṃvaṭṭavivaṭṭakappe. Amutrāsiṃ evannāmo evaṅgotto evaṃvaṇṇo evamāhāro evaṃ sukhadukkhapaṭisaṃvedī evamāyupariyanto. So tato cuto amutra upapādiṃ. Tatrāpāsiṃ evannāmo evaṅgotto evaṃvaṇṇo evamāhāro evaṃsukhadukkhapaṭisaṃvedī evamāyupariyanto. So tato cuto idhūpapanno ti. Iti sākāraṃ sauddesaṃ anekavihitaṃ pubbenivāsaṃ anussarati. ​
 +
 +So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodhāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte sattānaṃ cutūpapātañāṇāya cittaṃ abhininnāmeti. So dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkantamānusakena satte passati cavamāne uppajjamāne hīne paṇīte suvaṇṇe dubbaṇṇe sugate duggate yathākammūpage satte pajānāti. Ime vata bhonto sattā kāyaduccaritena samannāgatā,​ vacīduccaritena samannāgatā,​ mano duccaritena samannāgatā,​ ariyānaṃ upavādakā micchādiṭṭhikā micchādiṭṭhikammasamādānā. Te kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ upapannā. Ime vā pana bhonto sattā kāyasucaritena samannāgatā vacīsucaritena samannāgatā manosucaritena samannāgatā ariyānaṃ anupavādakā sammādiṭṭhikā sammādiṭṭhikammasamādānā. Te kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapannāti. Iti dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkantamānusakena satte passati cavamāne uppajjamāne hīne paṇīte suvaṇṇe dubbaṇṇe sugate duggate yathākammūpage satte pajānāti. ​
 +
 +So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāto anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte āsavānaṃ khayañāṇāya cittaṃ abhininnāmeti. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ime āsavāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ āsavasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ayaṃ āsavanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ayaṃ āsavanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. ​
 +
 +Tassa evaṃ jānato evaṃ passato kāmāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati, bhavāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati, avijjāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati, vimuttasmiṃ vimuttamiti ñāṇaṃ hoti. Khīṇā jāti vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ nāparaṃ itthattāyāti pajānāti. ​
 +
 +Evaṃ kho bhikkhave puggalo neva attantapo hoti na attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto,​ na parantapo hoti na paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto. So anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītibhūto sukhapaṭisaṃvedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati. ​
 +
 +Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasminti. ​
 +
 +==== (9. Taṇhājālinīsuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.5.9>​[4.4.5.9]</​span>​ 49. Taṇhaṃ vo bhikkhave desissāmi jāliniṃ saritaṃ visaṭaṃ visattikaṃ,​ yāya ayaṃ loko uddhasto pariyonaddho tantākulakajāto gulāguṇḍikajāto <span pts_page #​pts.212>​[PTS page 212]</​span>​ muñjababbajabhūto apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ saṃsāraṃ nātivattati. Taṃ suṇātha sādhukaṃ manasi karotha. Bhāsissāmī'​ti. Evaṃ bhanteti kho te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca:
 +
 +Katamā ca sā bhikkhave taṇhā jālinī saritā visaṭā visattikā, yāya ayaṃ loko uddhasto pariyonaddho tantākulakajāto gulāguṇḍikajāto muñjababbajabhūto apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ saṃsāraṃ nātivattati?​
 +
 +Aṭṭhārasa kho panimāni bhikkhave taṇhāvicaritāni ajjhattikassa upādāya, aṭṭhārasataṇhāvicaritāni bāhirassa upādāya. <span bjt_page #​bjt.404>​[BJT page 404]</​span>​
 +
 +Katamāni aṭṭhārasa taṇhāvicaritāni ajjhattikassa upādāya? Asmīti bhikkhave sati itthasmīti hoti, evamasmī hoti, aññathasmīti hoti, asasmīti hoti, satasmīti hoti, santi hoti, itthaṃ santi hoti, evaṃ santi hoti, aññathā santi hoti, apiha santi hoti, api itthaṃ santi hoti, api evaṃ santi hoti, api aññathā santi hoti, bhavissanti hoti, itthaṃ bhavissanti hoti, evaṃ bhavissanti hoti, aññathā bhavissanti hoti. Imāni aṭṭhārasa taṇhāvicaritāni ajjhattikassa upādāya. ​
 +
 +Katamāni aṭṭhārasa taṇhāvicaritāni bāhirassa upādāya? Iminā asmīti bhikkhave sati iminā itthasmīti hoti, iminā evasmīti hoti, iminā aññathasmīti hoti, iminā asasmīti hoti, iminā satasmīti hoti, iminā santi hoti, iminā itthaṃ santi hoti, iminā evaṃ santi hoti, iminā aññathā santi hoti, iminā apiha santi hoti, iminā api itthaṃ santi hoti, iminā api evaṃ santi hoti, iminā api aññathā santi hoti, iminā bhavissanti hoti, iminā itthaṃ bhavissanti hoti, iminā evaṃ bhavissanti hoti, iminā aññathā bhavissanti hoti. Imāni aṭṭhārasa taṇhāvicaritāni bāhirassa upādāya. ​
 +
 +Iti aṭṭhārasa taṇhāvicaritāni ajjhattikassa upādāya aṭṭhārasa taṇhāvicaritāni bāhirassa upādāya. Imāni vuccanti bhikkhave chattiṃsa taṇhāvicaritāni. Iti evarūpāni atītāni chattiṃsa taṇhāvicaritāni,​ anāgatāni chattiṃsa <span pts_page #​pts.213>​[PTS page 213]</​span>​ taṇhāvicaritāni,​ paccuppannāni chattiṃsa taṇhā vicaritāni,​ aṭṭha ca taṇhāvicaritāni sataṃ hoti. 
