User Tools

Site Tools


Translations of this page?:
en:tipitaka:sut:an:an10:an10.058.than

Preperation of htmls into ATI.eu currently in progress. Please visit the corresponding page at ZzE. If inspired to get involved in this merits here, one may feel invited to join best here: [ATI.eu] ATI/ZzE Content-style

Mula Sutta

<docinfo_head>

Title: Mula Sutta: Rooted

Summary: What is the root of all phenomena (sabbe dhamma)? Is Nibbana itself a phenomenon, or is it the end of all phenomena.

AN 10.58

PTS: A v 106

					</div>

Mula Sutta: Rooted

translated from the Pali by

Thanissaro Bhikkhu

<docinfo_head_end>

<p>“Monks, if those who have gone forth in other sects ask you, 'In what are all phenomena rooted? What is their coming into play? What is their origination? What is their meeting place? What is their presiding state? What is their governing principle? What is their surpassing state? What is their heartwood? Where do they gain a footing? What is their final end?': On being asked this by those who have gone forth in other sects, how would you answer?”

“For us, lord, the teachings have the Blessed One as their root, their guide, & their arbitrator. It would be good if the Blessed One himself would explicate the meaning of this statement. Having heard it from the Blessed One, the monks will remember it.”

“In that case, monks, listen & pay close attention. I will speak.”

“As you say, lord,” the monks responded.

The Blessed One said, “Monks, if those who have gone forth in other sects ask you, 'In what are all phenomena rooted? What is their coming into play? What is their origination? What is their meeting place? What is their presiding state? What is their governing principle? What is their surpassing state? What is their heartwood? Where do they gain a footing? What is their final end?': On being asked this by those who have gone forth in other sects, this is how you should answer them:

”'All phenomena are rooted in desire.(1)

“'All phenomena come into play through attention.

”'All phenomena have contact as their origination.

“'All phenomena have feeling as their meeting place.

”'All phenomena have concentration as their presiding state.

“'All phenomena have mindfulness as their governing principle.

”'All phenomena have discernment as their surpassing state.

“'All phenomena have release as their heartwood.

”'All phenomena gain their footing in the deathless.

“'All phenomena have Unbinding as their final end.'

“On being asked this by those who have gone forth in other sects, this is how you should answer.”</p>

<h1>Note</h1> <dl>

1.

According to the Commentary to AN 8.83 (which covers the first eight of the ten questions given here), “all phenomena” <i>(sabbe dhamma)</i> here means the five aggregates. These are rooted in desire, it says, because the desire to act (and thus create kamma) is what underlies their existence. The Commentary's interpretation here seems to be an expansion on MN 109, in which the five <i>clinging</i>-aggregates are said to be rooted in desire, an assertion echoed in SN 42.11, which states that suffering & stress are rooted in desire. Here, <i>all</i> the aggregates — whether affected by clinging or not — are said to be rooted in desire.

<p>The Commentary goes on to say that the statement, “All phenomena are rooted in desire,” deals exclusively with worldly phenomena, whereas the remaining statements about all phenomena cover both worldly and transcendent phenomena. There seems less reason to follow the Commentary's first assertion here, in that the noble eightfold path, when brought to maturity, counts as transcendent, and it is obviously rooted in a skillful form of desire.

As for the transcendent in its ultimate form, the phrase “all phenomena” as used in this sutta does not cover Unbinding, as Unbinding is not rooted in anything and, as the final statement indicates, it constitutes the final end of all phenomena. Thus this sutta would seem to belong to the group of suttas that would not classify Unbinding as a phenomenon. (On this question, see the note to AN 3.134.)</p>

</dl>

<p>See also: MN 1.</p>

<!– footer.inc.php –>

<!– #content –>

<a class='menu_l' href=”./an10.054.than_en.html“ title=“go back AN 10.054”><img src=”./../../../img/left.png“ alt='[previous page]'/></a><a class='menu_r' href=”./an10.060.than_en.html“ title=“go to AN 10.060”><img src=”./../../../img/right.png“ alt='[next page]'/></a>

<div id="F_colophon">

top

<b>Provenance:</b>

	<div id="F_sourceCopy">The source of this work is the gift within Access to Insight "Offline Edition 2012.09.10.14", last replication 12. March 2013, generously given by John Bullitt and mentioned as: ©2004 Thanissaro Bhikkhu.</div>
	<div id="F_sourceEdition"></div>
	<div id="F_sourceTitle">Transcribed from a file provided by the translator.</div>
	<div id="F_atiCopy">This Zugang zur Einsicht edition is <img width="8" src="./../../../img/d2.png" alt="[dana/©]" class='cd'/>2013 (ATI 2004-2012).</div>
	<div id="F_zzeCopy">Translations, rebublishing, editing and additions are in the sphere of responsibility of <em>Zugang zur Einsicht</em>.</div>
</div>
<div id="F_termsOfUse"><b>Scope of this Dhamma-Gift:</b> You are invited to not only use this Dhamma-Gift here for yourself but also to share it, and your merits with it, again as a Dhamma gift and to copy, reformat, reprint, republish and redistribute this work in any medium whatsoever, provided that: (1) you only make such copies, etc. available <em>free of charge</em>; (2) you clearly indicate that any derivatives of this work (including translations) are derived from this source document; and (3) you include the full text of this "Scope of this Dhamma-Gift" in any copies or derivatives of this work. Anything beyond this is not given here.		For additional information about this license, see the [[en:faq#copyright|FAQ]].
</div>
<div id="F_citation"><b>How to cite this document</b> (one suggested style): "Mula Sutta: Rooted" (AN 10.58), translated from the Pali by  Thanissaro Bhikkhu. <i>Access to Insight</i>, 9 July 2010, [[http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/an/an10/an10.058.than.html|http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/an/an10/an10.058.than.html]] . Retrieved on 10 September 2012 (Offline Edition 2012.09.10.14), republished by <i>Zugang zur Einsicht</i> on &nbsp;

http://www.zugangzureinsicht.org/html/tipitaka/an/an10/an10.058.than_en.html retreived on: <script type=“text/javascript”>var d=new Date();document.write(d);</script><noscript>Your browser does not support JavaScript or the script for the file Name and date of the retrieving was blocked! Please enter the whole URL on http://zugangzureinsicht.org and add the date when reciting texts of this page.</noscript>

	<div id="F_alt-formats"><span style='font-weight:bold'></span></div>
</div> <!--  #colophon -->
</div><a id="more" href="#more" class="onclick" onclick="showHide(this);" title="Click here to get the whole infomation of this field and also to hide it again."><img src="./../../../img/more.png" alt="[show more]" />  [More]</a>

—- dataentry Met(t)a-Data —-


Anumodanā puñña kusala!

en/tipitaka/sut/an/an10/an10.058.than.txt · Last modified: 2018/11/14 04:26 by Johann