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Parinibbana Sutta

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Title: Parinibbana Sutta: Total Unbinding

Summary: Four eyewitness accounts of the passing away of the Buddha.

SN 6.15

PTS: S i 157

CDB i 251

Parinibbana Sutta: Total Unbinding

translated from the Pali by

Thanissaro Bhikkhu

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<p><b>Translator's note:</b> This discourse reports the way the Buddha passed away, giving four verses uttered by those who witnessed the event. It is interesting to note that the verses ascribed to heavenly beings make general comments on how the nature of all beings — even a Buddha — is to pass away, whereas the verses ascribed to the monks comment specifically on the Buddha's display of mental mastery immediately prior to the moment of his total Unbinding.</p>

<p>On one occasion the Blessed One was staying near Kusinara in Upavattana, the Sal Tree Grove of the Mallans, on the occasion of his total Unbinding. Then the Blessed One addressed the monks, “I exhort you, monks: All fabrications are subject to decay. Bring about completion by being heedful.” Those were the Tathagata's last words.

Then the Blessed One entered the first jhana. Emerging from that he entered the second jhana. Emerging from that, he entered the third… the fourth jhana… the dimension of the infinitude of space… the dimension of the infinitude of consciousness… the dimension of nothingness… the dimension of neither perception nor non-perception. Emerging from that, he entered the cessation of perception & feeling.

Then emerging from the cessation of perception & feeling, he entered the dimension of neither perception nor non-perception. Emerging from that, he entered the dimension of nothingness… the dimension of the infinitude of consciousness… the dimension of the infinitude of space… the fourth jhana… the third… the second… the first jhana. Emerging from the first jhana he entered the second… the third… the fourth jhana. Emerging from the fourth jhana, he immediately was totally Unbound.

When the Blessed One was totally Unbound, simultaneously with the total Unbinding, Sahampati Brahma uttered this verse:</p>

All beings — all — in the world, will cast off the bodily heap

in the world

where a Teacher like this without peer in the world the Tathagata, with strength attained, the Rightly Self-Awakened One,

has been totally
Unbound.

<p>When the Blessed One was totally Unbound, simultaneously with the total Unbinding, Sakka, ruler of the gods, uttered this verse:</p>

How inconstant are compounded things! Their nature: to arise & pass away. They disband as they are arising.

Their total stilling is bliss.

<p>When the Blessed One was totally Unbound, simultaneously with the total Unbinding, Ven. Ananda uttered this verse:</p>

It was awe-inspiring. It was hair-raising when, displaying the foremost

	accomplishment in all things,

the Rightly Self-Awakened One was totally Unbound.

<p>When the Blessed One was totally Unbound, simultaneously with the total Unbinding, Ven. Anuruddha uttered this verse:</p>

He had no in-&-out breathing, the one who was Such, the firm-minded one,

imperturbable
& bent on peace:
the sage completing his span.

With heart unbowed

he endured the pain.

Like a flame's unbinding

was the liberation
	of awareness.

<p>See also: DN 16; SN 5.7; SN 9.6; SN 48.56.</p>

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<b>Provenance:</b>

	<div id="F_sourceCopy">The source of this work is the gift within Access to Insight "Offline Edition 2012.09.10.14", last replication 12. March 2013, generously given by John Bullitt and mentioned as: ©1998 Thanissaro Bhikkhu.</div>
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	<div id="F_sourceTitle">Transcribed from a file provided by the translator.</div>
	<div id="F_atiCopy">This Zugang zur Einsicht edition is <img width="8" src="./../../../img/d2.png" alt="[dana/©]" class='cd'/>2013 (ATI 1998-2012).</div>
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<div id="F_citation"><b>How to cite this document</b> (one suggested style): "Parinibbana Sutta: Total Unbinding" (SN 6.15), translated from the Pali by  Thanissaro Bhikkhu. <i>Access to Insight</i>, 17 June 2010, [[http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/sn/sn06/sn06.015.than.html|http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/sn/sn06/sn06.015.than.html]] . Retrieved on 10 September 2012 (Offline Edition 2012.09.10.14), republished by <i>Zugang zur Einsicht</i> on &nbsp;

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en/tipitaka/sut/sn/sn06/sn06.015.than.txt · Last modified: 2018/11/14 04:26 by Johann