 +
 +Ayaṃ kho sā bhikkhave taṇhājālinī saritā visaṭā visattikā, yāya ayaṃ loko uddhasto pariyonaddho tantākulakajāto gulāguṇḍikajāto muñjababbajabhūto apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ saṃsāraṃ nātivattatīti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.406>​[BJT page 406]</​span>​
 +
 +==== (10. Pema dosasuttaṃ) ====
 +
 +<span para #​para_4.4.5.10>​[4.4.5.10]</​span>​ 50. Cattārimāni bhikkhave jāyanti. Katamāni cattāri? Pemā pemaṃ jāyati. Pemā doso jāyati. Dosā pemaṃ jāyati. Dosā doso jāyati. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave pemā pemaṃ jāyati? Idha bhikkhave puggalo puggalassa iṭṭho hoti kanto manāpo. Taṃ pare iṭṭhena kantena manāpena samudācaranti. Tassa evaṃ hoti: yo kho myāyaṃ puggalo iṭṭho kanto manāpo, taṃ pare iṭṭhena kantena manāpena samudācarantī'​ ti so tesu pemaṃ janeti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave pemā pemaṃ jāyati. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave pemā doso jāyati? Idha bhikkhave puggalo puggalassa iṭṭho hoti kanto manāpo. Taṃ pare aniṭṭhena akantena amanāpena samudācaranti. Tassa evaṃ hoti: yo kho myāyaṃ puggalo iṭṭho kanto manāpo, taṃ pare aniṭṭhena akantena amanāpena samudācarantī'​ ti. So tesu dosaṃ janeti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave pemā doso jāyati. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave dosā pemaṃ jāyati idha bhikkhave puggalo puggalassa aniṭṭho hoti akanto amanāpo. Taṃ pare aniṭṭhena akantena amanāpena samudācaranti. Tassa evaṃ hoti: yo kho myāyaṃ puggalo aniṭṭho akanto amanāpo, taṃ pare aniṭṭhena akantena amanāpena samudācarantī'​ ti so tesu pemaṃ janeti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave dosā pemaṃ jāyati. ​
 +
 +Kathañca bhikkhave dosā doso jāyati? Idha bhikkhave puggalo puggalassa aniṭṭho hoti akanto <span pts_page #​pts.214>​[PTS page 214]</​span>​ amanāpo taṃ pare iṭṭhena kantena manāpena samudācaranti. Tassa evaṃ hoti: yo kho myāyaṃ puggalo aniṭṭho akanto amanāpo, taṃ pare iṭṭhena kantena manāpena samudācarantī ti. So tesu dosaṃ janeti. Evaṃ kho bhikkhave dosā doso jāyati. Imāni kho bhikkhave cattāri jāyanti. ​
 +
 +Yasmiṃ bhikkhave samaye bhikkhu vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati, yaṃ pissa pemā pemaṃ jāyati, tampissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti. Yopissa pemā doso jāyati, sopissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti. Yopissa pemā doso jāyati, sopissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti. Yampissa dosā pemaṃ jāyati, tampissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti. Yopissa dosā doso jāyati, sopissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti. <span bjt_page #​bjt.408>​[BJT page 408]</​span>  ​
 +
 +Yasmiṃ bhikkhave samaye bhikkhu vitakka vicāranaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati, yampissa pemā pemaṃ jāyati. Tampissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti. Yopissa pemā doso jāyati, sopissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti. Yampissa dosā pemaṃ jāyati, tampissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti. Yopissa dosā doso jāyati, sopissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti. 
 +
 +Yasmiṃ bhikkhave samaye bhikkhu pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampajāno. Sukhaṃ ca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti. Yaṃ taṃ ariyā ācikkhanti upekkhako satimā sukhavihārīti taṃ tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati, yampissa pemā pemaṃ jāyati. Tampissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti. Yopissa pemā jāyati, doso jāyati, sopissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti. Yampissa dosā pemaṃ jāyati, tampissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti. Yopissa dosā doso jāyati, sopissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti. 
 +
 +Yasmiṃ bhikkhave samaye bhikkhu sukhassa ca pahāṇā dukkhassa ca pahāṇā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthaṃgamā adukkhaṃ asukhaṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṃ taṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati, yampissa pemā pemaṃ jāyati. Tampissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti. Yopissa pemā doso jāyati, sopissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti. Yampissa dosā pemaṃ jāyati, tampissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti. Yopissa dosā doso jāyati, sopissa tasmiṃ samaye na hoti.